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EXPLAINING THE WAR IN A SUBMARINE. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
EXPLAINING THE WAR iN A SUBMARINE. modern German submarine con T three main parts-tho outer sistS n,,» inner bull, and the conning 1111 The space between the outer '"Tinner lwlla is occupied by diving a" , .ml oil fuel tanks" Beius a ta &lt;S"-ithin a ship she is not easily * ® action, and unless she is P "med with great force only her raD mill will be damaged. . Wne submarine can run on the sur , i or submerged. She is entered !aC nvo hatches, the one generally W , hcins in the top of the conning r Descending by a steep lad ',° the visitor Ands himself in an der, tow"1', about 10ft. long and fift. i It is o£ steel armor 4in. thick. 1 , MHls of the two periscopes, or T'I ruments for seeing what is hap luS, "" on the surface when the boat 1lwnoi-'-cd come down through the ,s:1b lo^r roof, and-their e*e c? - arc placed at a convenient !"CT One is used by the quarter lc 0r steersman, and has the !f"!' wheel close to it. The other ? the captain's periscope, and has by ! " voicc-...
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
BEREAVEMENT NOHCE. MRS. KEALY wishes to tender hearfelt thanks for expressions of sympathy and kindness rendered during her recent sad bereavement, in the death of her mother, Mrs Moss. Also to thank Dr. Davies for kindness and at tention during the illness, i ; IN MEMOBIAM Hutson.-In loying memory of my dear father, ? who passed uwuy on June 18th, 1014. at Balldalo. N.S.W. At early morn when all was still, . God gavo lils groat command, In eilcnt ponce ho passed away Into a bettor land. Inserted by hie luving daughter, M. Croxford.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
CHEAP IVfONEY HEAP lVlONEY WATTS, TURNBULL and OO. i Stock and Station Agents, have £50,000 i to Invest from £500 upwards at Lowest Possible Rates, on BROAD ACRES. Strictist Secrecy. Small Charges; | Prompt Settlements. WATTS, Thhkbuli> &. Co. i Watts, Turnbull & Go STOCK AND STATION Aoicnts, Land, Financial, Estate, nsuran and General Commission Agents. Hood Office-BENALLa, Branches: Violot Town, Euroa, Mansfibld WaDgaratta, Rutherglen, Doviniah, Thoon MARKETS Bcnalla-Fortnightly, alternate Tuesday Earoa - Fortnightly, second and fourth] Thursdays. Mansfied-Monthly, fourth Friday. ! Violet Town-Monthly, third Friday. O. H. HAGI3XAUER, Managing Partner} O. TUitNliULL, Auctioneer and Sworn: Valuer. F. WALLACE, Local Manager. 10.1K8 SEGOTIAWI). MONEY Tu LEND, in largo or lume, at lowest rate of interest and charge Valuations made. AGENTS FOR- i N.vtioual Mutual Life Association, Coraraer- I cial Union Fire Insurance Co., London and Lancashire,. Firo Insurance Co,, ....
VIOLET TOWN SHIRE COUNCIL. MONDAY, 14TH JUNE. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
VIOLET TOWN SHIRE COUNCIL. MONDAY, 14TH JUNE. Present : Tho President (Cr Buck land) in tho chair, and Crs Wilson. McShane, Mitcholl, Roach, Forslmw, Honderson, Blaok, nnd Gordon. ' Prom Department of Public "Works, approving vouchors for cxpondituie under the grant of £150-works 011 Boho road, ctc.-lifuoivod. From Headquarters Defence Furooa, giving information respecting recruiting. -Received, . From Country Roads Board, asking that oil accounts bo rendored before tho 15th iust., so lis to ensuro payment be fore 30di June, 0nd of tho Board's financial year.-Received. From saiue, asking that, in connection with any proposed municipal works under tho Board, nn estimate bo fur nished of the number of men to be employed on tho works Received. From Draughting Branch, Molbourue, forwarding map of Gowangardio, and asking whetbor any alterations of roads had been effected by the Council.-To be attended to. From National Bonk, Violet Town, asking that the bank premises bo rated in-lhe name...
Violet Town Sentinel Published Every Tuesday Morning TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1915. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
iVifTi' r wajjfgf «t¥B7ffiraag Violet COUJII Sentinel Published Every Tuesday Morning TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1915. Change of Business.-Mr. "West's well-known drapery and grocery lias changed bands, Mr Dale, of Kyneton, being the purchaser. * Mutual Improvement.- Tlie first public meeting of Sfc Andrew's associa tion on Wednesday was well attended, the President, Mr Allison-Norris, in the chair. The proceedings opened with a well-rendered overture on the organ by Mr P. W. Harcourt. Songs were rendered by Misses Henderson and Mitchell, and recitations by Mr A; Macdonald. The latter also spoke of the benefit Be had received from a former Violet Town Mutual, und ex pressed bis desire to help as mucb as possible. A most interesting and en joyable lecturette on Egypt was de livered by the chairman, giving a vivid deBcription of the Nile and the coun try surrounding it. Supper, followed by the National, Anthem, brought a very successful evening to a close. During the evening the membership roll...
GERMAN PEACE PARTY SOCIALIST AGITATION TO END THE WAR. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
GERMAN PEACE PARTY SOCIALIST AGITATION TO END THE WAR. Amsterdam, April 10.-The "Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant" states that the minority of the German Socialist party which is agitating for a speedy peace has distributed pamphlets io Holland signed by Liebknecht, Lede hour, Ruhle Mehring, and Rosa Lux emberg. These declare that the Ger man proletariat does not ia any way agreo with the policy of the pro-war section of the party. The pamphlets further state that protests against the continuation of the war are dally increasing in Ger many. Germany, they say, must 1)8 . the first to speak of peace as she is fighting on foreign soil, and peace . must be concluded in accordance with: the resolution passed at the Copen hagen Conference of 1910. The pam phlet finally demands that the belliger ents ..should make public their peace conditions, and that newspapers should be allowed to discuss such conditions. -Reuter. Whatever is coming-there is but one way to meet it-to go straight for ward-...
UNFINISHED LETTER. SOLDIER'S LAST NOTE TO WIFE. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
UNFINISHED LETTER. SOLDIER'S LAST NOTE TO WIFE. It was while in the act of writing a letter home to his wife that Private William Horsfall o£ the K.O.Y.L.I. was killed in the trenches. The intimation of Horsfall's death is contained in a letter sent to Mrs. Horsfall by an offi cer. The letter reads: "Dear Mrs. Horsfall,-I am writing to break some very sad news to you. Your husband has been killed by a shell, and I cannot say how very, very sorry I am. I am an officer in his com pany, and having seen a good- deal of him I am only too glad to do what I can for you and him. At the time he was killed he was writing the enclos ed letter, and "died almost at once, never regaining consciousness.-I am, yours very truly, J. H. Oldham." Horsfall's letter, which bears the marks of the trench, is as follows: "My own darling wife,-It gives ma great pleasure to write you a few more lines, sincerely hoping that they find you well and in the best of health. I am writing this in what we call a dug-o...
AUSTRALIAN WARSHIPS READY FOR ACTION. FAITH IN ADMIRAL BEATTY. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
AUSTRALIAN WARSHIPS READY FOR ACTION. FAITH IN ADMIRAL BEATTY. "Things are protty hot round this quarter," saiil an officer with the Aus tralian fleet, in the course of a letter to a friend in Melbourne. "We are always ready to open fire, and wear our lifebelts continuously, to give us a chance if we strike a mine or meet a submarine. "For the first week," he went on to say, "the anxiety was a torture. I used to have the nightmare when we first started business, ai:d so did a good many more, but one soon gets tired of thinking about war and settles down to a normal condition. "The cold weather has bowled over a few of our fellows. We buried four in Scotland T2ie last burial was very sad. We carried the victim to the lit tle graveyard while the snow was fall ing, and the Union Jack was all cov ered with it when the service had been read by the chaplain. The men all sang 'Abide With Me,' and his spe cial chums lowered the body into the grave. After the ceremony was over everybody salu...
DID NOT FEAR DEATH LIEUTENANT'S LAST LETTER. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
DID NOT FEAR DEATH LIEUTENANT'S LAST LETTER. Following are extracts from the last letter written to his parents by Lieu tenant Hooper, who is among Austra lia's slain officers. Evidently the lad (lie was only 19) had premonition of death: "Whatever happens, never regret you let me go, as nothing would have kept me away," he wrote. "I had to go, and simply do or die. And remem ber I am only doing my duty as a sol dier is bound to. You and I always used to love the verse o£ Longfellow " 'Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime, And departing leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time.' "If I do not manage to leave any footprints then you can remember you brought up a son who was not fright ened, but took it as an honor to give his life for King and country. I trust 1 will not die in any way that would disgrace my country, or my friends. Many a noble family will have to suffer loss, and why not take it in the best light possible. Even if I knew I was to meet...
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES "How's business?" said one city man fo another. "Oh, it's too warful," was the convincing reply. The suburban wife arrived liouie, breathless and dishevelled. Her new 3Ss lid. hat had a dent in the crown and was cocked rakishly on the side ot her head. Most ot her hair repos ed in a tangle on her left shoulder, and her jacket was ripped up the back. Dut she triumphantly flourished a small parcel and cried, "It's worth it all; I've got half a pound of butter." The family gathered, round-eyed, to gaze on the precious possession, and Tommy was promised a little bit be cause it was his birthday. Into the midst of the wondering group came the lady-lielp, a dilapidated wreck. "Bad luck," she gasped faintly; "I had it, but I lost it. I kissed the gro cer's man and tickled the grocer under the ear, and I got safely out of the shop with a pound of sugar. Just as I reached the footpath a cat of a great she-elepliant of a woman got a strangle-hold on me while her confed er...
KING ALBERT as REPORTER When He Earned £3 a Week. Experiences on American Papers. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
KING ALBERT as REPORTER When He Earned £3 a Week. Experiences on American Papers. Most people know of King Albert's ] love of literature, but few are aware that some time ago bis desire for knowledge prompted him to . become a newspaper correspondent. When Prince of the Belgians he put aside his title for a plain incognito, and tra velled through France, Austria, Great | Britain, America, and Scandinavia as i a press reporter. In this way the democratic prince was able to study ] the commercial advantages of other countries, as well as broadening his views and educating his mind. In or der that he should not be recognised during his expeditions King Albert grew a.beard, wore glasses, and trim med his hair in a new way. His dis guise was so efiective that many of his countrymen to whom he was a familiar figure passed him without re cognition in the various towns he visited. The royal reporter seriously work ed at the profession he adopted. In America he was employed by a Min neapolis...
AUSTRALIA'S BIG SHARKS TWENTY-SIX FOOTER CAUGHT. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
AUSTRALIA'S BIG SHARKS TWENTY-SIX FOOTER CAUGHT. The reported capture of a shark 2G feet long at Frenchman's Bay whaling station, near Albany, draws renewed attention to the presence on the Aus tralian coaBt of huge sea monsters, capable of gulping a man whole. As suredly this is the record shark for Australia. It is rare indeed that one sees even a fifteen-footer. Either the magnify ing eyes of fishermen or the distorting effects of the water in which a shark is seen, but from which it is rarely taken, are responsible for figure in flation when a great shark is reported in harbors. Men who catch 12-footers at popular seaside resorts, and show them in tents have absolutely no scru ples about adding a few cubits to the length of their catch. It means money to them, and blushing truth hides her head when money protrudes its head and tail. &lt; . . So far no word has been received as to the variety of the West Austra lian monster, but it is probably either a basking shark or a ...
DIARY OF THE WAR. SOUTH COAST THRILLS. PERILOUS MINE-SWEEPING. BUGLES BLARE AT MIDNIGHT. London, Tuesday, April 6. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
DIARY OF THE WAR. SOUTH COAST THRILLS. PERILOUS MiNE-SWEEPING. BUGLES BLARE AT MIDNIGHT. London, Tuesday, April G. The sharp staccato bark of small guns, and the heavy, reverberating roar of big guns, are continually borne on tho breeze to Margate. The gunners at Shoeburyness Fort keep their eyes and hands In with practice firing every day, and Margate, which would have been tremendously startled by the sound of a single cannon last Easter, goes its way without being conscious of the grim sounds of war. This part of the south-east coast is so immersed in war that the unexpected and the abnormal have become the customary condition of life. Wishing to see something of coast towns within the danger zone, I made a hurried trip around three of them, and found e\erj tbing intensely interesting. Margate, you know, is the watering-place which is the tripper's conception of Paradise. It is a town with 27,000 inhabitants, so crowded w ith hotels and h\dios iind boarding establishments that it...
BRITISH IN GERMANY. HOW THE PRISONERS FARE. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
BRITISH IN GERMANY. HOW THE PRISONERS FARE. Hagenbeck, the Hamburg menagerie king, is now engaged in'supplying food to British, French, and Russian prison ers in the concentration camps in North Germany. He holds a conces sion for these food supplies, and, ac cording to all accounts, his menus are not exactly a la carte or table d'hote According to a couple of French pri soners, who have been allowed to re turn to their native land as non-com batants, "a warm liquid called coffee" was provided for breakfast, the only good point about it being that it was warm. Luncheon, they say, consisted of a choice between a number of de testable broths, supposed to be partly made from the allowance of meat which the rules of the camp allotted to the prisoners. This meat rarely ap peared in any of the broths oftener than once in three days. "When they complained, they were told politely that the meat allowance had been used in the broths. Irish prisoners had a capital "I" sewn to their sleeves, r...
HAPPY AUSTRALIANS INTERESTING LETTER FROM TURKEY. UNIQUE EASTERN SCENE. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 15 June 1915
HAPPY AUSTRALIANS INTERESTING LETTER FROM TURKEY. UNIQUE EASTERN SCENE. The following extracts from an Aus tralian soldier's diary, written near a Turkish island, will be found most in teresting. He explains that he and two others were together in one of the rowing boats, and continues.-We took the Colonel and some other oflicers off to the pier this morning, and managed to get a look through one of the towns. I They are funny old places; tlie houses l are nearly all two-storied and roofed with a locally made tile. There is prac tically one,.street, which winds aimless ly about. TJnlike the Egyptians, tho Greeks are very clean, and everything is very neat and nice about - their homes There is a fine big church above the town; it is the only conspi cuous building on the island. We went in and had tapers burnt for our souls. I also had a look at one of the many windmills about; They are two-storied affairs. The sails are of cloth tied on to a wooden framework; this turns a wooden cog,...
What She Was Thinking About. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 22 June 1915
What She Was Thinking About. Tho wife of a well-known novelist is an excellent housekeeper, but a matter-of-fact woman, who has lit tle sympathy with her husband's poetical fancies. He was reading to her a fine pass ago which he had just written, aud was not a little surprised to find that sho stopped her knitting, and seem ed lost io thought, as he read sen tence after sentence. "John James," she said, as soon as he had ceased reading, "you must put 011 another pair of stocklugs to-mor row morning; I see that those you have on need darning." Those who are getting what they have not earned are not all either employers or employes. The object of all ambition should be to be happy at home. If we are not happy there we cannot be happy elsewhere. It is the best proof of the virtues of a family circle to see a happy fireside.
FIGHTING WITH WATER. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 22 June 1915
FIGHTING WITH WATER. When the Belgians opened the sluice gates and let the sea into the basin o£ the Yser River to stop the German troops in their desperate attempt to advance along the coast from Ostend to Calais, they placed an obstacle in the way o£ the invading army that was apparently decisive in turning the issue to the advantage of the Allies. This means o£ defence is not new. It has been used repeatedly by the peo ple of Holland for stopping or destroy ing an invader, and in one case-that of the siege of Leyden, 1574-the cut ting of the dykes resulted not only in the relief of that city, but in the drowning of thousands of the invad ing Spanish army. There seems lit tle doubt that the flooding of the Yser basin in the early days ol November, 1314, was the direct cause of an even greater loss of life than occurred at Leyden.
THE SMALL SOLDIER. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 22 June 1915
THE SMALL SOLDIER. Dr. Pembrey, medical adviser to the Army Medical Committee, lectur ing in London on "Tall versus short men lor the Army," said it was aa official fallacy that tall men made the better soldiers. From the scientific point of view there, was no advantage to the tall man over the short man. From a purely mechanical point o£ view, the small man had advantages which the big man could not claim. In endur ance also the small man had the ad vantage over the big man. A tall man was to be estimated by the average height of his own coun trymen, else a typical Scot might be considered a tall Welshman. Ac count must be taken o£ racial charac teristics. The Welsh were a capable race but short, and anatomical data, all else being equal, were in favor of short men. The brain was relatively greater in short than tall men, and small men were more active and agile. Tall men were more amen able to discipline, short men being more aggressive and more pugna cious.
ORIGIN OF ARMY BANDS. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 22 June 1915
I ORIGIN OF ARMY BANDS. I The present high standard o£ Brit-1 j ish Army bands is entirely due to ' the efforts of the late Duke of Cam bridge. After peace was declared at the end of the Crimean War a per formance was given at Varna, in the , Crimea, by the massed British bands j there at the time, with results so painful that the Duke set to work at once to provide a proper training for Army musicians. He enlisted a large number of officers in favor of the scheme, and with the money they subscribed he took over Kneller Hall, Hounslow, once the residence of the famous painter, Sir Godfrey Kneller, and established there the Military School of Music. For nearly twenty years the Duke carried on the school without any Government help, but in 1S75 it was officially recognised, though it was not until within the last four years that the officers were relieved of the burden of supporting the bands of their regiments. Great Britain is the only country which undertakes the systematic trainin...
AMBASSADORS PRIVILEGES. [Newspaper Article] — Violet Town Sentinel — 22 June 1915
AMBASSADORS PRIVILEGES. A curious Ambassadprlal privilege is that, when dismissed from an au dience with the Sovereign to which he is accredited, an Ambassador may turn his back to the Court. In this relation it should be added that an Ambassador is the representative of his ruler, while a Minister is the re presentative of his country. When the audience is concluded, the Ambassador abroad waits to be dismissed by the Sovereign. When dismissed, the Ambassador bows, re tires three paces, bows again, retires three paces, bows a third time, turns on his heels, and walks to the folding doors. But when the reigning Sove reign is a woman, a more polite me thod is employed. The Ambassador therefore retires sideways. He keeps one side on the Sovereign, and with the other manages to find the door. By this unique means he contrives to show all politeness to a Sovereign and at the same time to retain his Ambassadorial privilege in retiring. Another privilege of an Ambassa dor abroad is that of...