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THE GRADE COW. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
THE GRADE COW. Some of tl»c breeders of purebred dairy caUlo liave svraiigo notions, auoiu acknowledging thu exeimneo of tUc grade cow. They se-em to bo afraiu or something that will rise up to piague tho purebred. Tins notion, in uk. opinion of "'Hoard's JJairymaii'1 has lie real iouudation. On tho eontraiy,.iue American authority just quoted would like to seo every encouragement given to tho production 01 lirst ciass grad^ cows iii all the dairy breeds. Tu pro duce sucli cows the farmer must have a purebred sir.o. Ho must have, also, a right idea of the great imponancvi oi securing a hull of tho strongest aim best biood lines. Wo have only to reflect a moment to seo that it really needs a mure pre potent bull iu the production ot grade cows than in a purebred herd. In tlie purebred herd the blood of the sire is strongly reiuiorced aiid aided . by flu agreeing blood of the feniaio which , i^ harmonious in. blood lines with in in. But when we place a purebred- si re ai tho head of 1...
OF RURAL INTEREST [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
OF RURAL INTEREST (!!}; "Ilusticus.") It is plain that tlie investigations of tho Closer Settlement Commission are going to bring about soma d.sugroeable revelations us Lo tlio manner in which the important business of settling the land has been conducted. It cannot lij said that tlio revelation of tlio fact that there lias been egregious bungling-'to put it miidiy-will occasion surprise, l'lie existence of that iact lias been Kiiou'u for years. Jiut most people would hardly credit the extent of that bungling, -even as revealed by the entry of the Commission upon tlio fringe of . enquiry. A few details published as to tlio conditions found by the Com mission 011 tlio first property visited tke Allanibeo Jistato-aro illuminating. 1'hey servo to givo an idea of what is to come. Allambee Estateo contains 5023 acres, and was built up by pur chasers from thirteen adjoining land owners. . Tho average price paid per acre was £(3/6/4, tho total purchase money, including discount on deben tu...
AIR GAS. THE FUTURE LIGHT. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
AIR GAS. THE FUTURE LIGHT. Air Gas lighting has beeome. so iiL'iicrallv known and recognised as tlio future root-hod of lighting that it is scarcely necessary to state that a uv!I tnado unci f-.cicufrcfiinly coiistiuctou system provides a better quality oi lfght, at eonsidera!)ly less exponse, than it can bo had 1'rum any other medium. Tko low cost of maintenance over kerosene and acetylene is, of course, owing to tho fact that with air gas an incandescent niant-lo is brought into use, whereby 96 per cent, of air is ut. lisetl, and only 4 por cent, ol' gas. j With kerosene and acetylene every unit of light produced consumes the I pure kerosene or gas, and practicallj 110 air. Acetylene was certainly an improve ment on kerosene in the way ol con venience, and at the same tnuj. a triilo lower in cost of maintenance. It is; however, next to impossible to pre vent leakages, and tho odour and resi due is most objectionable, and the risk | of explosions will in time totally ban ish it fro...
MARKETS. WHEAT AND OTHER PRODUCE. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
MARKETS. "WHEAT AND OTHER PRODUCE. is worth trom 2/1 to 2/3, and feea from mi to '2i. Oats-'flic mjirlcci,. is firm m tone, \\iith only offerings of good Algerians. Good o prinio Algerian milling uve quoted at 1/10A to^ witli a fair business at the latter fig ure A good buMnes.s has been tran sacted in heavy feed at 1/10. fi»r to good quality being worth J/1) to l/J-j . Seed are moving out steadily at 2/ to 2/2,.according to sample. Maize.-Tiio Uiqtiiry is small, and supplies arc bare. Good to prinio fint. rde is quoted at 3/'J to 3/9i . Peas.-Gotd sound milling duns are quoted at 4/6* to 4/7i, and^eed at- up to 4/9. Offerings are moderate, and the demand is rather quiet. 1&lt; eed duns aro practically unsaleable at lonei rates. Chaff.-A steady business is passing in oaten at unchanged rates. Choice oaten is quoted at £3/a/, and occasion ally £3/7/6, prinio at £3/2/6, gotHl at £2/17/(5 to £3,and, medium at- ;L2/io/. (Jlioico green wJbeatejij: is- almost no minal at £3/7/6 tp...
MELBOURNE LETTER [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
MELBOURNE LETTER (From Our Special Correspondent). XHo t^iuro.or £rJf0p°1;;bloa jrease ty mmigiat » liko wiiat i* »f Australia to s°metfl = lQ eXpoc6 needed, it should bo "-lvou. to eori liiat more attention bo o,? in. serve tho J.oin^gmwn l"^ . oon_ spite & periodical disclosure nection with intaiiu m tiir/nr'' c.oui ed to awaken the ;> .>»«. passion of the most cai- .-. oitizon, there is suill a ( able child Wo that is worse ^ mil. The ignorance and neg-ta ^ loses for the State X^av actional infants born under tUe co»v ia conditions, is doplorabl . ,,oUng or . no reason at aU why m t _» aijlteCi othonviso, should not » . ueaithy with what is required to rais®, £ ® ? children. Education upon the o lines is readily enough obtainable, such is the indifference, or Utf ? - general lack of initiative, _tL.-.r> bua drcds of infants which to live and which are needol o Lu the unpeopled spaces of this coua.. ^ are allowed to parish miserably, or to struggle into their teen...
BROKEN COLLAR-BONE. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
BROKEN COLLAR-BONE. A very common accident, particularly among persons who go in largely for atliletcis is a broken oollar-bono; thd injury being easily caused by a rail oj sudden jerk, such as occur frequently when e>sjjj]g, running, or tennis-play ing. The collar-bones arts the two bones which go iroin tii-j breastbone or sternum to the shoulders, and are very liable to injury, a iail on the elbow or shouldor being enough to fracture .th.'ui. Fortunately, the bones icjosn with equal ease., ana a fracturo of tuein rarely causes any permanent inconveni Gncj. J'lio injury is lirst discovered alter a fall by a swelling above tho bone which is broken, aim if tho swel ling is pressed pam is l'elt, and' a- light grating noise may be heard, caused by tlio rubbing iogetner of the ends of the broken'bone. The injury should, ir possible, be at once attended to by a doctor, tho arm having been placed in a sling until his arrival; but if a doe tor is riot available at once the frac ture may...
HOW TO MAKE A MEASURE OF LIQUIDS. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
HOW tO MAKE A MEASURE OF LIQUIDS. A very simple) method for making a container lor liquors which measun:i off, say, a quart at oach times the I' rjiixl i.s pound. is to. take a Iurjjo cy lindrical can, and pub! in a fulau bottom winch holds about -a. quart bouveen this'and the bottom of vessel. .A 0110 s:do of tho false bottom is an opening which connects with the main body ol the can, and on tliu other a tube leading to the mouth of tli*? vessel, so that tlio mouth oonnect&lt; in reality only with tho beloiv-mentioir-u space. This space bein&lt;i hi led win. the liquid, wo tdt tho tan down so a to keep tho level in tho main ehambos below tlio orifice. ;i&lt;rd prevent furtlu'i entry to bottom chamber, so that 'th&lt; bottom chamber now holds just om *11»:*ri.. nnd cau bo oinpi.ied at- th mouth of tho can. -"Scientific Amen can. The commissioners of tlie Staite Sav ings Bank announce that thero is avail able from the last issue of Saving: Bank debentu...
CATARACT ON THE EYE. A PREVALENT BLEMISH IN HORSES. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
CATARACT ON THE EYE. PREVALENT lSLliMLSII IN HOliSES. A congenital disease, often observed in horses in particular localities, is ca taract. This consists of an opacity in ouu of the deeper struotures of the eye, known as tlio crystalline lens', that is situated immediately behind tin;, pu pil. Tho eLFect of this opacity is to obstruct tlio passage ut' lignt to the ro tina, and so cause partial or oomplotc blindness, depending upon the extent to which tins disease has progressed. Opacities of tho oornca-the transpar ent mombrano that forms the anterior coal, of the eyeball-must not bo mis taken for cataract. When cataract is well developed the pupil of tlio oyo has a uliitish or grey, ish appearance, hut small cataracts re quire close observation for their dei.ee tm. Tlio e.yo uiay bo examined by shading it with a black hat, the head being turned awav from the light. A closer examination may bo made in a dark loose-box': . by moving a lighted candle before Hie animal's eyes. In tlip...
PROVIDING FEED FOR EARLY SPRING. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
PROVIDING FEED FOR EARLY SPRING. Now is tlic time to think about pro viding It' tl for flu; early spring months -the W. t- August and tiiG oold Sep tember-when all the cows are newly calved, and they are- rather low lii condition. Uyo corn is the host plant tor making growth in the winter, .Did this is what Burkett says about it in his valuable book. "Farm Crops" RYE. " ' Rye will grow much hotter on rich lami than on land tliat is poor. Never theless, it is grown chiefly cm land that is sandy in texture and that is low. in lortdity. ]t is so groAvn because other cereals cannot bo grown with equal success on such soils; but there aro w;de aivas in many states well adapted to its growth and on these it is 1101 grown. The habit of growth in ryo enables it to gather food in soils where other cereals would fail. The ground is prepared for rye as for other crops, that is, by ploughing to a reasonable depth. ' It is not necessary to plough .so deeply . as for some other crops, especially ...
WOMEN'S INTERESTS [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
WOMEN'S INTERESTS (Oy "Auilirosino.' .?Lancet" conies to tiio follow j"?? Cl,nclasioiis after a chemical analy " (,[" twenty-six well-known toilet ^,'.ri3To summarise, the- results 'vj'w"- that' tiic toilet soaps ou the market as ;l U'11J'L" evidence a degree /ni,-iiv ;iiid adaptability for toilet tt'iiiok redound to the credit i.iv- soap-maker. It is obvious xliat Koaera *oap-u»aking is, generally /.u-aki:iy. ioundecl on scientific lines, run a system or-control tvuicn .ai:ii.i oill a standard product equal to a.-i-L-naiiiod requirements. Gross adui tej.i:iiJJi in regard to toilet soaps docs iim lu o>nst, ; |;t. athletic girl is less likely to s;icc;;»»i> 10 temptation than her sister ««« not go in ior athletics, in .j;i. (.pinion oi Dr. Dudley A. Sar pni, director oi athletics at Harvard, -.-aei.u ev:ls are tl,o result of life's I'unvs being turned into wrong cli'aii 'i'ho eternal longing to externa jiso o!n;seii-tliat is, xo find an outlet ior U;e emotions is an 'inherent o...
MONEY IN PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
MONEY iN PJGS. The rearing, of;-pigs was tlio subject of aii- iitteresving' paper .mid l>y Mi"--1 F. Gam I ill' recently before tlio mem- i bers, of- tho Otakcho (NIZ.) branch oi the ''Farmers' Union. l'igs. bavo tho roputaticm of boiug dirty"animals, .said. Air. Uaniiln, but it properly housed H»'tl looked after aro 0110 of tlio must pro fitable, as well as the most interesting products of tlio farm, and it is surpris ing how fow farms have a. really, wed equipped piggery. It seems where the pig is concerned "any oJd thing win .do:" Tho extra proht will soon repay tho small expenditure-oji a good eoin lortablo house. For general require ments I consider that a building 30it by 7ft, ivitli wood floor, divided into lour compartments, three for breeding sows, each (3ft by 7it, a rail placet! about 10 inches out from wall and the same distance above tho floor is neces sary- to prevent tho sow lrom over.ayiiiy her young. Tlio remaining space, la It by 7ft, I use for a- fattening pen,...
THOUGHTS OUT OF THE ORDINARY. WITH QUOTATIONS FROM THE NEW BOOKS. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 23 May 1914
THOUGHTS OUT OF THE ORDINARY. WITH QUOTATIONS I'M(031 Tllli NEW HOOKS. Society rewards tho. man who serves it. Success conies Irani being of ser vice to mankind ; there is neither honor nor wealth excepting tiirougn one thing scrv.oo, and checriul service at that. -- "Competition and Co-operation," by .Elbert Hubbard. A friend is one who knows all about us and loves us just the same. Lite is only the journey. Don't worry about tim destination, and overlook the scenery; and in the march ol" life don't forget to listen to the band. All desperate hazards courage do ere « to, As lie .pays frankly who lias least estate. Presence of mind and courage in dis tress Are moro tlian armies to procure suc cess.,. -Dryden. Have no friends not equal to yotir seu. Hold raUhfuliiess and sincerity s lirst principles.-Confucius. Tile greatest hour in a. man's life is not tiiat in which men recognise what he has done, but that in wuich in Ins trt'iuendous struggles against dilliculticN and obstacles in...
A Duty to Posterity. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
A Duty to Posterity. "I don't care," exclaimed the prehis toric woman, "if it is on crooked." A shadow of pain flitted across the face of the prehistoric man. "Dearest," he pleaded, "say not so. Thou knowest not " He gazed anxiously into her eyes. "—but it may be the imprint of thy form that the archaeologist will find upon the insensate rock." With a new realisation of the re sponsibilities of existence she turned again to her mirror. Home-fed meat formed 52% per cent, of the total weight consumed last year in the United Kingdom, and the imported meat 47% per cent. The total quantity of beef, Tjeal, mutton, lamb, pork, bacon, hams and unclassified meat consumed in Great Britain and Ireland last year amount ed to 2,277„500 tons, viz.: Home-fed. 1,202,200 tons; imported, l,075,30f tons.
THE PROFITS OF PERSONAL APPEARANCE. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
THE PROFITS OF PERSONAL APPEARANCE. By Fortune Free. Does not appearance count in life? I fead in the paper a few days ago of a situation being advertised as vacant. One man was wanted, and forty-two turned up. One of the failures wrote afterwards protesting against the "ridiculous" manner in which the guardians set about their task of selec tion. The forty-two were drawn up in two lines, and then the guardians walked down them. After that they retired and sent out for particular candidates. When they had exam ined nine they found the man they wanted. The disgusted gentleman wished to know why he was not "given a chance." One of the guardians thereupon stated that they glanced over the candidates and called in the smartest-looking ones! As one of them —number nine—possessed all the sualifications they needed they stopped I at him. ; People make selections in the same , way every day of their lives. Per haps they do it unconsciously. They do it all the same. I find a good number of m...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
Every Orchardisfc who requires a Spraying (Outfit for 1918, is hurrying his order in to /The International Harvester Co. of Aust. so as to get it registered at the very low price 'and easy terms now quoted. The "I.TI.G/1 Outfit with its new Hopper Cooled Engine, is suf ii a Iiu^e success, and the present terms of Looking so remarkably favorable to buyers, tho.t over 200 of these sprayers have recently been booked. The price goes up at least £3 from Jan. 1st.
FOOTBALL. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
FOOTBALL. May 30—Terang v Camperdown; Leura v Cobdcn. June 6—Camperdown v Cobden ; Terang v Leura. June 13—Cobden v Terang ; Leura v Camperdown. 3 June 20—Camperdown v Terang; i Cobden v Leura. June 27—Cobden v Camper down ; Leura v Terang. July 4—Terang v Cobden ; Cam perdown y Leura. July 11—Terang v Camperdown; Leura v Cobden. July IS—Camperdown v Cobden; Terang v Leura. July 25—Cobden v Terang ; i Leura v Camperdown. I August 1—Camperdown v Te rang ; Cobden v Leura. August 8—Cobden v ' Camper down ; Terang v Leura. August 15—Terang v Cobden ; Camperdown v Leura. August 22—Semi-final. First v Third. August 29—Semi-final. Second v Fourth". September 5—Final match. September 12—Challenge' match (if any).
LIFE OF MICROBES. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
LIFE OF MICROBES. "What becomes of the microbes tbat fcbound in his body when a person dies ol a contagious disease? This question has been investigated in Ger many by Dr Klein, who buried the bodies of infected animals for stated periods, and then examined them for germ life. He found that the bacillus of cholera lives nineteen days, but does aot preserve its reproductive power after eighteen. The resistance of Eberth's bacillus (that of typhoid) is Dearly the same. The perm of the plague is always alive after seventeen days of burial, but not after 3 weeks. The bacillus of tuberculosis (which, it Bhould be insisted upon, destroys more lives than that of the plague, although it frightens people less), does not survive the animal that it has killed. Klein has found it in th« organs, but has never been able ta make cultures of it, and, a more im portant fact, has never succeeded in reproducing tuberculosis by injectionl of bacilli found in dead bodies.
COURSING. [Newspaper Article] — Mortlake Dispatch — 27 May 1914
COUESIM. May 2S, Hexham ; May 30, Colac ; June 3, Cressy ; June S, Hamilton ; June 10, Winchelsea ; June 17, 18, and 19, Mortlake and Camperdown Commonwealth meet ing ; June 27, Colac ; July 1, Cressy ; July 2, Penshurst; July 8, Winchelsea ; July, 10 and 11; Caramut ; July 12and l6, Mortlake and Camperdown ; July 22, Hamil ton ; July 24 and 25, Colac-; July 30 and 31, Hexham ; August 5, Cressy ; August 12, Mortlake and Camperdown ; August 19, Hamil ton ; August 22, Colac ; August 26, Winchelsea; August 27, Penshurst; September 2, Cressy ; September 3 and 4, Hexham ; September 9 and 10, Mortlake and Camperdown ; September 11 and 12, Colac ; Sept ember 14 and 15, Caramut.