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Poultry ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. "G.M." (Mudgee):-(1) Eggs at this time of the year are not very fertile, as a rule, the birds not having fully recovered from the moult. Nine hens, however, are too many to each.male; try five or six till a little later on, when you can increase the number again. (2) There is nothing to gain in crossing White Leghorns with Black Orpingtons. The crosses would certainly be better table birds than the White Leghorns, out not as good as the pure Black Orpingtons. Both of these birds are excellent layers; why not keep them pure? A sale of pure-bred poultry was . held at C. J.. Turner's auction rooms 011 the 5th Jnst. There was a big collection of birds, mostly of poor to medium .quality, with a few very, good in several breeds. Prices all round were very fair, anything de cent "coming in for good competition. In the exhibition, "What to do with our Cairis,3-> to be held in the Sydney Town Hall, on 20th ' April, and extending over ten days,; there will be exh...
RURAL PARENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
.RURAL PARENTS. The following applications for ..'.Commonwealth' Patents connected with farming and pastoral industries, havebeen.-8upplied to us by Mr. C. G. Hepburn. Patent Attorney, 70 Pitt street. Sydney: The following applications for Com monwealth patents connected with the farming and pastoral industries, have been supplied to us by Mr. C. Hepburn, patent attorney, of 70 Pitt-street, Sydney:-. Harry'Cliff.-Improvements, in chafl'-cutting machines. E..F. Tlioren.-Improved nose bag. F. Russell.-A mid-air device for breaking in colts or other restive aninials. G. M". Mainard.-Roller plough. . G. Ivanter.-An improved wheel for all classes of wheels or automo biles; ? ? ,'; P. Jepson.-Improvements in or re lating to jam, fruit, or other preserv ing tins .and handles therefor. S. M. Stanmore.-Improved method or system of handling stacking and loading bags of wheat and the like. W. Weeks and D. E. Absolom.-Im provements in windmill and other mechanical motions. C. F. Christian.-Auto...
Stock The Small Clip. LIKELY EFFECT ON OUR WOOL INDUSTRY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
«£§5 The Small Clip. LIKELY EFFECT ON OUR WOOL INDUSTRY. (By "The Shepherd.") The passing away of many of the best-known stud ilocks, and the sub division of a large number of estates, either privately or by the Govern ment, during the past ten years, has quite revolutionised the wool industry of New Soutli Wales, or, we might even say, of Australia. The question now of paramount interest is: "What effect will the increasing number of small clips have on the wool industry as a whole ?" Taking the year 1895, when the total number of sheep in New South Wales was about the same as at the end of 1910, the flocks numbered 13,920, and at the end of 1910 they are estimated at 24,700 (the final returns not being yet made up), an increase of 75 per cent. The greatest increase has been in the number of flocks containing 1000 sheep arid under. Coming to the ilocks which number over 20,000 sheep each, the difference between the two periods is very remarkable. Whilst in 1S95 they made up 60 per ...
YERONG CREEK. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
YERONG CREEK. This branch of the F.S.A; held its annual meeting on March 31st, The president, occupied the chair, and in opening the meeting, said it was very gratifying to see such a large gather ing of members present, which was an indication that the producers were alive to their own interests. He trusted that they would put aside all personal feeling in the election of their office-bearers, and select the very best men. They wished to see this branch go ahead, and the surest methods to bring about a result of this sort, was to put the strongest men into the positions best suited to them, and for every farmer to join the association, and roll np to the meetings, which would show that they were determined to look after their own interests; for in support ing the Association they would be doing this in the best possible way. He (the speaker) had been their pre sident for twelve months, and he claimed that during that period they had increased their membership, and a great amount of...
WEST WYALONG. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
WEST WYALONG. The usual monthly meeting was held on Saturday, April 1. The ques tion of manure contract with a Syd ney iirm was discussed. A letter was read from Mr. Ewers, stating that he would be able to attend some time at tlic end of April, and, so it was decided to hold next meeting on April 29, to enable Mr. Ewers to be present, and arrangements are to be made to hold a joint meeting with Wyalong branch, so that Mr. Ewers can reach both in one day. The following were appointed as a 82)orts and picnic committee: - Messrs. W. O. Mannin, A. G. Man ning, J. King, A. Bradsluiw, T. Dwyer, E. Darling, D. Gagie, and S. B. Marshman. A resolution was carried, urging as many members as possible to attend on April 13 to wait on the Minister for Lands re Lake Cowal scrub leases, and other matters. A letter was read from the Gene ral Secretary, urging members to do all possible to induce electors to vote "No" on the Referenda.
THE ROCK. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
THE ROCK. Mr. W. Hennessy, the secretary of The Rock branch, reports that the general meeting was held on April 1, the president, Mr. G. W. Richardson in the chair. A fair number of mem bers were present. Letters were re ceived from the General Secretary, Mr. T. I. Campbell, and also from the South-Eastern District Council, urging the members of the branch to use their best endeavours to enrol as many members as possible before the Referenda on the 20th of April. The secretary was instructed' to write to the Postmaster-General, through Sir William Lyne, with reference to urging on the erection of a telephone line from Wagga to Tootal, via The Rock. Some resolutions respecting repairs to roads were brought for ward, and carried. Two new mem bers were added to the roll. Mr. J. II. Kendall,- one of the branch dele gates to -the meeting of delegates held at Wagga, on 28th of March, gave a report of what was done nr. the meeting regarding the claims of the R.W.U. Annual subscriptions hav...
Dairying. THE JERSEY IN FAVOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
THE JERSEY IN FAVOUR. The docile Jersey, with its uiisur passably rich milk, is on the up grade. Indeed, it has never had many downs. But its great popularity is expanding in quarters quite unex pected. The results of the recent sales, and the demand for good studs, provides the barometer. It is rather remarkable that in New Zealand, where this breed was all the rage for many a day, it is not quite the fancy at present. Just now, however, it is being very much vised as a cross with the Ilolstein. The first cross is, of course, very good, but after that, as in all such enterprises, there is dan ger. This is a theory that meets with great respect in all stock-breeding countries. The crosses cannot be con tinued many generations without meeting a snag. The New Zealanders are in favour of the first cross. For a long time they mated the Ayrshire and the Jersey as their pet proposi tion, but the fashion is changing. In regard to the Jersey-IIolstein mix ture, a leading breeder lately poin...
WINTER FODDER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
WINTER FODDER. A Tweed River farmer writes: "Every progressive dairyman admits the need of growing a suitable fod der for the winter. That is the time when the stoppage of growth in the pastures lessons his milk yield; and that is the time Avhen the industry pays best, provided he can maintain the yield. For a long time, Planter, or Farm ers' Friend, oats and rye Avere the main crop of the dairyman. Then, of later years, men who have studied the methods of other countries have begun to introduce the silo. But there is a fodder, little heard of as yet, which is better than any of those mentioned for increasing the milk yield, which is grown with less trouble than the green feeds, and which is far less expensive than tne silo. This true dairyman's friend is call ed Indian cow cane. Formerly, it was extensively grown for sugar, but the sugar-growers found it was not so profitable as other varieties, and it; was eradicated from many farms. Then one farmer, who combines sugar growing wit...
HEREDITY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
HEREDITY. Some of " The panel's" readers may remember seeing a report of a re markable instance of heredity of ac quired abnormality in a cow, which happened a few months ago. It ia voualied for by Dr. Wilmot, M.li.C.V.S., veterinary surgeon for the Tasmanian Government, who ' ig , conducting laboratory investigations. Tie tells of a cow having been pur chased with swallow-tail earmarks in both ears. She had three calves, each born wiuli the same earmarks. One of the calves, a heifer, also bred a calf with the same peculiarity. Other instances of the same character are reported, and it has brought up the question of possible heredity of abnormal cnaracteristics, especially as regards dehorning of both cattle and sheep. As regards the latter X can speak from practical experience. Finding in a stud too many horned ewes, the first step taken was to de horn them, and the next to remove the first sign of horns in the lambs. This was continued for three years, and after that period no mor...
NOTES ON CROSSBREDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
NOTES ON CROSSBREDS. Tlie demand for crossbreds is com ing very strongly this year. Num bers of long wool rams have been im ported into Queensland, and the coun try which had previously been devo ted to the production of merino wool is now given over to the raising of crossbreds. The stock salesman of a large city firm says: The Lincoln Merino is most favoured for tlie cross bred product, as he produces the most valuable wool. The Comeback of thia cross is considered the ideal combi nation sheep for wool and mutton. Tor mutton-producing and early maturing, the Dorset Horn, aided by the Government experiments, is ex pected to come into favour, chiefly on account of the early-maturing habits of the breed, for their wool is regarded as of only medium quality. Another breed that is finding fa vour in this State is the Border Lei cester, used extensively in New Zea land, and this is closely allied to the Lincoln, and has good all-round qua lities. The Shropshire, which, of late years was...
EASTERN RIVERINA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
EASTERN RIVERINA. The Secretary of the Eastern Ri verina District Council, Mr. E. Crouch, reports a successful meeting of the council was held at Wagga re cently, there being seven branches represented, and 16 delegates. The chair was occupied by Mr. T. Short (Wagga). It was decided to oppose the il.W.U., and to go thoroughly into the claims. Also to stick out for freedom of contract. A schedule of rates to suit the district was drawn up, and agreed to.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
Cutler S Hunter St., Sydney. . ; W. Jno. Bak6P i Boundary Riders' Sheath, Knife and J Steel Complete. Length overall about II inches. Sheath is fitted with loops for belt or saddle. No- 4.-Plain Leather Sheath, and Straight Beech Handle Knife and Steel, 5s. per Set, No. 3.-Plain Leather Sheath, and Ebony Handle Knife and Steel, 6s. per set. No. 2.-Brass Capped Sheath, Knife Handle mounted at Shoulder, Smooth Horn Handle Steel, 8s. 6d. per set. No. 1-Oriental Design, as illustration, with Niclde Brass Capped Sheath; Knife Handle mounted each end. Fluted Horn Handle Steel, 10S. 6d. per set ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE POST FREE. rO n i 14 Castlereagh Street, Sydney. s The Best Salesmen for FAT STOCK V STORE STOCK 1 STUD STOCK PIGS and CALVES We personally attend to Unlpading, Classing, and Selling of all Stock. £ v fX' : « .% * Slk' % We i have every facility for Carefully Attending to Stock immediately on arrival. . Badgery Brothers' New Show-ground Offices. We do not obtain business by any...
Association Doings PRESIDENT PATTEN'S TOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
II /U-. ii =^\ PRESIDENT PATTEN'S TOUR. On the whole, President Patten is very pleased with the support he lias received during his organising work throughout his tour of the middle west to Manning River. Of course, in some of the districts he has found the farmer and settler apathetic, but even in these centres his vigorous addresses have generally succeeded in reawakening them to a sense of their own interests, and his track is mark ed by old branches galvanised into new life, and new branches, wher-s before none existed. In fact, he clearly pointed out the benefits which have, and must continue to accrue to a whole-hearted support of such an organisation as the Farmers and Settlers' Association. There is no branch too insignificant, no centre too small to obtain the concentrated aid of the executive to further its general welfare, and the president has made this very clear. Of his more recent doings, Mr. Patten re ports holding a fine meeting at Mud gee, and from then on his jour...
NEVER TOO LATE TO START. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
NEVER TOO LATE TO START. West Maitland, at long last recog nising the growing power and influ ence of the F. and S. Association, lias .decided to form a branch, as the result of a meeting of farmers, gra ziers, and dairymen, held on the showground. Mr. George B. Bowden was elected president, and Mr. Ar thur Fountain, secretary.
MIMOSA BRANCH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
MIMOSA BRANCH. At their last monthly meeting the Mimosa . branch passed a motion sym pathising with the employers concern ed in the implement makers' strike, Melbourne, and a letter was sent encouraging the employers to stand firm ,as the .farmers were prepared to back them up against the tyranny of unionism. Preference to unionists, if extended to the agricultural indus try, will spell ruination to the small farmer.
TOMKI. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
TOMKI. Mi\ John Wetherspoon, M.L.C., ad dressed a meeting of about. 50 dairy farmers at Tomki, on Monday, 3rd April, and in a vigorous speech, ap pealed to those present to awake, and look after their own interests. He spoke trenchantly on tlie unrea sonable demands to be levied on the farmers by the Rural Workers' Union. "Tlie farmers," Mr. Wether spoon said, "were the makers of the nation, and should fight for their own interests. Union must be met by union, and now was the time to pre pare." Mr. Wetherspoon traced the history of the F. and S. Association from its infancy to the present day, pointing out its usefulness to the man on .the land. "A number of people thought,''' lie said, "that the TV and'S. Association was run by the big man." He explained that this was not the case. The F. and S. Association was the fanners' friend. Mr. Wetlierspoon said the E.W.U. wanted to interfere with the people's home, and wanted to say what the children should do. He emphatical ly advised his...
19.—Recovery of Rates. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
-Recovery of Rates. (Q.).-Can a council sue for this year's rate, after the usual thirty days' notice has been given? (A.).-1. The L.G. Act, 1906, section 144, after sub-sections (1) and (2), providing for the amount of a rate, in sub-section (3) provides: 2. Such amount shall be due and payable on the expiration of the time fixed in a notice of such rate served on such owner or holder or tenant or licensee, as prescribed-not being less than 30 days after such service. 3. Any debt can be sued for imme diately it is payable. 4. This year's rates can be sued for, after the expiration of the time men tioned (not being less than 30 days), in the rate notices served.
18.—Lunatic asylum, grazing area detached. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 13 April 1911
18.-Lunatic asylum, grazing area de tached. (Case).-There is within this Sliire at the Ivenmore Asylum for Insane, some 300 acres of land used in connection with the same, and on which the; buildings, etc., stand, and besides this the authorities occupy and use 672 acres more land some three miles distant, which is also owned by the Government. Now, the right to rate the 300 acres on which the Asylum stands we are not in clined to question, and do not pro pose to assess any portion of it. But it seems unreasonable that the other G72 acres should also be exempt. This 672 acres. was included in the first Shire Assessment, but the Asylum authorities claimed that it was ex empt, and apparently the assessment was struck out. (Q.) .-1. The questions at issue are -first, as to whether a Government asylum for insane comes under ex emption as a benevolent institution? 2. If so, docs such exemption ex ; tend to a. large area of land in an other locality used by the same asylum authorities, fo...