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THE RAILWAYS. Leave Creasy for— [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
THE RAILWAYS. Loave Creasy for— Monday—Colac 7.20'n.m., return ing 12.20 p.m. Ballarat 1 p.m., re luming 8 p.m. Melbourne, 8 p.m. Tueaday—Oolac 7,20 a.m , retnrn Int 12.20 p.m. Ballarat 6 a.m.. re turning 8 p.m. Melbourne • p.m . jWedne'Bday—Ballarat G a.ip., re. turning; 2.30 p.m. Colac 3.15 p.m., ■ returning' 9.45 p.m, Melbourne, C p.m. Thuisday—Ballarat 6 a.m.,return. ' insr'2.30 p.m. Oolac, 7.20 a.m. and 3.15 p.m., returning 12.20 p.m. and 9.45. p.m. Melboarne 6 p.m Friday—Ballarat 6 a.m., return-. i»ig 8 p.m. Melbourne, 6 p.m. _ Sat unlay—Colac 7.20 a.m., return ing 12.20 p.m. Ballarat 1 p.m., r«turtiing 8.30 p.m.' Melbourne, 6 p.ua.
THE SECRETION OF MILK. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
THE SECRETION OF MILK. From experiments it soems to bo established that milk in not simply a accretion from tho blood] but is form ed in tho milk glands from tho cells of tho gland itself. Or, to state it, per haps, a littlo moro plainly, milk is tho liquified milk-gland. This conclusion has boon reached through many analy ses, which shows that tho composition of tho ash of tho milk is like that of tho tissues of tho milk secreting org ans; whereas, were tho milk simply a transudate from tho blood it would huvo a similar composition and could not servo.as tho exclusive food of the young animal for in that caso it would not contain nil tho components neces sary for growth. 'Chemists assort that it is from an examination' of what is termed the liquid portion of milk, or skimmed milk, they aio lod to tho conclusion tlin^ it is not simply filtrata, or secre tion from tho blood. This coniains from 2 to 5 per cent. of protein; but wliilo tho protein of tho blood exists as albumon or fibri...
CREMY STOCK SALE. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
OREMY ITOOK CALK. D»lg«ty Mtd O. wporl:— We held our uaual monthly stock sale at Creasy on Friday, •4th February, whea we yarded 31W sheep, .67 head of cattle and 2 horses to a very large and re presentative attendance of both district and outside buyers, and report this as the b«at sale held in thiB district for some time, both as regards prices obtained and number ef stock yarded This is borne out by the fact that we made an entire clearance of all stock yarded. The total yard ing of sheep made the splendid average of 27s 2d. Sheep Bhowerl an all-round advance pf from 3 to 5a per head on previous sale Cattle met with a very keen de mand, aad prices obtained were well on a level with high ; rates ruling in other centres. The main feature of our yarding was the splendid lot of wethers and breed ing ewes penned. These Classen commanded a lot of attention, and the price obtained for a pen of 96 crossbred ewes, 4 yrs old, viz., 35s lid, sold on account of Mr Stewart Lawson, of Werneth,...
HOUSEHOLD HINTS. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
HOUSEHOLD HINTS.' • rYou can provont j;ijn burning by dropping a two shilling pieco into tho '''preserving pan. When it boils, tho : coin Will naturally ihovq roundi and so keep the mixturo on'tho'move. The jnfli will not bo otherwise atroctbd, nor will tho silver coin. " 'A good u'so can bo made of au old "tqrinib racquet. Tako out all cords and tho j'ramo is an oxcollent medium for boating nigs. Millc is often found an invaluable 'means' of removing ink-stains, As, soon as tho articles becomes inked, it should bo soaked .iu. a little milk tuitil. tho stain almost disappears. It should then cojno entirely out when, washed. Thq water .iii "which potatoes have', been- boilecl proves excellent for spong ing, tho, soiled parts of silk. Salt and vinegar are found excellent' for cleaning enamel waro, Slako into a pasto and rub ovor tho 'enamel. When largq holes . appear in your home-made cako, you should take heed .to' add a lesa quantity of baking pow der when you arq making your noxt c...
BEEAC. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
BEEAC. INM On OiriMHilM While Mr and Mrs R. Nelaon were absent from home at Creasy races on-Saturday, their children had an exciting adventure with a -snake, which was under a table in the Bitting room. Aa the chil dren ran round the table they heard something hissing,, and found the reptile. The "screams of the children brought a neigh bor to their assistance, who gave it a happy and speedy dispatch. Miss Jean Brook has been ap pointed to the position of ledger keeper in the London bank. Arrangements for the fete are progressing aatiafaetorily.
BACTERIA IN MILK. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
UACTEBIA IX MILK. : ' It is ft'well-known fact that bacteria plays 'an important part in the manu facture of daiiy products. Some kinds > of germs arc added to milk and cream on account of the useful functions they perform; whilst other .species of bac teria arc so injurious to milk and its products .-.that' the necessary precau tions are taken to Keep mi lb, etc., free from them. The controlling of the bacterial content of milk is an impor tant part of dairying. .A curious fact about bacteria is that they exist everywhere, and readily en-, ter milk, especially when, it is warm. As milk contains all the food elements necessary for tho sustenance of germ life', all forms of it multiply at a rapid' rate in warm milk. The cleaner the conditions under which milk is handled, tlio lower will bo tho bacterial content of it, and tho germs in predominance Will be those of the beneficial .species. "In the ripening of cream equability of temperature is of great importance. • Tho bacteria wh...
OF RURAL INTEREST MINING FERTILISERS. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
OF SURAL INTEREST (By " Buulieud.") MIXING PKKTTHSBBS. Besides' a general understanding of' Ihu functions oC mauurcs, ami a know ledge of their differences in, flctionr there is still a necessity fur some' iii formation as to tlicir handling before 'sowing. Nitrate of soda should never, be sown at the same time as the seed is sown. Ou account of its immediate solubility, and the fact-that it already is in a form in which plants.use it, the "nitrogeniiablo .to.iquicj^f^JOacii''out', of the ground, and be .removed in drain age waters. Under these .circumstances nitrate..of soda has, .crime to bo. gene rally used as a. spring top-dressing, at which time there is .an abundant root growth, and the nitrogen is made use of rapidly by the growing crop. Sul phate of ammonia 'should never bo-'mix ed-with lime or any manure containing lime, such as Thomas' phosphate or wood ,ashen. Lime drives ,otf the am nionin, and the quality of,the fertiliser is thereby lowered by ignorant hand ling. Super...
TTAVELLING STOCK IN AMERICA. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
TnAVELUNC! '/STOCK JX AMB1UCA. i _ The exiting statutes; of the United States provide that liv'o stock carried in 'a'riy- caW'shall not bo 'corifiired therein" for a longer poriod than 28 consecutive ■hours without being unloaded in a hu mane manner into properly oquippod poiiH Tor rcBt, wntor, and feoding, and loft thero for at least fivo consecutive hours. That is to sn.V, any journey r.v- | i.timHiijj 'JH lioiirn 1'rotn loading to 11 ti- . loading shall ho broken' by 11 rest, of j live hours in comfortable yards. It is further provided tliut during this vest (bo onimals must be fed find 'watered .properly by the-owner or custodian, or, in default, by the iniin*ny company, ■ whichig empowered to recover tho cost thoreof. An extension of'time allowed from -8 lionr.s to •'!') hours is permitted on written application in special cir cumstances. The American llnmane Association, a powerful, federation of 'societies' and individuals for 'the pre vention'of cruelty, is ongnped'in mi ' p...
FATS IN FOOD. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
FATS IN FOOD. At a recent meeting of the Amorican iledical Association, Professor Mendel, c. of Yale University, presented an ox cec'dingly. interesting 'paper on' foods » and nutrition, in wliicli he gave an ac count of studies made by him for tho . purposo of determining the food value : of .various.commonly .used fats. In ex periments upon young animals, i'rofefl ,. nor Mendel found that, when lard was A tho only fat. used, there was a ecssa-' .. lion of growth and a decline in weight j • at tho end of three,mouths. Whcn-but -tor-fat was used, there was no sign jvhntovcr; of failure . after foodiug: for f . a year or more. &lt; ' Cotton-seed oil is mentioned by, I'ro . feasor Mendel as.belonging in the same t category as lard. In the same, class lie placed numerous other chemical fats ivhich have been recently offered as a ""•Bubstituto-for-buttor. -■ v • The processes to which these artificial products are submitted arc believed by many- authorities to' depreciate, if no...
HOSPITAL WHEAT STACKS. TO THE EDITOR. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
; HOSPITAL WHKAT STACKS. TO TBI EDITOR. Sir.—At • meeting of the Hospital | Carnival committee a suggestion was considered which emanated from Mf J. H. Chesterfield to the effect that all farmers throughout the district shoull be asked at every station to donate at least one bag of wheat or other grain towards this hospital effort. A seoa rate stack will thoreforo be made at all stations, adjacent to Cressy, and the weighbridge caretakers are asked to being this appeal before every farmer delivering wheat thereto. I feel tur» this iidea only requires to be brought before the notice of our farmers to meet with a most liberal response. This ha* been a most bountiful year, and all have received much good. Kindly, there forA. rin vaaH with n lUfla nf thai traom I you have received.— ■Youta, etc,, I CHAS. D. ROSS, CarniT*! Secretary;
CRESSY TURF CLUB. PICNIC RACE MEETING. A SUCCESSFUL GATHERING. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
CRESSY TURF CLUB. PICNIC RACE MEETING. A SUCCESSFUL GATHERING. The Picnic race meeting of the Cressy turf club, held on Satur day last, was in every way an unqualified success. The day was fine and bright, not too hot, just the day for holding an out aide gathering. The attendance, under the circumstances, was a good one. The crowd was most orderly, and Constable Teese and his assistant had light duties to perform, and no unpleasantness occurred to mar the proceedings. About a dozen of the leather lunged " fraternity were laying the odds, and these, as usual,had the beat of the deal at the close of the day. Mr Taylor, of Bal I.'irat, had the publican's booth, and seemed to be doing good biz. in dispensing liquid refreshments to the thirsty. Mrs Berry had control of the luncheon booth, and in this department the wants of the public were assiduously attended to, while the fruit and lolly stall was well patronised. The attendance of visitors was not so great as last year, but all the t...
A DANDY REBUKED. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
A IMNDY WSHUKED. ' A crowded tramear w:is boarded by rf Kildcd youth, physically fit, and so attired that it was obvious ho was on his way to a danco. IIo struggled manfully'ns a "straphanger" for sonm tiinie, mid then a woathqr beaten war rior, homo on short leavo fro;n Flan dors, ro«o from his sentj. and;addre» sin'g tlio daintily-dressed oxquisitiy aaid "Tuko my seat, Miss." I'OIi APPISARANCIfl SAKE. Ono day Pat appeared on tho street with a htigo tenr in his coat slcevo, "Look here, Pat," protested ft friend, "why don't you got tbnt holo inendod?" "Not Oi, sir," said Pat; "n hoi© may ho tlio result of an accident, but a patch is a suro sign of povorty,"
COMMONWEALTH PATENTS. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
COMMONWEALTH PATENTS. 5- Applications for grant of coinpleto iottoni patonfc. lodged in th« following ^rinmeikhnvo tae'n' accoptcd by tho com missioner. Mossra G. 0. Turn and Co. patent attorneys, of Tho llinlto,-Col lins Stroot, Melbourne, havo prepared thin report from tho official records :— Mine Creopago Indicator.—0. U. I lodges, Queensland, No. 11839.—To indicate movements, a tqlescopio tubrv is m;L between tho walls and has elec tric contacts, which win ring a boll and light a lamp. Hcinforcod Concrete iluilding Slabs. —0. llobertflon and T. Hogarth (as signee), S.A., No. 17ol3.—To./ucilitnto joinCii'iC slabs with frojnes, tho con crete is secured by wires or a netting in it moUU frame, having tongues and Urovi:s to interlock with tho abutting block.'! without further joining. Sewage Access I'ij'O Moulding.—.1. I'. J. Thornton, and J. J. Matron, \ ic. No. ICM'>. — For east'ng tlio flared top, pal terns of the outside surface nf tlio pipe are fixed, largo end downward*, on ...
The Pioneer. CRESSY. WEDNESDAY, FEB. 16. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
Cbe Pioneer. CRESS"*. WEDNESDAY, FEB. 16. Sm Rider Haggard has Bet out on a tour of the Dominions, in the eourse of which he hopes to learn much and to do much which will assist in the placing of returned soldiers on . the land. Sir Rider expects to reach Hobart about the end of April, By which time Australia should have thought out the details of a great scheme. When peace comes, Great Britain will have to face an industrial readjustment such as the world has never seen. The number of men who have been taken from their ordinary occupations can only be surmised. Women have stepped into the places which were filled by some of the men, there will be no disposition to dis miss those of them who can bear the strain and who must earn a living. But quite apart from that, of incomparably more im portance than that, is the out standing fact thet a large num ber of old industries will be tem porarily paralysed,and that those who pursued them will find them selves standing idle in the mar ket...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
DAILY PAPERS. Notwithstanding some alterations in the "Age" agency in the town, copies of "Age" and " Argus " may still be obtained from the original agent, S. H. Mason, or from R. Batter bury. All other paperB, magazines, periodicals, etc, may be obtained. TYLER'S Wish tho dwellers on the Plains to know that it is possible to b« smartly, tastefully and corroctly dressed without having to visit either Ballarat or Melbourne. r7ho process is simple. Send a Penny Postcard it will bring per Return post their splendidly illustrated Catalog. ChooM yon &lt;toatumea, Millinery, Hoisery, Ribbon*, 'flue piece Dres3, Lingerie, Silks, Embroidfri&j Anything that a DreBsy Woman deairea. Tyler's E READY TO MAKE THAT SUIT. THEY CATER FOR THE WHOiw FAMILY AT il, 13,15,17 Bridge Street, Ballarat J. PROWSE & SONS, Carpenters Blacksmiths & Windmill Manufacturers Beeac and Cressy. S OCAL AGENTS £or Blackweil Stoves, und Newbury and Walker's Copper '.1.4 Furnaces. PJails, ...
POULTRY IN SUMMER. SUPPLYING WATER. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
POULTRY IN SUMMER. ■SUPPLYING WATKR. Ill many of our country districts a shoring!) of wator is being nll,j unless poultry-keepers w|,o kot>1, (]l|,.u nro carofnl tho want of wator will be fceouly felt, especially for the ym,„K ducklings, it generally j that ducks nood a hit-go supply of water during tl,0 hot summer months, mid thiH iden causes a great »■„«,„ j„.it nt tho tin),. „),en may not fall o.vecpt nt long intervals. rr !t plenti fill supply i;, available, by nil means let your ■ ducks have full henelil, no" thai they may k&lt;cp nic-u ami cloan, Winch IS very accessary ivitli tho old ducks (Jill-ill;; their moult. Water is also u preventive of with tho young slock. St'U, when wafer supplies nro limited „u must consider way* and moans of making our supplies go us fnr as possible ivitli out causing r,n actual f-hortagc. I U is not generally |tMmvn t)mt (h](;ks uso much moro water during wet wea thor tlmn in tho hot summer iiumthn. J Another fact that is not always re...
RURAL NOTES. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
RURAL NOTES. Plenty of paaturo and good.livo stock are gonerally found oil tho same farm. Do not plough up all tlio pasture. Sow tho best seed. Bow tho need early. Sow.plenty of seed. It' in doubt, cultivate uguiu. Thia is no- year for soil robbing. Franco is the only country in Kuropo tlmt is Holf-supporting in normal times. Tho country produces miilicient corn and meat for tho whole population. Gorman starch factories, making; starch from potatoos, represent a thriv ing industry. -T'"i -turnover of tho: co operative Htnr'.-li "'factories before tho war was about £3,GOO,000 a year. It pays to let all farm animals have access to powdered charcoal. Thoy will usually cat it freely. Moat of the so called stock foods contain charcoal as ono of the most useful ingredients. Cow sheds should be kept in a condi tion of great cleanliness, and even tho air that the animals breatho should bo pure. These two conditions aro indis pensable for tho production of sound, good milk. The light of a la...
CHAPTER XXXIV. A HELSTON HAL[?] [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
CHAPTER XXXIV. A riELSTOX IIAl.u. Ilclstoa hamlet, which consists np pareritly of a farjn, a mill, and some four or fivo straggling collage-; li;ilf hidden by tho brushwood and boulders of a narrow glen, is in no respect cdjii parablo to tho respectable villngo of Thorsdalo. It lind no post office, 110 -•hop, no church, no chapel, and as a general rulo, few facilities of any kind. And although Helston Hall, a bow shot or so away, stands boldly forth on a knoll of grconswnrd, fringed witli beech .trees, with tho swift trout stream tliut runs down tho dalo swirl ing and broadening at the base of tho ^mouiid, tho grev.Btono manor Iiouho, with its steep, slated roof, is but a sorry dwelling when contrasted with tho stately nians'on which lords it over tlio hoary oaks of Thorsdalo J'nrk. It had never boon ono of tho principal scats of tho Mortmain family, to whom it had como as part of tlio heritage of some forgotten ancestress; and, save when it was allotted as the residence of somo dow...
THE GERMAN NAVY. [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
~ ^ THE GERMAN NAVY.:' Tlio "VoswrcIio /oitung" publishes what is apparently Mm first of ;t series of articles divcribed ns "a ro porL Jron^boJUiitl^iiim Meet." with tho ! U.wi_i»vnl (Jru'.ne." Tho first' artiolo is aa follows Tlio policy oflicialu fit tlio phteo whero 1 livo Jim] vtated that tboy iintl no objections to niuko to a journey to W'illiolmnlmven, an Un\v hud- no kriiiw Iqdgo of uny facts to justify imtpicipn; that I tun u .spy. Thin wus by no moans enough lo enablo mo to reach tlio fortified area. Only ii r,ji&lt;>cinI military puns made it possiblo for mo lo pass tlio barrier at tlio railway Ktn lioti, Constant attempts at espionage Itavo inndo the. utmost enro n neccfisity. At Wilhelmidiavon it is a question of preserving; from injury, tlm bmo of tlio High Sea Fleet, with its great build inu yard;,, its supplies of provision, ammunition, and coal tliu .vital ucrvo of the navy, Tn order thnt tlio life and activity of tbo navy, in th.i High Sea Fleet, on limd,...
THE JET-HUNTER'S FOSTER SON CHAPTER XXXIII. (Continued) [Newspaper Article] — Cressy and Lismore Pioneer and Western Plains Representative — 16 February 1916
THE JET-HUNTERS FOSTER SON Hj 1UWIN CI.AUK.K. CHAPTER XXXIIi. (Coiitiiiuod) "You havo known Sir Richard Mort main now, I believe," Mr Mnrsh be gan diplomatically, "for soiuo littlo time. Ho is highly thought of by our Kood friends the Langtons, and 1 hope :it any roto, that jolt do not dislike him." "So~-no— cortainly not disliko him, guordy," faltered out tho girl, on hearing which answer Mr Marsh as. sumod a nairlc of satisfaction. "And when a young lady '1-/" not dialiko a gentleman still young, very good-loking, and eminently eligiblu i" " overy point of view," resumed tho merchant, "wo may safely siiy that n warmor feeling than mero liking may Boino day bo hoped for. \ iolet, Uwr'. young ':fr;en«l, '.I- *n» aIwii.-s «« . outspoken man, and inmfc tome to the point at once. Sir Ilichard Mortmain, wlio is, as you .are awaro, a baronet ot oBo of th11 mirlior: creations, and a man of property and position, has been hero to-day to ask my consent before making you a formal proposal of...