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H ORTICULTURAL [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
H ORTICULTURAL DRESSING FOR TREES . The best dressing for numbers of trees whose roots have hardly been wet for years is a liberal one of pure water that shall reach every root-fibre , and semi-saturate the entire mass of soil that surrounds them . The breaking up of the surface of root runs likewise makes them permeable to rain , a portion of which will generall y flnd its way to the roots through the thickest screen of foliage . The best and safest of all top-dressings for forest or other trees is one composed of turfy loam trom the surface of an old pasture laid up to rot for two years before use . This is at once sweet , mellow , and rich . It is better to add nothing to it ; some are fond of leafmould , and , at first sight , one might suppose nature s own top-dressing must be the best . But it should be borne in mind that the quality of leaf-mould is very much modified by the mode of its preparation—and nature s method is not exactly ours . It is also most certain that as we m...
THE POULTRY YARD [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
THE POULTRY YARD CROP BOUND . From some or other obstruction , sometimes a piece of bone , sometimes whole corn , any undigested food , the food does not pass into the stomach , and the crop gets swollen and hard to the feel . The ] fowl is uneasy and tosses her head about . It is a form of indigestion and may pass off without treatment , except the natural one of low , or better , no diet . If not , pour down the throat some warm water , and knead the crop gently for an hour or until it becomes soft , then give a dose of castor oil , and leave the rest to nature . If this fails to succeed , make a cut in the crop about an inch long ( more , if you must ) , at the top , and remove the contents with a spoon handle . Then pass the greased finger , after having pared your nail blunt , into the crop to see if all be clear , and sew up with white silk or horse hair , taking good care to stitch only the outer skin . A very small cut needs no sewing . Feed the fowl afterward on very soft c...
THE APIARY . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
THE APIARY . ANTS TROUBLESOME IN THE APIARY . Salt scattered on ants nests , or powdered borax , which , after a rain , makes a soapy mixture , will usually cause them to emigrate bag and baggage . Tansy leaves , . catnip , copperas , black walnut , and tobacco smoke are all distasteful to them , and they will usually decamp at once where such are used . It is claimed by some persons that they can not cross a wide chalk mark , and to : stand the hive ( or its legs , if it has any ) on a board and make a chalk mark \ i inch wide all around will keep them out of it . I Of course it must be renewed after a rain . I But this is not an infallible remedy ; they I will sometimes ignore its existence enI tirely , and cross and recross at pleasure . 1 I To exterminate them some drive a crowbar deep down through their nests , causing a trap into -wliieVx thousands upon thousands drop and die . A jar or tin can , with holes punched through the tin cover with a small awl , half filled with hone...
Page 3 Advertisements Column 2 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
XX COT ( not painted , White Duck ) , $ 2 . w 3 g ^ BHWs »^^^^^^^ SH « , sSa SIJIBP * 35 ^ XXCANVAS COT ^ WBl-ggj P * J 3 ^ mmmiZ . ^ ^ n ^ ^ ^ ^ ijjj u ^ , ^ ^ ^ ^^ n ** m ** lli HJ ^ flESmKEHMa ^ V * is MakeKa ^ sfficWffTffmSttreKTpmows reaulred . Better than a hammock , as It fits the body as pleasantly , and lies straight , folded or opened instantly . Self-fastening . It ls just the thing for hotels , offices , cottages , camp-meet ngs . sportsmen , etc . dood for the lawn , piazza , pr • coolest placei In the house . Splendid for Invalids or children . Sent on receipt of price , or C . O . D . For 50 ete . extra , with order , I will prepay express to any R . R . station east of Mississippi RlTer and north of Mason and Dixon s Line . For 76 cent * in Mlnn ., IowaandMo . HJSRMON W . 1 ADD . 108 Fulton St ., Bogton ; 94 Market St ., Chicago . Send for Circulars . : ! : 1 , RUPTURE Relieved and cured , without the Injury trusses Inflict by DR . J . A . SHERMANS system . Office , ...
CROP REPORTS . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
CROP REPORTS . THE FARMERS REVIEW OF THE SEASON . TUB HARVEST AND THIS GROWING CROPS . WINTER WHEAT-Graln oittiy in Stack —Tlireshlnc ProicressluK—Farmers Selling ; . • SIIUNG WHKAT-Belli * Cut-Weather Fne for Harvesting . OATsi-All in Shock . OOKN-Needlnif Kaln . OKAS *—Cut and Saved ln Good Condition . GENERAL (^ JNDIJIONS - Continue Favorable for a Good Season . KKPOKTS-Froiu Iowa . Minnesota . Dakota , Texan , Nebraska , Ohio , Indiana , Wisconsin . Michigan , Missouri , Kansas and Illinois . Since the last Review of the Season the weather has continued very fine for harvesting and haying . The Spring wheat is now beginning to be cut and the present week will see the great majority of the crop in shock . We do not expect to see the crop any larger than last season . In Iowa the acreage was largely reduced . In Minnesota the increase of np . rajura . ssrna vara aUcrhr . atlH thm aawnm 9 am . may be stated with . reference to Nebraska . This State has had to contend with drouth fo...
MONET AND COMMERCE [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
MONET AND COMMERCE MONEY MARKET . TUESDAY EVBHIHO . August 3 . 1880 . The money market remains dull and easy , but as the new crops are beginning to move freely the banks anticipate an increased demand for funds and an active market at an early day . Discount rates are quoted at 4 @ 6 per cent for loans on warehouse receipts for grain in store , G @ 8 per cent , for commercial names , and 6 @ 8 on real estate . Loans are offered on Government bonds at 2 @ 3 per cent . Tbe large shipments of grain and provisions to the Eastern markets has increased the supply of bills on New York , and exchange is weak and currency is being brought West in large amounts to pay for farm products . The exports of grain , live stock , fresh meat and other American produce to Europe continue very heavy , and in spite of the excessive imports of goads the * balance of trade seems to be in our favor , and gold is on the way to this country from Europe . THE MERCHANDISE MARKET . The wholesale markets are a ...
AMERICAN FARM ANIMALS-NO . 25 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
AMERICAN FARM ANIMALS-NO . 25 CHARACTERISTICS OP SHORT-HORNS . The Short-Horn belongs to the largest class of cattle . Bulls or steers of the breed have frequently exceeded 3 , 000 pounds , live weight , and cows have occasionally considerably exceeded 2 , 000 pounds . In color the Short-Horn may be either red , white , or any combination of these . Of recent years , American breeders have shown a marked partiality to the red , generally for a rather dark red , and an equally strong dislike for white . This is quite opposed to the British taste , as it is contrary to the natural tendency of the breed . It is unfortunate that either of the colors should be especially preferred , as color is not an important point , so far as real value is concerned , and insisting on having breeding stock of any one shade of color tends to the selection of animals possessing this , even if they are of inferior merit in other points . In some cases the prevailing color is a yellowish red . In very rar...
THE GOOD POINTS OF COTSWOLD SHEEP [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
THE GOOD POINTS OF COTSWOLD SHEEP In Mr . Bailey s New Book of Ensilage , wc flnd the following concerning this breed of sheep , from the pen of Mr . Joseph Harris , the well-known agriculturist and writer : If well fed , and provided with dry quarters under foot , there are no sheep that will stand exposure to our severe Winters better than the Cotswolds . The Cotswold ewes are good breeders and good nurses . They frequently have two strong lambs , aud occasionally three , at a birth . I have never had a pure-bred Cotswold ewe in the flock that would not breed . We let the ewes have their first lambs when two years old , and they frequently continue to be good breeders till ten years old . The Cotswolds are the hardiest of all the English breeds of sheep . Of all well-established breeds the Cotswolds are the largest . The celebrated experiments of Lawes and Gilbert proved beyond all question that the Cotswolds produced more mutton and more wool than any other breed . In other words...
LIVE STOCK NOTES [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
LIVE STOCK NOTES ANGOBA goats are multiplying and thriving well In Western Texas . The owners are making money off them . THE first part of the Guernsey Herd-Book has recently been Issued . It is the work of Mr . James James , of Les Vauxbeletes . A volume will be issued annually . MB . JOHN THOBNTON , the well known English live stock auctioneer , has taken charge of the Jersey Cattle Herd-Book , to be published by a committee of Jersey breeders of Great Britain . ¦ * THE first ot the series of Kentucky ShortHorn sales took place at Mt Sterling , July 28 . It was the herd of T . C . Anderson . It was very successful . Bleven hundred persons , three hundred of whom were ladles , were in attendance , the stand being inadequate to accommodate them . The prices secured were larger than had been expected , and predict heavy figures at the remaining seven sales of the series . Breeders were present from nearly every State in the Union , and forced the bid ding . The entire offerings cons...
QUERIES AND ANSWERS [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
QUERIES AND ANSWERS 1 . HOW MEDICINE SHOULD BE ADMINISTERED TO HORSES . 2 . DO HORSES BREATHE THROUGH THE MOUTH AS WELL AS THROUGH THE NOSE ? 8 . Is IT NECESSARY FOR ALL MEDICINE TO ENTER THE STOMACH IN ORDER TO EFFECT A CORE ? QUERY : HOW MEDICINE SHOULD BE ADMINISTERED TO HORSES . —AS a subscriber I must trouble your veterinarian once more for some of his valuable information , and ask him to decide a question of some importance . I have recently had a dispute with one of my neighbors in regard to giving a horse medicine through the nostrils ; that it is not the proper way to give it , and that it will not go to the right place and can not effect a cure , and that a horse can not breathe through the mouth . My neighbor claims that it is as well to give medicine through the nostrils as it is through the mouth , and that it will go to the proper place and effect a cure , and that a horse can breathe through the mouth . ANSWER .- This is a question of very great importance to all who...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
LIVE STOCK . BREEDERS DIRECTORY . It Is onr desire to present , in tho following style , a column or more of card * ol reliable breeder * of cattle , hones , sheep , awlne and poultry . Oar rate * will be for THREE LIKE CARD three months ( IS Insertion *) $ B ; six months , $ 16 ; one year , ( SO . Each additional line $ » . SO per quarter . These rate * Include a free eovr ot the FARMERS BKVIKW daring the continuance of the advertisement . We respectfully solicit the patronage of- breeders everywhere , confident that it will par them to tha * secure the attention of onr readers .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
CATTLE . VEKRV ALDRICH , Tlskllwa , 111 ., Breeder of Short-Horn cattle from best stock . DR . W . A . PRATT , Elgin , III ., breeder of pure and grade Holstein cattle . Young stock lor sale ; also Poland-China swine . ILLINOIS INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY , breeders of Short-Horn and Jersey cattle , and Berkshire and Poland-China awlne . Stock for sale . e . L . LAWBBNOK , Champaign , in . SAMUEL STRATTON , Litchfield , Ills .. 1 m- . _ porter and breeder of Jersey cattle . Also , Breeder of Cotswold sheep and Chester White pigs . SWINE . SAMUEL T . K . PRIME , Bertholly Heme Stock Farm , Dwlght , Livingston County , Illinois . Breeder of Berkshire Swine from the best Imported stock . Jerusalem Artichokes for sale .
VETERINARY [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
VETERINARY AH subscribers to the FARMERS REVIEW are entitled to the privilege of consulting tho VETERINARIAN who has charge of this Department FREE OF EXPENSE , on all diseases Incidental to Horses . Cattle , Sheep , Swine and Poultry . Be particular to Kive full name and address , so that If necessary we may answer by letter .
THE DAIRY . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
THE DAIRY . LEARNING THE DAIRY BUSINESS . The Utica ( N . Y . ) Herald remarks that it knows of several young men from the city who havo gone West recently , and put themselves under special instruction to learn the dairy business preparatory to entering upon it themselves . They are parties who can command the necessary capital when necessary , but their parents propose to have them go through a regular course of training before investing a dollar in the business . When tbe education is sufficiently advanced , the funds will be forthcoming to buy a dairy farm in the fertile lands of Iowa , stock it with cattle ppd put up a fiietclaes creaizeiy with all the modern appliances for the manufacture of butter and cheese . They have been sent to Iowa for the reason that land can be had for a song in comparison with its cost in New York or any of the older States , while the expense of getting goods to market is relatively not so much as it is in this State . Another reason is that Iowa to...
Page 7 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
j STATEMENT OP THE CONTINENTAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY , ioo &amp; 102 BROADWAY , - - NEW YORK , JULY 1 , 1880 . Cash Assets . - - - $ 3 , 605 , 598 . 42 RESERVE FOR RE-INSURANCE OF OUTSTANDING RISKS , 1 , 221 , 264 . 4 : 3 RESERVE REPRESENTING ALL OTHER CLAIMS AND UNDIVIDED PROFITS , - 224 , 672 . 06 CAPITAL ( PAID UP IN CASH ) , $ 1 , 006 , 000 . 00 UNALLOTTED SURPLUS ( RESERVED FOR CONTINGENCIES ) , - - - - - 100 , 000 , 00 NET SURPLUS , - - - 1 , 059 , 661 . 93 Surplus as regards Policy-holders , $ 2 , 159 , 661 . 93 NtBt— REMEMBER that the CONTINENTAL has com- / plied with the New York SURPLUS or GUARANTEE / RESERVE LAW , by which ITS DIVIDENDS TO ITS STOCK- / ^ , HOLDERS ARE LIMITED while the surplus profits / ^ thus obtained go to form an ENORMOUS RESERVE / ( already amounting to very nearly ONE / Jvp ^ -W MILLION DOLLARS ) . - Of this RESERVE one- / ^^_ W X j half ( deposited with the State authorities ) / 0 ffifjifmf / \ \ is devoted to the protection of policy-holde...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
4 READ £ BEAD the fresh Sheaf Items . ^ BEAD Mr . Crosier s article on tlie silk worm . ^ BEAD tbe Great Little Items . t » BEAD what salt does for wheat . S BEAD of the uses of Swamp Muck . BEAD about Canada thistles ln the Dominion , e BEAD about dressing for trees . j aa S BEAD about tbe cherry tree In California . g BEAD how to gather pears . 5 . BEAD about . cranberry culture . O BEAD of good apples for the table . t ^ . BEAD what to do for crop-bound fowls . ° BEAD asure cure for lice In fowls . ie BEAD what to do for gapes ln cblckens . * £ BEAD of a Houdan cross . 8 BEAD what to do for ants In tbe Apiary . ? a . BEAD the Interesting crop reports . 3 BEAD the reliable market reports . CsBEAD the news Items . • BEAD the appeal of the committee on the ship 5 canal . 0 BEAD about the grasshopper In his native 3 . fields . ¦ 3 BEAD the blunders of a census man concerned ing the wool clip . 0 BEAD Prof . Morrow s 2 nd paper on the Shorts horns . £ BEAD theStock Items . ° BEAD of t...
WORTHLESS STATISTICS [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 5 August 1880
WORTHLESS STATISTICS Robert B . Porter , a gentleman occupying , a prominent position in connection with the census bureau , writes a semi-sta-tistical letter to the Inter-Ocean , in which he states that the annual wool clip of the United States aggregates 100 , 000 , 000 pounds , and that $ 40 , 000 , 000 worth of foreign wools are annually imported . If this statement had been made by an irresponsible writer we should have deemed it unworthy of notice . But coming , as it does , from a person who trom his position is supposed to be well informed on the subject , we deem it our duty to correct it ; and in so doing we will take occasion to say that the statement of Mr . Porter is on a par with about nine-tenths of the statistics issued from Washington . As regards the wool clip of this country the REVIEW has the most positive author ity for stating that it reached 333 , 000 , 000 pounds in 1879 , and may safely be estimated at 250 , 000 , 000 , and some place it at 266 , 000 , 000 f...