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SOIL FERTILITY AND CULTIVATION. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
SOIL- FERTILITY AND CULTIVA TION. "If vain and fruitless is the yearly toil, We ought to blame the culturc-not the soil."' Fertility may be abundant ill the soil and yet be not available for the plants. Fertility is often bound up firmly in hard clods, which the roots of growing crops cannot enter, and so re cover the plant food that may be with in easy reach. Soils are formed by the disintegration of rocks, alnd by the de velopment of fertilising elements inci dent to the growth andt decay of vege tation. Fertility has to be dleveloped in various ways. ;Alternate rain and sunshine, the heatl of summer, and the frosts of winter, ploughing antd harrow ing the soil, working it over and over again, in connection with the applica tion of stable manure and commercial fertilisors, are "ll oilectual means of developing available fertility. We know now, thanks to the discoveries in chemical science, that it rests with the individual to prevent the impoverish mIlleut of the soil-similar to w...
FLOWER GARDEN. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
FLOWER GARDEN, Thoe various planiits:'in -the flowur garden will require,,liberal fooi sup plies at. the .prescnt time. The soil having beei so frequently watered during summer, the food stipplies of' various phlants have been consid crably ;rcduced by ?the process of "washing out '; anid as it, is the sea son of the, year when the most popular. flowers of the, year will be blooming, vii,, dahlias, chrysantth~ mums, anud - roses,.. the plants w:ill require good. stinmulus. Liquid. ma.nures should be used in :prefer ncc; aind these should alwa'ys be used, in a, weak solution first, grad ually making:it stronger as the plant becomes accustomed to thle feeding. Once - week is sulicieunt for liquid manures, and thel plants should never be excepsively fed, A.nimal man u'es may" be preiarc l for liquid mniurcs by souking: for a'I few days t, the lrateo of 1 lb. of wpll-rottled and: Wecll-pieserved manure .in "one gallon of !snter. A few handfuls of soot thrown -in this: makes it great imp...
FROM FLOUR TO BREAD. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
FROM FLOUR TO BREAD. An old English flour millor writes in '. Hawkes Bay Tribune": A ton of flour in England of 2,2.10 Ibs., or eight sacks of 2801bs, will pro duce o n a average between 1300 and 11,10 loaves of l21b weight. Bakers in England weigh off dough at 21b 3oz, or 21b 1I nczs., the extra ounces allow ing for owvporation in baking. Water, salt, liothtoos and yeast ar0 added to tho flour to ferment and nmake dough. An avorage of 1,350 loaves from a ton of flour at. 5d per 21b loaf, is £82/5/10. With Ilour at £16 per ton, comnnent is superfluous. Fifty-four bushels wheat produc 2,210lbs 'our, namely, one ton English weight. Offal Iaysi cost of nilling.
VEGETABLE GARDEN. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
.VEGETABLE GARDEN., •All vacant: plots should be: given a liber?al dressing 'of stable nimuure, and ntliellw ell and 1deeply dug. For winter gro;tl; the beds should be elevated somewhat above the ordin ary summer level That is, the path surhface may bIe on a lower level, the plot soil being well. thrown up and boldly ridged. This will give a certain amount of drainage, and will insure iarmoi 'and better soil; the vegetables .should succeed more in this class of bed than any tother. The vegetable garden, and also the seed bed, should be kept fi'eo of any wcdds, and a good cultivation keptl up all through. Seedlings of cabbagcs, cauliflowers, lettuces, and celery may be trainsplanted out; and seeds of cabbage, cauliflower, let tuco. early pias, sw.d?e turnils, car: rot, parsnip, and early onions may bo sow1n.
OF RURAL INTEREST [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
O?' RURAL INTEREST (By "'Rusticus."'') A quite now and striking aspect has been imparted to the efforts to bring producer and consumer into moro direct touch by recent developments on the part. of the Co-operative Soelling Com panics. Those organisations have safe ly weathered the stress of the inaugural period of their existence. The pro pheelies for their. speedy disintegration, which were so freely spread around dur ing the earlier part- of their careers have coefoiunded the prophets. Each year has strengthened themu and they are steadily widening their range of actlvity in the interests of the man on the land. That much exploited indivi dual is consequently getting more of what is his due. I-le is getting further away from the condition of things which, not so very long ago, frequently found him at his post office studying with rueful countenance the account sales from the city for a consignment of produce which left him actually in debt to the philanthropic people who had handl...
CHURCH SERVICES [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
OHlUROH SERVICES Roman Catholic--st Sunday in the montlh--Inss at Lilydale, 9, M~it iham .11,; -2nd Sunday, Rtingwood 9, Lilydale 11; 3rd Sui.day, Mjtclham ,' Lily'dle 11; 4th Sunday, Croy don 9 Lilydalo 11, " Churoh oOfEngnland-Liydpale 1! . 7 p.m. IYering~ , p.m. MLpunt Eve, lyn, 11 4.ny. *lMethodist Church-Lilydale, 11 and 7,; Wa~ndin 3 and 7: Seville, 11; Gruyere 3; Evelyn 3; Yering, 2.30. Presbyterian Church-Lilydale 11 and 7, Croydon 3; Ringwood 7 p.m. Baptist Churcli-Lilydalo 11 and 7; Panton Ilill 3 p.m; Crgydon 11. Church of Chyist-Croydon 11 and 7 p.m. Salvation Army3-Lilydalo 11 am.! Yanrra Junction 3 p.m.,
TO PICK UP A COLT'S HIND LEG [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
TO PICK UP A COLT'S HIND LEG The blacltsmith's lmethod of resting one hand on a horse's hip and using .the claw of a hammer to pick up the hind foot is not always the .best and safest mcthod~ , where a colt is the sub ject. A coultemporar, gives the following as a better plan:-Load the horse for ward until the -hind leg to be picked up is well forward of the other one. Next sloop dtown and pass the hand nearest the horse quickly inside the hind leg-just above the fetlock grasping firmly at that point, and pull ing the back tendon inwards with the fingers. Thus the leg can be raised andl drawn forward with ease, andt any reasonably stronfg man ucan retain his hold so long as the back tendon is pulled inside. 'rite safety of this me thiod lies in the feet that a horse can ,ot kick with the hind !.eg that is for wd,, andl must draw it back before hlie can effect damIage. If a mian misses hlis graL ait tlhe leg, therefore, there is ample time for hiim to get clear be fore the horse kick...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
FORMERLY THE ORGANIS ING CHAPLAIN TO BISHOP OF GRAFTON & ARMIDALE .VRITES THIIS. LETTER STATING THE GREAT GOOD RECEIVED FROM CLEMENTS TONIC. The. Rlev. F; W. Hlarris-Walker is one of-- the llbest known workers in the church, and is at present as sociated-. with oie of the leading churches in N.S.W. His labors in this field extend over 25 years. IHis letter,?oevery word of which' is worth rending, carries conviction by rca son of its earnestness and the de sire expressed in it that good may result from its publication. The reverend gentleman writes from his Sydney home, 69 Corona Avenue, Wavcrley, 4/8/14. CLEMENTS TONIC LTD. "Having for years used Clements Tonic, I bear testimony to its value as aI Household Friend. "A friend induced me to try Clem nats Tonic, and although . sceptica. as to its merit, I was so gratified with the result of its use that I have never since beenl without it. I found it a splendid medicine to regulate the system, also a Tonic bracing the nerves. H...
GUARD OUR SOLDIERS—DANGER FROM DISEASE. (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
GUARD OUR SOLDIERS-DANGER FROM. DISEASE.' .'(To the Editor.) S.Sir;,-.-The I,,'Australas:atu White SCross Leaguo appiels for fuinis to enable booklets w-arning men against : the dangers of sexual "immorality, to be distributed freely among :our :.:Austi~a n soldiers. These booklets Sno only point out in the .plainest J terms .the. dire effects of venereal :diseases in wrecking thie physical frame, anid 'producing years or; a: lifetime of misery and suffering,i but make an 'appeal also to thee noblo aidd chivalrous instincts latent in nearly aill: young. men, urging them ' to. self-control for the sake.:-of , ornanrihood. It is ,belieed that' if one or more of these booklets can be placera in the hands of every sol dier,- whether in camp in the var Sious States, or on board ship, or in. Egypt, incalculable good will re sult. It is appalling to think t.hat hundreds of these line young men :--the. very flower of our raco-may acquire, s?ome loathsome disease which, will blast the whole ...
THANKS! (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
THANKS I (To the Editor.) Sir,-Being a contractor, I l,o.ticl ; payments to me from the Lilydale ' .,shire on forms printed by Melb ourne firms, and also receipts for rates. Surely the local printer, pay' .ing wages and keeping a useful con ccrn going, should, especially in these bad times, get all possible a shire, can put his way. Those long council reports I see .in the "Express' are not set up and paid for by the big Melbourne concerns; and even supposing they can do the printing a, bit better-as thiey ought to with their big turnover. and larger plant-ratepayers would sooner: have their receipts, etc., on the local article. It is a bad pol .iy to send out of the district for ..anything that can be done locally~, :.a.nd the. printer, deserves every . penn 'oth of support possible.-L -Yoquis, etc. CONTRACTOR. [Thdnks for remarks. A v, ord ".'ien seison--~-how good it, is! We do a:ll 7'the u ork forb. the Upper Y arra 'shiro. and other bodies ..-and give . jtisfactioin. Unless it ...
ORCHARD AND GARDEN NOTES. THE ORCHARD. Planting. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
ORCHARD AND GARDEN NOTES. (By E. E. Pcscotl, F.L.S., in "Jour nal1 of Agriculture.") THE ORCIIARD. Planlting. In prepa1ring land for planting out -nud this should be commenced at once, so, as to allow the soil to dwoeten-it should be subsoiled, so as to produce good results in after years. Subsoiling will add to the lge and vigor of the trees; it will. mmaterially increase the crop; and it will considerably lessen thie expense of fertiliscrs. Drminage is another mst importan , factor in successful f'ruit culture; Ibut whlile, pCIerhaIps, drainage may be. d?lelayed for a fcew yeirs, i t he other initil .expenses Lare extensive. it nuilst agauin be cmn phIsised ?i? t prop;Ir.subsoiling caa not be csrried out after the trees re. planted. C?rede: .,Manures. .; The ocoeeidngly dry mohthsi oi Jahuary and February vill have lhad the 'effect of considerably weakening the soils, A?d reduciing tie humus content... If, will bo advisa.ble wher ever at, all:possible.to put in a.crop of grecli ma...
A NOTE FOR SECRETARIES. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
A NO¶PE FOl)i SECIRETAIIJES. Will secretaries of local or dis trict Friendly Societies, Associa tions, Sports Clubs, and other non political or unsecltarian institutions plea e noto tluLt our columus are available for their report#, which S we shnall be plcased to publish, All oommuuications should bo addressed to tho office, Ca'stella street, Lily dale. Whon doing businoes with an aLd vertiser; please say that you saw ha advcrlisemint in this paper. It doesn't cost you anything, but it materially helps th] advertising nnd ourselves. ---- 'All that, glitters is not, gold,' A good old proverb as true as old," Breathed the printer mann so sad, Scanllin, his adL?., the good and bad; -lis to's in tttecr.;, his eyes iu tears, ?a .]o .tought of tleo weary years ?lad years ,bli.ics had oome iqnd goneo and still wcre going, Asd yet tleo 'quids' for thoso ads weYrO owing !
NOTES ON NATURE. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
NOTES ON NATURE. (By "'Naturalist.'") It is a good thing that we are not limited in our appreciation of Nature's 'work by the lack of so-called wealth. Nor is it necessary that we should be scientists or hold any special diplomas in order to feel an enjoyment of outdoor life. Without getting too far away from my subject, in a, very ordinary sense, the wealth of the few means the poverty of the many, but is chere no wealth in the sunshine? And who can claim, an interest in it to the exclusion of anybody else? A mnan may be as poor as a school fly or a church mouse, or anything else that feeds only on atomic intellectual substances, or the still rarer morsels of morality; yet his heart can fill with rapture over the ris ing or setting sun, and his mind be en larged by observance of an insect's ways. After all, our true wealth is that which we assimilate; we can have no other. There is really no such ano maly in the world as a wealth-possessed mnan. No .one can usurp more than he can u...
SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME. Someone has made the remark that the three virtues of plant fertility are nitrogen, potash, and phosphoric acid. and that the greatest of these is phos-' phoric acid. Certainly it may be said that phosphate of lime is the most vital constituent in the formation and nourishment of life in both animals and plants. "The significance and import ance of phosphato in the vital process is obvious, as this ingredient is never failing in all the organised structures of the body," wrote Liebig. "No pho6 phate, no life," is a phrase which sums up its absolutely essential character. And if phosphate of lime is necessary for mankindl and animals, it is equally so for plants, from which animals draw their supplies. "No seed suitable to become food for man or animals can he found in any plant without the presence and co-operation of phosphate of lime; a field in which phosphate of lime is absent is totally incapable of producing nourishment," and again, quoting from Liebig,...
AN INTERESTING EXPERIMENT. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
A~P INTERESTING EXPERIMENT. Last year the authorities of the Mid land Agricultural and Dairy College (N.Z.), ,Icganl an experlment on a field adjoining their farm to test toe ,n tullence of superplosphate and sulphate of potash on the milk yield of cows grazed on pasture land to which tile two mnanurcos had been jointly applied. 'The character of thie field selected for the trial is described as of a strolng clayey nature, typical of much land in thile midlands. Seven years ago, when1 it was laid down to grass It waa?l a. dirty condition; since then a light crop of grass has been removed annually, alnd the hlerbago afterwards p;astured until wtll on into the winter. fihe grasses mIostly in evidence were cocikstoot, tall f~scue, and twitch, with a little splrilkllnmg of white clover. llanllnit' anlld stullnted in clharater. There were bare patches in plenty, bare ex cllI lor th11 m1oss wh1:ch formed a more or le, universal covoring over the whiolt iJt w'as a field supplying herb :age...
OATS IN PIG FATTENING. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
OATS IN PIG FATTENING. Experiments have been carried out in Americato comnpare the value of oat milling offals and barley meal for fat toning pigs. The oat feeding meal used was composed chiefly of the outer seed coat of the kernels and layers iim ineodiatcly below, mixecd with a certain amount of meal particles of various grades, and the analysis showed it to contain 3.18 per cent. of witer, 17.US per cent. protein, 9.14 per cent. fat, 59.35 l3cr cent. carbohydrates, 2.02 per cent. crude fibre, and 3.33 per cent. ash. F'or the purpose of the experi ment the barley meal and oat feeding meal wero fed in each ease in conjunc tion with potatoes, roots, bran, a patent mlaize food, sesanie cake, andti fish mneal. 'I'he total increase in weight of the pigs during the fattening period yias slight ly in favor of the barley meal, I)ut the oat feeding ,meal was found to be con. sideralby more economical. To pro duce 100 lb. increase in live weight the average expenditure in the case of oat fe...
MELBOURNE LETTER [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
MELBOURNE LETTER (From our Special Correspondent.) ICr. Dulnbar, of the Caullield City Council, has just got back after an extended tour which took him through progressive countries. J-e lost no time in showing that the Mayor was right ill saying, inl the course of a graceful welcome to the returned wandlerer. that he had been studlvin! mci and things in other parts of the world and the Council would doubt less benefit as the result of his ob servations. His first project had cer tainly the charm of novelty and his colleagues gave evidence of needing some brcathing space in which to ar rive at a conclusion as to just the amount of virtue there may be in an inlnovatlion which has captured Cr. I)unbar's ardent advocacy. It is a schemeo to construct a model yacht pond jn Caulfield Park. The out standing claim advanced by the very much in earnest sponsor is that it would provide a means for the young lads, and, for a matter of that, "the old lads too," to experiment with a view to worki...
FOR WOMEN [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
FOR WOMEN '.y "Ambroasine.") Last week I had something to say about the economics that could be pur chased by those who are prepared to really look for the means to save. Since then Miss Sandoes, the superin tendent of the College of Domestic Science, has given some valuable hints which deservo the widest publicity pos sible and the closest attention. She says:--' 'Many women do not know how to buy meat. They purchase some ex pensive cut, such as the sirloin, for, say, Gd. a pound, when they could get a 'chuck' roast for 4Ld. Properly treasi;ed, the cheaper cut would be just as good as the sirloin. It is a question of cook ing. The cheaper cut musHt have a long, slow cooking, otthcrwiso the meat will be tough. On the cheap cuts bought for soup there is often mueat that could be cut off the bones for the making of patties. Quite a lot of people are always relying on joints for tlheir meats. It is not unusual for them to have three joints a week, with cold meat on the other four days....
H.A.C.B.S. SPORTS. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
-H.A.C.B.S. SPORTS. The 24th annivelsary of the Lily dale branch. of the H.A.C.B.S. was. celebrated oni Saturday last by a sports meeting on the Olinda Oval. The day was fine, and there .was a good attendance. Led by the Lily-, dale -Brass Band. members of the lodge paraded the principal streets of the town, making their way to the sports ground. The band con tinued to render selections during the afternoon. A la rge committee.. consisting of Messrs M. Supple.: S. T. Dornoim, C. Upton, J. Whelan. II. Supple, WY. Slierlock, J. 'Moloney, D. M.3l -ney, .': .Moloney, L. Ostrom, G. Ostrom. n.ild W.: I ithque"h'ad charge fr thei arrangemen~ts, .and. the suc cess of the gathering was largely due: to the hairmoniious working of thdse geiltlnien. ..The jidges were Ors . Hughlies, J. M'Ghce, Messrs i0. J.; Mitchell; A. : Stallworthly, T. :E.' Kinsella, T.. W: Simpson, J.P., :L id.iW.-J'. Wilson. 'The position Af startcr was capbble filled by ilr E. Fulleri. and Mr' R. Oliver carricd 'jut the ...
LILYDALE SHIRE STONE CRUSHER. PURCHASED BY TRARALGON SHIRE. [Newspaper Article] — Ringwood and Croydon Chronicle — 19 March 1915
LLYDALE SHIRE STONE CRUSHER. PURCHASED BY TRARALGON SHIRE. At tihe last moeating of the Tra, ralgon Shire Council, a letter woa read from the Lilydale council of fering to sell the stone crusher for £170. The president said Cr Clarke hlad made a good bargdin. Tho first offer was £220. With rent and freight in having to send it back, they would save over £100 inr pur chasing it. The rent was £80 per year. Cr P'cttit: WVhat do you think ol it? It (is said it is a?u old, cum brous, arnd out-of-date machine, and that is thie reason why the Lily dalo council wants to sell it. Thie president: It is all old ma.ch inoc; that is why I like it. Cr Clarke said the Lilydale coun cillors Ihad received him very cour teously. :and were opon in their ver sion ir reg:rrd to the matter. They found that thie mrachine was hard to shift about. andl that they could get stone crushed ciheaper at the nills thans they could crushr it. They prrid £365 for it two years ago, so that irt could not bIe very old....