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Veterinary ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
f?z Veterinary P &lt;5s. Correspondents, when asking for advice on general cases of disease, should be careful to supply the following information: 1. Age and Sex. 2. Date on which sickness commenced. '3. Full symptoms of disease or injury, with particular reference (when indicated) to the breathing, presence or absence of pain, condition of the bowels. 4. State if other animals are affected. 5. If hand-fed, state nature and quantity of food given. 6. Mention what treatment has been already carried out. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. W. Hertel, Coonamble.-If the warts have a stalk attaching them to the skin, all that is necessary is to cut them off with a pair of scissors, and touch the part with a piece of caustic to stop the bleeding. They can also be tied tightly with a piece of silk, and will then drop olf in a day or two. If they are spread out over the lip, without a stalk, touch them with some chromie acid. A small quantity should be applied with a wooden match stick, tak...
SOME DISEASES OF THE UDDER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
SOME DISEASES OF THE UDDER. Simple Mammitis. The contagious forms of mammi tis lias already been dealt with, and the necessity of prevention insisted on as treatment is of no avail. In simple mammitis early treatment vigorously carried out, is very neces sary in order to check the progress of the disease, and prevent the for mation of abscesses in the udder or other complications which may cause loss of one or two quarters, or even death. Symptoms. Unlike the usual course of events in the contagious form, when there is not, as a rule much heat or swelling of the udder, and little or no consti tutional disturbance of the cow, simple mammitis shows much more severe symptoms. The udder swells up as a Avhole, or one, two, or three quarters may be affected, and the swelling is hot and tender when touched. The pain is so great that the cow walks lame, and will not move unless made to do so. When examined the affected portions of the udder are felt as hard, irregular masses in the substanc...
IMPROVED HANDLING OF PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
IMPROVED HANDLING OF PIGS. What is called the open-air system of handling pigs is now being prac tised by several dairymen in Victoria. The plan offers many advantages. Want of exercise tends towards ail ments in swine. There is no elabo rate housing, so that there is a mini mum of cost in that respect, apart altogether from the fact that there is no crowding, thus lessening the risk of disease. A beginning was made in one particular case in an open paddock with a series of small enclosures, about 12 ft. square, ar ranged for the accommodation of not more than about a dozen pigs in each. These pens are erected so that they can be easily shifted, and in this way the animals are not kept too long rooting about the same spot. In the corner of each enclosure is a cheaply-constructed, skillion-roofed portable shed, made of palings, and resting upon bottom plates sufficient ly strong to act as runners to enable the little sheds to be shifted as re quired. The shed is closed up on three si...
CONVERSION OF HOLDINGS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
CONVERSION OF HOLDINGS. Before the local Land Board at Wagga, the question was raised as to whether a marrieu woman, not liv ing apart from her husband under a judicial separation order, is entitled to make an original conditional pur chase in view of the intention of sec tion 47 of the Act of 1889. Mrs. Bradley has purchased, out of her own estate, a homestead selection ad joining that of her husband, Mr. P. Bradley. | The land in this instance was acquired with the permission of the Minister, it appeared, and Mrs. Bradley sought to have her h.s. con verted into an o.c.p. under section 3 of the C.L. Act of 1908. The board decided that tne applicant was quali fied to convert the holding, being of opinion that the sub-section of sec tion 3 referred to had reference to the conditions attaching to the hold ing into which the li.s. is converted.
PEACHES AT BROKEN HILL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
PEACHES AT BROKEN HILL. In our issue of March 17 we pub lished a report of some record peaches grown on the Broken Hill Racecourse, which turned the scales at over 12oz. However, even these do not seem to have been the largest produced for Mr. Tlios. Smith has written us tliat^Iie grew last season some very fine peaches known as late Royal George, of which four on one branch ran from lOoz. up to 14 ^oz.
SUSSEX-STREET. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
SUSSEX-STREET. Steady trade is being transacted in Sussex-street at the present time, the main inquiry being for choice qualities of all commodities, which have a ready sale. Larger supplies are being sent along in anticipation possibly of the consignors coming to Sydney for the Show, and while the country is taking its annual holiday there is pretty sure to be a corre sponding falling off -in consignments. Quotations show but little change on the week. Potatoes are selling well, on account of the Irish blight having caused a failing oil in the importa tions from Tasmania and Victoria. Onions are very dull. All in the market are coming from Victoria, where they can be bought at £1/15/ per ton, and another 15/ represents the top price obtainable here. House holders should know that this most wholesome of vegetables is lower in price now than perhaps ever known. When potatoes get up to famine prices, as they may do in a couple of months' time, probably cheap onions will be better appr...
General Produce. RAILWAY YARDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
General Produce. RAILWAY YARDS. Consignments of general produce at the llailway Yards have been on a fairly liberal scale during the .week, but producers have not much reason to grumble, as buyers have been well disposed towards most of the offer ings. The chaff market has hardened, prices at the last sale being distinct ly higher than on Monday, prime oats selling freely. Lucerne hay, on the other hand, has been rather dull, no improvement being shown in values. Supplies of oaten hay and . derrick straw have been small, but no great rush was noted for the lots available, and prices, have remained practically steady.. The market for maize has been a shade stronger, reflecting the healthier tone noted along Sussex-st. The high prices which have been ob tained for. potatoes, seems to have caused growers to rush in their sup plies, and this has had the effect of depressing the market" somewhat, so that values at auction have come back fully 10/ per ton since the. be ginning of the week...
POULTRY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
POULTRY. There is good demand for good classes of table poultry, but much that is coming forward, especially in Sussex-street, does not err on the side of fatness. Prices ruling are: Hens, extra choice, 3/ to 4/; roos ters, extra choice, 4/ to 4/6; good, 3/ to 3/6; chickens, small, 1/ to 1/6; Muscovy ducks, 3/6; drakes, 4/ to 5/; English ducks, 2/6 to 3/; turkeys, choice hens, 5/ to 7/6; cocks, 10/ to 15/; guinea fowls, 4/6; pigeons, 1/6 per pair.
A VALUATION BUREAU. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
A VALUATION BUREAU. The Government lias decided to es tablish a general land valuation bu reau, and this will be a welcome ar rangement, especially to the settler, who has hitherto been a good deal at the mercy of the valuators. The new conditions are a corollary on the appointment of a Surveyor-General. Hitherto, land open for settlement has been valued by the man who surveyed it, and if it met with the approval of the local district sur veyor, the valuation was, as a rule, accepted by the local land board, an appeal by the selector being heard by the Land Appeal Court. In the case of a valuation of land for pas toral purposes, this was in the hands of the Lands Department, with no right to appeal to the Land Court. In the event of the death of a set tler, the Stamp Commissioner had a right to value the land for probate purposes, if he was not satisfied with the value put on it by trustees, any appeal having to come before the le gal courts. Another class of valua tion is for land ...
DAIRY PRODUCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
DAIRY PRODUCE. Current quotations are as fol low : - Butter.-First grade, 86/ ; good to medium, 82/ to 84/; secondary, 76/ to 80/ per cwt. Lard.-Bulk 5%d. to 6d.. packets ey3d. Cheese.-Prime loaf, 5%d.; large, 5d. to 5Yzd.; medium, 4%>d. to 5d.; good, 4d. to 4Vsd. Bacon.-Prime factory sides, 6y3d. to TVsd.; middles, 8%d.; flitches, 7d. to T^d.; middles, 8%d. to 9d. Hams.-Bacon, SYsd; prepared, lOd. to lid.; special double covers,. 12Vsd.; single cloth, lOd. to lid. Eggs.-Northern river, 1/ to 1/3; South Coast and Railway, 1/3 to 1/5; suburban, new laid, 1/9 to 1/10 ; duck eggs, 1/4 to 1/5, and choice 1/& per dozen.
FASHION'S FANTASIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
FASHION'S FANTASIES. Fashions. just now are passing through a transition stage, and are more or less at sixes and sevens. Dame Fashion has really played pranks , on us lately. First ; she asks, us to hobble ourselves horse-wise in our skirts, and wear harness trap pings on our bodices. Not satisfied with that, she now suggests that we wear harem (pronounced liar-reem) skirts, but I think she lias gauged our taste for freak dressing wrong this time, for Sydney women posi tively refuse to be trousered. A few1 advertisement seekers, to .whom noto riety is as the breath of life, may don them. But when they find no one takes the trouble to even disapprove of them, unless it be small boys in the street, who will gain much amuse ment at their expense,: they will be glad enough to take them off. - The; harem skirt of the moment is not even like those worn by Oriental wo men. Most of us have childhood re collections of the costumes . worn in "Bluebeard"--they are the genuine harem skirts. Yo...
Women's Affairs CHATTER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
c :D CL Women's Affairs \C By "THE WIFE." CHATTER. '....Adeline, Duchess of Bedford, aii old friend of Lady Dudley's, is visiting Sydney. I-Ier globe-trotting compa nion is Mrs. Trotter, and both sail shortly for America. Recently, the JDowager-Duchess put in about a fortnight at " Medlow Hydro., where her identity was not generally known. She was' sitting one evening in the Casino there, when a lcindjy old-gen tleman from . the country, thinking she was lonely, approacliedj and enter ed into conversation with her. Her Grace Avas most affable, and her would-be friend did not discover till next day that he had been entertain ing a Duchess. This was a good les son in manners for the snobocracy who visit, the Hydro; and delight in giving themselves haughty.. "I'm bet ter than you" airs. It is generally, acknowledged that country people ,. have better manners than tlie city bred. "They have more time to be polite," I have heard; town folk re mark, but we surely have not become such slav...
RELIABLE RECIPES. Hot Cross Buns. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
RELIABLE RECIPES. Hot Cross Buns. To a quart of sifted flour add three cupfuls of milk. This should make a rather thick batter. Have at hand a cake of compressed yeast, well dis solved in half a cup of lukewarm water, or a half cup of baker's or home-made yeast. Beat this into the batter, and set in a sheltered corner to rise for six or eight hours. It should double the original bulk. In the morning boat in hard and long four tablespoonfuls of melted butter, a generous pinch of grated nutmeg, and a saltspoonful of salt. Have ready a cupful of flour that has been sifted three times with an even tea spoonful of soda. Knead for ten minutes. The dough should be just soft enough to handle. Set again to rise and double its bulk. It should do this in from four to live hours. Turn out upon the kneading board; roll into a sheet half an inch thick, and cut into round cakes. Arrange in greased baking-pans and leave, covered, for the last rising. When they are high and pufl'y, cut a deep cross ...
TOILET TALKS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
TOILET TALKS. Of paramount importance as re gards the toilet is the cult of the bath. Australians arc, generally speaking very much alive to this fact, and we have the reputation of being the cleanest people in the "world. I remember once visiting a very trim and comfortable farm house, and- the mistress telling me that, when the homestead was in course of erection she had to clioose between a sitting room and bath room, and she chose the bathroom. She considered the health gained by the daily bath more than compensa ted her for the loss of the sitting room. : In some countries they have strange notions of cleanliness. An Australian just, returned from Eu rope, tells me of an amusing experi ence she had at a Swiss hotel, where you pay two francs (1/8) extra for a bath, or a book of twelve bath tickets costs you. 15 francs. She procured two books,, one. each for herself and daughter, to the great astonishment of the man presiding over the baths. When she eventual ly wanted another bo...
Councils' Officials. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
Councils' Officials. As successor to Mr. John Clubb, late town clerk of Waverley, the coun cil has appointed Mr. Ke'nyon, who for the last couple of years has been treasurer to Newcastle Council. Prior to that he was shire clerk of Goodra digbee. A conference between delegates from Bolwarra and Port Stephens' shire councils was held last week to consider the question of the joint employment of an engineer. A mo tion Avas submitted,-That this con ference recommend to the councils concerned, that an agreement be en tered into for the joint employment of a shire engineer for both shires at a salary of £325. Cr. Ferry (Bol warra) strongly opposed the idea. He said he was sure that " the result would be dissatisfaction, and end in failure, and prove no saving. He had carefully watched the result of joint employment of engineers in other ... shires, and had noticed that they all proved unsatisfactory. Cr. Garnham (Bolwarra) said he personally was doubtful of the result, but would be prepa...
Dangerous Well. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
Dangerous Well. At last meeting of Berrigan Sliire Council, a letter was read from the Public Works Department, forwarding report from the Department of Jus tice, commenting on extract from the Coroner's report in connection with the death by drowning of a child in a well at Berrigan. The well is 12 feet to 14 feet deep, and contains about 10 feet of water, and is the property of Mr. W. Pyle, and is easy of ac cess to the public-the fence enclos ing it being very much out of order. The matter is brought before the council, with a view to consideration being given to the question of whe ther any action can be taken under section 102 of the L.G.A., to minimise the danger arising from the present condition of the well. It was decided to reply that the well was now being enclosed, and other wells in the area were being made secure.