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Cultivation of Beans . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Cultivation of Beans . The last year dried beans have ruled high iu market , averaging from $ 1 75 to $ 2 00 per bushel ; and th « article was generally of very inferior quality . The small white bean , with a favorable season , produces well ; but our soil is too rich for it as a general thing , the plant spreads , and not sustaining its weight , falls to the ground—hence a good portion of the beans are discolored and much injured . We find the following communication on the subject of raising beans in the Country Gmiltmwn : I have been a grower of beans more or less for the last twelve years—have tried all sorts , but have never had any to equal the enclosed for profit . I got them by accident , and do not know the name of them ; perhaps you or some of your friends do . They are very early , so much so that I have been first in Buffalo market with them as a string bean ; they yield well : the pods are all ripe together , a very good property for a handsome sample , and are off the...
Onions ' . Onions [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Onions . Onions Have you onion sets ? In the Seed and Agricultural Implement store , ( in which the editor hereof is a partner , ) we have within a few days heard this question probably asked a thousand times . There are but few top onion sets in the country . There were none a few clays since on sale in Louisville , Cleaveland or St . Louis , and it was by the merest chance we found a few barrels at Chicago . What we want to say to those who depend upon onion . sets for oniojos hereafter is this : that from the scarcity of the variety of onion known as the top onion , which came to maturity the last season , and which was preserved to obtain seed the growth of the present season—top onion sets for the spring of 1857 , will be likely to be quite as scarce as they are the present spring . In order , therefore , to secure small onions for spring planting , the next season , recourse must be had to sowing onion seed of the different varieties which grow from seed the present spring . T...
Corn—As a Premium Crop [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Corn—As a Premium Crop The Sangamon County Agricultural Society have offered a premium for the best crop of corn on five acres of ground . We trust that many of our young farmers will compete for the premium . We want to know the best mode of cultivation and the best seed to be used for this crop . The best seed undoubtedly would be that which produces a large ear , a small cob , and a kernel of great depth . Such ears will produce much more shelled corn to the bushel , than large ears , large cob and short kernels . Let our farmers study upon this proposition . The subject is worthy of thought and care . The culture , whether m rows , in drills , the hills a large distance or nearer—all require reflection . The plowing , too , is a point of importance . The double Michigan Plow , in Michigan has been used , where the greatest crops have been secured . This is really a double plow—the first going to the depth , perhaps , of three or four inches , and the other following , going to t...
Sampson ' s Broad Cast Sower . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Sampson s Broad Cast Sower . It was a happy conception of Mr . Sampson , that a cheap Broad Cast Sower might be invented , to be placed on the running gears of a wagon , at small cost , which would do the work of sowing grain better than by hand , and with little labor . We stated in our last that Mi . Sampson had succeeded in his Broad Cast Sowing Machine . On the 8 th of April , instant , we saw it work . It sows with great regularity and certainty . The whole machine will not weigh a hundred pounds ; is easily attached to the running gears of a wagon ; and two horses can draw it , with a light harrow attached , doiug up the whole work of sowing and harrowing , without difficulty . This is one of those improvements which will be of great advantage to farmers of moderate means , who cannot well afford to purchase expensive sowing machines . Mr . Sampson will have them for sale during the summer and fall .
Wool . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Wool . Messrs . Goodale &amp; Co ., of Cleveland , announce in a circular , that runners from the east are now in the west for the purpose of buying the coming clip of wool , and recommend that wool growers shall not sell their wool while it is on the backs of their sheep . The probability is that the wool manufacturers have despaired of getting a law through Congress to reduce , the tariff on wool , and at the same time to reduce the price of the article in the hands of our farmers . These manufacturers go entirely for their own interests . They show no anxiety to reduce the cost of imported cloths by lessening the duties . Their object is to cheapen the price of wool and other articles used in manufacturing cloths , so that they can monopolize the cloth market . The indications are that wool will be likely to bring a fair price , and we trust our wool growers will think twice before they sell their wool to itinerating wool merchants .
Early Flowers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Early Flowers . Some of the hyacinths are already in blossom , though the coldness of the season has admonished them to reserve their beauties for warmer clays . We have some in our garden , now in blossom , from the nursery of Kennicott &amp; Sons , which are most beautiful . Persons who desire to obtain bulbs , have the opportunity of making their choice while they are in flower .
Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Potatoes . The people of this country can scarcely get along without a supply of this article ; and there is a vast difference in the value of . the potato used for the table . Much of this difference depends upon the soil in which they grow ; but more upon the variety cultivated . There are now several valuable kinds in cultivation , greatly superior to the mongrel breeds usually found upon oar tables . Informer years , there were distinct varieties cultivated in this part of Illinois—pink eyes , Irish greys , and Nesbanocs . Most of the seed was lost last spring , and supplies were procured from every part of the country ; and little attention was . paid to the quality and kind of seed used . Hence , as a general thing , the last year s crop of potatoes in this region , were a poor and mixed article , scarcely fit for market , and should be got rid of , and other good seed iwed . Persons using seed potatoes should examine well the seed used , and see to it that it is of the kind i...
Evergreens . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Evergreens . We do not believe that one of fifty evergreens which are transplanted into our gardens from the forest , live and thrive . If all the evergreens which have been brought to Springfield , from the woods—generally pines—sold and planted here , had lived , our city would have been a pinery , at this present writing . Nurserymen , who collect large numbers of evergreens from the woods , see to their transportation , and plant them with great care in the nurseries , and usually lose a heavy per cent on the number . They expect this loss . But thus transplanted , if they live , they form new roots , and if thereafter , they are raised and again planted with care , they are not likely to die . The old plan of putting rocks nr gravel or sand about such trees , in transplanting them , is useless . What should be done is this : they should be raised from the nursery with care ; all the earth which can be made to adhere to the roots while raising them , should be kept on them much ...
Grapes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Grapes . No garden or farm ought to be without one or more grape vines ; a dozen would not be too many . The varieties , Catawba and Isabella , will produce heavy crops with a little care . They are a delicious fruit , and in Europe , when grapes are ripe and freely used , it is regarded as the healthy season . . The cultivation of grapes is rapidly extending ; and the fruit , when not wanted for desert , preserves , or for long keeping , can very easily be converted into a fine wine ; and if the manufacturer is careful enough , he can keep it in an unfermented state , which does away all objections to drinking it . Wine from the grape can be made as easily as cider from the apple . A good many are discouraged from raising grapes because they seem to suppose that there is a mystery attending their cultivation . There is not more mystery in this case than there is iu cultivating the currant well . The wood should be cut back and trimmed , so as to give a chance for the growth of new ...
Purple Chili Potatoe . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Purple Chili Potatoe . I procured through a friend in Boston , a potatoe of the above variety , and planted it in deep rich soil , two eyes in a hill . It produced at the rate of 537 bushels an acre It is a purple or peach blow skin and white inside . I consider it equal , if not superior , to our celebrated Carter , on account of its table qualities , healthiness , and great productiveness . I never saw a diseased potatoe among them . I harvested over a quarter of an acre last fall . A . WILLAD , jr ., New York . —Country Gentleman . Seed potatoes of this new and valuable variety and also of the Carter can be obtained at the Farmer s store , of FRANCIS &amp; BARRELL , in this city .
Isabella and Catawba Grape Vines . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Isabella and Catawba Grape Vines . In this section of the country the bearing wood of the Isabella and Catawba Grapes is mostly , if not , entirely , dead . The Fox Grape seems to have withstood the severity of winter . The roots of the Isabella and Catawba do not appear to be seriously injured ; and will no doubt throw up strong shoots the coming spring . The best treatment undoubtedly will be to cut down the old wood , and when the new sprouts come up to prune them so that only one of two shall remain , and then to be more particular in training them than heretofore . It is usual to see long leafless vines , and the fruit , when the vine is in bearing , near the end of the vines . By proper training and cutting back , the vines can be made to fruit near the ground and the vine beautiful instead of an unsightly object . The usual plan in vineyards is to permit one vine to grow the first year and the next year have this the bearing vine , at the same time while this vine is in fruit...
The Deciduous Cyprus , as a Prairie Tree . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The Deciduous Cyprus , as a Prairie Tree . Mr . PHOENIX , of the Bloomington ^ Nursery , recommends the deciduous Cyprus , for planting on our prairies . This tree grows in great perfection in southern Illinois . It is there a beautiful and magnificent tree , and its green feathery foilage makes it a most conspicuous object in the heavy forests of the south . But we felt some hesitation in adopting Mr . Phcenix s views until we had examined a tree in our garden , which had been in a most exposed condition the last winter . We found that the cold had not injured it . From which we judge that it can be introduced for prairie cultivation . But how are the young trees to be had in sufficient numbers and at prices which will justify farmers in planting groves on our prairies ? Will our nurserymen obtain the seed and propagate them , so that yearling trees can be had for $ 15 or $ 20 a thousand ? This can be done , and a good profit made by nurserymen . Ash trees can also be propagated by...
Trial of Reapers and . lowers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Trial of Reapers and . lowers . The importance to the farming community of understanding the relative value of the mowers and reapers , offered for their patronage , will be readily acknowledged . To secure this object , the Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society , at its recent meeting in this city , made arrangements to procure a full and fair trial of the reapers and mowers which shall be entered for that purpose , under the direction of Hon . JAMES N . BROWN , one of the Vice Presidents of the society . The society offers the following premiums : For best Reaping Machine Diploma and $ 60 00 Second bestReaptngMachine Medaland 26 00 Best Mowing Machine Diploma and SO 00 Second best Mowing Machine Medaland £ 5 00 BsetCombtned Reaper and Mower .... Diploma and 50 00 Second best Combind Reaper and Mower . Medal and 25 00 Exhibitors of machines must enter them with Dr . JOHN A . KENNICOTT , Corresponding Secretary , Chicago , on or before the 15 of May ; and on entry th...
Agricultural Implements . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Agricultural Implements . We venture to say there is no point in the whole west where establishments for the manufacture of Agricultural Implements would promise to be more successful than in the city of Springfield . With all that are manufactured here , and all that are brought here , it is impossible to meet the demands of our farmers promptly . This business requires capital . We have young men who would be glad to engage in it , but have not the means . Cannot stock companies be got up for the purpose of furnishing means ? The establishment of John Deere , Esq . , Moline , Bock Island county , shows the importance of Plow Manufacturing at a single point . His Plow is the celebrated Grand de Tour Plow , with , important improvements . He commenced the manufacture of these Plows at Grand de Tdnr eighteen years ago ; but his business increased to such an extent that he . was compelled to remove to Moline on the Rock River , where he has the advantage , of an unlimited water power ...
Fruit and Flower Culture . . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Fruit and Flower Culture . . The increasing interest taken in pomological and floricultural matters in this country , is a hopeful sign . The gardens of the wealthy , filled with choice fruits aad beautiful flowers , and the nurseries and hot-beds of those who make gardening a business , have . greatly improved during the last ten years . Train the vines upon the sunny side of your house—dig up the little patches by your door—rear the trees , and vegetables , and nurse the flowers . Their fragrance will be at your windows , the birds will come and sing to you , and the melon , the plum , the pear , and the apple wiU $ be in their season .
Improvement in the Breed of Horses . The Canadian and Norman . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Improvement in the Breed of Horses . The Canadian and Norman . For many years it lias been apparent to the farmers upon our prairies that the horses in use are wanting the ^ size and muscle requisite to the hauling of heavy loads through our deep sloughs , and , in the rainy seasons , over muddy roads . The light breeds which prevail here were chosen in preference to others under the erroneous impression that they were adapted to this level country and would answer all the purposes of the heavier horses common in Pennsylvania and other mountainous portions of America . Experience has proved conclusively that we need even more powerful horses than do the teamsters of New England or Pennsylvania , inasmuch as our soil is composed of deep mold , and , though we have excellent roads during most of the year , there are frequently recurring periods of deep mud far more trying to the bone and muscle of draft animals than the steepest roads over rocky and hard soils . This fact accounts for...
COMMUNICATIONS . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
COMMUNICATIONS . SALEM , MARION ( JO ., ILLS ., ) April 14 , 1856 . J ED . PKAIRIE FARMER—Dear Sir : I was much pleased with the tenor of your notice of the locatipn of the State Fair tor 1856 , at Alton . Yet there is a single sentence to which I wish to call attention , lest it mislead some not conversant with the facts . You say , it may be proper to say that Alton fully met the requirements Of the Committee in the propositions for holding the State Fair in that city . Is this not equally true of the propositions from Salem ? Neither responded to the specifications in detail , as set forth in a former resolution of the Executive Committee . Each subscribed a gross sum , either being sufficient to defray all necessary expenses in fitting up the grounds , &amp; c . Each proposed to furnish a police force sufficient for the occasion and Salem proposed to do all hauling for the society to and from the grounds , free of charge—the President pronounced in open meeting the Salem...
The Robin . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The Robin . EDITOR OP THE FARMER : The Robin is a most welcome and early spring bird . All know him . There are none of us that do not have an affection for Robin Red Breast . He was a familiar bird with me in early life . But long a resident in this portion of the West , I recollect when I first saw him here . His notes , though late unheard , were not fogotten ; and when they again struck upon my ear , the days of other years came in review before me—past . scenes—past loves—past hopes ; all those long cherished remembrances that sometimes steal over the heart . I need not describe the Robin . He is a bird , of passage , but his migrations are singularly erratic . During fall and winter he is frequently found in sheltered places in the Atlantic states , and he moves from east to west , and from the north to the south , to avoid the snows and the severe cold . The Robin loves to build its nest on an apple tree . It plasters the inside of the nest with mud , and lines it with fine g...
"The Moral Sense of Flowers . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The Moral Sense of Flowers . This is a beautiful little volume , published at St . Louis , and written by Mr . Tarver . We have not seen it , but find a most favorable notice of the . work in the Belleville Advocate , by Governor Reynolds . He says : No one can read and contemplate this classic essay , but will rise from the pleasing task a better man , and his views refined and elevated ; he will , at least for a season , soar into the elevated region of refinement and intelligence , and enjoy the pleasure and happiness that are created for the enjoyment of man in his most exalted state of existence . This work prepares the heart of man with that purity and elevation of thought that raises him far above the base and sordid passions of the vulgar , and instructs him to commune with more pleasure and happiness with his Creator . It also gives to him that moral and intellectual excellence of which his nature is . susceptible . -- ;• - ^©• Superior coal , by some called Cannel . has ju...
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS How TO WASH FLANNEL . — Some women possess quite a knack in washing flannel , so as to prevent its fulling . It is not the soapsuds nor rinsing waters that thicken up flannel in washing , but the rubbing of it . Cloth is fulled by being pounced and jounced in the stocks of the fulling mill with soapsuds . The action of rubbing flannel en a wash-board is just thesame as that of thefulling mill . Flannel , therefore , should always be washed in very strong soapsuds , which will remove the dirt and grease by squeezing better than hard rubbing will in weak soapsuds . It should also i &gt; e rinsed out of the soap in very warm waler , and never in cold ; as the fibres of the wool do not shrink as much in warn ? , water as in cold after coming out of warm soapsuds . Great care should be taken to rinse the soap completely out of the flannel . This advice will apply to the washing of blankets the same as it does of flannel . — Scientific American . BLOODY MURRAIN...