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INTERSTATE FRUIT REGULATIONS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
INTERSTATE FRUIT REGULA TIONS. &lt; Al,- the, conference of Ministers of ?Agriculture held in Melbourne recent ly, one of'the most' important' ques tions-dealt witli was that of: charges , for inspection :of 'fruit aild vegetables. In the past the charges have differed in, the various States, but. with the exception'' of Western Australia, whose Minister dissented from the re solution, a basis of uniformity was ? agreed upon. . It was agreed that . the inspection of from 10 to 15 per cent, of a consignment would b'e sufficient, and-that all fruit objected to should be sorted within 48 hours of inspec tion. . The abolition of inspection fees, which was advocated by the Fruit Growers' Association, was not agreed, to, but reductions were made in the charges to the following rates: -Bananas, per bunch, y2d; pineapples and bananas in cases or crates,. per bushel, %d; all other fruits, not ex ceeding a bushel, ysd (Western Aus tralia dissenting); melons, per dozen, Id; cucumbers, ...
Orchard Notes. THE FARM ORCHARD. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
Orchard Notes. THE FARM ORCHARD. While the men in the fruitgrowing business, to make a living, cannot be accused of neglecting their orchards, there are plenty of good trees going to ruin in many a farm orchard. The fruitgrower know he cannot afford to be careless, and the farmer would find it worth while following the other fellow's careful methods more. If you .have an orchard why not lia,ve a good one? If you are quite sure you cannot spare the time, then it would be fairer to root out the whole concern. The old neglected trees on some places are a serious menace to all orchards in these days of pests without end. But it would be better and more profitable to turn ,in and try and fix the orchard up. Where trees are still healthy and growing they can be pruned into shape again, and made profitable. Dead wood, crossing branches, and branches; which shut out the light and' air. from the tree, should be cut out. The trees should be thoroughly cleaned of lichens and fungus, and also s...
POTATOES FOR SEED. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
POTATOES FOR SEED. No sensible farmer will subscribe to the dictum that anything will do to plant as seed potatoes, whether as i'small, as marbles, or old and wither-, led and half rotten, as long as they have "eyes" to shoot. .In New Zea i land the advantages of planting se lected seed potatoes of good strains was amply demonstrated last season. In this connection, the annual report of the Director of Agriculture in Vic toria mentions that "the potato ex pert has done excellent work, both in regard to variety and manuring tests, and particularly in inducing farmers to grow their own seed. The old cry of seed running out has been shown to be due to faulty methods of seed , selection, the best of the crop going : to maket and the culls for seed. By this means growers have been breed ing down instead of breeding up. By , selecting the seed on the field before a single potato is bagged it has been conclusively proved that the weight of the crop and the percentage of marketable tubers c...
IRISH BLIGHT DESCRIBED. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
IRISH BLIGHT DESCRIBED. The following is a description of the first symptoms of Irish blight in potato foliage, by Mr. T. W. Kirk, Government Biologist, New Zealand: -"The first indication of the disease is to be seen on the leaf in the shape of a slight reduction in the intensity of the colouring matter of the-.leaf. . This is rapidly followed by the ap pearance of small brownish blotches, commencing generally at the edge of the leaf. These spots soon increase in . size, and the tissues die, turning dark brown or nearly black. In dry wea ther these patches do not increase much, but in humid weather they spread over the leaves with immense rapidity. After destroying the leaves the disease travels down the haulms, and in severe cases the whole of the aerial portion of the potato plant may within a few hours become a blackish mass of rotten plant debris, which emits a most characteristic and evil odour If the undersurface of the leaves be examined with a pocket lens there will general...
RIVER POLLUTION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
RIVER POLLUTION. A reply received by the Wagga Municipal Council from the Depart 'mentof Mines on the subject of the , pollution of the Murrumbidgee River lias caused a great. deal of dissatis faction. This trouble is of long standing. For many weeks every year the water supply, obtained from ' the river is unfit for human con sumption, being slimy, -discoloured, and heavily charged ?with organic matter. Sometimes in the summer, for weeks on end, the water which 'comes through the pipes is so" thick and dirty that people who are tne least .bit fastidious cannot even use ib for bathing purposes. Periodically the local authorities complain to those, supposed to have control of these matters, but invariably with the same negative result. "Lately the Wagga Council wrote the Mines Department, making complaint of the condition of the river during Decem ber. The official reply, is that "the matter had been considered by the Sludge Abatement Board, which pointed out that the condition of th...
TILLAGE EXPERIMENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
TILLAGE EXPERIMENTS. Plough, Narromine :-The Agricul tural Department have been carry ing 011 a number of tillage experi ments in several districts with gene rally very satisfactory results. The details of these experiments will be found of great interest. Talcing the Coolabali farm, three blocks prior to the experiment had the year pre viously been sown with black cowpeas, and for live years preceding had been cropped irregularly with dif ferent varieties of wheat. After the expeirment was started the cropping of the blocks was as follows : - 1909 .. fallow wheat rape Thus it is shown that the ground was not planted tAvice with the same crop, but each year there was one of the blocks under wheat. The ploughs used were a four-tlirrow Spalding Kobbins disc plough and a three-fur row Fysli mould-Doard plough. The subsoiling was uone by means of a single-furrow Kansome plough, rol lowed by a lving subsoil plough. The conclusions arrived at after the three years' experiments were : (1.)...
MOOR CREEK. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
MOOR CREEK. Moor Creek branch, in response to .a, letter from Mr. J. Perry, vice-pre sident of the Association, chose March 30, as the most suitable date for holding the district council meet ing, and appointed Messrs. P. W. C. 15vans and W. Evans as delegates. It was resolved to ask the co-operation .of the Peel Shire Council with the Association and the Cockburn Shire Council, in a movement to have a via duct erected over the billabong on the west side of Appleby bridge, be cause this billabong was uncrossable and dangerous whenever there was the least ordinary flood in the Peel River. The committee of the Gloucester Agricultural Society, on the sugges tion of the donor, decided to award Mr. Laurie's special prize to the farm trophy exhibited by the local public .school, which Mr. Laurie said filled .his bill, and was moreover a credit to the school and to the district. The following work on the show ground ?was authorised:-Improvements to the horse stalls on lines suggested by th...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
MAGNETIC TERMS. MAGNETIC TERMS. THE PICK OF STANTHORPE LANDS. THE SANATORIUM OF QUEENSLAND Everlastingly offers the gifts of LONG LIFE AND PROSPERITY TO HER SETTLERS. GREAT SUBDIVISIONAL SALE OF Sheahan's Broadwater Estate. SITUATED only 21/- miles from Stanthorpe Railway Station. 32 CHOICE AND DESIRABLE FRUIT and VEGETABLE FARMS. 32. ranging in area from 33 to 4G acres. Equalling, if not surpassing in fertility and production the famous Cali fornian Fruit Areas WHICH COST £100 PER ACRE. Certified returns fi'om Fruit Growing in Stanthorpe District give as high as £87 PER ACRE, and average over £36 PER ACRE per annum. Stanthorpe Cab bages, Tomatoes, and Vegetables have a passport into the best markets in the Commonwealth at the highest market prices, and return as high as £100 per acre per annum. F'rst-Class Onion and Potato Land. TIME AND PLACE OF SALE. ON tne ground at the Broadwater, Stanthorpe, on Wednesday April 26th, 1911, at 2.30 o'clock in the afternoon. TERMS:-One-tenth cash...
CHEESE GAINING GROUND. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
CHEESE GAINING GROUND. The Victorians are displaying some enthusiasm in the production of cheese. State control of the export, and good prices are prominent factors actuating the campaign. For the third shipment 130 tons were sent. Makers are following the advice of the ex perts, and are sending cheese of a size weighing 80 lb. A reason for the new enterprise is that butter is low er in price than it was this time last year. There are several factories which have been exporting largely for some years now. Several of the co-operative factories are following suit. It is true that they tried the game before, but there was the draw back that they did not carry out the instructions of the Department. An other trouble was that the factories would not not keep up a regular sup ply. If this is not done the article sent along will undoubtedly suffer. It is foolishness to be entirely guided by the current prices, as were many of ?these Victorian factories. Directly the prices for butter went ...
ILLAWARRA DAIRY CATTLE ASSOCIATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
ILLAWARRA DAIRY CATTLE ASSOCIATION. Mr. Frank McCaffrey, the lion. sec. of the I.D.C. Association, writes that Mr. John J. Kinross, the lion, tester recorder, has just forwarded a test of the latest cows which have passed the butter test of the Association. Among these cows, is a white cow, bred by, and the property of Mr. E. J. Marks, Jamberoo. White cows are often foolishly condemned by dairy Date. Owner's Name. 22/2/11 .. Henry Chittick .... 23/2/11 .. Geo. Grey 10/3/11 .. T. Fredericks 14/3/11 99 99 99 C. W. Craig E. J. Marks Alf. Craig men without the slightest knowledge of their classic origin, or commercial worth. Yet on inquiry, we find that this cow has been under test for some time, and she has not produced milk under a 5 per cent, butterfat test. Her recorded test is morning 5.70 per cent., evening 5.85 per cent., and 43 lbs. of milk in 24 hours, off the grass. Equal to 19.88 lbs. of butter per week. The following is the test of cows, which have recently passed the com me...
CHEESE INDUSTRY IN THE WORTH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
CHEESE INDUSTRY IN THE WORTH. Queensland is finding out that the taste of the consumer in London has to be considered when offering him cheese. Tastes differ. There are many articles that we export to the old country that would not get a sale here. How many people in Aus tralia, for instance, will relish rab bits? Yet these are shipped to the London market by the million, and find a ready sale amongst the Eng lish consumers. The taste in Lon don now is for the white cheese. In Australia it must be yellow. Then there are the sizes of the cheese to consider. The Victorian producers are advised to put up the cheese in 80 lb. lots. These would be too large for the Australian market, for the cli mate Avould soon dry up the cheese after it is cut,.whereas the moisture and milder English climate would not have the same effect. There are very large areas in Queensland and New South "Wales very much more suit able for cheese than butter. Ths former Dairy Expert of Queensland. Mr. G. S. Thoms...
SOME NEW BRANCHES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
SOME NEW BRANCHES. Mitchell's Island farmers and dairy men having met and decided to form a branch of the F. and S. Association, Mr. H. W. Booth was elected presi dent and treasurer, and Mr. A. Bloom field, secretary. A meeting is being called at Yass for Saturday afternoon, April 29th. Leading members of the Association will be among the speakers, and it is hoped that the meeting will result in the formation of a vigorous branch. Mr. S. Perrett telegraphs the Gene ral Secretary that he held a splendid meeting, and the Lansdowne branch (Jones Island) has been formed "The prospects are grand." Mr. John Wetherspoon, M.L.C., also wires the General Secretary from Lis more that he had held a very fine meeting at Tomki, and was going to speak at Lismore tha:t day (April 4.). Bandon Grove farmers having con sidered the question at a meeting, unanimously decidejl to form a branch of the F. and S. Association, Mr. T. Irwin, jun., was elected president, Messrs. John Dowling and J. Middle broo...
Shires Conference. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
Shires Conference. The shires' executive will meet on April 4 for the purpose of classifying resolutions and prepare the business paper for the annual conference. A most gratifying response lias been made to the request by the executive for the appointment of delegates, a number of shires ?which hitherto had taken no part in the association have signified their intention of being re presented and joining in. xt is ex pected that fully 120 shires out of a total of 134 -will be represented at the conference which is an extremely good record. The delegates appointed to attend the conference of the Shires Associa tion of N.S.W., to be held in Syd ney on May 15, are as follows: Windouran .. Ernest Officer Mitchell Albert Hurst Blaxland .... Chas. Moore Marthaguy .. T. Jones Gilgandra .. H. W. Mitchell Jemalong ... Moses Brown Patrick Plains John Hayes Dumaresq ... Alex. Glass Bogan John Frey. Erina M. Ward Murrungal .. T. B. Prosser Carrathool .. A. McArthur Wallarobba . G. S. Waller Woo...
CLEAR HILLS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
CLEAR HILLS. The annual meeting of the Clear Hills branch was held at Oaklands, on Saturday last, 1st inst., the presi dent, Mr. T. Patey, in the chair. Cor respondence- was read and dealt /with as under: From Lands Department, stating that the recreation reserve was being dealt with at Wagga. It was resolv ed to ask that Mr. Surveyor Scott be . instructed- to survey the reserve, while in the district. From the Department of Justice, stating that the establishment of a Court of Petty Sessions at Oaklands was not considered necessary at pre sent, but that the matter would be again considered in July next. From General Secretary, urging the branch to oppose the Referenda. It was decided to make a personal can vass of all property holders in the district, to induce them to join the Association in opposing the Referen da and the Rural Workers' demands. It was decided to work with Cor owa in trying to get a resident po lice magistrate. A good deal of dis cussion arose over a proposal to ...
GIDGINBUNG BRANCH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
GIDGINBtJNG BRANCH. The annual meeting of the branch was held on March 31. The secre tary's report advised that five meet ings had been held during the year, with an average attendance of 12 out of 25 members. All the work request ed of the shire council by the branch had been carried out; while the appli cation to the Railway Department for an extension of the loop-line at Gidginbung siding had been granted, and the work completed. It was unanimously decided to vote "No" to the Referenda proposals.
A PLEA FOR SILAGE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
A PLEA FOR SILAGE. It is surprising how cattle will leave succulent green herbage for si lage. A dairyman in the Darnum dis trict made a stack of ensilage out of perennial red clover last autumn. In the spring, when he turned the milk ing herd into the paddock in which it was standing, they would hardly look at the green rye grass and clov ers until the stack was demolished.
VALUE OF COW TESTING. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
VALUE OF COW TESTING. Mr. J. A. liuddick, Commissioner of the Canadian Dairy and Cool Storage Department, and formerly Dairy Commissioner in New Zealand, gives some instructive figures in Ins an nual report on cow-testing, winch lias laeen carried on during the past five years. The results, it is claimed, show that several cow-owners have been able to make substantial in creases in milk production per cow in three or four years of from 13 to 60 per cent. The details demonstrate, the Commissioner declares, that ' it should be easy, with concerted ac tion, to achieve a general increase ot at least 10 per cent-, in the yield from all the cows in . Canada. Even this moderate increment would assume as tounding proportions of an addi tional ten millions of dollars ( £2,000, 000 sterling) from the present num ber of cows. A very notable case was that ot Mr. S. A. Freeman, who commenced testing his cows, in arrangement with the Government, in 1906. For the four complete years of the testing...
Dairying. RECORD OF A CHAMPION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
Dairying. RECORD OF A CHAMPION. The New Zealanders are- very 'proud - of the herd of milking cows which are giving such a good account of .themselves at the Weraroa, State i'arm. A Holstein cow, for instance, est in 38 milking machines, which' are recently sold for 75 guineas. This cow's last calving was on August 26, 1!)10, and up to February 7, 1911, she lias yielded 11,100 lbs.: of milk, with an average test of 3.8 One day her yield was 50 lbs. of milk-25' lbs. night and morning. These records were put up, too, though the season was exceedingly dry. There is some thing inspiring in handling an ani mal of this calibre. It makes a plea sure of dairying-especially that part of it at the end of the month when the farmer gets along to collect his cheque. The object of the progres sive farmer should be to standardise -his herd with cows of this quality. The ideal is within the reach of all, providing that there is a well-defined plan at work to cull and improve the strain.
LINING A SEPARATOR HOUSE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
LINING A SEPARATOR HOUSE. Good reasons are easily forthcom ing for the use of fibro-cement as a lining material for dairy premises. "A dairyman 011 the Richmond," says the "Express," "has lined and ceiled his separator house with fibro-cement sheeting, and, so far as appearances can be relied on as a guide, it would appear to be ideal material for the purpose. A building finished off with fibro-cement cannot fail to take the eye of the onlooker. Among the ad vantages that may be mentioned as being claimed for this material is that it is fireproof, and, being a non-con ductor of heat, must tend to reduce the temperature of the room; it is non-absorbent, and therefore not like ly to get waterlogged, as timber in such places as separator houses in variably does. Mr. Flood, inspector under the Board of Health, strongly recommends it for use in separator houses, and would urge its use in preference to wood for the purpose. The cost for a building 10 x 12 (lin ing and ceiling) would be a ...
SOUTH COAST DAIRYMEN'S UNION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 7 April 1911
SOUTH COAST DAIRYMEN'S UNION.N At a meeting of dairy farmers held at Kangaroo Valley, a report of the Kiama meeting, at which the South Coast Dairymen's Union was formed, was submitted by Messrs. J. Nelson and J. Lumsden. After considerable discussion, it was decided, on motion by Messrs. James Cliitticlc and A. Nelson, that all present form them selves into a branch of the South Coast Dairymen's Union, with power to add to their number. The follow ing were elected as officers of the branch:-Chairman, Mr. James Lums den; secretary, Mr. J. Nelson; trea surer, Mr. A. T. Watson. The people at Milton are taking similar action.