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STUMP GRUBBING. Explosives versus the Stump-Puller. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
STUMP GRUBBING. | Explosives versus the Stump-Puller. i Stump-grubbing has always been regard fed as about the hardest work a pioneer has to perform. The Cyprus pine, with which the greater portion of the Irriga tion Areas is timbered, is not by aiyy. means heavy clearing in the ordinary ac ceptation of the term, but it is hard enough work in all conscience, especially when there is a judicious mixture of box or gum trees to give the task a little variety. In the matter of the removal of the stumps, however, methods have improved with the march of the times, and it is now possible, with the aid of a few charges of some suitable explosive, to do work which in the times of our fathers would have taken days of hard iaDor to accom plish. Some time ago Mr. W. B. Brooks, of Farm No. 3, Mirrool, gave a little interest ing ihformation as to the cost at which ; he had grubbed the timber on his farm by ? the aid of explosives. His figures were : very explicit, and showed that the work i could...
TREATMENT OF FRUIT TREES AFTER TAKING DELIVERY FROM THE NURSERY. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
TREATMENT OF FRUIT TREES AFTER TAKING DELIVERY FROM THE NURSERY. The attention of settlers obtaining trees from the Leeton Nursery is special ly drawn to the following points that are of very great importance: 1. All deciduous trees should be taken delivery of not later than the first week in August, and planted at latest by the last week in August. The best months to plant are June and July. 2. Damp bags should be provided for covering the young trees when taken from the nursery, thus preventing exposure of the roots to wind and sun. 3. A suitable trench, according to the number of trees to be heeled in, should be previously prepared to receive the trees upon arrival at the farm. The trench should be at least ten inches deep and eighteen inches across. 4. The bundles should be Suitably and legibly labelled, and a stake or board placed between the varieties in the trenches to prevent any chance of their becoming mixed. 5. A suitable plan should be made of the orchard when planting. ...
OVER WATERING. Peach Trees on Light Soils. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
OVER WATERING. Peach Trees on Light Soils. In a recent issue of the " Mildura Culti vator" reference was made to the fact that some Briggs " Red May" trees, plant ed on deep light soil, had made a tre mendous growth as far as wood was con cerned, but had not produce : iruit as early as similar trees planted on a heavier soil on another settlement. In conversation recently with one of the settlers from Mirrool, he stated that on a well-known block there, where the soil is very light and open, the holders had found that their trees had run to wood to such an extent this year that they had deemed it advisable to cut them back several times. The question naturally suggested itself as to what was the cause of the tremendous growth, and on inquiry the Commission's. Irrigation Instructor has stated definitely that it is due to the old trouble of over-watering, which seems to be always cropping up in unthought of ways. He is convinced that if settlers will use less water there will be no tr...
SUCKLING ORPHAN PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
r SUCKLING ORPHAN PIGS. The rearing of orphan suckers is a mat ter which must necessarily be attended with a considerable amount of difficulty, but an ingenious device recently featured in one of the American publications looks on the face of it as one likely tc overcome a considerable amount of this difficulty. Judging by a sketch which was shown, the apparatus consists of a long narrow open box or crate with large holes bored in one side, about 8in. apart, at a height just handy for young pigs to reach. The arrangement is so made that ordinary babies' feeding bottles can be inserted in it in such a way that the nipples protrude through the holes, and can be reached by the suckers standing in a row. It is said that it is not difficult to teach the little pigs how to secure their food, and one of the figures accompanying the article showed eight lusty youngsters doing their best to extract all the nutriment possible from their bottle, while an attendant tilted the crate in such a wa...
CITRUS CULTURE. Something About By-products. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
CITRUS CULTURE. Something About By-products. - In a well-known book on'industrial life in the United States of America, which was much read some years ago, a state ment was made to the effect that, in con nection with the meat industry, up-to date factories there canned "everything but the squeak of the pig." The inference of course is that by up-to-date methods cute Yankee business men lose no op portunity of turning an honest penny, and undoubtedly the working up of by products is very often a very profitable source of income in connection with any industry. There are some things, however, with which by-products are rarely-if ever connected, and citrus culture is one of them. It appears, however, that in the United States the manufacture of citrus by-products in centres where a large quantity of this class of fruit is grown is already achieving considerable dimen sions. One company, which is about to open at Riverside (California), has an nounced that its operations will be con fi...
WHAT TO AIM AT. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
WHAT TO AIM AT. U ' ' _ V"-" ' ' ' Although the necessity of taking steps to guard against flooding the market with any particular variety of fruit has been referred to on many occasions in these columns, the matter is of such importance that too much stress cannot very well be laid upon it, and as the planting season has practically arrived, new settlers who are about to plant orchards are urged to exercise the greatest care in selecting their varieties, as once the land is laid down it is too late to effect any changes. The advantages of an extended harvest ing period which can be secured by plant ing varieties of fruit which ripen early, mid-season and late, cannot very well be over-estimated. The areas to be devoted to each variety will depend very largely on the size of the orchard and the labor available for working it, ^but a proportion of the total area, sufficient to make the crop worth harvesting, should be devoted to each variety. It is a 'great advantage to plant differe...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
cr.s. The Society's Co-operative distribu tion embraces sales on consignment of the following: Butter, Bacon, Cheese, Honey, Eggs, and all lines of Dairy Produce Lucerne Hay, Maize, Potatoes, Millet, Oats, &c., Chaff, &c. Pigs, Calves, Fruit & Vegetables It is an absolutely genuine Co operative organisation, all the Direc tors being representative farmers. Proceeds of all sales banked under a separate "TRUST ACCOUNT." Sales' Turnover now exceeds ONE AND THREE-QUARTER MIL LION POUNDS STERLING per annum. During its fourteen years' exist ence, in addition to paying 6 per cent, dividend on "paid-up share capital," the Society has returned to consignors the sum of £93,869 in the form of CASH BONUSES, calculated upon Commissions paid. The Coastal Farmers' Co-Operative Society Limited Head Office and Stores: 374 to 386 Sussex°st, Sydney Wholesale Distributing Branches at Goulburn, Dubbo, Leeton, Rockdale, Tumut, Newcastle, Wollongong, North Sydney, Ashfield, Waverle...
METEOROLOGICAL DATA. Leeton Readings at 9 a.m. for period ended June 8, 1915. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
METEOROLOGICAL DATA. Leeton Readings at 9 a.m. for period ended June 8, 1915. Barometer .. Relative Humidity Maximum Temp. .. Minimum Temp. .. Min. Terrestrial . Temperature .. Wind Direction Wind Force ' (Scale 0 to 12).. Cloud (Scale 0 to 10) Rainfall 25 th, Tue. 29-748 78 560 42.7 34.8 s.sw. 3 9 0 26th, Wed. 29.862 100 552 39.7 33.4 S.S.W. 1 9 3 27th, Thur. 29.984 56 58.3 41.1 33.0 S.W. 0 9 1 28th, Fri. 30.014 93 59.0 41-4 35.5 S. 1 1 29th. Sat. 29-950 93 61.8 40,8 32.8 S. 0 0 30th, Sun. 29.8i2 79 630 43.1 33.2 S. 0 2 Barometer ... Relative Humidity Maximum Temp. ... Minimum Temp. ... Min. Terrestrial Temperature .. Wind Direction Wind Force (Scale 0 to 12) ... Cloud (Scale 0 to 10) Rainfall 1st, Tue. 29.842 84 61.1 38.2 28.8 S. 0 7 2nd* Wed. 29-872 72 66.3 402 32,3 NW. 2 0 3rd, Thur. 29.886 69 67.5 494 40.0 N.W. 2 0 4th, Fri. 29-902 92 58.3 37.0 29,0 W. 0 0 5th, Sat. 29.860 84 60.1 34:5 25,5 W. 0 4 6th, Sun. 29.808 67 68.0 45.3 35.0 N, 1 0 7th, Mon. 29.544 67 56-6 51.7 40.4 N-W....
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
I l HOMEMAKERS : Here is the Store ttta't will enable you to realise some of your fond dreams. We have everything you want-from a kitcfien outfit to the most expensive piano, or orgjajp-at a . price that will more than please ;fbu. All Furniture made of thoroughly and natural,^ sea soned woods-solidly constructed-modern and artistic in design-and guaranteed to give Life long Satisfaction! ,! . I If . i- . 'J ?&lt; ' ?. y ' ' i * ...! :i ? M. . .4' - - ? .' s t f>o. No need to pay cash in full if you get in touch with us. Our liberal credit system was devised to help you. Let us supply you with just whatever Furniture or Furnishings you need,; and pay it off in easy monthly instalments! Our popular Credit System is at once Clear, Cljpan, Simple, and Easy! Six months' Credit Free! ; V i':; . r ?We'll Pay tKe Freight ?Vk.vU ) :i ' ! ; -A. This is another concession that you' cannot afford to overlook. All goods are carefully packed t-free of charge-and Cash Ordersi we: deliv...
THE PEANUT MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
THE PEANUT MARKET. The following information has been col lected in cpnnection with an inquiry made by a Mirrool settler interested. Other prqspective growers may find in it some thing worth pondering over:-. Importations into New South Wales are very considerable from China and Japan, whijch countries also export largely to the othfer States and New Zealand. Queens South Wales, but the nuts are of a small variety, and are therefore not in such. f^vor as the Chinese or Japanese varieties. The main demand in New South Wales is for "shelled" peanuts for confectioners' tr^de. The much smaller trade in un sl^elled peanuts is in the hands of the Chinese, who roast them in Sydney, and they prefer the imported peanut, it being claimed that they are larger than the Queensland, and of better flavor than the Viciorian or New South Wales peanut. export trade to New This contention is not, however, raised by the confectioners, with whom Queensland growers are doing an increasing trade. The quan...
FRUIT RETURNS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
FRUIT RETURNS. The following information has been sup plied by the Department of Agriculture to an inquirer in regard to returns actually received from the fruit trees at the Yanco Experiment Farm: i\pricots (1915), 168 trees returned £35 10/10 fresh, £27/10/ dried. Peaches, 168 trees returned £119/10/5 fresh, £31/1/2 dried. Plums, 84 trees returned £15/5/6. Nectarines, 21 trees returned £11/14/2. Apples, 63 trees returned £6/12/6. Grapes, 29 vines returned £88/1/5 . Black Cornichon, 329 vines returned £111 . v sy. Chanez, 376 vines returned £125/7/2. Gordo Blanco, 5 acres returned £83/0/11 ? ..'i fresh, £21/2/2 dried. Sultanas, 10 acres returned £428/4/5. Currants, 6 acres returned £233/18/5. Prunes, 105 trees returned £14/18/10. Oranges (1914), 336 trees returned £20. Eemons (1914), 36 trees returned £6/2/9. There are approximately 72 trees to the aci*e, and 411 vines. The orange trees are of iall ages, from 2 to 5 years.
WAMOON SCHOOL. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 June 1915
WAMOON SCHOOL. The Department of Public Instruction has notified the Commission that tenders have been called for the erection of the new school building at Wamoon. This information will be very welcome to many settlers living in the vicinity of this centre, more particularly Gogeldrie people, and it is to be hoped that every effort will be made to expedite the acceptance of a tender and the early completion of the work. An olive grower at Gridley, Butte County, says the "California Cultivator," received over 1000 dollars from an olive grove covering about an acre. The same authority states that Califor nia raisins cropped last year went about 90,000 tons-the average selling: price be ing about 2d. per lb.
TO HELP THE BELGIANS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
TO HELP THE BELGIANS. A plain and fancy dress ball is to be held under the auspices of the G.U.O.O.F. in the Enterprise Hall, Leeton, on Friday, July 16, 1915. Valuable prizes will be given for the best fancy dress and fancy set, and all who attend this dance are guaranteed a most enjoyable evening. The proceeds are to be devoted to the Belgian Fund, an object which every per son on the Areas has at heart.
PRACTICAL PATRIOTISM. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
PRACTICAL PATRIOTISM. We have been asked to state that the Union of Farmers on the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Areas decided at a recent meet ing that when the necessities of the case demand it, a working committee from the union would, wherever possible, see to it that any work requiring urgent attention on the farm of a settler who is serving with the Expeditionary Forces at the front would be done for him by such com mittee. Settlers are to be commended for show ing their patriotism in this effective man ner. In another portion of this issue re ference has been made to the Areas' sub stantial financial help and the decision now noted is but another indication of the fact that the men who have to stay at home are eager to do all they can to help in the Empire's hour of trial. The hon. secretary of the union, would be glad to receive as long notice as pos sible when such aid is being solicited.
THE TOWN COMMON. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
THE TOWN COMMON. For some months past the paddock, about 19 acres in extent, north-west of the butter factory, has been used-as a camp ing ground for horses and teams, belong ing to settlers and the public generally. For public information, it is hereby noti fied that the following are the charges levied for the use of the paddock: Travellers:-3d. per head per night, cat tle or horses. Townspeople and Settlers:-3d. per head per week for cattle; 6d. per head per week for horses.
THE AREAS' PATRIOTIC EFFORTS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
THE AREAS' PATRIOTIC EFFORTS. Settlers and other residents on the Irri gation Areas have good reason to be proud of the success that is being attain ed as the result of their patriotic efforts. A £75 cheque to the fund in aid of the Aus tralian sick and wounded on the 21st May, and a £50 donaton to the Madam Melba Polish Relief Fund on the 2nd June, are two of the more recent dona tions that have been thankfully acknow ledged. A little reference to the Polish fund would perhaps not be amiss. When the murk of the great conflagration has been blown away by the winds of time, and we are able to see things in their true per spective, it will probably be found that awful as the fate of plucky little Belgium undoubtedly is, that of Servia and Poland is even worse. Who can read the following brief state ment by Henri Sienkiwicz, the well-known Polish' writer, without feeling more than sympathetic towards that stricken people ? "Fifteen thousand villages," he says, "have been devastated-hom...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
THE LEADING FIRE OFFICE IN AUSTRALIA. Assets exceed £22,293,656. Annual income, £2,250,000. \ Fire & Accident Assurance Co. Ltd. Personal Accident Employers' Liability, Workmen's Compensation, Marine. HENR7 WANSEY, Local Secretary & Underwriter. Di&triot Representatives: GEORGE GREY & Co.* Leeton. KERSHAW, MATTHEWS & LANE, Solicitors, Commissioners for Affidavits, NARRANDERA AND SYDNEY. May be consulted at Dixon's Chambers, Kurrajong Avenue, Leeton, every alter nate Wednesday. Hours, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The next visits, July 7 and 21. LEETON ORCHESTRA. Piano, Violin, Cornet, Violoncello. Open for Engagements for All Social Functions. Home Parties a Speciality. Terms on application to H. M. LUC EIE, Farm No. 11, YANCO. TOMATO SEED. Specially selected from Plants bearing over 20 lbs. fruit. A limited quantity of pure and clean seed, true to type. "Earliana" and "Burwood Prize" at 3/6 per ounce, postage free. WHITING BROS., Farm 19, Griffith. FOR S...
Spraying. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
Spraying. The information contained in the fol lowing notes has been supplied by Mr. W. J. Allen, Fruit Expert and Irriga tions t: Red Scale.-It is reported that red scale has made its appearance in some of the young citrus trees on the Irrigation Areas. If there is likely to be any trouble with this pest it will .have appeared ere this on the leaves, wood, and fruit of trees affected, and it should be treated either by fumigation or spraying during the month of August. For either fumigation or spraying, resin and soda wash is re commended by the department. This has been found to give better results than kerosene emulsion. The following are the official directions for preparation and use of the wash: " Formula.-Caustic soda, 70 per cent, quality, 61b.; resin, 161b.; fish oil. 3 pints; water, 100 gallons. " Boil ten gallons of water and add the above, boiling- the whole together from two to three hours, or until well dissolved. To facilitate dissolving the resin, it should be finely...
MIRROOL SCHOOL. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
MIRROOL SCHOOL. The development of the Mirrool School is keeping pace with the growth of settle: ment on that area. Recently a very successful Empire Day celebration was held, but, unfortunately, somes notes, kindly supplied, did not ar rive in time to allow of their publication in a .current issue. Mr. H. Rivett, the head-master, is tak ing a keen interest in his work, and the results obtained must be satisfactory to him. The present enrolment of the school is 98 pupils-58 boys and 40 girls. In order to encourage true sport, the boys and girls have formed a football and tennis club respectively. In the near future-is is hoped to have friendly matches with teams from other schools of the Mur rumbidgee Irrigation Areas. A school debating society has been formed by the senior pupils. Although only in its infancy, the society has proved beneficial to all the members. Agricultural work is not being neglect ed, as the following notes testify: Agriculture.-The plan of having "indi vidual ...
TREATMENT OF FRUIT TREES AFTER TAKING DELIVERY FROM THE NURSERY. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 July 1915
TREATMENT OF FRUIT TREES AFTER TAKING DELIVERY FROM THE NURSERY. The attention of settlers obtaining trees from the Leeton Nursery is special ly drawn to the following points that are of very great importance: 1. All deciduous trees should be taken delivery of not later than the first week in August, and planted at latest by the last week in August. The best months to plant are June and July. 2. Damp bags should be provided for covering the young trees when taken from the nursery, thus preventing exposure of the roots to wind and sun. 3. A suitable trench, according to the number of trees to be heeled in, should be previously prepared to receive the trees upon arrival at the farm. The trendh should be at least ten inches deep and eighteen inches across. 4. The bundles should be suitably and legibly labelled, and a stake or board placed between the. varieties in the trenches to prevent any chance of their becoming mixed. 5. A suitable plan should be made of the orchard when planting....