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HORTICULTURAL . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
HORTICULTURAL . IN THE GARDEN-NO . 20 . A year ago , when digging a cellar under a wing which was to be added to our Jiouse , some of the earth was thrown out over a clump of asparagus . It was covered to the depth of at least a foot . Noticing where the workmen had thrown the earth , I made lhe remark that that asparagus would very likely never be heard from again . Nothing was seen of it for nearly a month after we began cutting from the bed in the garden . One day I noticed that a shoot was peering up , and in a few days there was a good many of them , and all much larger than any grown in the garden beds . We cut from this clump for nearly three weeks after the garden supply was exhausted . Acting on this accidental hint , I covered other clumps last Fall to about the depth the earth from the cellar was thrown over this one , and at this time , the last of May , they are just coming up . I think that in this way the season of asparagus can be much prolonged . The reason why it g...
E NTOMOLOGICAL . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
E NTOMOLOGICAL . A NEW INSECT ENEMY . BY PROF . A . J . COOK . Read before the Ingham Horticultural Society . June 19 . 1880 . It is well known to you all that every species and variety of our cultivated fruits , vegetables and grains , has its peculiar insect enemy , while many—and they often the most valued , like the apple—have a score or more of these small but ruthless foes to blight their growth , or , worse yet , to bring speedy and certain death . My subject , then , A new insect enemy , would seem no inviting one . But these pests wait for an invitation to the banquets ever prepared by the green , tender foliage of park , orchard and field . So the wise culturists will wish to know , even of the new depredators , that he may meet them at the first onset , and at least mitigate their ravages if he may not be so happy as to put them hors de combat . It was good old Isaac Walton , not Beecher , as reported in a recent Republican , who said that doubtless God could have made a ...
THE APIARY . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
THE APIARY . MY PLAN FOR DIVIDING BEES . Why is so little written about dividing bees ? Is it not beneficial for the beekeeper to divide his bees in order to save time , secure uniform colonies , and increase to his liking ? I have practiced dividing bees for the last three years , and I have reaped large harvests ot honey and great increase of colonies . In the Spring of 1877 I had four colonies of Italians , and in the Fall had sixteen , good ones , with some surplus honey . I must certainly give credit to the good season we had that year for honey . I have used several methods in dividing bees . I will give a short description of my best method : In order to divide , the day should be a warm one , after the white clover harvest has commenced ; then about noon , when the bees are mostly flying , take a hive of the same color as the one you wish to divide , which must be removed to some other part of the apiary , and the new one put in its place . Take six frames of brood and honey...
Page 3 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
^/^ ELGIN WATCHES . ( Mia &gt; aWAll styles , Gold , Silver and NlckeX * 6 ~ J _ I _ . «? -. _ v . _ rS ! 1 * 1 i etc ., sent C O . D . to be e _ c _____ ed , ^ y _ lgy Write lit Catalogue to STANDARD _______ £ ^ 4 *** ** ICAK WATCU a CO ., PITO 3 BTOQB _ P _ .. GREAT WESTERN Jj ^ lfe ^ GUN WORKS , »^ ^^ gHna ^ Pittsburgh ; ^ i _! M ______________ i ___ 9 v &gt;» ______ H _____ i &gt;_ --. ** £ m \ ~ Send stamp tot Catalogue . ^^™^ F Rifles , Shot Guns , Revolvers , sent a . o . a . lot examination . • Li 4 _ 7 « f _ . «? til _ T Or lady that sends aa their DRI l | PHI address will receive umemi I MiaII I thing Aw tyirati , that may prove theHtepping .. tonD to allfe ofauccesa . It ls especially adapted to those who have reached tho foot of the hill . Address M . YOUNG . 173 Greenwich sL . New York .
MONEY AND COMMERCE . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
MONEY AND COMMERCE . JMONJEV UAKHKI , TOBS 0 AT EVBNmo . July 13 . 1880 . There is about tbe usual demand for money and the market remains very easy at 5 @ 8 per cent , for gilt-edged to juat fair commercial paper ; 3 @ 5 per cent , for loans on collateral security , 6 ig 8 per cent , on city , and 7 @ 8 on country real estate . New York exchange was in good supply and sold between bankers at 25 cents off $ 1 , 000 to 25 cents premium , and shippers bills at $ 1 discount per $ 1 , 000 . Foreign exchange was weak , due to the continued large exports of grain and provisions to Europe . The large exports of the past month , it is thought , will so nearly balance our foreign trade as to prevent the shipments of gold in settlement of balances which it was thought would bo made necessary by the heavy importations of foreign goods , the increase since Jan . 1 st being $ 100 , 000 , 000 . THE MERCHANDISE MAHKKT . The wholesale dry goods trade continues quiet , yet orders are fair for the se...
CROP REPORTS . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
CROP REPORTS . THE FARMERS REVIEW OF THE SEASON . THK HAKVKSX AND THE GROWING CROPS . WINTEK WHEAT-A 11 Cut - .. tacking Commenced—Some Threshing Done . SPRING WHEAT - Has Sufferer ! Some From Kust—Headinc Out . OATS—Promise a Full Crop . CORN-Ha « Been Injured in Illinois byWet Weather . FLAX—Doinic Finely But Very Weedy . 6 ENEBAL CONDITlON-Too Much Rain . REPORTS - From Dakota , Minnesota , Nebraska , Kansas , Missouri , Iowa , Illinois , Wisconsin , Ohio , and Indiana . Winter wheat is now all harvested . The wet weather during and since harvest has greatly interfered with threshing and stacking . The yield so far indicate just what the FARMERS REVIEW has predicted , an average yield . Some new wheat has been sold at points of production at from 80 @ 85 cents . There seems at present no disposition among farmers at present to hold grain for higher prices . Oats are giving promise of a great yield and barley also . Corn in Illinois has had a hard time ot it for three weeks . So m...
LIVE STOCK [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
LIVE STOCK BREEDERS DIRECTORY . It la onr desire to present . In the following style , a column or more ? of cards ol reliable breeders of cattle , hone * , sheep , swine and poultry . Onr rate * will be for THREE LINE CARD three months ( 13 Insertions ! $ 9 ; » lx months , $ 16 ; one rear , ( 30 . Each additional line $ _ t . 60 per quarter . These rates Include a free copy of the FARMERS REVIEW during the continuance of the advertisement . We respectfully solicit the patronage of breeders everywhere , confident that It will par them to thns secure the attention of onr readers .
AMERICAN FARM ANIMALS-NO . 22 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
AMERICAN FARM ANIMALS-NO . 22 DEVON CATTLE . The Devon is one of the oldest and best established breeds of cattle . It is claimed by some that these cattle are the direct descendants , without crossing or admixture , of the original , wild cattle of G-reat Britain . Some special champions have objected to applying the term breed to the Devons , insisting they constitute a distinct and pure race . It is certain that cattle , with many of tbe characteristics of the modern Devon , have long been found in the county of that name , in southern England . The cattle of North Devon are more highly prized than those of the southern part of the shire , the latter being larger and coarser , as are the cattle of Sussex , which otherwise closely resemble the Devons . All importations to this country have been of the North Devons , and their cattle are generally referred to when the word Devon is used . The most noticeable characteristic of the Devons is their bright red color . This characterist...
VETERINARY [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
VETERINARY AH subscribers to the FARMERS KKVIEW are entitled to the privilege of consulting tho VETERINARIAN who has charge of this Department FREE OF EXPENSE , on all diseases Incidental to Horses , Cattle , Sheep , Swine and Poultry . Be particular to give full name and address , so that If necessary we mar answer br letter .
QUERIES AND ANSWERS [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
QUERIES AND ANSWERS QUERY : Sri . ___ . _ c OK TKXAS FEVER . — A . D . C . , Clinton , Mo ., writes : M y pasture being in a transition state from wild to blue grass , and consequently not very good for early pasture , I concluded to take my stock to a neighboring pasture till the grass had taken a good start . I took them to a pasture where 175 head of Texan steers had been fed during a part of March and April . I left them there one and one-half months—putting them in May 3 d , and taking them out June 17 th . About the fifth day afterward one died , and they have been dying ever since . I have alread y lost eight head , and have as many more down sick , ready to die in a day or two . Symptoms : They commence drooping , look gaunt , hair dry , eyes sunken and dull ; they stagger as if they were weak in the back or l « ins , lie down and get up quite frequently , and finall y get so in abqut forty-eight hours as not to be able to get up at all . They generally get their head agains...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
CATTLE . \ TERRY ALDKIVH , Tlskllwa , III ., Breeder V . of Short-Horn cattle from best stock . DR . W . A . PRATT , Elgin , 111 ., breeder of pure and grade Holstein cattle . Young stock for sale ; also Poland-China swine . ILLINOIS INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY . breeders of Short-Horn and Jersey cattle , and Berkshire and Poland-China swine . Stock for sale . JS . L . LAWRKNOB , Champaign , III . SAMUEL 8 TRATTON , Litchfield , Ills .. Importer ahd breeder ot Jersey cattle . Also , breeder ot Cotswold sheep and Chester White pigs . SWINE . SAMUEL T . K . PRIME , Bertholly Home Stock Farm , Dwlght , Livingston County , Illinois . Breeder of Berkshire Swine from the best imported stock . Jerusalem Artichokes for sale .
THE PIG PASTURE . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
THE PIG PASTURE . We always have the best success with breeding sows when they are allowed to feed on grass . This is the only food they require until the young pigs are a week or two old , when milk , or meal of some sort may be given to them to increase the flow of milk if they require it . Sows thus managed are never ugly and never destroy their pigs . Why ? Because they are in a natural and healthy condition . The grass also increases the flow of milk and is , quite often , sufficient food for a sow while rearing her young . Young pigs soon learn to eat the grass , which is alike natural and healthful for them . We never had a case of scours or thumps among young pigs when running in pasture . The grass serves to counteract the effect of corn , and many pigs on trrass can be fed heavily with this food without the injury which it would do them if confined and deprived of grass . Our experience has convinced us that no farm is complete without a pig pasture . Clover is the best of...
LIVE STOCK NOTES . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
LIVE STOCK NOTES . MR . T . L . MIIXKR has just got home from Englaud , where he bought 60 Hereford Heifers and 40 bulls . THK Montana Husbandman asserts that sheep-rot has appeared among the flocks of California , but in a mild form . THE first importation of Holsteins lo litis country was made by Hon . Wm . Jams , of Weathersfield , Vt ,, about the beginning of . the present century . FORTY-EIGHT head of Polled Angus , Galloway , Highland and Ayrshire cattle for the farm of Mr . Geo . Whitfield , of the Province of Quebec , Canada , will be forwarded about the middle of July , from Scotland . M . E . GARY , of Davis County , Iowa , sends the following recipe for the cure of hog cholera , to the Journal of Agriculture , which he says he would not surrender the use ot for $ 100 : Three pounds sulphur , 3 pounds resin , 8 pounds black antimony , 8 . pounds of bloodroot , 3 pounds alum , 1 % pounds saltpetre , pure quality ; 2 gallons salt , 2 } £ gallons ashes , hickory best ; all pu...
THE DAIRY . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
THE DAIRY . ROOM FOR CURING CHEESE . Mr . J . A . Smith , of Sheboygan , Wis ., read the following essay before the last meeting of the Wisconsin Dairymen s Association : The end and aim should be to construct a curing-room capable of good ventilation , in which cheese can be placed when taken from tbe hoop , that has a temperature of from 65 to 70 , and which can be maintained night arid day , with very little variation , till the cheese are boxed and shipped . To do this it is necessary for the room to be constructed so that the cheese-maker can work in harmony with the universal law that heated air will rise easily , rapidly , and freely , if it has a chance , and that cold air will fall by the operation of the same law . It moves most naturally in perpendicular lines . To move heated air in ft lateral direction requires far more force , as it has to struggle against the natural law that makes it rise . Hence tbe positive heat force should be in the base of the building , and the...
THE POULTRY YARD . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
THE POULTRY YARD . PICKING GEESE . A correspondent of the Poultry Yard says that picking should be done in a close room , or every breath of air will scatter the feathers and down . Having taken up your bird , draw a long stocking over its head and down on the neck , to prevent its wreaking its vengeance on you by its merciless biting . The wings are formidable weapons also and must he held , or their blows will leave many a black and blue mark as evidence of their power . Pick when the quill of the feather is ripe , that is , clear ; while the feathers are developing , the quill is filled with bloody matter , which shows their unfitness for picking . When picking , have all the small feathers , leaving all the large ones , except four or five under each wing , which must be left to keep the wings from drooping . Take off the down only in warm weather . The number of times it is best to pick geese in a season depends upon the climate . The rule given above will enable anyone to dete...
Page 7 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
• TURST &amp; BRADLEY DUMP OULMMKJJO DUMP THESE RAKES HAVE 20 DOUBLE COIL SPRING-STEEL TEETH Tempered in Oil . The double coil and spring temper make them very elastic and at the same time very strong . Thc BREAKING Of a TOOT 1 ! Is a VBKY HAKE OCCUrreOC . with our rake . Ordinary raking on smooth meadow , can be tolerably well done by almost any rake ; hut iu ad dltlou to doing such raking as this , our rakee excel anything in the market for hunching up , raking cornstalks , raking on rough ground and other heavy work . The lever on our HAND-DUMP RAKE can be attached to pull or to push when dumping Our SELF-DUMP RAKE is dumped by friction-bands around the cast hubs of each wheel . The mechanism is such that each wheel is OBLI .. KD to do its share of the work , consequently there is no SIDE DRAFT WHATEVER . Whenever desired-i . tt can be used as a HAND-DUMP rake . Our Kakes are SIMPLE , DURABLE and EASILY OPERATED . Send for our 64 page pamphlet and circular , fully describ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Review — 15 July 1880
IREAD £ RKAO what is said In the different Sheaf _ J 5 Items . • M HEAD what the Wlnd-HIU says , s _ . RKAI &gt; the conclusion of tlie why and how of ^ 2 of drainage . J 5 READ about seedless watermelons . &gt; READ of the convenience uf farm cisterns . £ KEADuboutntiisliliigthecorii culture . 5 . READ all the brief Agricultural Items . m READ the Garden article No . 80 . JS READ about Summer pruning of pine .. O READ how to make barren trees fruitful . r ~ READ about tree-planting on the plains . O READ how to set an orchard .. _*» READ what Prof . Cook says of a new insect g enemy . t .. READ what to do for grain weevils . &gt; READ a plan tor dividing swarms of Uees . JjJ READ about locating the Apiary . £ READ the extended crop reports . *• READ the market reports . £ READ No . 2 . of Prof . Morrow s series of 33 papers ou American farm animals . g READ about the pig pasture . _ S READ the brief Live Stock notes . S READ what our Veterinary editor says o...