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Look Out for Breakers [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Look Out for Breakers The papers tell that one hundred and seventy million dollars worth , of British . I goods have been imported into this country within the last sis months , against seventy millions imported in the same months the last year . It is also farther said that the balance of the trade against us , will take fifty nine millions of dollars to pay for it—a much larger sum than we receive from California within the year . That is startling . The British do not want our wheat unless at lower prices than we can afford to sell . They want our money . What Is to become of her goods ? They are to be forced by long credits , upon the merchants of the west and other portions qj the United States , and these merchants in their term are to force them on the people ! We say beware ! Merchants who bring large stocks of goods to the west now will injure themselves and injure the country . Few fanners can pay their debts , and few can afford to buy goods , or more than necessity absol...
Cultivation ot Wheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Cultivation ot Wheat . The Genesee Farmer , has a very sensible article on this subject It says that wheat likes a firm compact soil . If the ground has been deeply plowed two years before B owing the wheat , it is well enough . It proceeds to say : We cannot too frequently repeat the incontrovertable fact that freedom from stagnant water is an indispensible condition of a good wheat soil . If the land is , wet , cold and sour , a good crop of wheat , however well it may have been put in , may not be expected . If you must sow such land , plow it into high narrow ridges—say twelve feet wide—with a gentle slope from the crown to the deod furrow on each side , so that the surface water can readily pass off . Harrow lengthwise , and form open drains through the lowest parts , to carry off the-water . On more porous and gravelly soils , the ridges may 1 &gt; o wider and flatter , but it is always advisable to clean out the furrows with a plow after sowing , so that the water can...
— ¦—¦¦¦ ¦ • —— . ' When is the Time to sow Timothy . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
— ¦—¦¦¦ ¦ • —— . When is the Time to sow Timothy . Now I—The season is veay fine for sowing—The ground is in first rate order—and if sown now , it will sprout and get a good root before winter , and will not be likely to winter-kill . Plow your ground well ; harrow it well ; sow four quarts of seed to the acre ; then Jbrush it well , This is the practice of Jas . F . MCoy of this county , who has now 280 acres of land in . timothy , and who has tried all the plans suggested- by others for sowing timothy . His success , in getting good crops of timothy is known to most of the farmers of this county .
Making llutlcr . As this is the season when most but- [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Making llutlcr . As this is the season when most but- ter is made , some useful directions for making and treating it will not be out of place . In the transactions of the Ohio State Agricultural Society , we find some remarks on the subject , which are worthy of wide spread circulation . Churning . —The cream should be brought to the temperatnre of from 62 ° to 65 ° Fahr . and churned . Experience has proved that such a stroke of the churn dash as will bring the butter in about tlrirty minutes , makes the best . At a temperature of about 62 ° Fahr ., from fifty to sixty strokes oE the dash per minute will accomplish this result , if care is taken to strike the top of tho cream and the bottom of the churn at every stroke . If the churn be filled so that the dash cannot strike the top of the cream , the operation can scarcely be accomplished at all . Rapid churning should be avoided at the commencement though the motion may be accelerated after the cream curdles . The butter , when s...
Domestic Hatters . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Domestic Hatters . CUCUMBER SALAD . —Pare the cucumbers and as you slice them , score the ends that they may be iu small bits , as . if slightly chopped . Add some small young-onions , also cut small , cayenne pepper , salt , a little ginger , the juice of half a lemon , and some vinegar . This will be found an excellent salad , and does not disagiec with weak stomachs . —Collage Gardener . CUCUMBERS TO PICKLE . —Put the cucumbers in salt and water for three days;—then scald them with weak vinegar , and let them remain three days longer . Scald some strong pickling vinegar , with a few onions , black pepper , allspice , cloves , ginger-root and horse radish , pour the whole over the cucumbers , aud keep them in jars , for use . Gerkins , which arc small cucumbers , are pickled in the same way . To PRESERVE BUTTER FOR WINTER USE . Take two parts of the best fine salt , one part of finely ground loaf sugar , and one of salt petre ; beat them well together . To each pound of butter , w...
FRUITS INCREASED IN SIZE BY THE [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
FRUITS INCREASED IN SIZE BY THE USE OP COPPERAS . —M . Dubreuil , a celebrated European horticulturalist , says that it has been proven , that melons and various species of fruit trees , the green parts of which had been watered on several occasions with weak solution of sulphate of iron , yicldes much larger fruits than tliose not so treated . He adds : One of my pupils repeated the same experiment in 1854 and 1855 on pear trees . He gave the first watering as soon as the fruits were fairly set , in the end of June . He repeated the moistening every / fortnight , ie the evening , iu order to prevent evaporation , and that absorption wight be completely effected during the night . The solution I was at the rate of twenty-six . grains ta a quart for the grst three , and thirty-ffve ; per vuart for the two last waterings . — He sent ns , in the end cf February , from a tree thus treated , an Easter Beurre , so large that it could scaccely be recognized . He obtained like results the f...
SPECIFIC TOR . BUGS os VIBES . —Hav- [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
SPECIFIC TOR . BUGS os VIBES . —Hav- ing seen by your paper that many truckers in your section are anxious to ascertain a simple and sure remedy to destroy bugs on sqashes . cucumbers , and tho like , I will give you one which is almost a specific , arid within the reach of every one , especially those living on the seaboard . - Procure fresh fish—of any kind whatever , the commonest and cheapest just as good—a sufficient quantity according to circumstances , say one peck to a barrel of water . Let them stand therein a day or two , in order to commence decomposition and emit their-necessarily unpleasantodor ; then remove the barrel to your patch , and with a watering-pot go over your whole patch , just dampening the leaves . In addition to driving away the bugs , your plants will become green and healthy , and soon grow beyond the reach of any future swarm of depredators . It may be necessary to use the water two or three times in the course of two weeks , but remember that every -a...
From tb « Frpepoit Journal . A Prairie Farm . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
From tb « Frpepoit Journal . A Prairie Farm . In another place we mention the receip t of some large heads of wheat from the farm of Wm . Shannon . Subsequent to that , on Saturday last , Mr . Shannon came and invited us to ride with him to his farm and see with our own eyes what sort of crops the prairie in that section is producing—an invitation which we accepted very cheerfully . The day was a pleasant one for such a trip—being just cloudy enough to make it cool and delightful . Mr . Shannon s farm lies twelve miles south west of the city , in the heart of one of the most extensive prairies of north western Illinois . To reach it , by the most direct route , we took the Savanna road to a little past Mr . Van Brocklin s on the Yellow Creek and thence turned south , past Esquire Turneares , going in that direction about five miles , until we reached hisf arm , which lies up on that road , on the left . — Some two miles this side of the farm we passed a hi gh point in the prairie , ...
Something for Cattle Dealers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Something for Cattle Dealers . As this is a great cattle country , and oxen are a sort of circulating medium , we do not know that we can better fill this space than with the following article from the Countru Gentleman : TRAININB STEERS TO TIIE YOKE AND TO WORK . —It is one thing to train steers to the yoke , and another to train them to work—even as knowledge of the theory differs practically from knowing how and going through iinth it . As in teaching human scholars , one thing at a time is better acquired , than a miscellaneous jumble of information , so it is in teaching steers , and the first object is to train them to wear the yoke and to obey the commands of the driuer . Four pair of steers can be trained at once , with nearly the same ease as one . The first step is to shut them into a well fenced yard , with an area of from twelve to sixteen square rods , where the driver can stand in the centre and make the steers travel around . They should be kept going in pairs or Indi...
Rye—Its Value [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Rye—Its Value Rye is not sufficiently appreciated by farmers generally . For winter and spring pasture it has no equal in any variety of grass , affording a full bits for cattle , sheep and hogs , at a time when there is nothing else graen ; and while it agords the cheapest food that can be grown for these animals for several months , it also contributes largely to their health , giving them an early start in the spring , and increases largely their value . Besides the importance of having a cheap , rich and healthy food for stock , it is of a still greater value to the land on which it is grown . It interferes with no other crop , and besides being a good fertilizer , it renders the soil light and feiablc for the succeeding crop . Corn lane that would otherwise remain naked after harvest , should always be sown in rye in the fall . Land that was the previous summer in corn often suffers much from being exposed to the beating and washing rains of winter . — Tee soil is washed into t...
Regulations fur llie Inspection of New Vr Inter and striiitr Wheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Regulations fur llie Inspection of New Vr Inter and striiitr Wheat . Thefollowing preamble and Resolutions were adopted by the Board of Directors of ( be Hoard of Trude of the City of Chic igo at ameetvogTecentVy held at their rooniB : WHEREAS , Thequulityofthenowcropcf wheat surpasses tbnt ofany of the past ten yearn , and whereas the new crop of Sprir . g wheat ia more uniform iu itscbaracterthau heretofore ; therefore Haotve : t , BytheDIrectorsofthe Board oftra-leofthoCity of Chicago , That tha grades of wbeat bo reestablished aa follows : No lWntTEWHEAT—Thebcrrytobe plump , well cleaned , and free from other grains . No 2 WHITE WHEAT—To be Eonnd bnt too dirty for Nol NOIKEDWHK T—The berry to be pluurp , well cleaned , aud free from other grains . N 02 BEP WHEAT—To be eonnd , bntloodirtyforNol . I [ EJECTF . D WINTER WUEAT—Unaoond and Quinerchantable wheat , and to weigh 45 tt &gt; to the measured bnshel . Nol SpRIKa WHEAT—The berry to bo well cleaned , free from other g...
EVDERDBAISINC . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
EVDERDBAISINC . TJnderdrains may now be made , and they should always be put in with reference to a general system , for the whole farm . It is best to survey the ground for this purpose , and if you cannot do it , get some one who can . rlat , or nearly level land , requires more care in making drains , than that which is rolling . No farmer can , in this , copy another , as every farm differs in many features from all others . Some require more and deeper drains than others , and with some , the springs issue from the tops of the hills , and in others at the bottom . This depends on the peculiar geological features of the country . Drain tiles may now be had easily , in many places in this State , and at reasonable rates . They are far superior to all other material for this purpose . Be sure , in laying tile , that they are laid without any depression , where the water will be sure to repose its sediment , finally filling up the drain . Roots of trees or vines , p lanted near suc...
Hew York Cattle Market—August »* . . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Hew York Cattle Market—August »* . . SERVES—The market has advanced tills week on the good and prime grades of Cattle J £ @ J ^ c H lb . In addition to a foil allowance of wright ID tlio own ere favor f Tho quality was better than for two months past , yet tho demand lieing for tbe better grades the supply of the class of stock was ottll inadequate . We quota at 6 @ , lO ^ Cj a Tew at tic , and also some few at 6 c . At Bergen , N . J . 1080 head wore sold at rather better rates than were realiz d here . This place seems to be increasing In favor with tbe llntcherat well as the Drover . The accommodations are generally satisfactory . The reciptshare been : — Prow New York 6 . W heal , Pennsylvania 42 , Ohio st &gt; 9 , Indiana 627 Illinois 701 , Kentucky 5 u 0 , Iuwa 25 . aud Michlgon IS . The conveyances were : —By Erie Road 1420 , lluisou 842 , Harlem , 104 , and Hudson Doflts 434 . Tho attendance at the Washington Drove Yarns was good all day , and before leaving ell the ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
FOURTH ANNUAL FAIR OF THE ST . LOUIS ACtaMtAl AM ) JIECMiCAL ASSOCIATION . To commence September 26 , 1859 , and continue SIX DAYS . ¥ 20 . 000 to tie gives iu Premiums . AMONG OTHERS ARE THE ST . LOUIS Prlxea . v . i . No-1 . For the beat thorough-bred Bull .... . . . . .. £ 1 , 000 No- 2 . For beat Roadster Stallion , lu harness .............. 1 , 000 No , 3 . For boat thorough-bred Stallion 1 , 000 Arrangements have been made for the tuost brilliant ex * hibftlon ever witnessed Iu this country . ThejjrouDds emhrareSO acres of laud , covered with blue grass , ornamented with forest tr . es » nd evergreens , winding avenues , and nine beautiful fountains . Tho Amphitheatre , much the largest In the United States will scat 12 . 000 persons , and shelter us many as 38 , 000 , There are also Floral . Pine Art , and Mechanical llalls , and a spacious baitdiug with steam power attached aGallina Inm with 90 compartments , Tor the exhibtUon of Poultry , and a beautiful cottage for the acc...
COMMEECIAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
COMMEECIAL . Sprlugfieltt Market—August 30 . WHEAT— 70 C @ 80 CTJL . WI . BA . COS—ablet . lSJgc ^ lb FLOUR—J 4 @ $ 4 60 ^ Hrl ; EGGS—6 @ 8 c » doz ; C 0 UN—COc ^ bn ; scarce ; LARU-12 o ^ tti ; C 0 KN J 1 BAL—80 c tojl ^ bii ; SUOAR—Be @ 10 ^ m ; OATS—25 « ffi 30 c ^ itm ; COFFEE—13 c @ 15 c ^ lb ; BKANS—50 c @ $ l | ibu ; M 0 LAS 3 BS—45 c @ 60 c $ gal BRAN—10 c ? l bn ; • SALT— $ 1 7 fi «&amp; ik ; SUOHTS—loc ^ bu ; * ALT— $ 1 90 fl &gt; brl ; TIMOTHY a p—fl 60 tol 75 ; MACKEREL—12 c @ 13 cNoIj HUNGAltlANOr &amp; M-none . CODFISH— $ 576 ^ 1001 bs ; MILLET—None ; APPLES—dried ; $ 3 iglbu ; CLOVER—S 6 60 @ 7 $ bu ; WOOD— $ 3 @ t * CO y &gt; corf ; POTATOES—New , 40 @ 50 cj COAL—I 2 clbbu : IIAV—SS ^ itou ; WHISKY—27 @ 30 c $ galj TALLOW—9 c US ); VINEGAR—10 c f ! gal ; SOAP—bar , 4 to 6 o ¦ £ »&gt;; BROOMS— £ 1 S 0 @ 2 50 . ft doz ; CANDLE 3—12 l &amp;^ box ; UUTTEK—H &gt; Ui ^ 20 c ^ &amp;&gt; - PICKLED Pfi-SS...
Chfcaero Market —• Ausr . 29 , p . m [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Chfcaero Market —• Ausr . 29 , p . m The receipts of wheat to-day showed s falling * off of about 18 , 000 bushels . This fact , coupled with an active shipping demand , caused the market to open firm , and advance j ^@ lc before the close . Upwards of O ! , 0 C 0 bunbt-ls of all grades changed bauds , at $ 1 05 for No . 1 white on track ; 92 c tor No . 1 red on track ; 75 ( 5 . 7 Gc for Ho . 2 red in store ; 60 o for rejected red ; 73 ® 73 } £ c ft , r Ko . 1 epring ; aud 6 P ) £ t § . 71 c for No . 2 . Spring closiug quiet at 73 c for No . l , and 70 c for No . 2 spring . Wfuter grades me quiet aud inactive . Flour was active and steady . About 900 bbls changed bands at £ 3 76 ® 4 00 for good to choice spring extras ; $ 2 Gt % for Hue spring ; and $ 5 37 | 4 for a email lot of extra choice white winter co-n d clincd lc . About 4 O . C 00 bushels changed bands at 69 @&amp; i &gt;^ c lor canal afloat ; 59 c for No . 1 in store ; 57 c for No . 2 —closiug dull and weak...
Saiut XiOUlt ) Market—August 29 . p . m . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Saiut XiOUlt ) Market—August 29 . p . m . Wheat , which seems to have bad rather a capricious course or late , maintained that character again to-day , inasmuch as prices went up about five cents per bnthel on nearly all u , ua . ilieB . The very inuderate amount of 5 , 600 bags , received siuce noon Saturday , is chargeable with tbe ituprov « meut . The market moved buoyantly also up to Change cone . In 8 uur there was aheavicr Inquiry , and while a snle or two ot city sujieifltio wna quoted at the pticw previously paid , four or five thomaud burrvls , chiefly extras , were , l &lt; oiight for future delivery , at prices not made public Oats improved a little , through light deliveries and lower freights . In corn , whisky , tobacco and hemp , no change at all was observed . — — —
— , o » - St . Louis Live Stoctt Market—Aug . 27 . Bertevuc Bwttt Manchester SocuL [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
— , o » - St . Louis Live Stoctt Market—Aug . 27 . Bertevuc Bwttt Manchester SocuL Market is overstocked with light and inferiorcattle . and sell ing at very low rules from $ 10 @ 20 per bead ; goad fat cows will bricg from J ^ 2 @ 27 per bead . Best closa of steers sell slowly from C @ 6 J * J but few at tbe latter figure . Sheep—A fair supply on the market , pood sheep are ready rale , at $ 2 &amp; 0 @ 3 per heed ; common to fuir $ 1 2 i &gt;@ l 76 per heal . ltogft—Aroecarce , but slop fed hogs on the marhct , and lliug from ~ %% iyfcCows and Calves—There is but little inquiry owing to the o uthern market boiujj overstocked , there being but few . selling at over $ 30 per head—common to fair from $ 15 ® 25 do .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
BATS . A MOST NOVEL STRATAGEM FOR TAking Bats by whleaalp , without poison or trap * I Ships , Mills , Bams , Stables , Groceries , Works tends . Houses , cleared at ouo sweep Any person can , by this siniph arrangement , clear tbe entire premises of evaiy Itat , bowyvev numerous they may be . rontfree y ihf return ofpost forOne Dollar . by SOUS CAlLCOTT , Js , eeplflteut ? 72 Fultun ^ t ., Brooklyn , L . I .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1859
Hunts Sugar Caiie Mill and Boiler . THIS MILL IS JUST THE ARTICLE wanted by farmer *; a chenp , strong , simple and effective horizontal tSugar Caue Mill . The boilers which can be bad with the mill , am of these sixes and prices : Ko 1 , 22 gallons , $ 6 ; No 2 , 30 gallons , $ 7 ; No 3 , 46 gallons , $ 8 ; No 4 , 60 gallons , $ 9 . The Urge bills , giving size * , prices . Ac . can bo wen In tbe office ofS-SVancic , who la authorised to sell the Mills and Boilers . We refer applicants to him for further information . BDNT , BBAUSBK &amp; 0 O . eeptl-lt Louisville , Ky .