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THE BRITISH NAVY. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
THE BRITISH NAVY. A correspondent writes to the "Globe' thus : The following ships should be relieved as soon as possible, as they are unSit to rankas part of the efective strength of our feet "up the Straits," all of them being deficient in speed, the first three carrying obsolete arms. ments ;-Dreadnought (1875), Orion (1882), Gas.net (1878) and Dolphin (1582). The figures in brackets denote the date when the shlp was built. The squadron should be permanently increased by four battleships and at least an equal nunmber of first-class cr?isers and torpedo catchers. An efficient torpedo-boat flotilla of first-class boats should be established in the Mediterranean, the boats being divided between Gibraltar and Malta. At the former place a dock and a basin capable of sheltering a fleet from the attacks of the enemy's torpedo-boats should be commenced without delay. In the East Indies.-We require a dock capable of taking a firstclase battleship. Hitherto the flagship of that station has...
A Thousand-Miles Ticket [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
A Thousand-Miles Ticket If you ask anyone who knows, he will tell you that thekind of invention which produces large fortunes is not a costly and complicated machine, however ingenious, but a small, cheap, useful article that everybody needs. The contrivance, which is to produce the fortune I am giving away is not a new device ; it is already popularin the United Stater. All that is necessary is to persuade, perhaps, a dozen men in Erope that it is agood thing. The rest is simpne, and the person who gets the monopoly of this little article is a made man. The device is simply a Continental thousand mile book, gcod on all the rail. ways of England and the Continent. In America the thousand mile book is in daily use, and is a very great convenience. Each railway issues its own thousandmilebook,but doubtlessthe time will come there when these books will be good on all lines. Some railways issue these tickets in little books of 10, 50 or 100 pages, with 100, 20 or 10 miles on apage. TLe ...
Breeding for the Show Ring. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Breeding for the sho1w Ring. EC Mn J. Gintrit I-. .This system has been one of th chief t :a ihn connection w:th our dairy catt:e. In t!,: r.,er place, cattle, when very youon, are so :. 1 t as to alppear plunmp and -gtqr-, ta l!.e rctty matter in the bleood is co early lirectedl t I the channel from which meat is produce:l ai r at to be afterwards so easily diverted t tthe , .nnel that leads to the pruduction cof Lik anti heifers so fed are very apt to prove Ls.:e'. Should they breed at all, they too oft:ll lr rwe themselves to be bad milkers, ftr miore lI.. t1; disease when they will nec?=.arily h, ve to f.re cn the mere ordinary food or dairyr ows. lBreeders whose chief olject is to winl ri/es often turn their cows dry as soon as tLey can after calving, o rs to enable therm t, get up to what is termed show eondition, s slle a ethod of destroying what milking alalities tt.r t.ce pos.esses. I hars little hope of ref. r. in this direction, uunless judges are selected tl.st are capab...
AGRICULTURAL COLUMN. Manuring and Mulching Apple Pear and Other Fruit Trees. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
ACHICULTVRAL ?I LUMR, Manuring and Mulching Apple, Pear and Other Fruit Trees. -0-- There is probably no part of the care of fruit trees less understood than that of furaishing the. proper kind of food, and in the right conditon. to be appropriated. Young trees are often. killed by over kindness in placing large quan titles of unfermented manures in the holes before planting, and around the bodies of the trees afterwards. It should be distinetlr understood that both these practices are likely to prove Injurious to the welfare and health of the trees, and it is admitted that unfermentee manure of any kind should not be placed near the roots of any young tree. The analysis of the wood of pear sd aple trees show that potash, lme and phosphatb of lime are the three leading constituents. And that of the ash of the fruit shows potash, phosphoric acid, soda, lime, sulphuric acid magnesia and a small quantity of iron and sllie acid. Thus the cultivator will see the. necessity of preparing s...
Stringent Regulations. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Stringent Regulations, ---0- The dairy interes's are paramount to all others, and, in addition to the protection afforded coosumers by the stringent regulations against the adulteration of milk, the manufacture or sale of oleosargariue in the State, there is protection agamst false weights. as the manufacturer of receptacles for the purchase of butter isrequired, beforeselling the same, to brand it with his name and the true weight of the receptacle. There has been for some years a cheese brand law. under which every manufacturerof full milk cheese may put a brand upon each cheese indicating "ifullmilk cheese," and the date when made, and no person shall use such a brand upon any cheese made from milk from which any cream has been taken. The dairy commissioner, before the agricultural law of this year, and now the Commnasioner of Agriculture, shall issue to the cheesg manofaeturers co proper ap plication, and under such regulations as to the custody and use as ht may prescribe, a un...
England's Greatest Stock-farmer. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
England's Greatest Stock-farmer. " Eogland'es greatest agricultural and stock farmer" is the title applied to a North country worthy latelydead, the late Alderman RIea, to wit, by a writer in a Northumbrian journal. "Ofttimes I have told my friends," he says, " that Mr Rea could do the greate.t amount of business in the shortest time, and with the fewect words, of any man I ever met. The writer recollects an incident which took place on the morning of 'tt!h June, 1SG2, ihtch is an illustration showing how he did this work. On that day Mr Iea rome to Yetholm, a dis tance from Middleton of about 16 miles, dur. ing the early hours of the morning, to pur chase Cheviot wedders at the fair. After making his purchase and seeing his sheep eafaly put on to the road home, he himself turned homeward, which he reached at G o'clcek a.m. Il may point out that Yetholm _'air was held very early in the morning, sales taking place at 4 o'clock, or, perhaps earlier). After giving orders to my. self an...
A Heroic Miner. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
A Heroic Miner. ------ A Pcntypridd correspondent telegraphs t3 a London paper that a shaft accident, which occurred at the Naval Colliery, I'enycrait, and duly reported here by cable, will long be remembered for the heroism displayed by a collier, who lost his life in the'attempt to save his comrades. Six men had descended m the cage to put in position a rope which had just been lowered after having been brought to bank and spliced. As they were going down the rope, which was anging in the shaft, struck against the aide of the cage and slightly tilted it over. Almost immediately the ascending cage collided with it, and three men were jerked out, and, falling to the pit's bottom, were instantly killed. There still remained in the now blocked cage the overman, John Waye; the rope in spector, Thomas losses; and a lad named Ihcr Foster, aged IG. Seeing their perilous position, Waye said he would go down by the guide rope, get through the pit to the up cast shaft, and so obtain help. Th...
Romancers of the Tower. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Romancers of the Tower. .--o In what shall we put trust in this inquiring and soeptical age ? If there is a historical objectdear to sightseers,and of unq uestioned authenticity,it is theheadsman'eaxeandblock -the latter bearing still its dismally sugges. tire cross cnts and bruisd- iCohare daily ex. exhibited to visitor ?--tET'9'Tower. But Viscount Dillon, in " The Antiquary," has some disquieting things to say on the question of the genuineness of these grim relics. As to one axe, it may have done its deadly work upon Ki! marnock and Balmerino and the "oldfox" Lovat; but what of the" heading axe" shown as the veritable instrument used at the execution of Anne Boleyn. The truthis that Anne Boleyn, like Catherine Howard, suf fered death by the sword, and a "' heading axe" does not appear in the Tower Invenrt. tcries before the year 1679. Almost as well might we be shown the pen with which King John " signed" Magna Charts, in the face of the fact that the King did not sign, but only ...
Vassar takes the Cake. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Vassar takes the Cake. --0 - She was a Vassar graduate and didn't. know a little bit about housekeeping when she married her last beau and settled down to domestic life. tier ftirt order at the grocer's was a crusher, but that good man was used to all sorts of peaple, and could interpret Vassar as easily as plain English. "I I% at ten pounds of paralyzed sugar," she said, with a business air. "Yres'm. Anything else!" "Two cans of condemned milk." " Ves'm." He set down " pulverised suZ,'" "eendensed min.' "Anything more, ma'm " "A bag of fresh salt-be sure that it is fresh." "Yesm. .What next ' "A pound of desecrated codish." "Yes'm." He wrote glibly "desiccated cod." " Nothing more, ma'am! Here's some nice horseradish just in." " No," eb said, with a sad wabble to her flexible voice," it would be of no use, as we don't keep a horse." Then the grocer sat down on a kit of mackerel, and fanned himself with a patent washboard. Vassar had taken the cake. '! Press."
WIT AND HUMOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
WIT AND HUMOUR. A modest officil.-A retiring director. " Do I make a fool of myself very often, Miss Lovely " he asked. "Oh, no," re plied she, sweetly "not often-only it seems to lMt." Patient:" What do you think of a warmer climate for me, doctor ' " My dear sir, that is just what I am trying to save youn from." Miss Ann Tique: "I get a photogrph taken of myself every year?" Miss Caus. tqus: "What a big collection yon must have, dear i" Hostess: "'Do you believe, major, that married men live longer than unmarried men!" "No, madam; but life seemslonger tothem." "I should think an undertaker must find it a hard matter to build up a business." " Why so?" "Because nobody will trade with him more than once." Mistress: " What shall I tell yeour master when he comes bace and sees youhavebroken his shaving glass?" Jessie: "Tell him, ma'am, I was so excited with joy at his re turn." " Yes," said the old man, " I have always found it beat to pay cash. I have paid cash for everything I've go...
POPULAR SCIENCE. Comets. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
POPULAR SCIENOE. Comets, A comet is generally regarded as composed of extremely tenuous cosmic dst. But it must be very fine indeed since stare can be seen twinkling throughout a few thousand miles' thickness of it. Professor Schaeberle, while not attempting to revive the old notion of the terrible results which would happen were a comet to strike our earth, has promulgated a more niechanical explanation of these heavenly messengers. The coronal streams which he considered are ejected from the sun penetrate far into space, Eome erossing one another. On the atmosphere of a comet striking one of these streams it will " in projection" be in the form of luminous, nearly concentric, aresm, the greatest brilliancy being near the most ad. vanced part of each stratum. And we fancy the " mechanical theory" cannot be any the more acceptable to electricians by reason of M. Schaeberle undertaking to explain the auroraby the gency of coronal streams.
The English Mint [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
The English Mint Some idea of the extent of the operations ha the English Mint may be obtained srom the fact that during the year 1S92 the gold bullion melted andcast into bats for sovereigns and half-sovereigns amounted to no less than 359;tons. The total amount of metal gold, silver and bronze dealt with in the melting-pot was 012 tons. The bronze which is used for the pence, halfpence and farthings is composed of a mixture of copper, tin antd zinc; the silver coinage contains a small alloy of copper: and the gold is of the standard degree cf fineness, that is 22 parts out of the 21 are pure. The goldis obtained from two sources: it either consists of ingaot sent from the Bank of England, or of light gold coins returned from circulation on account of their depreciztion.
May be the Cause of Influenza. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
May be the Cause of Influenza. Messrs (Grifliths and Lsdell, two English chemists, in a communication to the French Academy of Sciences, intimate to that body the discovery of a ptomaine or poison, generated most likely by a bacillus, which may be the cau-e of influenuz. It is a white substance, crystallising in prismatic needles, solulle in water and feebly alkaline. Though found in the watery excretion of intluenza patients, and said to be a powerful poison caoable of causing fever and death in a few hours, a more exhaustire investigation will be required before the eonclusion is accepted that this is a ptomaine peculiar to inflluenza, far less the somethsing accountable for so much mischief.
Fishes and Hot Water. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Fishes and Hot Water. Dr Lawrence Hamilton has collected obser vations showing that fishes can withstand a comparatively high temperature and live. Spal. laoani found river carp enjoying water at 10Gdeg. Fah., but they died when it was at l6deg. Fah. Saussure found eels in the hot springs (l3deg,. Fah.) of Aire, Savoy. Dr Davy and others have found that trout, salmon. uace, teach and minnows die at temperatures of about 70deg. to J0deg. Fah. In India carp, perch, roach and some carnivorous fishes live in water from 90deg. to l1deg. Fah. Moreover, in certain hot springs of Darbary, fishes flourish at a temperature of 1i2deg. Fal., and at Manila in water at 187deg. Fah. Humboldt states that while travelling in South America he saw fishes thrown up alive from a volcano in water at 21vdeg. Fah., but this is very hard to credit.
Glenaroua. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Glenaroua. [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.] &nbsp; A FEP mems. from this locality occa sionally may be of interest to, your. numerous readers. lDuing the last week, a most disastrous bush fire has been, raging in this neighborhood. It started on Mon day, the 19th, on the property of Mr. S. Bevap, ?yalong, close to the railway line. it teing surmised that a spark from the engine was the cause.. It was pretty well got under that night, baying been kept on the property of bMr. Bevan. On Tuesday morning, however, the fire again broke out, and, fanned by a strong North wipd, made great head way through the properties of Messrs. Walters, Collins, Cantwell, Hicks, Fleming, Lattin, McManus, &nbsp; Carsten, and others right down the McIvor road, until it reached Mr. M. Seymour's property, and the boundary of the Strathmore estate; when, night coming n, and a change of wind, the fire was checked. On Wednesday a slight shower of rain falling, had the effect of keeping it under for...
Home and Fireside. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Home and Fireside, SPOxGE CAKE N'O. .-Four eggs, one cupful of sugar, one cupful of flour and a tablespoonful of lemon juice. S0OfGE CHaE No. "_.-Two eggs, three tablespoonfuls of cold water, one cupful of sugar, one cupful of pastry flour, ons teaspoon. fu|of baking powder, one teaspoonful of vine garor lemon Juice as the lat ingredient. This makes a smallloa. Quick oven. Iced biscuits are considered very dainty. Un fortunately their excellence is too often found only in their attractive appearance, which is sihply the result of clever icing; while the cakes inside are very inferior, dry and taotless. They are, however, very easy to make good all the way through, and when prepared at home, there need be no doubt of their quality. They should be made of a good cake mixntore which has been baked in a shallow tin with upright sides, and lined with auttered paper. m When firm under the finger, the edges should be trimmed off, and the cake mal be cut into very thin,o and have two slices...
Sleeping Axioms. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Sleeping Axioms. Sunlight is good for eserything but feathers. The best numbeor of persons to each bed is one. Away with heavy hangings, either above or below the bed. Beware of a dusty, musty carpet; better sweetness and a bare door. Donot fail to provide some means for venti. lation duringthe night. Keep the bead cool while sleeping, but not by a draught of coldair falling upon it. Ifa folding bed must be used, contrive some wa to keep it aired and wholesome. Let the pillow be high enough to bring the head iu a natural posilion, no more or less. Thorou'hly air the sleeping roomevery day; air the bedding and beds as often as possible. A dark, out-of.the-way, unwholesome corner is no more fitted for a sleeping room than for a parlor. A feather bed which has done service for a generation or two is hardly a desirable thing upon which to sleep.-Good Ioausekeeping.
Ladies' Gossip. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Ladies' Gossip. We understand, Eays an American piper, that it is definitely arranged that the maraege of the famous young jockey, Mornington Can non, with Miss E. Denuett, of the Park, Not tingham. shall take place on Thursday, Ilth January, at the old Parish Church, SE. Mary Abbotts, Kensinaton. The ceremony, which is to be of a quiet deecription, in consequence of the lamented death recently of Mr Dennett, father of the bride elect, will be solemnised at two o'clock. We hear that the young couple will spend their honeymoon at Brighton prior to taking up temporary quarters at South. ampton until a temporary residence can be found in the near vicinity of Danebury, for which establishment Morey Cannon will, of course, cottinue to ride at all times when his services are available, though there are certain races mentioned in his agreement with Kings. clere in which John Porter's stable will hold the first claim. Mrs Sydney Taylor undertook the presenta tion from the parishioners of Ha...
The Jumble Fair. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Thle Jumble Fair. I As was briefly recorded in our last issue the J4mble Fair was opened with great ecltl on Thursday, the 22nd. The fair was ceptinned during that day with great zest, and every one of the many workers seemed to sie with each other in their efforts to make the affair as great a financial success as possible. The Mayor and Mayoress of Melbourne, with seversl visitors from the metro polis, seemed to I1 extremely pleased with all they saw. Mr. Osborn, Presi dent of the Hospital Committee, made the opening speech, and in 4 very earnest and appropriate address, spoke of the need there was for supporting charitable inptitutios, pnd. .especially in these deprpseed timjes, when sickness was just as much in our midst as in the prosperpus times; lie concluded by exprs@gipg the hope that the fair would prove aq immense success. The Mayoress, in 4 very pleasing manner, performed the opening peremony, which was followed by p few well-timed and nicely-deivpr.ed sentences from the...
Jones's Suicide. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 2 March 1894
Jones's Suicide. ----- The" Daily News " thus comments on the suicide of a "distinguished " Vic torian :--The system of capital punish ment has received a blow lb the suicide of the public executioner of Victoria, Australia. This tender-hearted functionary has cut his throat rather then hang a woman now lying under sentence of death. She is a baby farmer by profession, and she was convicted of the murder of a child. Her calling, if not her crime, would in ordinarycir' cumstances preclude compassion, yet her se has been enough to make the execu tioner feel a loathing forbis office. A protest from that quarter will'be- more effecttve than from any other, and It will have great weight with those who r.gard capital punishment as oven more de eradinm to the community than it is dreadful to the criminal. Here is a thoroughly seasoned hand who, in on instance at least, finds it altogether too much for him, and hlmo had rather be slain than slay. The defence ot the system has generally assu...