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Potato Flavor in Cream Not Caused by Feeding [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Potato Flavor in Cream Not Caused by Feeding : ; The common assumption is that potato flavor in cream is caused by feeding the cows potatoes . This antiquated Idea has been placed in , the discard through experiments conducted . by North Dakota Agricultural college . The trials with feeding potatoes to cows indicate that potato flavor in the cream is not caused by feeding the potatoes / hut by exposing cream to air heavy with , potato odor . ; . . Potatoes were fed in varying amounts and ; immediately : before milking time . The cream or milk that was stored in a cellar where-the air was heavy , arid : potato odor , prevailed took on a marked potato flavor in a few hours . Once the cream acquired the potato flavor it could not be removed . No or . dinary treatment , such as pasteurization ,, will remove potato .. flavor from the butterfat .
Sfruvfc JBB STOCK [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Sfruvfc JBB STOCK PREVENTION BEST FOR HOG CHOLERA Too Late to Vaccinate After Outbreak Occurs . Hog cholera has no cure and must be controlled , by . prevention , according to J . P . Williams of the New York state college of agriculture . The disease is . caused by an organism which can live a year or two outside of the animal s body . These organisms are found In almost all tissues of , and in all discharges from , the body of the diseased hog . Cholera may be spread in many ways ; the germ may be carried on one s shoes or by animals , In Infected straw or litter , or streams of water . All dead hogs ; should be ¦ ¦ ¦ ! burned or buried deeply . Do not go , near a neighbor s sick hogs ; they may have cholera , he . says . Vaccination prevents the . disease . When vaccination is : properly- performed the animal passes through a mild attack or form of cholera which immunizes it against the disease for life . A small amount ot virus , Injected into the pig causes the disease . At the...
CULLING METHODS QUITE IMPORTANT [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
CULLING METHODS QUITE IMPORTANT wMM Much Money Lost Each Year by Unskilled Manner . All the good methods in building a profitable poultry flock may be followed but if . culling Is not practiced , theresults are disappointing ; . Culling is one of the ; most dis ? cussed , phases of poultry work , . says C . F . Parrish , poultry . extension- specialist at the North Carolina State college . . There is a great deal of money lost each year on unskilled and Ill-timed culling . . Most poultrymen are elastic in their culling practices , leaving weaklings , short and round backed birds , deformed or undersized chicks with the hope that these -may develop Into profitable birds . This Is bad . Such birds are always costly . Culling must start with the baby chicks and space may be saved and disease eliminated if the • baby chicks are rigidly culled . This culling needs to be followed on through the growing stage and when the pullets ; are transferred to the laying ; house in the fall , the go...
PRICES OF FEEDS WEIGHTY FACTORS . i . " . [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
PRICES OF FEEDS WEIGHTY FACTORS . i . . « EJ Three Cow Menus Suggested Under Present Costs . Prices of feeds , and the nature of the feeds grown on the farm , are factors which will enter into the planning of meals for the dairy cow . C . L . Blackman , of the animal husbandry department of the Ohio State university , offers three suggested menus , which are economical under present price conditions , when the various roughages mentioned are ; available . The first consists of : 300 pounds corn and cob meal , or-hominy or barley ; 300 pounds ground , oats ; 100 pounds wheat bran ; 100 pounds cottonseed meal or gluten meal ; 50 pounds linseed oil meal . This should be fed when alfalfa , with or without silage , is available . When clover , with or without silage , is available , Blackman suggests a mix ture of : 300 pounds corn and corn cob meal or hominy or barley ; 300 pounds ground oats ; 100 pounds wheat bran ; 100 pounds cottonseed meal or gluten . hie . il ; 100 pounds linseed ...
DIP TO DESTROY MANY PARASITES [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
DIP TO DESTROY MANY PARASITES FARM Important That Task Be Performed Before Winter . ( Prepared by the United States Department ot Agriculture . ) For September the Calendar of Live Stock Parasites , issued recently by the United States Department of Agriculture , makes suggestions as follows : Now is the time to dip your live stock for lice , sheep ticks , true ticks , and mange . Later it will be too cold to do more than apply relief measures . Do it now while the weather Is still warm and save yourself trouble later , as these pests are more troublesome in cold weather . Consult Farmers Bulletins Nos . 1330-F ( sheep parasites ) , 1493-F ( lice , mange , and . ticks of horses ) , 10 S 3-F ( hog lice and hog mange ) , 1017-F ( cattle scab ) , 980-F ( ear ticks ) , 909-F ( cattle lice ) , 79 S-F ( sheep ticks ) , and 713-F . ( sheep scab ) . Clean up lice on poultry . See Farmers Bulletins Nos . 1337-F and 801-F . In the fall farrowing of pigs plan to use the swine-sanitation system...
Sheep Tick Infestation Cause of Loss of Lambs [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Sheep Tick Infestation Cause of Loss of Lambs Sheep ticks , Malophagus ovinus , are , strictly speaking , not ticks , but highly modified flies that have taken up a ticklike existence . The female retains the larvae in the abdomen until ready to pupate , when eight or ten are layed . \ These immediately attach themselves to hair and pupate . The pupal stage lasts from three to six weeks . While light infestation with sheep ticks produces no visible symptoms , heavy infestations cause loss of flesh and losing of wool . Since Infestation of young Iambs occurs by ticks that have igft recently sheared wool , lambs should be kept a considerable distance from the stored wool . In severe infestation , dipping may be necessary .
Sod Pasture for Pigs '¦ . ¦ ¦• ••^ V in Rainy Season Best [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Sod Pasture for Pigs ¦ . ¦ ¦• ••^ V in Rainy Season Best During the rainy season it would be well to have a sod pasture for the pigs . Here they may roani around on nice days getting the exercise and sunshine so vital to their growth . They will consume only small amounts of ¦ • . ; green forage , but this is very helpful in balancing their ration and In supplying the necessary vitamines . How ; much easier it is to keep the quarters clean if a sod pasture is used during the wet season . For this purpose brome grass is perhaps one of the best grassesfor forming a sod .
Markets Discriminate Against Heifer Calves [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Markets Discriminate Against Heifer Calves The market seems to discriminate against heifer calves , and apparently quotes higher prices for steer calves of equal finish and quality . Very often such difference in market price results from the fact that the heifer calves have been on full feed too long ., If they had been marketed 30 or 60 days sooner , they would have returned a greater profit Heifer calves , which are full fed on grain as long as steer calves , will carry more surface fat as well „ as more internal fat . Their carcasses are not so desirable .
Gluten Feed Value [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Gluten Feed Value Recent experiments at the Kansas station indicate that gluten feed has a value per pound , in the steer ration , slightly greater than cottonseed meal . Linseed meal proved to be worth $ 12 to $ 15 a ton more than either cottonseed meal or gluten feed . However , linseed meal usually sells considerably higher than gluten feed , and so it would seem that more farmers should be feeding gluten feed than actually are to secure the greatest returns from their steers . ,
Production of Quality . Eggs During Summer [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Production of Quality . Eggs During Summer Summer is usually hard on the production of good - quality .. eggs . ¦ , However , there is no reason why good quality eggs cannot be produced and marketed in summer . : Commercial poultrymen can do it ; owners of farm flocks can , too , if attention Is given to ¦ a few Important points . All male birds removed from the pens so the eggs , that are laid are infertile Is the first thing , since infertile eggs will not spoil so quickly as fertile eggs . Clean eggs is the next . It is always a temptation to wash eggs that are dirty so a good appearance will be given . Such eggs ; however , are apt to age more readily than unwashed eggs , since there- Is a more rapid evaporation of the . consents of the egg and the air cell becomes enlarged , giving the egg the appearance when candled of ah old egg . Production of clean eggs in the first place will help greatly—have plenty of clean nesting material in the nests .
MmitWltl * ¦ * i ul 1 * f £ " ¦ ' " Y * ^ *'" , J' *> r . ' • f ^ t _ 'it * Ti ^ - » 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
MmitWltl * ¦ * i ul 1 * f £ ¦ Y * ^ * , J *&gt; r . • f ^ t _ it * Ti ^ - » 1 DAIRYING MUST BE SPEEDED UP MORE Scientists Facing Several Serious Economic Problems . ( By K . L ; HATCH , Agricultural Extension Service , University of Wisconsin ) Dairying is a business , a big and a serious business , both for the producer- and the manufacturer . The dairy farmer Is just awakening to the fact that he Is a business man employing bcth capital and labor on no mean . scale . Dairy manufacturers are realizing as never before , that their problem is one of producing an article that will please the trade and stimulate ; . through quality , its own demand . These are the-big and vital problems that the dairy scientists must face—are now facing . They are economic problems and must be faced with facts not now obtainable . Everywhere in experiment station literature do we find feed costs of milk production , but rarely do . we find labor costs , or dry cow costs , or depre ciated herd c...
Cod Liver Oil Favored for All Kinds of ! Stock [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Cod Liver Oil Favored for All Kinds of ! Stock Why is it that cod - liver oil , a byproduct of .. the fishing , industry , gives such marked results when fed . to various classes of livestock ? For some years its use In the poultry world has been widely recommended , and now swine feeders find that It is giving excellent results when used-as a supplement to the , grain ration for growing pigs . It is high in protein content , but so , is tankage , oil meat , etc . -Scientists report that it is high in vltamine content , and possibly ; to that may be ascribed a measure of its growth producing : properties . Possibly , too , since it comes from a sea product . it contains . a certain amount of iodine and . this may . be a factor in • promoting growth and development in youngahlmals . Since the good results obtained - are reported . from districts at some distance from the sea , -where a deficiency of iodine ^ might be ex- : pected , this factor may-have more to do with its benefldai }...
Satisfact ^ ryvPtation'of ^?^ Roughage ; arid Legume Hay [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Satisfact ^ ryvPtationof ^?^ Roughage ; arid Legume Hay . Heifers ; , should have . all the good roughage they ; will eat . Silage and any one of thelegume hays make , a very satisfactory combination ; , ; In addition to tliis they should have some grain , the kind and amount depending somewhat on the kind and quality of roughage supplied ; If the qual-ity-of the legume hay Is good , two to four pounds per head dally of a simple mixture , such as equal parts of ground corn , ground oats , and ground barley , is satisfactory . If the hay is not so good add orie .-half part each of bran and linseed or cottonseed meal . For heifers within three months , of calving the grain should be increased to from four to six pounds-per head daily depending on condition .
CTVCTvUWryvTvvyvwTTTVTT- ' Poultry Notes [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
CTVCTvUWryvTvvyvwTTTVTTPoultry Notes Gather the eggs twice a day . • » * Crowding at the feed hopper stunts the growth of chicks . Watch for lice and mites . They multiply fast in hot weather . * ¦•• • Keep poultry supplied with fresh , clean water during hot months . • . • . •&gt; Green feed In the poultry yard make greenbacks in the pocketbook . ¦ • ,. •• Chicks need fresh air as well as heat Leave windows open at the top . » * » Hens need water . It is an essential part of the ration , poultry specialists of the Pennsylvania State college say . A shortage of water causes a decrease in the number and size of eggs . www Use plenty of feed troughs . Start , the chicks by nailing , a two-inch strip around . a nine-inch planed board and provide such a trough three feet long for ivery 100 chicks . More-troughs are needed as chickens grow . » • • Of the total cost of producing , poultry and eggs on most farms , 50 , to 60 per cent is feed cost . * ,- • * Lice and mites breed fas...
Dairy Hints [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Dairy Hints : r * r ^ r % r % r ? rprv % rv * v ^ r &lt; rwrv % r * rv ^^ r ^ vvvwBarley is a rgood feed for finishing calves . In fact it equals corn for gains . . - • • • . • -, Any cream separator that leaves over four-one-hundredths of one per cent of butterfat in the skimmilk Is stealing money from the farmer who owns it ; / Grass seems to have , a stimulating , effect- . , on dairy cattle . and It is-a matter of common knowledge that cows turned on good pasture Increase in production . .. ... -. : • ¦ ,. * : • - Pasture grass Is the natural feed for the cow , and it doubtless is the best feed which the cow receives during the year , but too many dairymen expect too much of pasture grass . * * * .- Any farmer sufficiently interested in dairying to . keep 10 milk cows will find a silo profitable . Do not forget : • to provide salt for dry cows and . heifers , on pasture . There should also be a good water supply and extra feed when pasture gets short . - • • • . Grain ra...
It . ... . ; ., . . . ^ f j | - ¦ Live Stock Facts •] I [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
It . ... . ; ., . . . ^ f j | - ¦ Live Stock Facts •] I Corn , soy beans and a well balanced mineral , make a good ration for hogs . • ¦ • .-. • , • • Of the non-legumes , rape is the best fsjrage crop for hogs where it can be grown successfully . » - •• An acre of good forage usually can be depended upon to carry : from 1 ; 000 to 2 , 000 pounds of hogs . ¦ k . ak . sit ; * A farm on which hogs are raised , as a major or minor enterprise , should have suitable pastures for hogs . • * • A good acre of land should : produce ample pasture for 20 to 25 pigs from weaning to market age , and if the grower will bear In mind that a constant supply of green feed is desirable rather than surplus at one time and shortage at another , he can gauge his planning and planting to secure it The market discriminates very severely against ram Iambs and against all lambs that have not been docked . Castrating and docking are simple operations and easily performed while the lambs are young .
Alfalfa Probably Best Hog Pasture Obtainable [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Alfalfa Probably Best Hog Pasture Obtainable Alfalfa is probably the best hog pasture that can be-obtained . It will support more hogs per acre than any other forage and has a longer growing season . It is followed closely by red clover , sweet clover and alsike . Sweet clover will not be very satisfactory the second year nor if it Is allowed to grow rank . Rape , or rape and oats mixtures make good forage when legumes are not available . Blue grass Is probably the most extensive used , but is the least satisfactory to the common forages . It is the one most likely to be infested with parasites because of Its permanency , and lias little feeding value for hogs during the hot summer months . \
Rape Sometimes Used as Green Poultry Feed [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Rape Sometimes Used as Green Poultry Feed Rape Is sometimes used as . green feed for poultry and the field will probably be . air right as a goose pasture . In the fence corners and possibly throughout the field , there will be more or less other green plants and pasture grasses which will serve to vary the ration . .-. ; . : Some poultrymen have * cut rape and used it for green feed for penned flocks on limited ranges . They plant it In drills and : do not cut below the crown so the green feed can be harvested several times during the summer . - V :. ! ; . ^ , 3 . ¦\ . 1 ¦ , , , \ C :- ^ : ;! - ; -.- . : V :, ; .- Geese will thrive on . almost any kind of pasture grass that a ; -cow will eat and will ; eat almost any grassier vegetable or growing plant that chickens will eat Most goose breeders do not use rape for pasture , however , but keep the geese on clover pasture land or on low grassy areas not used for crops .
Profitable to Market 1 Cockerels as Broilers [Newspaper Article] — Farmers' Weekly Review — 25 September 1929
Profitable to Market 1 Cockerels as Broilers . Those who have been advocating putting the cockerels off as broilers rather than keeping them longer in order to get more weight on them will beinterested in the findings of the New Hampshire Agricultural college . After numerous experiments , they have satisfied themselves that it takes but seven to eight pounds of feed to . produce a broiler weighing two pounds , while it takes anywhere from 12 to 20 pounds , of feed for each succeeding pound up to six pounds . It is selfevident then that it does hot pay market poultry men to hold their cockerels to get the . six pounds in welgnt . The . poultry editor has always been advising you to get rid of your cockerels long . beforethey eat their heads off , so to speak .