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SHEEP FOR FARMERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
SHEEP FOR FARMERS. The Department of Agriculture Juts recently published and has ready for distribution a " Farmers' Bulletin/' dealing with farmers' sheep, compris ing a series of articles l>y the mana gers of the various Government ex perimental farms, on the place sheep would occupy in a system of mixed farming, under conditions appertain ing to the Kiverina and northern and southern tablelands, 'l'he purpose of the bulletin is lo show the best and most profitable lines for the rearing of crossbred sheep for mutton, and it points out that one of the most profit able methods of sheep breeding foi* the small landholder is that of pro ducing early Jambs (4 to 5 montns old) for the markets. Diseases and treatment are not over-looked. Errors of beginners are a),so,dealt with, also the preparation and' get-up of small clips, besides many other side lines, making the bulletin a very handy guide indeed.
THE DELEGATE SHOW. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
THE DELEGATE SHOW. After being postponed two days on account of the rains and floods, the Delegate show opened on the 17th inst., an'cl turned out a great success. Some very fine exhibits appeared in the horse ring, particular!}' some ani mals sent from over the Border. Messrs. Bird, Guthrie, and Jojinspn ?were awarded the chief prizes for gentlemen's, ladies' hacks, buggy horses, etc. The chief awards for sad dle and harness ponies were won by Mr. Walling, from Be'ga. Amongst quality of the cattle shown was ex ceptionally fine, and prizes were awarded to Dalgety Station, Messrs. M. Bartley, G. D. Walcott, and Wool Cobb, Mr.' C. Hayden taking special for the best one-year-old merino we ther. The same exhibitor showed a liice pair of ewes, suitable for ex port, non-competitive, which were highly commended. lie also took prizes for some Shropshires bred di rect from imported stock. There were also splendid displays-of vege tables, and root crops, and general farm produce, fancy work, ...
CATTLE AND SHEEP DOGS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
CATTLE AND SHEEP DOGS. Mr. Robert Kaleslci, of Liverpool, a well-known br,e$dgr,1 treatise for the .Diepartment of Agri culture which has been published, on Front View of the General Offices Erected by the R.A.S., on their Grounds, Moore Park. the subject of cattle and sheep dogs and the best breeds to obtain, also the various points to be considered. He summarises the requirements of either a good sheep or cattle dog as steadiness, gameness, endurance, faithfulness, and intelligence (not much left wanting). Some useful hints are also given as to the break ing in of pups. Mr. Kaleski sum marises the breeds of cattle and sheep dogs in New South Wales, as.* the Merli, or Blue Heeler, the Welsh Merle or Heeler, the lied Bobtail, and the Black Bobtail/ etc. the principal prize-winners in the cattle section were the Delegate Sta tion, Messrs. G. D. Walcott, 11. Liddle, artd*M:; B&rtley. Tli'S'slieep,' always a leading feature of the show, included amongst the winners in tlie open...
Dairying. NAILING THE ROBBERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Dairying. NAILING THE ROBBERS. Victoria seems to be as slow i» lier quest after the dairy-yard rob bers as N.SAV. Not much blame can be placed on the shoulders of the officials for they have preached the doctrine of testing in season and out, of season-if there is a close season for such an evergreen topic-without, much satisfactory response from the farmers. The apathy is just as pro nounced in that State as this, andi there is just as much room for' the reform as in this. So that there can not be any justifiable stone-throw ing across the border. This difficulty to stir the farmers up in their own interests suggests a sort of sleeping sickness, for which there appears to be no remedy. No doubt, a little pa tience will eventually see the neglect, remedied, but one wants a great supply of the virtue to tolerate the delay. The farmers cannot know too often that while there are indi vidual herds doing COO gallons of milk per annum, the average for the State is some distance off that a...
FOXES KILLING RABBITS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
FOXES KILLING RABBITS. According ,.to_ ttlie "B^i-jjier^^ner" there are differences of opinion amongst the men on the land in the Western District, as to whether foxes are a curse or a blessing. Some of them say that the fox is a noxious animal, and ought to be extermina ted. Others say that the fox is an enemy of the rabbit, and deserves a great deal of the credit for the miti gation of the rabbit pest, of which we have not heard so much lately. The Western Land Commissioners nave not been able to come to a final decision on the evidence, but at least they do not recommend that Avar be declared against Reynard the fox wherever he is found. Of course, if he is found in the fowlliouse lie will have to take the consequences, but if a landholder happens to come across a fox in a rabbit hole with a young rabbit or two in his mouth, he will probably spare the foxy one for that time at least. While touring in New Zealand, Mr. Dunlop, one of the Scottish Commis sioners, visited a farm cond...
The Market Mirror WOOL. Outlook Still Promising. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
The Market Mirror WOOL. Outlook Still Promising. The wool trade here continues to mark time until the auction sales, which take place in Sydney next week. Naturally, there has not been a great amount of business going on, as the bulk of the wools arriv ing are being held for these sales, and only a very limited quantity has been available. However, the demand has been fairly animated, and prices for any decent parcels of fering have been very well maintain ed. Japanese buyers have been in quiring on the market for cross breds, and French buyers have paid a good deal of attention to skin wools; while English and Continen tal buyers have likewise been on the look-out for any wools suitable for their requirements. The one section of the buying community which has remained, so far, off the market, lias been America, and until the tariff question is settled, in that country they seem likely to I'C but small operators. Very naturally, too, the tendency has been on the part of both buyers ...
PUREBRED GUERNSEY SALE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
PUREBRED GUERNSEY SALE. Messrs. Hindmarsli, Johnson and Co., in conjunction with Mr. G. Bar nard, are calling attention to the first sale to be held in this State of pure-bred imported Gyern'seys. The cattle are offered by Mr. S. M. Cottee, and will be sold at Lismore on April 25.
WHEAT. A Weaker Market. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
WHEAT. A Weaker Market. The week has not been a satisfac tory one to the grower, for the re cent spurt in values, and the general buoyancy Avhich characterised the situation during the previous week, has been replaced by distinctly weak er conditions, the market at the pre sent time having reverted back to shipping one. As we pointed out last week, the rise in values was pro duced more through the increased operations of millers here, than to any material advancement in London quotations. Shippers, however, had to follow in the wake of millers, but it was the latter who really forced the situation; though, of course, the independent attitude of holders, who for so long have refused to sell, save at their own limits, naturally helped to lift prices. Well, the millers found that they required wheat to cover their increased operations in flour, and they came out as buyers; but now'they have finished, and are off the market; while, furthermore, there has been some easing of the English ...
AGENTS' REPORTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
AGENTS' REPORTS. Messrs. Winchcombe, Carson, Ltd., reports:-Auction sales of wool will be held, next week, from tlie 3rd to the 6th April, both dates inclusive, and about 25,000 bales, consisting largely of scoured wool, will be avail able. The market rules very firm, and as there is a good demand, it is anticipa ted that ready clearances will be effected. Our next sale is fixed for Thursday, April 6, when we will offer about 3500 bales, including some well-known scoured clips. The Pastoral Finance Association, Ltd., report:-We shall offer a cata logue of about 3500 bales on Wednes day next, including several of the early-shorn clips from the North West, and about 400 bales of the Memagong clip, from the :Young dis trict. ,, The New Zealand Loan and Mer cantile Agency Co., Ltd., report as follows:-The position of the Syd ney wool market remains substan tially sound, but the amount of busi ness passing during the past week has been small. Catalogues at next week's auction sales are u...
FLOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
FLOUR. Since the recent rush in Hour or ders, bakers have been holding their hand, and the market has become a quiet one. The fact of the matter was they only operated then because they fancied that a delay meant that flour values were going up. Having placed their Hour, millers did official ly raise their prices, but practically 110 new business has been effected at tue higher rates, and their position, with wheat again easier, is not quite satisfactory, as the baker is always only too ready to find some excuse to turn down his bookings on the smallest provocation, if he finds the market is going against him. Not withstanding the Millers' Association, the baker seems to have the thick end of the wedge. With regard to exporting, the reports are that this class of business is dull, but there has been a fair amount doing. Let anyone take a-walk to Circular Quay, and see the sheds of the eastern-bound steamers. They appear to be full, while the chief feature of the land scape seems to ...
SOME COOKING HINTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
SOME COOKING HINTS. Very few women know how to make a good stew. It seetns a' simple dish to cook, and if properly made it is extremely tasty, one you rarely find the man of the house' look with a kindly eye when there is stew. The reason is that he probably " has been there before," and he realises that the mess in front of him will consist of thick, tough lumps of beef or mutton which he has seen on the table on tne previous day in the form of a roast joint, set uninvitingly in a gravy made of flour and water, tast ing of the flour and seasoned with pepper. Perhaps some pieces of hard tasteless carrot will be floating in the stew, looking out of place and un wanted, also a slice or two of onion. Then he loses his temper, and his wife thinks him hard to cater for. She has probably gone to some trouble in making that stew, and this is her reward ! Well, there were probably three reasons for that stew's being a failure. The first reason was-the stew was cooked too fast. "Stew boiled ...
Hospital Tax. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Hospital Tax. The Hon. Fergus Flowers (Acting Chief Secretary), in speaking on the subject of grants-in-aid to public hospitals by the Government, and yet having no right of inspection, said, This is an anomalous state of things, and should be abolished. The Go vernment ought to have the right to send inspectors into all hospitals. That is necessary in the public in terest. Mr. Flowers is also of opi nion that there should be a radical change in the system of the finan cial administration of public hospi tals. "It is generally admitted," he said yesterday, "that the present system is not satisfactory. It is out of keeping with our present-day me thods. Any idea that they are to be regarded as charitable institu tions is altogether erroneous. ITos jjitals are a necessity of civilisa tion, and the Government should see to their upkeep and control. Hospi tals should be as free as the Art Gallery or Public Library, or any other necessary and beneficial pub lic institution, and there sho...
TUNICS FOR THE MANY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
TUNICS FOR THE MANY. A toque, a tunic, and a totter, ?will sum up the fashionable women from her head to her feet. Tunics are being simply hurled at us by eagerly competing drapers. We shall all be clad in them, like so many school children in pinafores. Ready-to-wear tunics are too much of a convenience to be despised, and made of ninon they slip on over a last season's gown with much ease and gracef ulness. Said gown must be made narrower, and the train ruthlessly thrown off. These tunics, beaded or plain, must be in one of the new colours ; blue, a very valiant blue is the new " Coronation" tone used so persis tently with black; then there is an other red of a deep rich tint, KOK iiara red it is called, which with mole and about half a dozen different grays are all to be considered when smart colourings are in question.
Free Baths. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Free Baths. we read or a Mayor who recently promised with the concurrence of the council, that all school children in the district should have the privilege of one afternoon a week in one or other of the baths of the muincipality if in charge of a teacher. It does not seem to be generally known that ordinance 6^, clause 32 makes provision that children attending public schools in a shire or municipality, whilst in charge of a teacher, who must be a capable swimmer, shall be admitted free at such times and on such days as the council may appoint, to any bath or bathing enclosure under the care and control of the council.
SICK NURSING. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
SICK NURSING. It is not as widely known, perhaps, as it should be that linoleum and maccing are much beloved, by doctors and nurses for bedroom use. You seldom see the doctor smile com placently on entering a sick room which boasts an elaboartely designed and thickly piled carpet. Often when dealing with an infectious case he orders up the carpet, leaving only the bare floor. A nurse will tell you that the ideal floor covering for a bedroom is linoleum with a few matting strips for the bedside and the front of the dressing table. The flour can then be washed over every day. The duties of sick nursing often pall on a " country wife," in places where trained nurses are few and far be tween, and one of the first and most important essentials to success is that the amateur nurse should " dress the part.'5 If the case is infectious, all the precautions taken are more necessary than in the other case, but in all sick nursing you will find it an immense help, oh amateur or volunteer nurse,...
Garbage Removal. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Garbage Removal. . A letter .was read at Ballina Coun cil from the public school teacher, stating that as the school ground was more than one acre in extent, id Siiould be exempt from the garbage removal system ; also stating that all garbage matter was regularly col lected and destroyed on the premises. A letter was also read from another resident stating that as he held more than an acre in area he proposed to dispose of his own garbage. The collection and disposal of gar bage when undertaken by a council should be done thoroughly and elfi ciently, as far as possible, and the ordinance 51, 9, provides that the council may, in the case of a person occupying at least one acre of land, grant permission to such person to either burn or bury house refuse or garbage thereon. If this plan was adopted, subject, of course, to uhe satisfaction of the sanitary inspector, a lot of trouble ana expense might be saved the council. Even in the case of properties less than one acre in area, much t...
Effluent from Dredges. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Effluent from Dredges. The engineer of the Macintyre Council suggested that some united shires' action be taken to have the Mining Act amended, whereby the elfluent from the dredges, &c., should be cleared of sedimentary deposit be fore reaching any watercourse. The council decided to send it on to next Conference for consideration.
Erosion of River Banks. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Erosion of River Banks. Tintfenbar "Shire Council applied at the latter end of last year to tlie Minister for Works for a grant of £500 for the protection of certain roads along the river banks. A re ply was read at tli,e council meeting stating that a grant of 4000 tons of stone at 2s. 6d. per ton, equal to £500, was made in April last, but as apparently 1554 tons only had been supplied, the balance was still avail able for use by the council. The let ter concluded as lollows :-"There is no warranting for a further grant, especialy in view of the large Gov ernment endowment of 45s. in the £ on the shire's rate receipts from lV-jd. levy. The council resolved to make use of the remainder of the stone.