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Farm and Garden ORIGINAL ARTICLES. CHEESEMAKING SIMPLIFIED. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 8 August 1902
Farm and Garden ORIGINAL ARTICLES. CHEESEMAKING SIMPLIFIED. i V-Jfc?frOFESSQR Babcock and 'others jlCj? have made krown thersBultB of AJS? some years' investigations con cerning the preparation and curing of cheese. They .found that normal Jmilk contains a digesting fluid similar to that secreted by 'the pancreas They yiamed it galactase. The question I then £arcsa— To what possible use can gaiactase oe put? Scientists have fcr years claimed that green cheese was rendered edible throueh the inflaence of bacteria, which were said to ripen it. After much study Babcock and others concluded thst the bacterial theory was not tenable; that ripening web brought about by galactase instead. They found taat when milk was made up into cheese the galectase went with the cord, and was thus a part of the cheese. They further found that galactase would act at low temperatures, although not so rapidly. That led them to experiments in which cheese made in the usual manner was placed in cold storage ...
Sketcher. COURT LIFE IN GERMANY. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 8 August 1902
Skefcher. COURT LIFE IN GERMANY. ¥JTKHE real home life of the German jKI'In Imperial Family-is arranged on a very simple scale, albeit no Court in Europe has a more formal etiquette, with a greater brilliancy of surroundings, than has that of the empire of which William II. iB the Sovereign. The principal palaces are at Berlin and Potsdam, although there are others in different parts of Germany, to which occasional visits are made. For the Berlin season the family are, of course, at the old Schloss, which stands at one end of the Unter den Linden, the chief street of the city ; but by far tne greater portion of the year is spent at PotBdom, the beautiful suburb approached through the shady avenues of the magni ficent and extensive Thiergarten. Potsdam is a town of palaceB, the mere enumeration of which presents quite an imposing array. Out of all these tnrn your attention to the regally grand New Palace, for there the Emperor, EmpresB, end some of their children may be found. And, b...
SCREENS FOR PROTECTING GARDEN CROPS. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 8 August 1902
SCREENS FOR PROTECMNG GARDEN CROPS. Cloth is sometimes used as a substitute for glass over cold frames, but the material is heavier than cheesecloth. Tbe cold frame is built in tbe usual manner, six feet wide, and of any 1- ngth desired, with braces across the top every three feet to hold the frame in shape and, at the same time, to support the covering. Two strips of muslin, forty two inches wide, are sewed together 60 as to form one strip, Beven feet wide, and as long as the cold frame, even though that may be sixty feet or more. One edge of this strip is tacked along the upper side of t e cold frame, and the other edge iB tacked to a series of strips of wood sufficiently heavy to hold tbe cloth in place when allowed to bang ovir the front edge of the frame. On warm days cr suitable -weather the cloth is rolled up on the wooden Btripa, so as to eive the nlants nlentv of liehi and air, but during tbe night and on cold days tbe bed is kept covered by tbe cloth Cloth is also used as ...
CONSERVATION OF WATER. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 8 August 1902
CONSERVATION OF WATER. The necessity of conserving water is becoming very apparent as time pro gresses, we therefore report the enter prising experiences of some farmers having that object' in view. A well was made, the first six feet ot which ' was about five feet in diameter, and walled up with stone; the stones were 'laid in cement mortar, all solid to the earth behind the wall, making a net diameter of about three feet. The exoavation was continued that siz'i — three feet in diameter— about six feet further, when the earthen wall was given a coating of cem»»t, making an even connection with th* stone wall. Excavatin ? and cementing about four feet at a time was.continund on to water ; at a depth of about twenty feet; clear sand was reachcd. The excavator then ob jected to proceeding further, fearing danger from caving walls ; be was finally induced to ex-javate two feet further, and whitewash this epac =- with water lime, which proved just the thing to prevent any danger from ca...
LEMON MARMALADE. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
LEMON MABMALADE. Take half-a-dozen lerge lemons, and slice them very thin, reserving the seeds in a separate basin. To every pound of thinly-sliced fruit add three pints of cold water, and let it stand for twenty-four hours. Place the pips in a piece of mus lin, and boil with the pulp till all it well flavoured; then remove the seeds and continue cooking the fruit till it is quite clear and tender. Pour all into a china howl, and stand aBide till next day. Then weigh it, and to every pound of fruit allow one and a half pounds of lump sugar. Boil all together till the syrup jellies and the chips are slightly transparent.
Naturalist TRUE STORY OF A CLEVER DOG. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
Naturalist TBUE STOET OF A CLEVER DOG. egPj CURIOUS story of animal ©Mia) sagacity is told. A man once aWg had a dog which used to run on the legs of one side — a sort of one-sided shambler. The animal would start in the usual way, and when he had acquired a suffi cient momentum, tuck up jthe legs of one Bide, and, leaning over toward the other side, scamper along on two legs until tired. He would then acquire fresh impetus, and give the other legs a turn of this exhilarating exercise. The correspondent writeB from Cyprus. And this recalls the etory of the grey hound whose master wag an expert bi cyclist, and was accustomed to run down hill with his legs tucked up on the machine. The greyhound, a epeedy and highly' intelligent, always seemed to take ex treme pleasure in this feat, and one day, to hiB master's astonishment, suddenly drew all his Jegj under him, and' shot paBt the bicycle at an elevation of some ' five feet from the ground. Three times only, in the course of a long de...
CURRIED PRAWNS. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
CURRIED' PEAWNS. For this tasty dish the tinned fish is suitable if fresh prawns are not obtain able. First fry a sliced onion, an apple, and a few well-chopped raisins in a little butter till nicely browned. Stir in a small teaspoonful of curry powder and a tablespoonful of pea-flour, add half a pint of stock. Stir till - all boils, then pass through a sieve. Just rinse the prawns in hot water and wipe them dry, add to the cuiry, and Btew gently for ten min utes. Serve in a border of boiled rice.
GOLDEN CAKE. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
GOLDEN CAKE. Well beati one egg, then mi with it a teacupful of fresh milk, and having blended these, add a tablespoonful of orange marmalade. Mix together six ounces of sifted pastry flour, six ounces of castor sugar, half a toaspoonful 'of cream of tartar, and half a teaspoonful of camonate ot soda, Jiaving tnorougmy blended the dry ingredients, put them into a basin. Make a well in tne centre, and pour in the liquid mixture. Stir, aud beat them well together. Four into a well greased soup plate, smooth over tho top with a knife dipped in milk, and bake in t- moderate oven. Turn ont when baked, and sprinkle with caBtor sugar before serving.
A MATTER FOR THE SCHOOL OF ARTS COMMITTEE. (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
A 1IATTEH FOR THE SCHOOL OF ARTS' O .51 MITT] E, (To the Editor.') Sir. — The holding of the social in aict of the funds of the School of Arts and the success wh,'ch attendel same is un doubtedly a mtfter for congratulation r i h the comu ittee, aud I 'wish them every success in the projcct they have undertaken. At the same time J would like to point out' that there is something ntlipr limit p. rAAdin o* rnntv. MmnVnJ the hall, that is, looking at it from all outsider's standpoint, viz., a water supply Until last week I was not aware that water for clean ii ig purposes was not available, and that the committee had allowed themselves to he beholden to charity for- any they might require, but this was forcibly brought home to me a few days ago. I desired to hire the ball, And after doing so found neees s try to hunt up the caretaker ana request her to clean the hall for me. This she ?1 're pared to do, but 1 iter came to me with tin information that she was unable to procure water, th...
KIDNEYS WITH CELERY. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
KIDNETS WITH CELEBT. Take the hearts of two good heads of celery, cut into quarters, and cook in some good brown stock until quite tender. Prepare some kidneys by removing the core and skin, cut them into thin slioes, coocin nannar -nJ «W IB butter for five minutes. Add two gilli of good gravy, which should be thickened with a little cornflour; let the kidneys simmer gently for half-an-hour. Toast a a piece of bread, remove all crust, and pile the kidneys on this pamish with celery, pour the sauce (which should be somowhat thick) over the kidneys, sprinkle with a little chopped parsley, and serve at once.
THE RAILWAY LEAGUE. (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
THE RAILWAY LEAGUE. ' (To the Editor, '1 Sin, — I note in your issue of the 8th inst a contribution from an Occasional Cor ^'6 (pendent relainj to railway matters, in re wh'ch I crave sp.ico in vour valuable journal to o'Te.- a few remarks. On the whole, I must agree with your correspon dent, but he iusiuuatos that our Railway League is lacking energy, au accusation I deny, although from an outsiders view it appears as suoh. Our League, from the tir.-ft, has been saddled with difficul ties in the shape of changes of Ministry, Com-iiM wealth Eloo!i.iu-=, and last, biit not least, we \ve:e i.ivourei witu a sur* veyor who by the way lie went to busi ness wis iu no hurry to complete the survey. Fortunately now, ho v'ever. we are favoured with a s urveyor of unlimited oxpBi-ier.c) who will soon have the survey carried tlirou -h. It is now almost two years sine thfe Hen. The Minister for Work i vi.- lied o ir distrio: nnl after tra versing the whole of the district border ing 011 tho prop...
VEAL KIDNEY WITH FINE HERBS [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
VEAL KIDNET WITH FINE HEBBS First Bkm and cut the kidneys into slices about half an inch thick. Melt a little butter in a saucepan, and when it is hot put in the pieces of kidney. Shake them over the fire for a conple of minutes, and add a good teaspoonful of nicely minced parsley, a little thyme, and lemon peel. Stir in a teacapful of delioatsly seasoned Btock, simmer for ten minutes, and serve very hot on pieces of hot but tered toast. Garnish each piece of toast with chopped and fried muBhrooms.
Our Open Column P., A., and H. ASSOCIATION MEETING. (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
Our Open Column P., and H. ASSOCIATION MEET ING, (To the Editor.) Sm, — In your report of tho meeting of the 1'., A., 1 and H. Association held 013 Saturday tho 2nd iiist., published in tho 'Canowindra Star,' of August tho Bill ing reported as follows, — 'Tho Presi dent then declared iill offices vacant. 11 0 thanked the members for the courtesy they hid on all occasions extended to him, otc. Ha had dono his best, for tho Association as its President, and would bo happy 'to do the samo iu another ca pacity. Mi-. Finn did not say ho was willing to accept that position this year, hut he thought it probable, etc., etc. Now Mr. Editor, I must take exception to this report, as, in the first place, it would almost read that I had de .lined the position of piesidout. for tha ciming year, and that I had said I would do my ba*t, in another capacity : but, what I take most, exception to is the n f ranee to Mr. F 1111. I nev r 11 ided to M . Film, iu any way, as beiiipr offered or declining th...
Housekeeper. BROWN FRICASSE OF RABBIT. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
Housekeeper. BBOWN FBICASSE OF BABBIT. 5TAS1ASH. dry and cnt into small 'ayvK pieces one or two rabbits, flour InrMj each piece and season with pepper and Bait ; put a quarter of a pound of butter into a stewpan, and when it boils lay in some pieces of the rabbit, let them brown well, then fry more pieces; take them out and fry a sliced onion and shallot and four mush rooms. Stir in a large tablespoonful of flour, and let all brows well; and a pint of stock, two teaspoonfuls of vinegar, two tablespoonfuls of sherry ; let all boil to gether for 10 minutes,' lay the labbit in it and let it stew gently till quite tender ; very young rabbits will be done in about an hour; dish the rabbits, strain the gravy over, and garniBh with aroutonB of bread and button onions which have been scalded, dried, and fried brown in butter.
The Shearing Trouble. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
Tha Shearing Trouble The council of the A. Y\r.U', have issued a manifesto to the members in connec tion with thep -esent shear i 11 fr dffr,culty. The recent conference is described as a farce, so far as the Pastoralist-s' Union is concerned, utI tlieir refusal to concede the rtdva; c is accepted ns a declaration of war. The following summary of the policy of the A.W.1T. is given in the manifesto : — Rates for shears, 22s 6d per 100; shed hands, 30s with rations, and 45s without ; boys under 16 years, not less than 20s with board, or 35s without ; cooks, not less than £2 per week : doable rates for rams and mm stags ; stud sheep rates to lie mutually arranged, but they shall not be less than over 5s per hund red over the rates fixed for ordinary shearing ; dagging to be at the expense \ of the shearer, and completed before j shearing. The 1902 A.W.U,, conference agreement is to be used by members, or a verbal agreement providing for similar rules arid conditions. No she-irer is al ...
Our Open Column THE KURRAJONG TANK. (To the Editor.) [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
Our Open Column THE KURRAJONG TANK. (To the Editor.') Sin,— A few months ago a petition was drawn up and largely signed in this lo cality by residents and others interested aud forwarded to the Minister for Works praying that a pump aud troughs' be ?erected at tlie above-mentioned tank. but--. I have not heard anything of the matteij since, so I suppose it died a natural death, probabiy through the people en trusted with it not takingjuore interest it, the matter, it appearing as through ®iey woro satisfied to travel in -the same old rut, and continue to bail water for themselves and stock, with a bucket. Some of those interested state it as their opinion that should tlie Government erect a pump and place a trough at the tank free water would not be available as a ? caretaker would have to be paid ; others assort tliat if pumping appliances^ etc., - an erected, the Government will send up a .competent man to work them and di?. penso with the present caretaker's servi- ._ ces altoget...
An Encounter With a Bullock. [Newspaper Article] — Canowindra Star and Woodstock Recorder — 15 August 1902
An Encounter with a Bullock. On Sunday afternoon last considerable excitement was caused in town l\y a bul lock 011 tho rampage, several persons having somewhat, narrow escapes fio n serious in fury. The bullock in question was one oi Mr. T. L. Kirklands which 1 he had procured lor oeel mill naa oeen in his yard during Saturday. On Sun day moniing however it got away, nul after haying been found, tin attempt was made to drive it back. Then the fuu com menced. Tho animal stood at bay, shift ing only when it made a churge at those attempting to 'drive it. Mr. IGirkland had several narrow escapes, but manage 1 to avo'd being caught. After a gioat deal of trouble the bullock decided to mako towards the town where it arrived despito every effo:t made to drive it into an enclosure. It civno with a rush down the main street with Mr. ICirklaud in hot pursuit attempting to wheel it but, with out success. When it arrived near the Junction Hotel, Mr. J. Kerr decided to take a hand, and got in ...