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Ditching . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Ditching . Editor of the Farmer : —I have been one of your patrons for many years , anil probably shall continue to be so , as long as I have any use for papers . I recollect , two years ago , you remonstrated against farmers of Central Illinois making the raising of wheat their main crop of dependence . You said that the history of the wheat crops in Central Illinois showed that it was not a crop to be relied on , and that ( I recollect the expression ) that if a man had a farm given to him , with five thousand dollars in cash , and was to make the raising of wheat his sole reliance , he would be broken up in fifteen years . We lost two crops before this year , and now we have not half a crop . It seems to me that these failures ought to open our eyes to the necessity of abandoning the raising of wheat as a staple crop , or to some new mode of cultivating wheat . — What is the fact ? Wheat has been raised in Sangamon County for thirtyfive years , and at this time our farmers do not...
Duelling . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Duelling . Mr . Editor : —I have tried a little mole ditching on my farm . It works to a charm . I tried it on a piece of land which was wet and cold and swampy , and it is now in fine order as any land any where . I don t pretend to understand the philosophy of this thing ; but I know it works like a charm upon the land . And this cold land , now the best on my farm hy means of the mole ditching , furnishes me with an ample supply of stock water . I want you should wri ; e about this plan of ditching and talk about it , and when you come into my neighborhood , come and see me and I will show you the good effects of ditching . I am beginning to lose some of my old fogy notions , and you will , too , if you have any , when you see land where tho mole plow has been made to work . JIMTOWN , Juno 17 . E .
The Chess Question . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
The Chess Question . Mr . Editor : —Some of my brother farmers complain of their wheat turning to chess . On a part of my wheat field I sowed last fall wheat , in which there was no chess , and there I have no chess . In another part of the field , I sowed wheat which I was not particular to clean , and there I have chess . I shall be particular to clean my wheat hereafter . W .
The Floral Exhibition at Decatur . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
The Floral Exhibition at Decatur . Editor of the Farmer : —I was glad to see you at our first Floral Exhibition in this city . I will venture to say , that for a first effort , it was a very successful one . We were willing to copy from our sister city of Springfield , and to get up on our own account a duplicate of what we deem one of her most interesting institutions . It was the work of a few of our citizens , only contemplated a few days , but they went into the work with a will that accomplished all that you saw . I take the fact to he that the love of flowers is born with us . How eagerly will the little girl , even before she can lisp a word , snatch the flower from the hand of her sister or mother , and how her eyes will sparkle at the sight ! As we grow older , and , I may say , as our hearts become filled with other and grosser objects , we may , in a degree ; forget the beauty of flowers , and cease to lovo them , —but that is hardly probable . We had at our exhibition ma...
Sowing Timothy with Buckwheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Sowing Timothy with Buckwheat . Editor of the Farmer : —Will it not answer agoodpurpose to sow timothy with Buckwheat ? I have a field I wish to put in grass , and I have thought that I might make a crop of Buckwheat and of timothy at the same time . I reason thus . If I sow timothy with Buckwheat when the soil is moist enough to make the seed of both germinate , the Buckwheat will soon be up high enough to protect the timothy . My fear is , that the Buckwheat , which has a very fast growth , will injure the timoth y b y too dense a shade . If any one of your readers has experience on this point , I would be glad to hear from him through the pages of the FARMER . AN ENQUIRER .
Strawberries . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Strawberries . Mr . Editor : —There are now a great many varieties of Strawberries cultivated , and there is an increasing desire among the people to secure supplies of this luxurious fruit . A little experience has shown that the plant can be easily cultivated , so as to produce-large crops . It seems to me to be an important question now in regard to the best varieties . What we want , is a large , handsome , prolific Strawberry , that is sweet enough to eat with little or no sugar . Many of the varieties are so acid , that to make them palatable , you must use enormous quantities of sugar . Wilson s Albany is - a very large , prolific Strawberry , hard , and consequently good to send to market , but it is very sour . So of other large Strawberries . If some amateur would give a list now of three varieties of sweet Strawberries for home consumption , and of as many for market purposes , he would greatly oblige the writer . M .
A Time to Make an Impression . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
A Time to Make an Impression . Editor of the Farmer : —I do not know of a better time than the present to make an impression on the public mind of the value and importance of land draining . Go into the country now—look at the wheat land . What has killed the wheat on this section of your field —three-fourths of it drowned out and the rest too yellow to hope for any good from it ? Water , water—it has been overflowed , and soaked in water for months . Wheat can never be made under such circumstances , and , in this country , on our flat lands and where we are subject to heavy rains as we are here , — we never can sow our wheat with any reasonable certainty of a crop , unless our lands are drained by surface or blind ditches . This thing is true—every sensible man knows it is true , and with the fact on his memory that he has lost two crops of wheat on the same kind of land , we will venture to say that some persons will repeat the plowing and sowing on the same land , without ditchi...
Undent raining , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Undent raining , Editor of the Farmer : —I beg leave to offer you a few thoughts on the subject suggested by the line at the head of this article , which I have had considerableexperience in . Underdraining will be considered the sheet anchor to western agriculture . Our lands are rich enough , but in a country where it is said that sixteen inches of water can fall in a single month , and not half try , we need special appliances for getting rid of the surplus . This excessive wet lies at the bottom of the almost total failure of crops every two or three years , which is sure to befall the country . If our lands are drained , and farmers prepared for wet weather , these things would not be so . Here we have the mole ditchers which is applicable to drain our lands in the most thorough manner desired , which presses a hole three feet under ground , the size of which is five by six . inches , intersecting numerous little springs and water seeps , so that no ditch whatever , should be m...
A Gtiod Prospect for Wheat [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
A Gtiod Prospect for Wheat Editor of the Farmer : —A few days ago I visited the neighborhood of the farm of Mr . Neil M . Taggart , about four miles south-east of Springfield . I observed that every crop on his farm prom ised well ; and I did not discover that it possessed any natural advantages over the farms ol his neig hbors , either as a rolling farm , or one more easily drained than theirs . Mr . M . Taggart is a Scotchman , brought up a fanner ia Scotland , and understands the advantages of draining , and of doing work when it ought to be done . He has been on bis farm here some five years , and has made it pay all the time . He does all bis work thoroughly—plows his land deep ; tills it well and does not suffer his work to drive him when he can possibly help it , but drives his work . By thorough and deep plowing , he has made good crops of corn and wheat , when his neighbors have partially failed in making crops . 11 He has capital fields of wheat this season . His land bein...
The United States Fair—Its Interference with the Stale Soe ' my . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
The United States Fair—Its Interference with the Stale Soe my . We have already announced that the United States Agricultural Society has determined to hold its next annual fair at Chicago . This , of course , cannot be done without a very manifest interference with the Illinois State Society , whose next fair is to be held at Freeport . Wo doubt not the press and the people of this State generally will disapprove of the unfair course which tho former society is pursuing . It looks like intrusion for it to have selected Chicago for its show grounds , when our own State Society had previously located its fair at another point so near . — We believe that no fair can be held at Chicago prior or subsequent to the 3 ? reeport fair , that will not materially affect the interests and diminish the resources of the State Society—at a time , too , when the most burthensome interests are shouldered by our Society , and which it is struggling to promote , and has had the enterprise to assume to...
Premiums for Farms , Farm Crops , Etc . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Premiums for Farms , Farm Crops , Etc . ILLINOIS STATE AOHICOWUBAL Socirrr , &gt; Office Cor . Sec , Springfield , Juue 7 , 1858 . f To THE FARMERS 01 ? ILLINOIS .- —The present season promises to be a favorable one . Farms , nurseries , &amp; c , can be put in good order for exhibition , and large crops arc likely to be made . The officers of the State Agricultural Society i desire that there shall be many competitors for the premiums offered for the best farms , nurseries , groves and field crops . Hence , the re-publication of the following premiums offered , from their premium list , is made , and to which they respectfully invite your attention : ¦ FIELD CROPS . Best ten pounds of Sugar ma-Je from Chinese or African Sugar Cane Gold Medal . Second best « $ 15 Third best ........ _ 10 Beat gallon of sjtnp made from Chinese or African Sugar Gme „ „ 15 Second best ¦ „ ,........ 10 Third beat .... „ . . . . ... 5 [ Ten pounds of sugar and one gull on of syrup muft bo...
A Great Battle—Provisions low . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
A Great Battle—Provisions low . % c piwoijs $ am . SPRISOHI 5 LD , JUH 1 , 1850 . Our people have been calculating on high prices for produce on account of the present war in Europe . The same arrival which brought us the information of a sanguinary battle in Italy between the Austrian army and the Allied army of French and Sardinians , in which the former lost 26 , 000 men , and the latter 12 , 000 , —also brought information that provisions were low and markets dull in Europe . Our farmers should recollect that a war in Europe , —a local war , as that which now exists is , stimulates tho agriculturists of the country to produce large crops . Latterly , crops have been fine in Europe . Europe needs little food from us ; and while this fact is presented , she is sending into our country immense cargoes of goods , for which we pay her gold . She does not want our produce to feed her soldiers or her manufacturers ; her farmers raise enough food for this purpose ; but she Wants and wil...
noititnllural Exhibition in Southern Illinois . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
noititnllural Exhibition in Southern Illinois . The Pomological and Horticultural Society of Southern Illinois held their first exhibion at Jonesboro , on the 31 st of May and the 1 st of June . It was a very creditable exhibition . The City Hall was provided with tables , which were well covered with fruits and flowers , cereals , &amp; c , the products of the season . The strawberries were the great feature of the exhibition . Dr . J . A . Warder exhibited 33 varieties—not for competition . We saw there specimens of wheat and rye seven and a half feet high . Mr . Benj . Vancil , of South Pass , contributed specimens of seed cane ; native molasses , native flowers , &amp; c , &amp; c , and exhibited a great variety of garden and horticultural tools . Mr . J . A . Carpenter , of South Pass , an agricultural library , gardening tools , microscope , etc . Newhall &amp; Clark , South Pass , nine varieties of strawberries , and a handsome lot of cucumbers...
FARMER ' S CONGRESS AT MENDOTA . — [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
FARMER S CONGRESS AT MENDOTA . — The North-Wostern Prairie Farmer of June 11 , contains the proceedings of a meeting of farmers at Mendota . The names of sixty-two persons are given as delegates—most of them from Leo and nei ghboring counties . The main objects of the meeting seemed to be to get up an organization among producers so as to control the prices of produce , as well as to reduce the prices of goods to be . purchased by them of merchants ; and to collect and publish statistics of the condition of crops , —so as to prevent produce operators from speculating upon the same to the injury of producers . — Several years ago an organization was gotten up in this city for similar purpoposes ; but it lasted only for a short period . The meeting voted to hold a Convention in Freeport during the State Fair . WHITE ASH AHD SOFT MAPLE . —The seeds of these valuable timber trees are now ripe . They can be gathered as soon as ripe , and sown in seed beds , where they will come up in a f...
Premiums for Mowers anil Reapers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Premiums for Mowers anil Reapers . 1 LLIXOI 3 frTATK AGHITLTURtL SOCIETY , 1 Sliriiigfl . ld , June 11 , 1 ^ 5 J . J The Illinois State Agricultural Society solicit the exhibition for competition and premium at tho State Fair , to be held at Freeport on the 5 th , 6 th , 7 th , 8 th and 9 th days of September next , reapers and mowers , manufactured in this State or elsewhere . The society offers for the best reaper , taking into consideration its cost , its lasting qualities , and the economy with which it can bo worked , the society s large gold modal ; 2 nd best , silyer medal . The society also offers for the best mower , taking into consideration its cost ; its lasting qualities , and the economy with which it may be worked , the society s large gold medal ; 2 d best , silver medal . Tbe Awarding Committee in Class F . No . 28 , ( sec premium list for 1859 , ) will be the Awarding Committee upon Reapers and Mowers , viz : Isaac Evans , Galena ; Andrew Devinny , Hampton ; Stephe...
Twenty-Five Dollars Premium . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Twenty-Five Dollars Premium . The proprietors of the Prairie Farmer offer the above premium to the boy under 16 years of age who shall raise the largest number of bushels of Rutabagas or Flat-Turnips on one acre of ground the present season ; the cultivation to be entirely by himself ; the quantity of ground and amount of crop to be testified to by three responsible individuals . The amount of seed , time of sowing mode of cultivating , and time of harvesting to bo furnished by the competitor . All reports to be sent in by the 1 st of December , when the award and names of competitors will be announced . — Those who intend to compete will please give notice of such intention at once .
Literary Notiec . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Literary Notiec . THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN . — The publishers of this widely circulated and popular illustrated weekly journal of mechanics and science , announce that it will be enlarged on the first of July , and otherwise greatly improved , containing sixteen pages instead of ei ght , the present size , which will make it the largest and cheapest scientific journal in the world ; it is the only journal of its class that has ever succeeded in this country , and maintains a character for authority in all matters of mechanics , science and the arts , which is not excelled by any other journal published in this country or in Europe . Although tho publishers will incur an increased expense of § 8 , 000 a year by this enlargement , they have determined not to raise the price of subscription , relying upon their friends to indemnify them in this increased expenditure , by a corresponding increase of subscribers . Terms § 2 a year , or 10 copies for § 15 . Specimen copies of tho paper wit...
A New Enemy . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
A New Enemy . The first planting in many cornfields in this county , and in the counties near as has been destroyed by rats , which are so numerous that they can hardl y be estimated . Thousands have been killed in a single cornfield . Dr . C . B . Ostrander , of Livingston county , soaked corn in water impregnated with arsenic , and scattered it over his corn lands . He gathered up two wagon loads of his dead enemy , and believed he could collect as many more . Where do these rats come from ?—From information , we are rather of the opinion that they have now left , to a good , degree , the cornfields ; and-that the second planting will not be disturbed by them .
Strawberry Beds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
Strawberry Beds . • Rural , in the tho Chicago Press and Tribune says : Now and all of this month is a good time to set out new beds of this delicacy . Tho ground should be rich , finely pulverized , ( use no manure ;) and plants set before or after a shower , or in the evening , and in that case watered . Rows four feet apart and one foot in the row , where a cultivator can be used most of the season m their culture ; next year they will produce a fair crop . Out of over forty sorts that we have tried for family use , we still adhere to Early Scarlet , Hudson , and McAvoy s Superior . The first is of medium size , very early , a good bearer , and of great value to the Hudson as a fertilizer , near which it should be planted . The Hudson is very valuable for preserving , as it is very firm , and also two weeks later . McAvoy is very large and soft , of mild , agreeable flavor , will not bear much handling and consequently unfit for market . The editor has these varieties of strawber...
The Time to Cnt Timber . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1859
The Time to Cnt Timber . The experience of the writer of the following article can be made worth million ? of dollars to the country . We copy from the Madison Wcclclv Record . Charles Howard is one of the most estimable citizens of our State . MR . EDITOR . —I am an old man and an inhabitant , for the last thirty years , of your county , and for the benefit of my follow beings I propose , from time to time , as opportunities nermit to give you a few lines detailing some of my experiences in my journey of life . As I intend to say nothing of which I shall he ashamed or afraid , or which will be offensive to any person , I shall append my real name to my communications , in order that my readers may be the better enabled to place a proper estimate upon what I shall write . I noticed in your issue , of May 14 th some remarks relative to the time for cutting fence timber . Now on this subject l shall state a few facts which , if properly appreciated , will save millions of dollars to t...