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The F.S.A. Planks. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
The F.S.A. Planks. I. Railway Extension, including the opening- of new ports, ex tension and duplication of railways, improvement in tran sit facilities generally; the linking up of existing systems and connecting of border lines. 3. Land Settlement to be para mount over revenue: (a) Resumption of improve ment leases, scrub leases, and xSth section leases suitable for residential Settlement. (b) Resumption of large es tates for purposes of closer settlement. (c) Provision for Work men's Blocks. 3. Freehold tenure- as opposed to nationalisation of land. 4. The choice of tenure to anoli cants under Crown Lands Act. 5. Permanent right-of re-appraise ment on application of all land held under residential settle ment condition?. 6. Limitation of Transfer to pre vent the accumulation of large estates. 7. Administration of the depart ment of Lands by Commis sioners. 8. Lay members of local land boards to be elected. p. Bulk handling of grain. 10. Water conservation and irriga tion. 11. The...
THE WEATHER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
THE WEATHER. The North Coast and the Manning River districts have had the principal share of the rain this week,.Tweed Heads recording 428 points, making 28% inches since January 1; Camden Haven had 272, and Man ning Heads 203 points. The intervening districts had falls ranging lip. to nearly two inches. The Western district stations report no rain, except at Collaronebri (87), Mogil (78), and a few drops at Brewarrina. In the north-western plains, Mungundi had 103, and Morec GO points; but thp Central Western, Central Western slopes, and South Western slopes had only 11 points as a total for all stations, while Riverina had absolutely no rain at all. On the Morth-Western slopes, Gunnedah (82), Inverell (80), Warialda (G3), and Bundarra (05), shared all there was among them, except 3 points at Tamworth. The Northern tablelands re ported rain at all stations, from 0 points at Walcha, to 155 at Tabulam; but in the Central and Southern tablelands, there was little worth mention ing-Ivi...
Orchard Notes. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Orchard Notes. Fruit supplies in Victoria have so far outrun demand, particularly in the case of apples and pears. Prices have run so low that it has not, in a number of cases paid the grower to market them, and so they are letting them fall to the ground, and turn: ing it in. Such a state of affairs is far from satisfactory, and Mr. W. Bagley, WHO has come to Victoria in connection with the McKenzie-Mead delegation scheme, who has for a great number of years been connec ted with the Covent Garden Market, London, stated the other day that under a proper system of export, he was convinced that there was a won derful future for Australian fruit, and fortunes in it for the growers. The Williams pears, lie pointed out, were magnificent, and London retail shops in the season would pay Od each for some of these pears, while at race meetings, etc., they would realise higher prices still. The whole question hinges, however, on freight space, rates, and also as to their carrying characterist...
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. " J. H.," Arncliffe, writes :-Many of my chickens have black specks on the comb and face. These spots grow larger, the chicks get very sick, lose their sight, and eventually die. Can you tell me the cause of this ? They get the best food, have good, clean, roomy runs, and T cannot un derstand it." Can, I relieve them in any way ? The trouble is warts, partly caused by the mosquitoes, which have been very busy this year. Use one of the ointments advertised in this paper. If taken in time a few applications will remove the trouble ; but, in the most severe cases, the ointment will cure if persevered with. Give only soft food, and add a little Epsom salts to th^ drinking water.
Poultry [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
, In opening this poultry column we invite all who are interested in poultry to use it to gain any in formation they may require in con nection with eitner fancy or utility poultry. All questions asked will be answered through the medium of this column ; interesting items of news will appear ; seasonable treatment, popular breeds, correct feeding, and general management will be fully dis cussed, and altogether we feel sure the column will be one of interest, alike to the old hand as to the be ginner. To the latter Ave trust it will be useful in enabling him to avoid, at least, some of the pitfalls that surround the path of the novice; and as the former is "never too old to learn," there may be something we write which will prove to him the truth of the old saw, " The older we grow the wiser we grow," which is especially true in poultry keeping. In conclusion, we may say that every thing points to a big revival in the poultry industry. We are, through the late bounteous rains, assure...
JUTE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
JUTE. Business in jute has been quiet during the week, but there has been little material alteration in prices. The immediate demand for cornsacks has been, and is still somewhat cur tailed, owing to the prevalence of blight in potato districts. As far as business for forward delivery is con cerned, buyers do not seem inclined to operate on present Calcutta prices, wnich represent not far short of 4/G. However, local holders for season's re quirements, will accept a lower figure, and spot sacks can be had for about 5/2, though the general figure quoted is Id. higher. Woolpacks have con tinued quiet, with prices about 2/4 to 2/4% on spot, and higher to ar rive, but Calcutta markets seem a shade easier for these goods. Bran bags have continued steady, and there are few holders willing to sell at under 3/10 on the spot. From the latest c& >les received, there seems no reason to rush one's requirements for jute at the present moment.
FAT STOCK. GOOD PRICES AT YESTERDAY'S SALE. SHEEP AND LAMBS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
FAT STOCK. GOOD PRICES AT YESTERDAY'S SALE. SHEEP AND LAMBS. The yardings at Flemington yes terday (March 30), totalled 45,192 sheep and lambs (about 7000 of the latter), out of 48,071 entered. The sheep were, on the whole, of some what better quality than on the Mon day, but there was still too much of a sprinkling of the inferior sorts. pen ned of late. ' The bulk of the offer ings were merinos, ewes constituting a fair portion. A number of prime were in evidence, but taking into consideration the fine season experi enced since last shearing, the ewes were more solid than the wethers. This is common in a time when there is a flush of grass, the ewes being better fossickers for the sweet por tion of the long grasses. There was the usual attendance of buyers, with a few country butchers, who found it difficult to fill orders. A goodly num ber of graziers were present, mostly from the north and north-west. Bid dings at the beginning were not quite up to those of last Thursday, but th...
Agricultural Societies Shows [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
Agricultural Societies Shows Secretaries of agricultural societies are invited to forward, for insertion in this column, early information of the dates of projected shows, and any alterations as soon as they are made: Society. Secretary. Ditte. March. April. Luddenham F. Shawe 4, 5 Cooma P. and A. Association 0. J. Walmsley .. 5, 6 Dorrigo A. Society ............... V. T. Stenne'tt .. 5, 6 Mclntyre P- Drake .... 5, 6 Goondiwindi (Qd.) E. T. Drake .... 5, G Up. Hunter P. & A. A. (Mus'brook) ...... 11. C. Sawkins .. 5, 6, T Corowa P., A., & H. S. (Horticultural) .. J. D. Fraser ... 12 . Royal A. Society of N.S.W. (Sydney) ...... H. M. Somer 11-19 Queanbeyan P., A., H., & I. Ass'n E. C. Hincksraan 12, 13 Batlow A. Society .. .. .. .. .. ...... G. F. Briggs .. 19,20 Hunter River A. & II. A. W. M'land. F. II. Fountain .. 26, 29 Bathurst A., H., & P. Association ...... A. H. Newsham 26, 27, 28*" Qd. P. & A. Society (Ipswich) ............ G.W...
PHOSPHATE AT OCEAN ISLAND. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
PHOSPHATE AT OCEAN ISLAND. In 1896 the last white man who lived on Ocean Island-a relic of some dozen who once dwelt there, had died, and there was no European left. In 1908 there wore 80 white. employees of the Pacific Phosphate Co., 350 Japanese, and some 700 labourers of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, be sides the 470 aboriginal natives who still survive. The discovery of the immense po tential wealth of Ocean Island is one of the romances of the Pacific, and for the extact truth of the story I am not prepared to vouch, but of its general accuracy there is no question. A piece of phosphate rock which was brought to Sydney on board a steam er which called off Ocean Island in 189G or 1897, lay in the office of the Pacific Islands Co., in Sydney, for many months, and was used, it is said, to keep an office door open. The stone attracted the attention of a man in the service of the Company, who had a wide experience of the is lands in the Pacific from which guano and phosphate had b...
COUNTRY TELEPHONE CHARGES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
COUNTRY TELEPHONE CHARGES. Mr. G. E. Little, of Trundle, writes in complaint of the extortions of tlie Post Office, which he designates as a "pure confidence trick." He points out that they (the Association) de posit £1 at the local post office, to cover telephone and telegram char ges, etc., but now this money is sent 011 to head office, and they are re quested to put up a second deposit. Mr. Little wants to know where it is going to send, and whether in a day or so they will have to put up a third deposit to cover stamps. He also points out that they are to be billed for their %d calls separate. The position is so far clearly stated in the following, taken from the com munication to him from the P.M.- at Trundle:-"On February 27 your telephone deposit account showed a credit balance of 3s 7(1. Acting un der instructions from the Head Office, all telephone deposits must be re mitted to H.O., the funds of which can only be used for telephone con versations, 2s 7d of your deposit has...
FAT CALVES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
FAT CALVES. The yardings during the week have amounted to about 750 head, being largely made up of medium to large sorts. Prime quality were rather scarce, and very firm in price. Quo tations were as follows: -Extra prime and heavy (18 months), to 80/; extra prime and heavy yearlings, to 70/; prime heavy to 56/; good, to 38/; in ferior from 17/. Best bobbies to 27/; good to 23/; others lower.
CATTLE. A Record Yarding. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
CATTLE. A Record Yarding. The number of cattle yarded was 2640, or 28 more than had been en tered. The accommodation of ordi nary pens was inadequate, and a num ber of the large stock-yards had to be utilised. As these will accommodate from 150 to 250 head, and only a dozen to be offered were in some of them, the buyers had not the best opportunity for a good inspection. The quality throughout was fair only, although a number of prime bullocks were penned, but there were also too many poor quality cows, calves, and bulls offered for sale. The utilising of the yards for stores is causing a good deal of complaint amongst the fat stock buyers who find valuable time wasted. The offerings comprised a large number of steers and heifers, many of them of excellent quality. If anything the pens of fats were more even than on the previous Thursday. There were 94 different consignments, but as they included seven from agents, the number of in dividual owners was well over 100. Both the Walhall...
CITY YARDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
CITY YARDS. Reports from the leading agents generally agree that the greater part of the offerings were made up of porkers, for which prices were rather firmer. . The market for other descrip tions, however, remained practically unaltered on the week. The yardings have amounted to about 137S pigs. Quotations for the various descrip tions may he given as under: Backfatters. - Extra-prime and heavy, 72/; prime heavy, to 52/; others from 27/ upwards. Baconers.-Extra prime and heavy, to 48/; prime heavy to 46/; lighter to 41/; others from 30/ up.. Porkers.-Extra-prime and heo,vy, to 34/; prime heavy, to 32/; lighter to 29/; light, to 27/; smaller from 22/ to 25/; inferior from 14/.
A GO-AHEAD DISTRICT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
A GO-AHEAD DISTRICT. In the Dunedoo- Leadville, and Cob bora districts the season's prospects continue very bright. Over 3in. of rain have fallen since the beginning of the year, so the pasturage is abun dant, and maize crops in splendid condition. The extension of the Mud gee railway has greatly stimulated pastoral and agricultural enterprise throughout tne district. Hundreds of acres of new lands are being opened up for wheat, and efforts are being made to establish a butter factory. Rabbits, however, are very prevalent, but with subdividing and netting the paddocks it is hoped to eradicate the pest.
TREATMENT OF WOUNDS (Continued.) [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
TREATMENT OF WOUNDS (Continued.) It is very seldom"'tjjiat a wound of any extent on an animal is not in fected with pus, producing germs, so tljat it is well ;to , start using anti septics from the- beginning. There are a great number of these, all more or less reliable. The strength they are used at1 depends on the delicacy of the tissues to which they are ap plied, and also if the wound is heal thy or otherwise. If the wound is healthy, the antiseptic should be ap plied very weak, but a stinking wound requires strong solutions. It must not be forgotten that strong antiseptics are mostly caustic in tlieir action, and actually prevent heaSin^,. so that their use should be discon tinued directly the wound appears healthy. Many men fail to get wounds to heal by using such dress ings as powdered bluestone. It can not be made too clear that no sub stance applied to a wound will cause it to heal up. Nature lias to do the healing, and antiseptics are only used to assist Nature in the work...
Veterimary ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
&lt;p \ Vcterimary j>Oj -^ r, ' Correspondents, when asking for advice on general cases of disease, should be careful to supply the following information: 1. Age and Sex. 2. Date on which sickness commenced. 3. Full symptoms of disease or injury, with particular reference (when indicated) to the breathing, presence or absence of pain, condition of the bowels. 4. State if other animals are affected. 5. If hand-fed, state nature and quantity of food given. 6. Mention what treatment has been already carried out. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. W. Vinter lias a cow with a large . swelling in the flank. It seems quite hard, and is not painful. He wishes to know if it is advisable to try and remove it by blistering. It would be as well to leave this lump alone, as it is almost certainly an enlarged tuberculous gland. Mr. Roberts writes, asking if bots inhabit any other portion of the horse's bowels besides the stomach? No; they do not, as a rule, but it occasionally happens that a n...
A COMMENTARY BY MR. FELL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
A COMMENTARY BY MR. FELL.' Commenting upon the shire scheme propounded by Mr. R. J. Higgins, Mr. David Fell, M.L.A., a member of the Board of the Sydney Hospital, and an advocate of the nationalisation of hospitals, "writes: - "Mr. Higgins is doing good work in bringing before the country frater nity the question of hospital adminis tration. His scheme of government and treatment of patients is com prehensive, but lacks, in some res pects the national aspect and con centration of detail. In dealing "with the whole question of hospital work and the treatment of patients, one should bear in mind that the care of people who are unable to pay for private treatment is a national concern ; there fore it behoves the public, in deal ing with the great question of hos pital reform to view it from the standpoint of the State as a whole, and not necessarily from that of a shire or municipality. The large metropolitan hospitals are quite dis tinct in their management to coun try institutions, a...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 31 March 1911
-Order Form Date To The Land Newspaper Co. Ltd. Hoskins' Buildings, 3 Spring street, Sydney. Dear Sirs,-Please forward your Weekly Newspaper, "THE LAND" to my address regularly, at a charge, including postage, of 53. cash advance, or 6s. booked, per annum. Name Postal Address ROYAL SYDNEY SHOW APRIL 11th to 19th, 1911 Prize Schedules and Entry Forms on Application Ocean House, H. M. SOMER, Moore St., Sydney. 8fiovetarj> THE COMING PLACE FOR DAIRYING is the FURRACABAD ESTATE, Glen Innes. A large part of the estate consists of black soil flats, consisting of decomposed basalt, and they grow great crops of oats, maize, etc., while the hills running up on each, side of the valley are eminently adapted for stock. There is a co-operative butter factory, and the whole proposition is a first-class mixed farming one. Good farms available oh easy terms, or to lease with the option of* purchase. For particulars apply to the HAYMARKET, P.L.B. & I. Co., Ltd. ,750 George-street.