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COMPARISON OF WHEAT AND RAPE CROPS. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
COMPARISON OF -WHEAT AND RAPE CROPS. Comparing the cost and value of the wheat and rape crops in tho rotation system,shows the rape in a very favour able light. "\Vhilo the cultivation and manure of the two crops are tho same, it requires three-quarters of a bushel to one bushel of wheat seed per acre at 3/6 per bushel, as against 31b. to 61b. of rape seed a 4d. per lb. Then, again, tho harvesting of the wheat as against the attention to the sheep and marketing the lambs gives better monetary results from tho rape crop. Moroover, the wheat has to stand through, those risky months— October and November—whereas all anxioty with rapo and lambs is over before then. Eight owes and lambs to the acre on a rrep. put in under this system is by no meaiis a high estimate: and Mr. Birks statics that he has had that num ber on rapo, not on fallow, for several years. With lambs at 8/- per head ana crediting the rape with part of the wool clip from tho ewes, such wool-crop be ing increased by the ...
RAPE AND BARLEY IN DRY AREAS. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
RAl'E AND BARLEY IN DRY AREAS. As rotation of crops will be. of ne cessity, forced upon wheat-growers and mixed farmers generally, in the course of a- 1'ow years to enable tlio fertility of the soil to bo maintained, tlfo experi ences of practical farmers with certain kind of crops in dry areas are of value. At tne Dry Fanning Conference held in Adelaide last year, Mr. C. E. liirks, of Wandearah, read a paper showing that rape and barley can be grown with a low rainfall. • For fodder tJiese crops arc profitable, work in woll in a rotation, and help the wheat crop, which in tlio northorn farming areas of SoutJi Australia always occupies first plaqe. Mr. Birks pointed out thai over a large area of the north of South Aus tralia a thorough system of cultivation, or, befctor still, under dry farming practice, ana where wheat may be grown profitably, rapo and barley can also bo made to pay well so long as lambs can be sold in unlimited numbers at 7/6 or more per head, and butter at 9d. pe...
DEFECTIVE MILKING MACHINES MAY CAUSE TROUBLE. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
JJiSFEUTIVJi MILKING MACHINES lUAl OAusK Tit UU is LIS. Although disease is not caused or spread uy milking machines properly , molted alter, yet there is a condition louiiu in. tiie udders of cows duo to machines built ou defective- principles. it is noticed that some lew days ni ter tiio mincing machines are put oil, tlio cows appear to bo going olt thou1 milk, and tiie udders are noticed to swell, become somewhat liard, hot, and pamlul; tile cows objects to the mac lime being put on; and if tho teat bo examined alter milking it. will bo seen that it has the appearance of having uad a ligature round the top, so that me circulation ot the blood has boon shopped. it, by way of experiment, the -thumb or linger be placed in the macximo cup it win tend to become numb, swollen, and painful, owing to the continual auction ana the pressure ot the top ring of the cup. '•Drastic treatment of the cow's ud der is unnecessary. If tho milking machines be discontinued and tho ud ders bathed with...
ROTATION FOR DAIRYING AND LAMB RAISING. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
ROTATION FOR DAIRYING AND LAMB RAISING. Where fat lambs aro to be raised and cows kept for milking purposes, Mr. Birks found a. suitable rotation in— Fallow, 1'p.pe, barley, fallow, wheat, grass, grass.' The cultivation should be done under the dry-farming method. It must be thorough and done at the right timo. Tho soil must bo put into fine tilth for rape, and mustl be consolidated to ensure a good germination, and to con very the moisture cultivation to the plant.' When rape has germinated it can withstand a good spell without1 rain. Starting with rape and fallow, and noting the order of. rotation, it will be seen that it will noti be necessary to wait long after the first' rain before sowing the rape. In fact, in some soils rape may be sown before, and no harm will result it it have to lie for some weetcs in the ground before rata comes. The lew weeds l)iiat would come away on well-worked fallow where the seed sown immediately after the rain would not be a serious matter, for the...
CROP ROTATION REDUCES RICK. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
CROP HOTATION REDUCES 11ISK. Growing three different crops instead of 0110 reduces the risk from loss in various ways. Tlio two important points in a rota tion are: to raise crops which will re turn the most value, ancl at the same time increase the fertility of tho soil; and to properly subdivide Alio farm for the respective crops. Mr. JJirks found that no regular ro tation can bo adopted unless the pad docks are of a somewhat uniform size. The smaller the paddocks the better for stocking purposes. The rotation to be adopted will de pend on the use to which the fodder crops are to be put. Whatever it it, care should bo taken that it permits the land to be ploughed as sooon as possible after the rape crop has been, fed off, so as to make the mosJ# of the manure and moisture -which results! from the feeding-off of the crop. I
DAIRYING. LICE ON COWS. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
DAIRYING.' LICE ON COWS. Lice on cows seem to bo troublesome in many of the dairying districts, judg ing from tho number of inquiries re ceived by tho Department regarding Jtlio pest. The Long-nosed Cattle Louse .(Tlaematopinus vituli) is tho species In some cases the animals aro stated to be losing condition and going off in their milk supply. A mixture of kerosene andr softsoap woIJ rubbed into tho skin would soon have the effect of killing the lice. Mr. Max Henry, M.R.C.V.S., of this De partment, has made soma observations in tho matter, and his conclusions should be of much interest to users of milking machines and to thoso con templating using tliem. It has been said that the- machines caused hemorrhage of the udder; also inflammation of the udder known as mammitis; and with spreading con tagious mammitis. Mr. McMillan: lato dairy inspector at Hawkesbury College, and now man ager of the Wollongbar State Farm, well met the first charge relating to hemorrhage (Mr. Henry states), ...
DEPTH TO PLOUGH. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
DEPTH TO PLOUGH. The right depth to plough to givo best returns is largely governed by the character of the soil. It is a question tluit has given rise to much controversy and tins can hardly be wondered at in view of the diverse results from the various experiments. At one of tko branches of tho Agri cultural .Bureaux, tioulh Ausatralia, a long discussion took place on the sub ject, following a paper read by Mr. W. Lollor. Members cited several instances where deep ploughing—even as uecply as 10 inches—gave best results in i.om parativo tests. On tho other hand, one of the mosii successful wheat-growers in the district novel- ploughed laud of any kind deeper that 2 inches or inches, and yet his averako was ■ ■■'■i '2') bushels per acre oil all soils. He, however, used tho disc cultivator freely. Mr. Loiler mentioned the case of a fanner who ploughed a light soil &lt;1J inches deep, turning up abouti 2 inch's of clay, resulting in hardly any crjp; and it was three yearsi bef...
THE UNCLEAN MILKING MACHINE. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
THE UNCLEAN MILKING MACHINE. The unclean milking-machine will not spread contagious mammitis even as much as clean hands. Tlio experience at Hawkesburv College is a vory fine example of this fact; but no cow with a detective udder showing any lesion likely to be due to mammitis was. as far as possible( allowed to bo milked by- machine. Ibis is a point dairymen should bear in mind. To deliberately milk a diseased cow with n machine, then to milk a healthy one, and blame the machine for spread ing the disease, should the healthy cow contract iti, is distinctly unfair. The blame is 011 the farmer tor not keeping his diseased cows separate from his healthy herd. Yet there are many casos of con tagious mammitis, not obvious to tike! laymen, requiring somo skill and know-1 ledge in detection. in any district in which contagious lmunmias is present, the tanner Simula; havo his herd examined by a qualified veterinary surgeon, with a view ol putting any suspicious cows out of the nerd. 1'iii...
WHEN MILKING MACHINES ARE PROPERLY LOOKED AFTER. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
WHEN MILKING MACHINES ARE PllOl'ERLY LOOKED AFTEft. There is nothing in the action of tho well-constructed milking machine of the present (lav which can of itself brint; about diseases of-tlio udder Mr. Henry contends. Nor can the machine, if pro perly looked • after, infect tho udder with- micro-organisms. The serious charge against tho milk ing machine—that it spreads contagious mammitis—may have some grounds in fact ivhen tho_ machine is kept in an unclean condition. Nor is it difficult to understand the reason why in soma pases it appears to sproad tho disease more rapidly tlian in tlxe case of liand willdng. In haud-milking the disease is spread! by the hands of the milkers, which, be coming moistened with infected milk while milking a dseased cow, are next used, wiilhout washing, to milk a healthy cow, often with disastrous re sults.
A VISITOR. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
A VISITOR. Lieutenant James Hickey, formerly assistant master at Millthorpe, and now assistant, master at Wagga, is spending a lew days in our midst, and is ctJio guest of Mr. Joshua Wliiley, of our town. .Lieut Hickey looks well and hearty, and is in the pink of con dition. Sinco leaving Miilthorpo Mr. •Hickey has distinguished himself in his self-sacrificing rescue of four boys from drowning in the Murruinbidgeo ..River some time back, for which lie received an exquisite gold medallion of oxquisito design, also an illuminated • address, and was further tendered a large banquet. During the holidays Mr. Hicicoy has been ■ active. Ho has boon) attending tho teachers' military camp _ school at the Agricultural Ground, Sydney. The camp lasted a fortnight), 58 teadiers attending. In this school Sir. Hickey has again been very suc cessful, winning his five certificates in the following:—i'irst ad, wth honors; Ttoyal Life Saving Society's certificate ■for swimming, diving, life-saving and...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
| ABOUT the EYE. It is natural that you should need Glasses for reading', writing, sewing, and other % close work between the ages & of 40 ninl di>. A perfect nye 4 needs glasses at this age to I relieve it from strain when « being used for close work. % Many younger people need ® glasses early in life to rclieyc ■x the various (onus of eye m strain ^liicH is tho cause of | &lt;"> per cent, of nil headaches, a IVe give yon a reliable exam q ination of the Eyes free of « charge. E. H. aSQUNDWATEK. Master Optician and Gradu uate of the Philadelphia Optical College, U.S.A. &lt;| Sunimer'St Orange. Mrs. Camidgty widow of the late! Bishop of Bathurst, has written to the) Rev. A. J. Rolfe, asking la ho allowed1 to present annually the Bishop Cam idgo Memorial Prize for Divinity. The railway duplication work between Bathurst and Kelso, is proceeding steadily. The Red Iron Bridgo across the Macpuario is to bo superceded by an under structure. It is expected tha...
BATHURST FAT STOCK MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
BATHURST FAT STOCK MARKET. Clements and McCarthy report under date of January 18t|i:— Fat Cattle.—A fair yarding forward to only a small attendance of buyers. Market opened easier and weakened as _ sales progressed. Best heavy weight bullocks made from' £8 to £8/17, medium from £5/1 to £6/3, cows ad heifers to £5/4. Fat Sheep.—Market dragging. Cross bred wethers from 9/1 ifo 12/10, cross bred ewes from 8/9 to 9/2; merino ewes 1!-, shorn crossbred lambs 5/11, Under date of Thursday 18th, Janu ary, 1012:—■ E. H. Taylor and Co., report:—A big yarding of fat cattle, principally very plain and inferior quality, a few pens i of good heifers, cows and bullocks. ' B.est bullocks made £7/11 to £8/18, 'good steers £5/12 to £6/13; cows to I £5/4; vealers £2/10; best heifers to I £4/12; others lower. We sold—38 head, viz., account Suttor, steers £4/3 to £6/13, cows to £4/13; account Wal kom, steers from £4/8 to £4/14, hei fers from £3/12 to £4/12; account Lewis, cows to £5/4, steers to £5/16, h...
LITHGOW FAT STOCK MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
LITHGOW FAT STOCK MARKET. Under date of Tuesday 16th Janu ary, 1912:— At their now sale yards Jh. H. lay-' lor and Co. report a good attendance of buyers, good quality cattle realised good prices. Wo sold—Account Wil liams 1 pen steers £6/12, 1 ditto £6/4,. 1 ditto £5/15, 1 ditto £5/11, 1 pen heifers £4. . Fat Sheep.—Account Newell, 70 small wethers 9/7, 29 ditto 8/5; ac count* Draper, 42 small owes 8/9, wet hers 12/6, 19 mixed 6/9 to 8/6, 87 lambs small, poor quality 6/9 to 8/9.
A SNAKE STORY. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
A SNAKE STORY. Hero is a snake story in support of which I am prepeared to stake my re putation as a fisherman and poin .&lt;; il organiser:—Was out the other evening accompanied by my noble watch dog, which sleeps all day and howls all nighif. Tho said dog started in pur suit of a small but speedy rabbit1 wiii-:li took refuge in a burrow, whither tho dog proceeded to follow him. t But he did no moro than put his nose" inside the burrow when he sprank back with a. yell. Writer arrived 011 the spot ia time to soe a big snake emerging from the burrow, and demanding to kno.v the cause of this intrusion. The dog challenged him to come outside and see; the snake, like Barkis, was willing and the dog, liko Willis, was barking. After a little light sparring the clog secured a strangle hold on the snake's neck, or where his neck ought to be. The snake immediately throw the coils of his long sinuous body round the dog, till he looked liko the bloke in the mo tor tyro advertisement. ....
Sporting. FORBES JOCKEY CLUB. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
Sportmg. rOKIJ.ES .JOCKEY CLUB. The annual general meeting of the Forbes Jockey Club was held at the Albion oHtel, the president (Dr. P. L. Broadbent) presiding. The annual report and balance sheet showed that the club has made considerable progress during 1911. The year was commenced withi a debit balance of CGO 1-t/G, and terminated with a credit or' £72, besides which ! (I i on old account was wiped off. A profit cf .CI! 10/ wan made on the area on the course farmed on the shares ystem. This was considered satisfactory, as the season was unpro iutious for farming. The following officers were appoint ed for tlie ensuing year:-.-Patron, Mr. O. S. McPbilianiy (Warroo) ; presi dent, Mr. W. C. Brcoko v'ce-prcsi dents. Drs. P. L. Broadbent and H. C. M. Delohcry; committee, Messrs. A. J. Revmond, It E B Ui-vniond, T. Lo zell, T. M. Dunn, A. Gilchrist, J. S. M. Benson, .r. IT. Bates, Geo. Danvors, l'\ Rath.1, and A. D. II. Nelson; audi tors, Messrs. S. P. Ford and J. J. Clcary. Mr. A. J....
THE RABBIT TRAPPERS' TROUBLES [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
THE RABBIT TRAPPERS' TROUBLES A mooting of the Orange branch of the Australian Rubbiters' Union was held at Mrs. Desmond's hotel 011 Thurs day. Mr.- Ike Smith, the president, occupied tin; cluiir. The business of the mooting was to receive the report oi' Messrs .Richards and Le Strange, tho two deleaves who visited Murruiubur rah to arrange an amalgamation with the :\.S. U. I'ciipjji'i":;' Union. Mr. J'.'. Richards e.\piamed wliat had occurred at MuiTmnininvh, where the deletes Wirt received eourteusly. The president oi the other union, Mr Dnni, adopted a rather contrary ntti t\uio; but in Mr. Reed, the secretary, they found a capable, nmicablo man. Amalgamation was discusscd at con siderable length. Mr. Drum' warned the N.S.W. Trappers' Union to con trol the Southern districts, allowing the A.R.U. to have charge of the Vv'cs tern area. Eventually' a conference was arranged to discuss amalgamation. Mr. Le Strange was appointed to visit Mr. Trel'le, and to arrange a conference be twe...
THE BUSHRANGERS AT VAMMA. ANOTHER STORY. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
THE BUSHRANGEKS AT YAMMA. ANOTHER STORY.. The death of the late Mr. Haul ury Clements, 011c time owner . of Eu gowra station, and iho story rotated in those columns recently of the stool so carefullly preserved by Mr. Thomas Doylo, of Yamma, have stirred smie old reminiscences of the hushrange.-s. It is not generally known that when Ben Hall and his gang raided Bathurstf, the lato Mr. W. Farhnid, afterwards police magistrate at For bes, and father of the present librarian in this flown (Mr. W. W. Farrand), set out with Captain M'Lorio in hot pur suit, and missed the gang by only u-n minutes at the Hen and Chickens. It was the thirteen-year-old daugh ter of Mr. W. Farrand who reci vd Ben Hall, Gilbert, and Dunn at Yamma station, then owned by j'Jr. C. \V. Cropper. Dunn was kept in watch, as Mr. Cropper, with .Jr. W. Farrand, were expected to rotu -n. and Hall and Gilbert made tea ai d toast, and took it in to Mrs. Cropi J'', The little girl was not one whit afr.iid, and gave Hall som...
CRICKET. By Point. POSITION OF CLUBS. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
CRICKET. By Point. POSITION OF ©LUBS. PI. Won. Lst. Dr. Pts Mt. Pleasant A.. 8 6 1 1 13 March 8 5 1 2 13 Meadowbank .. 8 4 2 2 13 Spring Hill ..8 3 1 4 10 Orange .... 8 4 3 1 9 Dalton Bros. .. 8 2 5 1 5 Clergate .. .. 8 1 6 1 3 Mt. Pleasant B .. 8 0 G 2 2 Spring Hill suffered their first de feat for the season at the hands of Mt. Pleasant A, who , despite their poor batting display in every match, manage to keep at the head of the list. Edgar Bonngr has topped their score in every match but one, the ex ception being against Spring Hill In the first round when he was 45 not out. This, withi his 55 last Saturday, gives him an average of 100 for once out against them. He played a dash ing innings last Saturday, and hit three sixers, one great drive going clean over the fir trees and landing amongst the apple trees. Of coursp, there was no lack of scouts, and the ball was soon recovered. Harry Spurway and Chas. Hawlce each reached double figures and kept an end going while Bonnor scored...
WOODSTOCK RACES. [Newspaper Article] — Leader — 20 January 1912
WOODSTOCK RACES. The annual meeting of the "Wood stock Jockey Clul) will be held on Fri day, January 26, when prize-money amounting to £130 will be disbursed, including the Opening Handicap of £25, Handicap Trial Stakes of £10, Highweight Handicap of £20, the Woodstock Handicap of £35, the Fed eral Handicap of £20, and the Fare well Handicap of £20. The following horses have been nominated for the two principal events of the meeting. Mr. James Anderson is tlie hon. secre tary:— I Opening Handicap, £25.—Play well, Blue Belt, Little Light, Master Murll lo, Nelly, La Patrie, Wilton, Golden Field, Mandagery, Mote, Heath Lee, Adnor. Woodstock J.C. Handicap.—Play well Little Light ,Master Murlllo, Nelly, La Patrie, Wilton, Golden Field, Selah, Mandagery, Heath Let.