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THE EDUCATION OF OUR DAIRY FARMERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
THE EDUCATION OF OUR DAIRY FARMERS. During1 the past fifteen years the columns of the press of this great coun try have been flooded with literature on the manufacture and marketing of our dairy produce. The State agricultural departments have published and scattered broadcast tons of pamphlets on the same subjects. With these systems of educat ing1 the farmers one has but one fault to find, but it is a serious one. Whilst all tliic nft-nnHnn line Kpfm nnirl tn flip mmin facture and the marketing of our dairy produce, little or no practical attention lias been bestowed on what is the founda tion of all dairying — to wit. the dairy cow — so that one is inclined to believe what has been stat.ed by practical dairy men many times that those responsible for the education of men who are only just now turning1 their atten''on to dairy ing1, have themselves only a superficial knowledge of this subject. This State, in common with the other States in the Commonwealth, have been maintaining- a...
CIVILIZATION AND CO-OPERATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
CIVILIZATION AND COOPERA TION. Two great forces are at work in modern society, wherever an advanced stage of civilization has obtained. One of these operates in the widest possible dissemina tion of public instruction, so as to raise the level of popular intelligence, and an unlimited extension of political power, so that the area of representation may be strictly in accordance with that of taxa fion. The other force is that of capital, which is ever massing' its resources and is employing them for the purpose of building up colossal businesses for con trolling' the distribution of the farmers' produce, and transporting' it from centre to centre. This aggregation of great wealth in the hands of men who substitute friendly al liances for the warfare of competition, and who render strong position still stronger by pooling their interests instead of weakening' their resourre- !?)??? fighting' for trade, approaches exclusive right. To such an extent have thpse gigantic combines been ope...
SOUTH COAST MILK TEST. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
SOUTH COAST MILK TEST. The sub-committee appointed to revise the conditions of the proposed South Coast milk test competition to be carried out at the Berry stud farm met at Kiama on 1st instant, under the presidency of Mr. H. Colley, of Kiarna. The duration of the test was decreased from six months to four months, and November 1 was de cided upon as the closing- date of entries. Another important article was the inclu sion of the Illawarra strain of cattle in the test as a separate class. This neces sitated an alteration of the previously adopted scale of distribution of prize money, which now stands at 30 per cent, for pure breeds, 30 per cent, for grade cows, 25 per cent, for individual prizes, and 15 per cent, for cows of the Illawarra strain. The whole of the conditions will be forwarded for final adoption to the council of the South Coast Agricultural Societies' Union, which will meet at Berry on the 17th instant.
OUR MILK TRADE. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
OUR MILK TRADE. Much has been said and written of late with reference to the purchase and dis tribution of pure country milk in Sydney. Vet it would appear from reading tne re ports as published in the country press of meetings of country milk suppliers who have been endeavouring; to form new or amalgamate the old rival associations which were formed years ago in the in terests of the country milk suppliers, that much more has to be said and written before any definite good can be obtained for the men who work early and late through all sorts of weather for a living'. The country milk suppliers may be ask ing' too much for their milk at times. If so, they must remember that when milk reaches a price, say, beyond 6-id. per gal lon, wholesale, it enables the suburban dairymen who have no freights to pay on either their cow food or milk to com pete more than favourably with them ; or it induces those dairy fanners who live long' distances from the railway line to turn out about 2 o'clo...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
GLOBE : CREAM SEPARATOR. LINK BLADE SYSTEM. \ Clean Skimming. Easy to turn. | Easy to Handle. Easy to Clean. Most Profitable. | Sizes, Hand Power : 20 gallons to 120 ! ' gallons per hour. | Sizes, Turbines : 77 gallons to 120 ! gallons per hour. Cream Coolers, Butter Workers, LINDE ' Refrigerators and all Dairy appliances, ! Oil, Gas or Steam Engines (portable - or stationary), quoted on application to J. WILDRIDGE & SINCLAIR, j; ENGINEERS, ! 82 PITT STREET, SYDNEY. I
THE VALUE OF BUTTER TESTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
THE VALUE OF BUTTER TESTS. It is customary at many of the leading ag ricultural shows of Australia to nave butter tests for dairy cows. As a rule, these' are carefully carried out by stewards specially appoiuted to supervise, and, except iu cases where fraud is perpetrated by those in charge of the cows, the test is a fair indi cation, within certain limits, of ability of the animals in the production of milk rich iu butter fat. But the test docs not go far enough, as it takes no account of the quality of the butter which is produc ed, ac uie icsc liiscituteu t-y me xtoyai Agricultural Society of Victoria, for ex ample, the cream separated from the milk of each competing animal is churned sepa rately, and no one who has not seen the actual results from the churn can realise the great difference that is observable in the character of the produce of each cow. The butter of one animal may bo of a- beautiful golden colour, while that of ano ther is as white as curds; and if exposed for ...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
DAIRY SALT. ' CROWN ' Brand Extra Fine Dairy Salt is guaranteed ohomloally pum* therefore recommended for Butter making. ' GLOBE ' Coarse Refined, gunrarteed chemioally pure for Bacon Curing. ' CROWN ' Salt for Butter; ' GLOBE ' Salt for Bacon. ARTHUR IMUSTON & SQM, 17 BRIDGE STREET, SYDNEY. Sole Agonts-COMMONWEALTH SALT REFINING CO.. Ltd. I TO WHEAT GROWERS, LIVE STOCK OWNERS, DAIRY FARMERS M AND ALL. MEN ON THE LAND, I SUPPORT YOUR OWN SELLING AGENCY. I CONSIGN ALL YOUR PRODUCE TO US. ? We have your very best interests at heart. We have Expert Salesmen In each Department. m We make every effort to obtain Highest Market Prices. We have Branches in all the most important business centres M Our Commission Charges are the Lowest. We send Account Sales and Cheques Immediately after Sales. Wk Remember, we mean Jto succeed,! and our success means your success, so do the correct thing and adopt co-operative M marketing by sending your produce to us for sale. I annual turnover. The...
VEGETABLES AS FIELD CROPS OR FOR KITCHEN GARDEN Potato Onions. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
VEGETABLES AS riELrD CROPS OR -C FOR KITCHEN GARDEN Potato Onions. ? Either for home use or as a field crop this useful vegetable is deserv ing of attention at the present time. Few of our readers require to be reminded of the high prices realised for onions last season — over .£20 per ton. Although prices came down with a run when the 111 at ui luc ucn i_iup ucj^aii iu tuiuc iui ward, still it is always one which leaves at the least a paying margin to the grow er The potato onion differs from ordinary sorts inasmuch as their mode of pro duction resembles, as the name implies, that of the potato. It will, therefore, be readily understood that it should receive similar treatment. Although not so well known as its brethren, the surfacegrow ing sorts, those who have given it a trial speak very highly of it. Under ordinary conditions it is a sure cropper, the yield being most prolific, and while the bulbs will not in point of size bear comparison with the large Globe or brown Spanish va...
NOTES BY PROFESSOR MACKAY. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
NOTES BY PROFESSOR MACKAY. Dairying is like water — it is better for frequent agitation. Selecting a breed of cows is like select ing a wife — it all depends on what's wanted. It does not follow that everybody should go in for pure-bred cows. Pure-breds are for the rich, and for those who have such facilities and are in it in such a way that they can afford to advertise. Whether a farmer should go in for a special-purpose dairy breed or for a dual purpose breed, depends on circumstances. Iowa has been a dual-purpose cow State, though there are more special-purpose cows there to-day than ever before. Some men, in seeking a combination of milk and beef, have got a cow that is neither one thing or the other. Having good cows is important, but it is not always the man with the best cow that gets the most milk. The man must have knowledge, and energy enough to applv that knowledge. Many a cow would be found surprisingly valuable if she were developed to her capacity.
CLOSING OF THE TEAT. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
CLOSING OF THE TEAT. This may be caused by clots of casein, by some fungous growth inside, or by iu flamation and thickening of the interior membranes of the tea.1;. A metal dialator . may be used effectively, in even a strip of spring wire bent in the niiil-llt» may be inserted to open the teat mi-1 prevent fur ther closing. A milk' j»g tube is very ciu veiiient for use in afVoctious of the teats. If all other devices l'mi to o;«eu the teat enough, the most isuitiuu method is to use a teat cutter c .11^1111115 a fne cutting blade in the upper out.!, ^likrh can be sheathed while the ir.stiumeul, is being in serted, and then opiju vumly for cutting downward as it is pulled out. This should be followed by keeping the cut canal open with a spring dialator or a lead probe un til it heals. When a small hole or wound occurs in the side of the teat so as to let milk pass out, it is best to wait until the cow is dry, then enlarge the opening with a small knife blade and scarify the. edges u...
ITEMS OF DAIRYING INTEREST. REMEDY FOR COW POX. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
ITEMS OF DAIRYING INTEREST. REMEDY FOR COW POX. A correspondent of an American dairy paper writes that tor the benefit of others he wants to give his remedy for cow-pox. After milking, bathe the teats with a strong- solution of hypo-sulphite of soda. He has used this remedy for a number of years and never knew it to fail. * * * PRICE OF BUTTER V. PRICE OF DAIRY COWS. Our Casino (Richmond River) corres pondent states that during the month of March the Casino Co-operative Dairy Co. manufactured over 73 tons of butter ; sup pliers were paid 8§d. for first-class and 7#d. for second class. The total pay for H cream amounted to ,£6,427. During- the II month 2,822 boxes were exported. n It is hard to realise how dairy far m-f' mers can give .£20, ,£30 and ,£40 per V head for dairy cows and make dairying I pay at 7§d. and 83d. per lb. for butter. A Nevertheless, those prices are common I enough on the Richmond River for dairy ? cows lately. I * * * 1 A HUMAN MILKING MACHINE. I Says the 'N.Z...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
1 CHAMPION ! * — ? !€ ? .j * Of every description, suitable for present J * tilling season. Save money, time and * * trouble by obtaining full particulars and J * price of out make before placing your order. * * STUMP JUMP PLOUGHS, * J Two to Sir Furrow. J jl Beit General Purpose Implements, perfect ?* m. work under all conditions. ?* £. Free trial if required. ♦ I MEADOWBANK CO., ! * Implement Factory, * * NEAR SYDNEY. J **************************** I WE TEACH BY MAIL. IN YQUR. HOWE, 1 7O SUBJECTS, including t- U Advertising Architecture Building Contractors Chemistry Civil Engineering Commercial (all subjects) Drafting & Designing Electrical Engineering Eleotric Lighting Electric Railways EleotrotheriipSlitlos English Branches Farm Machinery Languages (with Phonograph) Loco. Engineering Mathematics Machine Shop Practice Mechanical Engineering Metallurgy Mining I Metal or Coal) Pedagogy Rofrigeration Smelting Steam-Electric Sanitary Plumbing Stenin Engineering Telephony Tel...
CO-OPERATION IN THE MARKETING OF WHEAT. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
CO-OPERATION IN THE MARKETING OF WHEAT. The reported interview with Mr. S. J. Oxley, the general manager of the Farmers' and Settlers' Co-operative Society, Ltd., which appeared in our issue of March 14th, gave rise to some interesting correspondence on the subject of the better marketing of wheat, which correspondence we have been asked to publish. The letters handed to us read as follows : — ' Woodhurst,' Geurie, 22nd March, 1906. The General Manager — Farmers' and Settlers' Co-op. Society Ltd., Sydney. Dear Sir,— Seeing' an article in ' The Farmer and Settler,' of the 14th inst., headed ' A Word to Wheat Growers,' in which regret is expressed that the farmers do~not send more of their wheat for sale to the Far mers' and Settlers' Co-operative Society, and statins1 that by so doing they have nothing4 to lose, but on (he contrary, much to gain, I felt I. would like to write you upon the subject. Now, if this was actually a fact. I for one, would always be f' ' ,i .-.ending1 my whea...
W. N. WILLIS. HIS EXTRADITION ORDERED. London, May 2. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
W. N. WILLIS. HIS EXTRADITION ORDERED. London; May 2. , The hearing of the request of the New South Wales Government for the extradi tion of W. N. Willis on charges connected with the land laws, was concluded in the Durban Police Court to-day. The extradition of the defendant was ordered on all charges. [Since the receipt of this cable, Mr. Wade, Attorney-General, has been ad vised that Willis has given notice of ap-. peal, which will probably be heard in June.— Ed. 'F. and S.'] a ^ ^ ^ ^ .^ ^ j^ ^ .& ^ a a.
WOMEN'S PAGE AND SHOPPING DEPARTMENT. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
WOMEN'S PACE AND SHOPPINC DEPARTMENT. 1 j We sincerely hope that women readers T will appreciate our efforts on their be- j half in setting1 apart for them a 'Wo- men's Pag-e.' It is under the care of Miss Favenc, daughter of Ernest Favenc/ the well-known litterateur and historian. Miss Favenc is no novice in the art of shopping* (satisfactory shopping1 must be an art, when it is for an unknown cus tomer) ; she has been associated in such I work for some time with her mother, Mrs. Ernest Favenc, who has been the ' women's agent on the 'Stock and Sta-. tion Journal' for many years. At present we; have not sufficient space for all we would wish to do for women— that is all kinds of women's talk, house hold hints, and other subjects unlimited— but a time will come. , Meanwhile we think a few columns of common sense,. -. useful shopping suggestions, and a prac- j tical, common-sense young- lady to carry - them out, will meet with g-eneral ap- 1 proval. ' ? . |j The pagre will appear for...
OUR VETERINARY COLUMN. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
-PUB VETERINARY COLUMN. By B. B. Loel, M.M.C.V.S. [Questions relating to the ailments or diseases of all farm stock will be ans wered for subscribers by Mr. B. B. Loel, M.M.C.V.S., throug-h this col umn. A short clear statement of symp toms, addressed 'Veterinary Enquiry,' c/o the Editor, the 'Farmer and Set tler,' 84 Pitt-street, Sydney, is all that is necessary. The advice or informa tion will appear in the issue' following-.] N. Hiscox, Armidale, writes as follows : — Buggy horse, over-driven, legs all swol len, one burst open just on top of hind '' fetlock, leaving a crack or scar the size of a man's hand. Question : Is the like common ; and what is the remedy ? Replying to the above I cannot call to mind ever seeing or hearing of the result of over exertion being similar to the above. The swelling of the legs is seen fairly often but I have never experienced the breaking out in the leg. The usual result of over exertion is congestion of the lungs, and this very often proves fat...
COWS GIVING BLOODY MILK. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
COWS GIVING BLOODY MILK. We have had enquiries about cows that have given bloody milk usually in one ?quarter. Answer : It is a very common occurrence for newly-calved cows to give bloody milk for the first eight or ten days, and as the congestion recedes the red ?colour gradually disappears. Cows that have been calved for some time oc ?casioally give bloody milk from one or more quarters, the cause of such bleed ing being, as a rule, due to some injury to the udder, either a kick or a bump with the horn of another cow, or the udder may have been bruised by the animal leaping over fences, or other causes. In such like cases the patient ought to be kept as quiet as possible and very carefully milked, and the fol lowing medicine, which we have found to answer well, given in a mash once a clay, for six or eight days : — One drachm of exsiccated iron mixed with three drachms of common salt. Worms in Foals. Young animals that have been running out on the grass with their dams are apt to ...
DESTRUCTION OF A VALUABLE HUNTER. ORANGE, Wednesday. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
DESTRUCTION OF A VALUABLE HUNTER. ORANGE, Wednesday. Messrs. Mclntosh and Grady's hunter Bavfield met with an accident to-day which will compel his destruction. It ap pears he was returning from exercise to the stables when, passing over the foot bridge, one of his shoes got caught in a crack. In attempting to release it he broke his leg at the hock. A veterinary surgeon was called in, but he said that nothing could be done. The horse will be shot. Bayfield is one of the best known hunters in the State, and has won numerous prizes at shows, including the Hunters' Prize and Hiph Tump at the last 'Orange show. He divided the latter prize with his stable companion Tancred.
THE WATER PROBLEM. THE WENTWORTH IRRIGATION AREA. A RESTORATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
1— THE WATER PROBLEM. — THE WENTWORTH IRRIGATION AREA. A RESTORATION. The Minister for Works is highly grati fied at the tone of a report he has re ceived concerning the Wentworth Irriga tion area. When Mr. Lee assumed office the question of closing the area, and of dismantling the whole of the pumping machinery and works, was un der consideration. Four of the settlers were still struggling on, each holding a block, and while they continued to Strug glC tlJC VJU VCl Hill, tilt WfclO V^UUVIUUAUQ j 111 fulfilment of the agreement it had entered into with them, to maintain its costly pumping plant. Mr. Lee, in view of the continual expense involved, devoted im mediate attention to the matter. He de cided not to abandon the settlement if it could possibly be saved. So, finding that it took about four years to bring the trees and vines to their bearing stage, he or dered that a concession should be given in the leasehold rents, by which only one fifth should be charged during the first y...
THE DAIRYMAN. JUDGING DAIRY CATTLE. [Newspaper Article] — The Farmer and Settler — 9 May 1906
^^^ THE DAIRYMAN. - JUDGING DAIRY CATTLE. Those who have bcun closely watching1 dairy cattle judyes in our show rings throughout this State, cannot but have noticed the glaring' contrarieties and con tradictions with which the general public are confronted year in and year out. In the midst of these contrarieties and contradictions, one might naturally think we need not be at any loss what action we should take, namely, follow those plain rules and maxims which have al ways been observed in like cases. ALTER THE SYSTEM. This altering1 of the systems has occu pied the minds of most of our more ad vanced show committeemen tor the past fifteen years, with varying' and yet almost unobservable results, owing' to the show men's adriotness in dodging' the systems adopted from time to time. Undoubtedly, the chief object of out shows is the education of the people in order to bring .about higher standards of excellence. Who would dare to state that a higher standard of excellence has obtaine...