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Carrots . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Carrots . We do not expect that our farmers will readily go into the cultivation of root crops , as food for stock . Some may do it , and find themselves well paid for their labor ; others will regard the work to make the crop as requiring too much labor , and of a kind that does not suit them . Time , however , will work a change in the minds of small farmers . There is no root crop so valuable for stock as carrots ; and there can be grown in large quantities , without a vast expenditure of labor . A light loomy soil , plowed deep , say fifteen inches , with the double Michigan plow , suit thorn exactly . The ground should be rich . — The light Orange and White Bel gian are the kinds mostly cultivated . Allen s Book of the Farm gives the proper mode of preparing the seed and planting : The carrot should bo sown in drills , 16 to 20 inches apart , when the ground has become warm and dry . The seed is best prepared by mixing with fine moll or poudrette , and stirring it well together...
"Swine ' s Flesh . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Swine s Flesh . The papers have latterly contained many onslaughts on the use of swine s flesh for food . It has been charged that the use of it has caused most of the ills which our flesh is heir to . We have always , however , held in much doubt the statements aud wc arc glad to see an article in the Homestead , on the other side of the question . To our mind , it presents strong facts—entitled to great weight . We give it to our readers : It is very common to hear flippeant girls , would-be delicate women , and would-be very nice young men , who live in cities and stray np here now and then , declaim against pork . They say it is not fit food for the human stomach , and quote Moses to prove it ; and they who do not know one other command of the Mosaic law , commend the inspired lawgiver as a man of sense who knew what he was about when he told his followers not to cat the flesh of swine , but to hold it in abomination . Pork may be too strong a diet for their weakstomacks and fee...
Information Wanted . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Information Wanted . Editor of the Farmer;—Our lands are generally too wet to plow and it is still raining , and we begin to think seriously of contriving some way to drain our low lands . And as it would probably be of some interest to a great many of your readers , we would like to obtain Borne information through your valuable paper in regard to the ditching done with the under-ground or molo ditcher . Several of us in this vicinity would like to club together and buy a machine if we were all convinced of the adaptability and durability of the work . J . H . TATLORVILLE , 111 . ; April 21 st . We hope that Mr . Hensley , of Island Grove , or some other gentleman who has operated with the mole plow will answer the above inquiries , through this paper . Draining lands , that is the word with our farmers . It is utter folly to rely on obtaining crops on our flat , wet lands without draining . As a general fact , our springs are not favorable for farm work . If flat lands ate in orde...
Experience with the Impure , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Experience with the Impure , Mr . Taylor , of Loudon county , Virginia , tons gives a synopsis of his experience with tho Imphec : Last spring he procured from A . O . Moore , of New York , four packages of African sugar cane seed , of an ounce each , marked Boomowana , Neesana , Oomsecana , Bnyana . The Boomowana and Neesana were marked early , and the others late/—They wero planted on the 15 th and 20 th of May , on ground which would have produced forty bushels of corn to the acre , in rows four feet , and in hills two feet apart . The stalks were larger than the sorghum , but not so tall , seldom above eight feet . The heads were more compact , and yielded much more grain . The Boomowana yielded at the rate of 66 bushels per acre , and weighing 51 pounds per bushel . Neesana and Oomseeana yielded at the rate of 50 bushels , of 60 pounds , per acre ; and the Enyana ,. being on inferior soil , yielded but 36 bushels , of 60 pounds per acre . Some of the seed was ground by him , an...
Cutting Fence Timber . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Cutting Fence Timber . A practical farmer in a communicaiton to the Germantown ( Pa . ) Telegraph advances a peculiar theory in regard to the period for cutting timber intended for fences , especiall y for posts . The prevalent opinion in regard to the best time , is when the timber is most free from sap , and the very worst time is when it contains the most sap . This practical farmer referred to , entertains the verv opposite opinion . On one occasion he cut down some excellent white oak in the month of February and set it out in fence posts , and after this he cut down the same kind of timber in the month of May ( when it contained most free sap - ) and set it out into posts also . Tho former posts lasted onl y six years ; tho latter endured twenty-two years . This correspondent also advocates the catting of timber for rails about the month of May when it contains most sap . He says if timber is cut for rails when the sap is running , the bark then stripped off , and the rails ma...
Health and Hogs , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Health and Hogs , A foolish idea prevails that hog meat is unhealthy . Experience in the army and navy , and the mercantile service , prove that no meat is more healthy than salt pork or bacon . The reason why people are sick from eating pork is , because they eat too much at once . Pork is highly nutritious , and too much is easily and too often eaten . In hot enervating climates much meat of any kind is unhealthy ; mutton among the least so , because the least concentrated . Tho Americans eat too much meat of all kinds . I rejoice to see fruit , milk , and nuts coming more and more into fashion . I think a small slice of ham with lettuce , greens , turnips , beans , &amp; c , &amp; c ., will never give one the scrofula , nor tape-worm ! nor necessary damnation !—American Stock Journal . C . M . CLAY . To MAKE EXCELLENT BREAD . —Take eight quarts of wheat flour , spread it in your mixing dish , so as to leave a large cavity in the center ; pour a sufficient quantity...
Under Draining . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Under Draining . This was the subject of discussion at the Farmers Club , at one of its recent meetings ; and , perhaps , at no former time has the subject of under-draining been more fully discussed . The Club had the advantage of tho presence of Judge Frenoh , of Exeter , New HampahiTo , who lately returned from England , after a thorough investigation of the English methods of under-draining , and who is now engaged in writing a work on this subject . It was generally admitted by all present that thoroughly under-drained land cannot suffer from drouth ; that the mere getting rid of redundant water from the soil is not the greatest benefit of under-drains , but that the mration of the soil is full as important as the absence of redundant water ; that soils thoroughly under-drained require less manures ; that the chemical changes which are continually going on in the soil occur more rapidly in tho absence of redundant water , and the occurrence of air through the drain permits the ...
., look out for the Tree Pedlars . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
., look out for the Tree Pedlars . MB . EDITOR : —The tree pedlars will soon be swarming over the land . As soon as they get off their spring stocks and get the money or notes for their trees , they have sold for spring planting , they will beset you for orders ibr the fall . Where are the trees that they have sold in Illinois ? Why , if their trees had lived , the Central part of Illinois would now be covered with orchards . Some of the trees they have sold may undoubtedly he found , but not one for a thousand ! ** This fact may he attributed , in part , to had seasons for fruit trees , but more to the fact that the trees are not suited to our climate . An investigation shows that apple trees which do best iu Eastern States , fail here . Wc do not sueceed with apples which are most popular in northern States . A farmer who will set out an orchard of such apple trees as would he recommended in New York , would be sure to spend his time and money for no practical benefit . Even in Il...
Mr . Dnnlap ' s Nursery . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Mr . Dnnlap s Nursery . This is a new nursery , commenced two years ago , in Champaign county , about three miles south of West Urbanna , immediately on the Western Bide oftheCentralRailroad . Mr . Dunlap formerly had a nursery in Cook county , aud we believe brought most of his valuable stock from that point . The lands occupied by the nursery are beautifully adapted to that purpose . They rise gently from the Rail Road , and can bo drained without difficulty , if that should be required . Thirty-three acres are now cmbraced in the nursery grounds , which are laid out in a very convenient and tasteful manner . He has all the variety of fruit and ornamental trees , and ornamental and fruit shrubbery , and herbaceous flowering plants , desired in this region . His stock of evergreens embraces many thousands of all the hardy and best kinds , and he is increasing this Btock rapidly—the increasing demands for evergreens justifying a large expenditure in this department . Of the silver m...
Illinois State Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Illinois State Fair . The premium list for the Fair of 1859 , is now published , and in the course of distribution . Copies can be had at the offices of the Agricultural papers of this State ; of the officers of the State Agricultural Society ; of the officers of the County Agricultural societies , and of S . Francis , Corresponding Secretary of the State Agricultural Society , Springfield . The Premium list presents a valuable list of premiums . They exceed sixteen thousand dollars . No entry fee is required in any case . This rule of the Society is not departed from . From the interest manifested , especially in the region embracing the North half of the State , we are confident the State Fair of 1859 , will equal in the number of entries , in the attendance , and interest , any State Fair , which has preceded it . The arrangement for the operation of the steam plow will be full and perfect .
Currants and Gooseberries . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
Currants and Gooseberries . If you want your currants and gooseberries to do their best , youmust manure them . Dig in rotten manure about their roots—first cleaning away the grass and weeds . Houghton s Seedling is a capital gooseberry—good enough . White Dutch and Red Dutch are capital currants—and are quite large when well manured and pruned . GEEAT SALE OP STOCK . —Mr . Alexander , of Kentucky , will have a saleof stock belonging to his world-renowned herd on the first Wednesday of June next , r © Seo advertisement . - » — Valuable Bcceipes . WARTS . —Rub them with fresh beef every day until they begin to disappear . FOB A STING . —Bind on the place a thick plaster of salt moistened .
MAGNIFICENT H / 5 EKALITY . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
MAGNIFICENT H / 5 EKALITY . IMPORTANT TO STOCK RAKERS ; We sea from notices in the papers that the St . Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Assoc ! ation offer as premiums for their fourth Annual Fair , to commence on the 26 th day of September next—about $ 20 , 000 ; and that they invite competition from the whole Union . Among others we see that they offer For best thorough-bred stallion $ 1 , 000 ** roadster stallion ( la harness ) 1 , 000 u tkorongMired bnU 1 , 000 Their premiums to be paid in plate or coin at the option of the successful competitor . fi £ r * And no entry fee required in any department , on stock , machinery , or anything else .
COMMERCIAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
COMMERCIAL . St . Louis Market—April 30 . FLOUR—Business conHnud to irregular lots . Reported Bales of 100 bbls low superfine country at $ 5 65 :-4 bbls do £ 5 40 ; 303 bbls low gratia at £ » 25 ? 3 21 bbls do at J 5 ; 160 bbla city fancy at $ 0 , and 143 sks ¦» Perfln ? c , t . T «* $ ; ,,,,. , „ . WHEAT—Sales of 1 M tks poor spring at 105 @ 112 J £ c ; 600 sks spring from 115 to 121 c ; 000 sks club at 122 c ; 471 sks poor fall at 120 @ 125 c ; 092 sks do atl 32 @ 133 c ; 135 sks at 130 c ; 182 Bkftatl 36 @^&amp; U £ ; 2 li 5 BS . 8 atl 4 Cc ; lb 0 tkButU 5 c , uinil 84 cboicp red at 150 c , CORN—250 sits damaged sold at 70 c ; 200 eks in the eat at 75 c ; 6 , 334 sksmixed and white and yellowat 77 @ 7 Sc ; 200 Sks choicein the carat 80 c * 200 ska white at 80 c ; 250 sks yellow delivered , at 80 c , and 360 skB choice white at 82 c . OATS—Sales of 47 sks at 53 c ; 148 sks at 00 c ; 77 sks at 65 c ; 280-kaat 6 c , audlODska at 69 c , BAR LEY—172 ska poor spring at 45 c , a...
Page 15 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
,-, - FAIRBANKS * £ X PATENT / IF l SCALES / H OF ALL KINDS . / jEzllEIIiik Fairbanks &amp; Greenleaf , IM &amp; SSS B &amp; M 35 LAES RTBEET , CHICAGO . &amp; 8 as £ i &amp; SlWsL Sold In Springfield , by ^^ Mag &lt;^^ maylly B . B . PEASE . n T T 1 O T T f s ItWElSTJEJKJV fruit BOOK . A SEW 15 EITI 0 N OF THIS WORK , [ TaoBOuanLT HEVISED , [ Embraclngallthenewandvaluablo Fruits , with the latest J improvements In their cu tivatiou , up to January , 1 1859 , eapacIaUy adapted to tbe wants of WESTBltN F It HIT GROWERS . FULL OF EX 0 ELLEKI tLLDaTBATtOKS , by F . B . ELLIOTT , Pomologfst , Lata of Cleveland , 0 .. now of St . Louis . -Price Si 35 . Sent by mall , post paid , to any part of tho United states , on receipt of price . A . O . MOORE &amp; CO ., Agricultural Book Publishers may ! 3 t 140 , gnlton-st .. New York . B . A . ALEXANDERS Fifth Annual Sale of Short Horns , &amp; e . RA . ALEXANDERS FIFTH • ANNUAL SAL...
Page 15 Advertisements Column 2 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
iitinrois sTATE joirfcwj &amp; a MAMMOTH JOB PBINTIftft ESTABLISHMENT , BOOK-BntDERY , ifc , N . E . Comer Capitol Spare , SpdEri ^ Hl Having perfected arrangementai andmsdeTe * i , i 3 f 4 C » as to our extensive Job Printing Establishme ^ nt are prepared to execute all kinds of PX ^&amp; IN &amp; DECORATIVE VBJSPXBSefl In a style not to be excelled by any Printing OffiOB in ( ten J teal Illinois . POSTERS CONCERT BILLS HANDBILLS RA 1 LKOAD BILIS CIRCULARS RAlLKOAD TIGKJtTS BOOKS BILLS OF LADINQ ¦ PAMPHLETS CHEOKS TISITINO CARDS DRAFTS BUSINESS OARB 3 BLANKS OF AH E 2 P 23 WEDDING CARDS RECEIPTS INVITATION TtCKETS POLICIES BALL TICKETS BILLHEAD ^ &amp; o ^ &amp; S , Printed on short notice , and to the credit of tfc-ip ^ i . B ia C &amp; RB 8--CompctitionX &amp; i £ &lt;§&amp; WE have En operation the Celebrated ^ BEM ? *&gt; 3 T ! i press , which enables us to furnish a better Card fcfepfilEOj and at l...
Page 16 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
ILLINOIS MUTUAL IHEMM COMPANY . ^ o « J ^ W CAPITAL ¥ ^ £ j &amp;^^ UNLIISJTED g ^^^ ^^^ te ISCREASIHG . P &amp; U ^^^ H LOSSES BY FIRE PRINCIPAL OFFICII AT ALTON , IIA . THIS COMPANY WAS CHARTERED In 1 S 39 , and insures , at a moderate cost , almost every specie * of property In Illinois against Loss or Damage by Fire . The rates of risk ore so arranged -that cacu class of property insured will support its own loss . Every one insured becomes a member—the Company being on association of customers—each of whom la concerned iu Insuring his neighbor . The capital augments In exact ratio with the increase of risks ; the security for which remains in tho hands of the Insured ; therefore , every member Is the treasurer of his own money until the same is required for the purpose of paying losses . BOARD 01 r nitECTOKS : rim . Turner , Lyman Trumbull , II . W . Hillings , Bouj . F . Long , Samuel Wade , M . 0 . At wood , John James , L . Kellenbergcr , Robert Smith , Henry...
Page 16 Advertisements Column 2 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
CATALOGUE OP GARDEN SEEDS FOR SALE BY S . FRAHCIS , SPRINGFIELD . ILLINOIS . —» - Asparagus , Artichoke . B &amp; ixa , FOU SsAPt . —Valentino , Early Xe wing ton , Thousand to-One , Early Mohawk , Early China , White Cranberry Bunch , Royal White Bunch . BEANS , POLE-London Horticultural Cranberry , Siva , Lima , Bed Cranberry , Indian Chief . CASDAOE—Early Wakefield , Early York , Red Dutch , Early Sugar Leaf , Premium Flat Dutch , Large American Dramhead , Drumhead and Kohl Rabl . CAULiFiowin—Early London . Cons—Early Red Cob Sweet Mammoth Sweet , Early Tnscaxora , Ac , Smiths Early White . BEETS—Early Bassano , Early Blood Turnip , Long Blood Red , Mangel Wartcel , Ac , English Sugar Beet , Ac , White Sugar . CUCUMBERS—Short Green Early , Long London , Long Turkey , Gherkin , Ac . CEURT—Solid white , chrystal white , solid red . CHEHB—Curled double , broad leaf . CAnaon—Common yellow , early horn , blood red , Belgium yellow . Eoo PLAVT—Early long purple . RALE—Sea kale ...
Page 16 Advertisements Column 3 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1859
JtEOXiIJVE JPJLOWS . Mouulactured by Johu Dere . AS THE SEASON FOR 1 A . M , PLOWING Is at hand , the subscriber wonld ask the attention of Farmers and others interested , to his large and superior stock of Plows of all kinds , now in usointhe West , consisting of Thcee sizes of Improved Clippers , made from the heat Caststeel , and nnlahed in very superior manner ; these [ -Iowa for ease of draft , and perfect plowing , have no equal in this State . * Four sizes and qualities of the common form of old ground plows , made from Cast , German aud American Steel , which aro equal to any pi aw made after this style , Corn Plows of two qualities . Double and BlnghyShovel Plows . Five Tooth Cultivators . Harrows , two styles , rerorsablo , adjustable , and Oiddes Double Harrow . Ox Yokes of three sizes , finished in the best manner , anda very superior article . Twelve and Fourteen in Extra Breakers , for breaking Prairie or other sod , with two and three horses—these are very superior br...