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SWEEP-COST OE ' KEEPING . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
SWEEP-COST OE KEEPING . [ For the Prairie Farmer . Br JOIIM MAIIARD . MESSRS . EDITORS : In the February number of the Prairie Farmer , the Hon . J . S . Skinner asks Will some of your correspondents show , by figures , at how low a price for . wool , sheep growing i » ay be followed as a livelihood ? It is believed that sheep can be carried through the year , in the hills awl- , mountain * , and the mountain valleys of Tennessee and the Carolinas for not exceeding 10 or 12 cents a head . What is the case in Illinois ? How long is it necessary to feed sheep there 1 On what are they fed-r-hay , or grain , or both—and at what cost for each ? How many sheep can bo safely kept , with reference to healthiness , in ono flock ? and is not frequent change of pastures necessary ? What market is / found for surplus sheep ? I am ur hopes before this communication reaches you , that some of your correspondents , who have had a longer residonc / s in this State and more experience in the busines...
WORK OXEN FOR BEEF . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
WORK OXEN FOR BEEF . ii -vt-fra-:,, ii [ For the Prairie Farmer . nt AHKAIUH SMITH . MESSRS . EDITORS : There is in my opinion no slock , lhat can be grown on a farm to more profit than a few yoke of oxen , say from one to three or four , broke to the yoke , and sold ( he same number each year . You may put ihcm to the yoke on a farm at two years old , and make them thereafter earn their feed , and thus make a clear profit of theif growth . If cattle-growing can be made profitable in any manner , it can be made four-fold more so by this process than by merely growing beef and selling your steers at two or three years old . By making a litlle variation from the common mode of farming , you may dispense with all but two of your , horses on a farm of two hundred acres , and rear and sell four yoke of oxen every year . You may work any kind , form , or color of cattle that you can winicr profitably ; and all kinds of healthy growing cattle may be profitably fed on our prairie farms , ex...
[ For the Prairie Farmer [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
[ For the Prairie Farmer WHEAT GttOWING-SMUT—SEED . BY I .. WARREN . M ESS its . EDITORS : Smut is a thing I have rarel y been troubled with in raising wheat , for more than forty years past , and I tell you how I work it : Tulic natures path and mad opinions htivc , All stales can teach it , and nil heads conceive . Accordingly , I put my ground in good order and in good season . Sow and harrow or plow in my wheat in warm pleasant weather . Have good , clean , plump seed , and sow it dry . In this way I always have raised wheat clean from smut ; unless I get caught in rain and mud during my seeding ; and thc / i , I usually have a little smut . I learned this way of proceeding when quite young . It was a custom when I was but a child , to brine , lime and ash wheat for seed previous to sowing . My father and his neighbors did so , aijd weary of this tedious process of preparing wheat for seed with brine , lime and ashes , about forty years ago my father and two of . his neighbors r...
DRIVING SHEEP . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
DRIVING SHEEP . THE PRAIRIE FARMER . MAY , 1843 . It cannot be disguised that the losses of sheep during the past winter among us have been very severe . Some have lost nearly their whole flocks , others 20 or 30 per cent ; and without doubt these losses will operate as a discouragement to many . The practical question is how far such discouragement ought to operate ; and what advantage ought to be taken of these results of past experience in the matter . We are free to say , lhat we believe ihey will be salutary to a certain extent ; and that there are some who ought to be discou / aged ffom meddling with sheep—if not until they Jcrtpw something of the business—at least until they will exercise more care in their management . When the man , who , without an acre of feed or any shelter whatever , procures a flock of sheep under the impression that they will take care of themselves with the same facility that a drove of swine or Indian ponies will do it , sees his golden visions vani...
A SHEEP MANGER . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
A SHEEP MANGER . [ For the Frame Farmer / BY D 1 XWELL I / ATHROP . MESSRS . EDITORS :. I send you for publication ( if you think it worthy ) tny plan of feeding hay to sheep , which I think the best I have seen . It is to enclose the rick or long stack of hay with a board fence , placed about ten feet from the stack , through which the sheep feed . The fence may be made in a cheap , and sufficiently substantial manner by slicking a pair of stakes at each joint and letting the board lap a few inches between the stakes , placing * the bottom board which should be twelve or fourteen inches * wide , on edge on the ground ; then eight inches above the top edge of tho board put a pin through both stakes , and put another board of about the same width of the bottom board upon the pin , leaving a space of eight inches for the sheep to eat through , and the fence is completed . Two * feet inside of the fence place another board Of about one foot wide on edge on the ground and sdppdrtr if by...
ADVERTISERS IN THE PRAIRIE EARNER . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
ADVERTISERS IN THE PRAIRIE EARNER . [ For the Prairie Farmer . BY 3 . RKVNOLDS . MESSRS . EDITORS : Allow me to give your subscribers a word of advice . It is this : Bind your Prairie Farmers , and then you have them all together , and they will be more accessible for future reference . I bind all of mine ; it takes but a little lime , and costs but a trifle . I always put the new year s advertising cover in the front part for my own advantage : so when I go to Chicago I can the more easily remember the following advertisements , and numerous others which I could not make fit in this acrostic . Some of your merchants who do not advertise in the Prairie Farmer , have told me it was no use—that the farmers never look at them . They are greatly mistaken , and those who want the trade of the best part of the farming papulation , should let u s know it by advertising on the cover . I would suggust that you should make an alphabetical tabic of your advertisers , for tho greater convenienc...
POTATOES . THISTLES . FLINT WHEAT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
POTATOES . THISTLES . FLINT WHEAT . [ For the Prairie Farmer . BY . R . CHEHEY . MESSRS . EDITORS : One man two years since from the land of his fathers * told mo he understoodfarming id perfection , and wanted no new fangled system of yankee hus bandry . Spose his father carried a stone in ong end of the bag when he went to mill—any thing out of the old cider mill ( rack must be wrong . I will give you his method of keeping potatoes through the winter . He puts them in a heap on some dry spot , then a coat of straw with some 4 to 6 inches of dirt over the whole , expecting the potatoes will freeze , hut says if they remain in the ground till tho frost is out , the potatoes will be sound . This is different from my experience , but if true would save some labor in covering . What think ye ! In the March number of the Prairie Farmer we have an interesting communication from W . B . Ide—his experience in early life for destroying Canada thistles . It appears he has taken his lessons o...
MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT . HOW TO PUT UP LIGHTNING ROi &gt; S . MESSES . EDITOES : Please give information to the following : 1 . Where is a house best protected from lightning—in a grove of timber , or on the open prairie , with timber half a mile distant . 2 . The best method of putting up rods to protect buildings from injury by electricity . Size of the rod ; how high the points should be above the roof to secure a house 18 by 28 , 12 feet posts . Some tell me they prefer to have the rod supported by the side of the house . You must be the oracle on all matters pertaining lo the Welfare and prosperity of the Great West . You have information to refer to , which many , less privileged , are not able to possess . R . CiiENEr . There is no reasonable doubt that a building is far safer with trees about it than on the open prairie . A green tree , covered with foliage , and wet with rain , is a fair conductor ; and many kinds of trees—such foi instance as elms and Lombardy popla...
METEOROLOGICAL RECORD [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
METEOROLOGICAL RECORD For Cliicago , III , Lai . 41 ° 45 , A . ; Lon . 87 ° 35 , W . By GEO . F . WILSON , for the Chicago Mechanics Institute . From , March 24 , to April 26 , 1845 . - : _________ __________ . . — —_______ ¦ . . H- ——— Height of Barometer — u . i ¦ ¦ i „ , ii „ i-, u Thermometer , external , in inches and hundths . Day II of ihe Sun-9 ocl 3 o cl 9 o el 3 un-9 ocl 3 o cl i ) o cl daily month , rise , A . M . P . M . P . M . rise . A . M . p . M P . M . mean March 25 29 . a 229 . 30 j 29 . 25 39 . 00 27 41 48 39 38 . 75 26 ; 29 . 15-9 . 0528 . 85 28 . 80 40 50 68 52 52 . 50 27 28 . 85 28 . 80 28 . 50 28 . 58 40 CO 76 57 58 . 25 28 28 . 7028 . 7028 . 64 28 . 60 48 68 60 53 51 . 75 29 28 . 8028 . 7828 . 46 28 . 50 52 68 74 60 63 . 50 30 28 . 50 28 . 4828 . 40 28 . 25 64 69 74 66 68 . 25 31 26 . 19 28 . 1828 . 0528 . 41 61 63 57 35 54 . 00 April 1 28 . 75 28 . S 0 28 . 58 28 . 50 30 33 56 48 43 . 00 2 28 . 85 28 . 90 28 . 83 28 . 90 27 42 50 43 43 . 00 3 29 . 00 28 . 85...
EDITOR'S TABLE [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
EDITORS TABLE BITTER SAT WHERE . The carelessness of some people who write uj , in neglecting certain bits of information , generally deemed necessary on such occasions , is amusing , and sometimes provoking . If wo get a letter from another State , tho name of the State is pretty sure to be left off . The othor day a man sent us a dollar for our paper from Fayette county , Pennsylvania , without naming any post office . Wc suppose there is more than one office in that comity—if there is not , ho may get his paper ; but if he fails to get it , he will only pay a fair penalty for his blunder . Another man sont his subscription without telling his name ! But there was no other subscriber at that office , and so we got along with that . Now wo have a newspaper before us , with Please Exchange , which we have looked through from beginning to end , and find tho name of no State any where upon it . Doubtless tho people in tho State where it is printed—for we suppose it is printed in some ...
And let us lhanke tho Romagnes also [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
And let us lhanke tho Romagnes also For the art of Graffinge . Their graffinge it scorns was accompanied in those days • with devotional exercises . Here is a form for the latter . A note for alle Giuflbrs and Planters . Whensoever ye shnllo plume or grnfffa it shall he meeto and good for you to suye as followed ! : In the name of God ihe Father , the Sonne and ihe Holy Ghost Amen . Increase and multiply and replenish tho Earthe . Then say the Lordus prayer . Then snye Lordo God Ware my prayer and let this my desyre of thee be hearde . In thy name 0 Lnrdu we set , plantc , nnd graff e , desiring that by thy mighty power they maye encrenpe and mulliplyc vpon the earthe , in Waring plentye of fruitc , to iho profile and comforto of thy faythfulle people thorow Christo our Lorde . Amen . Next comes a plan To Hauo your Fruitc taste Halfo Apple and Hidfe Pcare . In the spring ye shall take Grades , the one a Pcare , and the other an Apple : ye shullc clennc or pare thorn in tho grafting ...
SHEEP KEEPING SUCCESSFUL . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
SHEEP KEEPING SUCCESSFUL . It might be infened from what is elsewhere written in this number , that sheep keeping with us has proved far less successful than is the case . In a ride through Du Page , Kane , McHenry , Boofle and Winnebago counties , we have taken considerable pains to make inquiry into the condition of flocks ; and particularly with reference to the manner in which the late winter has been passed . We find it universally said , that this has been a hard season for sheep ; being one of those open winters , when animals have hut a poor appetite for hay ; and when there has not been with a few exceptions grass sufficient for thrift-. Still , we are satisfied after all , that the losses have been the exceptions . We heard of flocks and saw them , large and small , all along the route , which were in the finest condition ; and it was only now and then that we could learn of a case where the loss had been severe ; and these losses were confind to flocks brought in late las...
CHICTGVJIITCES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
CHICTGVJIITCES . ( Jorrected , April _&amp; , lato . PROVISIONS . t cts . $ cts . Beef ....: lOlOO 3 50 . © . 4 00 do . Moss # - bl 7 50 . ® . 8 50 . do . Prime do ® none Pork F 100 4 00 . ® do . Moss F » M &lt; SH 3 00 Lard ^ 16 7 . ® .... 8 Butter do 10 . ® ... 12 Cheeso do 5 . ® 6 BREAD STUFFS . Flour , superfine V- M 3 75 . ® . 4 00 do . fine do ® -3 00 Corn meal Pbush 44 . ® ... 50 GRAIN . Wheat , winter ^ bush 72 . ® ... 76 do . spring , ^ bush 60 . ® ... f &gt; 6 Oats ........ do 25 . ® .-28 Cornshelled do ® ... 42 , GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS . Timothy ..... ^ bush ® . I 25 Blue Grass do 2 00 Red Top do nono Red Clover do ® -7 00 Whitedo W ® non ° Flaxseed Pbush 85 . ® .-. 90 SUNDRIES . Salt VbbI -- ® -1 50 White Fish do 5 50 . ® . 6 00 Mackinaw Trout , do 5 50 . ® . 6 00 Apnlos « 1 3 00 . ® . 4 00 do dried Fbush 1 12 . ® . ! 25 Beans do ® -l 75 Potatoes d « S 5- ® \_ * Cranberries do ® -l 50 Onions do .... © ... 50 Chickens .. each 10 . ® .-. 124 - Hides ...
MARKETS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
MARKETS . Prairie Farmer Office , Chicago , April 28 , 1845 . The grain trade seems tobe pretty much suspended till harvest ; and it is a question if some sections will nol suffer from scarcity before that time . Oats come in freely by vessels and the price is controlled by those thus brought in . Wheat brings about the last quotations though a few choice samp les have brought 80 cents . A pretty generous advance will be noticed in beef and pork . HORSES find as yet a dull sale ; but an improvement is anticipated soon from the effect of immigration . There are about 200 here of all qualities which are held at about former prices . rU . »»_ I - S / caao _ BOOKS IN NEW YORK . Those of our readers who are merchants , and who purchase books in New York , will please remember tho advertisement in the last volume , of 1 SAMUEL S . &lt; fc WM . W OOD , 261 Pearl street , who are large publishers of school and other book * f
- _ - _ = ' ¦ '' . "¦ ¦ . '_ .. ¦ — - ADVERTISERS IN THE PRAIRIE FARMER . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
ADVERTISERS IN THE PRAIRIE FARMER . Chicago . BOOK BINDERY . Hoisington , J . A ., Clarke st . BOOKS &amp; STATIONEIIT . Barlow , W . W . &amp; Co ., 123 Lake . Brautigam &amp; Keen , 146 Lake st . Galo , S . F . &amp; Co ., IOC BuTciiBuiNo &amp; PACKING . Marsh , S . North Water st . DRAPERS &amp; TAILORS . Hust . ed , II . H ., 97 £ Lake st . Smith , Elijah , Clarke St . DRUGS &amp; MEBICINES . Boyce , L . M . 119 Luke st . Brandreth s Pills , by Galo &amp; Co . Brinckerhoff , J ., 143 Lake st . Clarke &amp; Co ., 102 Lake st . Egdn s Safsaparillu , 16 Lake st . . DRY GOODS , GROCERIES , Sec . Bracken &amp; Tullcr , 1 CI Lake st . Ifriggs &amp; . Greene , 174 Carter , T . B . &amp; Co ., 118 Fennerly , John , 100 Follanshc , A ., 05 . Hamilton &amp; White , 139 Hanson &amp; Ransom , 117 . . Holdcn , C . N ., Clarke &amp; Water . Horrick , E . W ., 69 Lake st . No...
THE PRAIRIE FAEMEU , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
THE PRAIRIE FAEMEU , Devoted to Western Agriculture , Mechanics , and Education . Published ^ monthly at Chicago , Illinois , by John S . Wright , c oniainlng 24 very large octavo pages , besides a colored cover wittadHerlisemchts . Terms , $ 1 per annum , 6 copies for $ 5 J 3 copies for $ 10 , invariably in advance . All . communications must be sent free of postage . John S . Wright and J . • Ambrose Wight , Editors : Vol 5 , 1 _ 45 . . REASONS FOR TAKING if . • T . ; It Is one of trie fariji-st ami cheapest niiiicuUuriil papers published In the United Stilcs Specimen ff m Hmll ln d ,,,,,, re &lt; i , iicMtlna them t . K Is not published flir iho whole country , but for the especial benefit of wontcrn Airmen . 3 ; Miist of thn matter Is supplied by correspondents , more tlinn three hundred In number , from all purls of the West ; as a body . unsurpassed In ability and pincticni knowledge , by iliosc of any other niirieulliiral paper . 4 . It Ii Illustrated with an abundanc...
- «¦»* - ¦ | CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
- «¦»* - ¦ | CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER . Acknowledgments and notices , The silk business , 105 Churns , Apple bread , Corn cakes , Apple jelly , 106 Domestic Yeast , To cure a snake bite , Sowing clover , 106 A rat trap , Felling wool , ! 07 Grays cradles , Plows , Lime in soils , Seed corn , 108 Bad farming , Commenis—poor slock—sheep , 109 Blood horse , The big rat trap , HO Orchards , Lve for wheat , Wild raspberry , Strawberries , ! 11 To form an oval bed , Black Tartarian cherry , 112 Thc strawberry , Agricultural societies , 113 ; Experimental farm in St . Clair county , 113 Matters in Mississippi , 114 Butler and chrese , Time to cut timothy , 115 . Review of the April number , H ° Natural habits of domesiic animals , ¦ H 7 Gophers—one way to settle the difficulty , 118 Sheep—cost , of keeping , Work oxen for beef , 118 Wheat-giowing—smut—seed , H 9 Importance of salt to live stock , 11 ? , Driving sheep , }* y . Sore mouth in sheep—rot—tar , A sheep manger , 121 Blood s...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
TIIRESIIING MACHINES AND PLOWS . CONSTANTLY on bund or linn . , u ; made to order on short no tii . fi at llm Elgin Fiiriiiiou , J . Jv-Mt . i celebrated PREMIUM THRESHING MACHINES A . \ D CLEANERS , manufactured in a supwior and nust » .. l » i . ;! Uitiul manner by P Svlla &amp; Co . Also tint Ki . lolirau-d ELGIN PREMIUM SiRKL - LOW , mado inilm noatostundliost sl \ lo . Price , - $ 12 . 00 Wrought iron , with stool edge , - • - 10 . 00 Cast plow , with stool edge , - - . - 8 . 00 Cast throughout , 7 . 00 For ready pay only . - GEO . W . RENWICK , SCOTT , A DAMS , &amp; TRUESDELL
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
THE KITCHEN DIRECTORY AND AMERICAN HOUSEWIFE , CONTAINING tlio most valuable and original recipes inallllie various branches of Cookery , together with a collection of miscellaneous recipes and directions relative to Housewifery . Also , the whole art oE Carving , illustrated by sixtcenn engravings . Price , 12 J cents . A new supply just received and for salo by W . W . BARLOW &amp; CO . Chicago School Hook Depository , 121 Luke struct .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 May 1845
TO PHYSICIANS . A FULL supply of Drugs and Medicines , together with all the Compounds and Preparations required by tho Faculty may bo found at 102 Lako st . CLARKE &amp; CO . Jan 1015 . LITTELLS LIVING AGE . A MAGAZINE of Foreign Lilerature , selected from **• the European Reviews and Magazines . This work aims to present all that is contained in the Foreign Publications which is of interest to the American reader , and is the cheapest compend of choice literature published . Weekly numbers 12 _ cents each , or $ 6 per annum . Published by T . H . Carter , 1184 Washington street , Boston . Subscriplions taken at this office . Jan . 1845 .