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Circular. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Circular. The Executive Committee of the State Agritultural Society, beg leave to say to the Agriculturists of the State that as the time for holding the Annual Fair approaches the necessity for increased and energetic action throughout the State becomes, daily, more apparent. The officers of the Society are giving their time, attention and money to the furtherance of the work, but this will not suffice. Unless the Farmers, Merchants, Lawyers, Hotel Keepers and all others interested (and who is not?) come up to our aid, subscribe and pay their memberships and give countenance to the work, our approaching Fair cannot be made what it should be— cannot be what the resources of our State call for. what the honor of this most prominent interest demands. The State has made commendable appropriations for premiums, and the Executive Committee has published a schedule for the approaching Exhibition, and it is hoped that we may be placed in circumstances to show full statistics of Farms, Orch...
Agricultural Visiting Committee. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Agricultural Visiting Committee. At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society, held this day, Gen. C. 1. Hutchinson of Sacramento, Rev. A. 11. Myers of Alameda, Hon. Sherman Day of Santa Clara. Hon. W. W, Stow of Santa Cruz, and Gen. Allen of Yuba, were elected a Committee for the examination of Farms, Orchards, Vineyards, Nurseries. Ac., which may be entered for premiums at the ensuing Fair. Although the time for such entry has expired, yet the Committee is instructed to receive propositions for such entry until the 15th August, being bound, of course, to visit only those which may be within their range. Special pains, however, will V taken to answer all special requests. (). C. WHEELER, R. Sec. State Agricultural Society's Rooms, July 27, 1855.
A Call [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
A Call To every organized County Agricultural Society, I am instructed by the Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society, to ask the earnest co-operation of every County organization, and to ask of the Corresponding Secretary of each such infoimation of their several Societies as will make known to the Executive how much their Counties will do to further the interests of the Exhibition — what products, what stock and what manufactures may be expected fiom their several counties; and to solicit an active co-operation in this great work. It is also very desirable that special delegations should be appointed to attend the Fair and to act in convention, and thus aid in promoting and advancing all the great and important interests involved. The Secretaries or other officers of each County arc particularly desired to reply to the call at the earliest moment. Per order of Executive Committee. James L. L. F. Warden, Corrcs. Sec. State Agricultural Society.
FREE TRANSPORTATION TO THE STATE FAIR. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
FREE TRANSPORTATION TO THE STATE FAIR. The Executive Committee of the California State Agricultural Society, take pleasure in announcing to those ■ interested, throughout the State, that the California Steam Navigation Co., Citizens' Lit** of Steamers, California Stage Co.. Wells. Fargo &amp; Co.. and the Pacific Express Co. have liberally and gratuitously tendered the services of their respective conveyances for the transportation, to and from the approaching Fair, of such articles as may be designed for exhibition, including stock and persons necessarily accompanying the same. Every thing of like liberality from our citizens in any portion of the State, will tend to render the coming State Fair of greater interest, and make it worthy of the State and her people. By order of the Executive Committee. C. I. Hutchinson. President. ACicAMENTO, July sth., 1855. Members to the State Society.—One of the plans to promote the usefulness of the State Society, is to aid them by the va...
Curl of the Leaves of Peach Trees. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Curl of the Leaves of Peach Trees. This affection, to which the tree is subject during the month of May, and by which it often loses all its first leaves, has been commonly attributed to the puncture of insects, such as aphides and the thrips. It is, however, very doubtful whether these insects are the real cause of that diseased change in the texture and form of the leaf which is called the curl, because the insects in question are rarely seen on the affected leaves and never in such numbers as to sufficiently account for the extensive injury sustained. The surface of the leaves is swollen into irregular and crisp tumors, often of a reddish and of a spongy texture, formed of thickened and succulent cellular tissue. These tumefactions present some analogy to the warts of the plum tree, and may have a similar origin. The affection has has often been observed to follow a cold storm in May, whether connected therewith or not. If sudden cold and moisture have a tendency to check evapora...
Fruit Culture near Washington. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Fruit Culture near Washington. Henry F. French, in one of his late letters to the New England Farmer, gives the following interesting account of the successful commencement in the culture of fruit by Darius Claggett, (five miles from Washington city,) who has been thirty years a merchant, and who never saw a plow run until on his own farm. He employs mostly Irish laborers: I have rarely seen a place which gave so decided evidence of good taste and good judgment and withal, of such persevering faith in our good mother aarth, as this. Six years ago Mr. Claggett purchased three hundred acres of land, mostly covered with a small growth of yellow pine, entirely unimproved. In this short period of time he has cleaied and put under the plow one hundred and fifty acres, a large part of which is coy ered M'ith a choice variety of fruit trees of all descriptions that the climate will produce. His trees appear to be judiciously selected, carefully pruned and protected, and making a growth far ...
Grapes and Wine. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Grapes and Wine. In your paper of last July, I observed a valuable piece on the use of the grape as a food or medicine, which was too good to pass unnoticed. The most eminent physicians, and men who have traveled in grape countries, agree with you. It is a common saying, that in wine countries there are but few drunkards. The writer in the Observer finds an exception in Paris. What less could be expected in a city like Paris? There is a wonderful difference between a man sitting under his own vine, eating the fruit and drinking the juice, and going to grog shops and other detestable places, and taking their wines and other detestable poisons. Alcohol, whether or clear adulterated, tends tocreate unnatural thirst, till, like a poisoned rat, he drinks himself to death. The pure juice of the grape, or the fruit, tends directly the other way, and also to give strength and health and vigor to the system. The grape is of the easiest culture, by slips cuttings, grafting, or transplanting f...
The Weeping Willow. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
The Weeping Willow. The following account of the introduction of the weeping willow (Salix Babylonica) into England, is communicated to the New England Farmer by R. 11. Howard: I presume that it is known to few that, for the weeping willows that hang their pensive boughs beautifully over the hallowed graves of the dead, England and America are indebted to, the distinguished Lady Mary Montague. It is said that while at Constantinople, whose husband at that time occupied the embassy, she sent, in a basket of figs, home to her intimate friend, the poet Pope, a 6prig of the Asiatic willow. He set it out in his garden, and from that twig has come all the weeping willows in England and America. Lady Alary Montague was born about the year IC9O, in Nottinghamshire, England; she was one of the finest and most accomplished scholars of her age ; was cotemporary and on terms of intimacy with Hannah More, Addison, Pope, Steele, &amp;C.J was the wife of the accomplished Charles Montague f...
The Cochineal. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
The Cochineal. The Cochineal of commerce has the appearance of a seed or grain ; and few persons who arc unacquainted with the natural history of the article which is the principle ingredient in all our most brilliant dyes, would, on inspection, believe it to be a member of the animal, instead of the vegetable kingdom. But so it is, and millions of pounds of these minute insects are reared and sacrificed, made an important article of commerce, and sold in the various marts of the whole cilized world, in order to gratify the eye of man. Two members of the lower animal creation play important parts in ministering to human luxury and pride, viz; the silk worm and the cochineal fly ; the former in spinning the thread of all our most costly textile fabrics, and the latter in giving them their brilliancy of hues, from the flaming scarlet, the brilliant orange, and the blushing crimson, to the delicate pink and the pale-tinted rose. All these colors, in their infinite variety of shade, as ...
Duties of Farmers as Citizens. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Duties of Farmers as Citizens. Extract from Dr. Reynol'ls' Lecture before the Concord Lyceum To sustain the laws of the land and to preserve order and good government is obviously the duty of every citizen. But this is peculiarly the duty of the fanner. For the yeomanry of this country constitutes the main pillar upon which the fabric of our government rests. Without the sustaining hand of the sober, staid, enlightened and strongminded yeomanry of our land, our government, left to the conflicting elements, that meet and struggle and battle in our cities and political arenas, would scarcely sustain itself a single year. It is the* mighty voice of the yeomanry of "the country that speaks with power and is heard above the raging billows of political strife. It is said that Paris is France and that the voice of France is but the eclvo of the voice of Paris. But, thank God, we have no Paris in America, and we have other voices than the voices of our great cities. Now I do not counsel far...
CALIFORNIA. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
CALIFORNIA. On the confines of Columbia's unmeneured waste, By the mighty Pacific and Sierras encased, Is a land which for ages was suffered to lay As it wan at creation's first opening day ; When the stars with delight all in harmony sang, And legions of heaven to her parai&gt;ots sprang, As the ends of the earth here in union did meet • And the Maker of all saw his labors complete : While, perhaps, it was here that He lingering stood, To pronounce of bis works—" they are all very good." Here the Sabbath that followed was long undisturbed, In which naught but the voices of Nature were heard: While the quick salmon's plunge 'neath the cataracts roar, And the high swelling tide, as it beat on the shore, Formed an encircling choir, together to raise, To their God and c jntroller loud anthems of praise. In this spot, hid from view and unknown to the world, No peaceful arts entered, no war fangs were hurled; But robed in the richness of Nature's bestowing, Resplendent in beauty ...
Death of a Son of the Author of Anastasius. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Death of a Son of the Author of Anastasius. Paws, May 3, 1855. A few weeks ago, Mr. William W. Hope, one of the sons of "Anastasius" Hope, died in his hotel of the Rue Saint Dominique Saint Germain, leaving the whole immense fortune, above $2,---000.000, to a poor Englishman, a distant relation vegetating at Dover on some hundred pounds a year. The will contained a few legacies, among them one to his mistress. He bequeathed her $100,000. This legacy was too intimately linked with the other provisions of the will for the heir to think of disturbing it, for, as you know, these mortuary commands are like Prince Rupert's drop in their intimate interdependence. But the woman had a pair of horses and a carriage in Mr. Hope's stable, (they lived maritally together,) alledged to have been given her by him, and which were shown to have been used by her constantly, by none but her, and to have been constantly at her orders. The heir brought suit to recover them, and they were worth one thousa...
Greatness of Little Things. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Greatness of Little Things. In Lieut. Maury's recent work on the Physical Geography of the Sea, he gives the result of microscopic examinations of some shells, drawn up from the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, where it is more than two miles in depth. These shells are so minute that to the naked eye they appear like common dust or clay, although not a giain of sand is among them ; and yet are so preserved that their most delicate edges are perfect. It would require a larger grave to hold all the coral insects of the world than all the elephants. The smallest tenants of the ocean, not the largest, are its most important occupants, and the microscopic shell fish create more important changes than the whales. It has been the great error of historians, statesmen and politicians, to lose sight of this truth. They look only at the whales, the big fish, and seem to consider these as the monarchs of the deep sea of politics, and they alone have the right to swim there. If the French Emperor f...
Another Time Will Do as Well. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Another Time Will Do as Well. It is a common saying, that all the operations of nature go on regularly without delay. If we hear a farmer or mechanic repeating this saying, ' l that to-morrow will answer the purpose just as well as to-day," we may rely on it that such persons will never prosper in their business. The farmer that never thoroughly repairs his fences, till after his cattle have repeatedly trespassed upon his crops, or never has his plow or harrow ready for use, till after the proper time has passed, practically adopts the principle that another time is as good as the present. The patient that is confined to his bed by sickness, and neglects to call a physician till after the disease has become matured and threatens death, is another procrastinator, and advocate of the doctrine, that future time will be available to a present purpose and benefit. The student that neglects his books from day to day, and passes his time in indolence, expecting by future diligence in study...
ACROSTIC. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
ACROSTIC. C omr, a messenger meets us so blythe and so glee, A 11 freighted with gems from the land and die sea L oudly his presence how many do greet, I n the rich gilded mansion and lonely retreat; F or each weekly issue, as others helore, 0 nly increases her beauty, her richness, and lore. Roll on ye proud billows, ber treasures convey, N ever fill her proud sails with political sway; 1 ncreaee her reception on each happy shore, Asa mandate of mercy, a guide to the poor; F or her treasures, ye authors and poets profound, A re greatly increased by the farmers around : Richly laden, like hives with the sweet honeyed store, M ay success ever crown you on Pacific wide short, Ever one who would know who bears this rich mine, Remember to read it to the first ofeach line. Alice
Summer's Farewell. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 17 August 1855
Summer's Farewell. It seems but yesterday, when taken in a retrospective view, that I heard the solemn knell Ol the parting year '54, with its many hopes, disappointments and fears. It was then winter: how quickly that passed. And then came those balmy days of opening Spring, with laughing looks and meandering streams, happily escaping their icebound fetters to gush down the mountain side and once more gain freedom in their serpentine course in the sleeping valley below. And then came, i;&gt; rapid succession. Summer; and thou too art going The music of thy departing sigh is upon the winds ; the dark-leafed branches are waving a s:&gt; ; requiem, and the last bright-hued flowers an heavy and drooping with tears from sympathy foi those delicate little flowers springing from tht same stock where their predecessors for so matij years " wasted their sweetness on the desert air.' Earth's joyous ones are mourning that thy sweet flowers, fraught with golden hours, are so sw...