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SPAYING AND SEX. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
SPAYING AND SEX. At the meeting of the Wilmington ?branch' of the Agricultural Bureau. South Australia, recently, Mr. Slee reported on experiments which he had carried out with a view to as certain if it was possible to control the sex of animals' by spaying. He stated that in October, 1908, he spay ed four two-year-old heifers. The near side ovary was removed from two, and the'off-side organ from the other two.' He also took the tip off the horn on the side spayed in each case, so that there might be no pos sibility of mistake. In June, 1910, a hqifer which had been operated upon on the near side calved a heifer calf, and in the same month, and in July the two heifers spayed on the off side also had heifer calves. The re maining heifer had a bull calf in Oc tober. It was, therefore, his opinion that the removal of one ovary would not control the sex of the offspring. A consignment of ten cases of cheese, sent from Mount Tyson, Q., realised prices equal to the top price realised by ...
DEHORNING BULLS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
DEHORNING BULLS. The bull is a source of endless trouble and annoyance to the dairy farmer, because of his noble contempt for ordinary gates and fences. Even barbed wire is not always respected by him. Very few bulls over the age of five years can be trusted to re main outside of a paddock of green feed. The poley breeds are more amenable to control than the horn ed, and for this reason will, in the future, come into favour. At pre sent tne red-polled milking strain is almost unknown in N.S. Wales, out side the Government herd. Iiorns are an absolutely useless and actively injurious appendage to domesticated cattle. The horrors that a truck load of fat bullocks endures during, a long train journey should dispose any hu mane man to welcome the advent of the poleys. Small landholders who breed their own bulls would be well advised to prevent the growth of horns by the application of > caustic soda, when the horns- first appear.v#A- ? bull of a horned breed, without horns may appear...
LARGEST CHEESE FACTORY IN THE WORLD. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
LARGEST CHEESE FACTORY IN THE WORLD. While Australia can boast of the world's greatest butter factory, Byron Bay, New Zealand, * trots along the champion cheese factory. Both are pretty tall achievements, considering that the dairying indus try is not a very great age in these parts of the world. This colossus of the Dominion is situated at River dale. It , is, of course, one of the sights of the district, and every visi tor who is /worth notice is taken round to see the institution. The Scottish Commissioner, Mr. Dunlop, was, of course, shown the factory, and right Avell did he enjoy the visit. His opinion is worth something, too, for he has been all over the factories in Canada and other parts, and seen everything in the. line that is worth seeing. He Avas very much struck with the work performed by the whey pasteuriser, a simple apparatus, de signed by the manager, Mr. Cooper, on a simple regenerative plan. It puts no less than 5000 gallons of whey through in the hour. Another in...
WYALONG AND DISTRICT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
WYALONG AND DISTRICT. The Secretary of the Wyalong District Branch reports the usual monthly meeting of that branch was held on the 11th inst. A letter from Mr. T. I. Campbell, general secretary, was read, referring to organisation, and it was proposed that Mr. Eweifa be asked to visit next meeting on April 1st. It was also resolved to write and ask the members of the Wyalong branch to attend next meet ing to hear Mr. Ewers. It was pro posed to hold a day's sports in the near future. The president drew attention to the matter of adult suffrage having been discussed in the shire council, and urged members to do all in their power to keep the franchise with those who pay the rates. The presi dent referred to the fact that stal lions were shifted from one district to another, because of leaving no foals, and it was resolved to write to the P., A., H., and . I. Society, asking that body to co-operate in seeking to have a penalty enforced for this class of offence.
GLEN INNES DISTRICT COUNCIL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
GLEN INNES DISTRICT COUNCIL. Glen Innes F. and S. District Coun cil considered a communication from the Dundee branch, which had passed the following resolutions to be sub mitted to the conference: - (1) That the Government be asked to place greater restrictions on cyanide of potassium; (2) that a protest be lodged against the' Government's proposals re abolition of freehold te nure; (3) that the Postmaster-Gene ral be xirged to institute cheap tele phone conditions in the country dis tricts; (4)' that it is the opinion of this conference that the Govern ment should be urged to withdraw all leases of reserves, and place them un deir' the control of the P.P. boards, tlie latter to be given power to make a charge for same re travelling stock, etc. (Tre latter motion had three sub-sections). The first three motions were unani mously carried; but the fourth was. lafter discussion, referred ibftck to Dundee, with the suggestion that they favoured a resolution to the conference to the eff...
WESTERN DISTRICT COUNCIL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
WESTERN DISTRICT COUNCIL. The Western*" District Council of tlie Association held its annual meet ing at Nevertire on the 15th inst., the president, Mr. G. J. Gilmour (Gil gandra) in the chair. Others present were Messrs. W. Pearce, Collie; W. W. Tink, Coboco; A. Craig and E. J. Frith, Dubbo; J. E. Reynolds, Trail - gie; E. G. Jtlarvey and A. E. Hunt, Nevertire; W. E. Tink, Tomingley; J. Frez and J. Robinson, Nyngan. Mr. Hunt welcomed the visitors on behalf of Nevertire. The resignation of Mr. Stanley was accepted with re gret. The president, in his address, said he was sorry to see so few branches represented ihat day, espe cially as they had such an important business paper. He urged tliem to go on fighting, and impressed upon the branches the importance of their meetings. He detailed the work of the executive in endeavouring to arouse the branches to their sense of duty in fighting the demands of the Rural Workers' Union; but lie did not claim the return of the old execu tive on ...
TOO MUCH TALK. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
TOO MUCH TALK. A correspondent from Woodville writes:-Some of our friends, in their well-meaning enthusiasm, no doubt, have fixed what is absolutely a fair maximum rate, in place of a fair minimum rale. It must be remem bered that the man with his five bush els to the acre crop, will have to 'pay the same wages as the man with his 50 bushels to the acre crop, if an award is made, lie is a bad general who places his plan of campaign in his enemy's hands, and his qualifica tions are increasingly diminished when he also provides him with arms and ammunition wherewith to fight him. If Ave are not exactly doing this, I think in some instances we are getting perilously near to it. Any information appearing in our official organ which may be to the advantage of our friend, the enemy, will no doubt be worked for all it is worth when the case comes on. Hence the need to be cautious. We are all agreed that insofar as the farming industries can afford it, a. fair minimum wage should be paid, a...
BLAYNEY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
BLAYNEY. A meeting of the members of the Blayney branch was held at the Council Chambers, Blayney, on Sat urday, the 18th inst., Mr. Geo. Death' (president), in the chair. In connec tion with the Rural Workers' Union, it was moved that the hours of work for general harvest hands be 54 hours a week at 7s per diem, and Is per hour overtime, and for casual hands, 7s per day of 9 hours, and Is per hour overtime.-Carried. 'It'was resolved that for harvester, binder, and stripper drivers, the rate of wages shall be 9s per day, for 54 hours per week, Is 3d overtime, pro vided all such hands carried with them certificates of competency. Also, that stack builders and thatch ers, provided they held certificates of competency, be paid 10s per day of 54 hours per week, and Is Gd per hour overtime.-Carried. The secretary was asked to write to the Head Office and obtain any in formation relating to permanent hands. It was also moved that the .Department of Agriculture's atten tion bo called to Mr...
ANOTHER BRANCH WANTED. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
ANOTHER BRANCH WANTED. Mr. A. M. Wilson, of Goolmangar, Richmond River, writing to the gene ral secretary, Mr. T. I. Campbell, says:-"Some time ago I received a letter from you with reference to forming a branch of the above As sociation in this district. I brought the matter up for discussion at our local monthly progress association, but we only had a small meeting that night, so it was decided to again discuss it at the forthcoming meet ing on the 13th of this month, when it will be proposed to wind up the progress association, and start a branch of the F.S.A. Most of the dairymen about here seem at last aroused to the fact that some such' union must be entered into to protect us from the demands of the R.W.U., and now is the time for us to be up and doing. If you have any lecturer coming to these places, you might let me know, and we could arrange for a meeting, and have the aims and the claims of the F. & S. A. put before the farmers, and get them to see the true positi...
General Produce. RAILWAY YARDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
General Produce* RAILWAY YARDS. The truckings at tlie railway goods shod on Wednesday wee 8!) in all, made up as follows :-Chafl' 45, pota toes 15 hay 1'2, oats and wheat 5 each, pumpkins 4, maize 2, and straw 1. There was a good attendance of buyers at the auction sales, and a little more animation in the market. Maize .was a little firmer, reaching 2/7 per bushel for best samples, .while so,me holders were asking 2/7'/:; for prime, and other qualities from 2/8 to 2/5. Choice wheaten chall' ranges frpin 4/3 to 4/8, prime 3/11 to 4/2, medium 3/G to 3/9, inferior from 2/(5. Oaten chafl' is selling at 4/ for choice, prime 3/0 to 3/8, medium from 3/ to 3/7 and inferior from 2/0. There is a little better supply of the primer qualities coming forward, and sellers may be heard offering to guarantee every bag. The lots spoiled by wet weather appear to have been got rid of somehow. There is a fair demand for oats, which are selling at 2/0 per bushel for Algerians, ami 2/3 for feed ; inferio...
NETTINGS AND FENCING WIRES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
NETTINGS AND FENCING WIRES. Users of wire nettings have now ,go.t ..to, face somewhat .higher prices than inose of a week back, that is for Lysaght's locally manufactured net tings, which have been raised about 2%, per . cent, all .round, representing from 10/ to 15/ per mile advance on previous rates, according to the quality and description of the net tings. This movement in the locally produced article lias tended to streng then the position of imported brands, some holders 'now asking an extra 5/ for standard sizes. Business in fenc ing wires has been quiet, and the tone of the market here seems a shade easier; the-fact of the matter being that holders have been cut ting rates rather than loSe. sales. "Glen Riddle, Barraba, "November 14th, 1910. "Messrs. Pitt, Son and Badgery, Ltd., Sydney. "Dear Sirs,-While out at Fleming ton saleyards on Thursday last, I was shown over your improvements there, and must say they are quite up-to-date. The excellent method for feeding and waterin...
FAT CALVES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
PAT CALVES. ...,., .Pairl y, ,li easupplies came forward on Wednesday, the offerings .totalling 560. Middling quality sorts were largely in evidence, and found ready buyers at firmer figures. Prime young calves were in excellent'.request, and sold quickly at a big advance on late rates. Bobbies were exceptionally dear. Best vealers are worth from .50/. to .55/; extra to CO/; medium, 42/ to 46/'; good, 32/ to 38/; others from 22/; best bobbies, 24/ to 28/; medium .14/ to 18/; good, 12/ to 14/; rough,; from 7/, according to condition. We sold several lots at top prices.
CITY YARDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
CITY YARDS. Fair supplies still continue to come forward^ the past week's yardings to talling 1600. Porkers and baconers Quality in all sections was of a liigli standard, particularly the porker. The demand for heavy porkers on Friday last Avas far from good, and a big fall had. to^he;accepted, to effect sales.' Light weights were ' in good reqiiest at firm figures. Medium weights, although a little easier, sold very satisfactorily. Bacon pigs, not too heavy, received a fair amount of atterition,..noi'alteration-;>being: notice able on, previous quotations. Others were dull and difficult to quit. Back fatters were greatly in want of buy ers, even at unreasonably low figures. Tuesday's market, although a good supply of porkers were offered, proved to be much better values for rlu-se classes, being 2/ per head better than Friday, light and medium weights,, in many instances, being as much as 4/. Bacon pigs, ranging from 1)5 to 130 lbs. sold very firmly, the light' er descriptions r...
JAPANESE AND WOOL FACTORIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
JAPANESE AND WOOL FACTORIES. A most interesting question for Australia is the position of Japan as a wool-manufacturing country. This matter has been referred to before, but it is important enough to receive further attention. During the present wool season in Sydney the trade had its eyes opened at the very exten sive, purchases made by the buyers representing that very progressive little country in the Orient. To some people interested it .came as a revela tion. Not only was their buying heavy, but their competition had a most stimulating effect upon the mar ket. It is qiiite plain that as a result of Japan's advance as a manufacturing "Hayes' Fido"-Bought for Mr. A. Hordern. country she is going to become one of Australia's very best custuiuors for wool. Next July will sue a .new tai'flf introduced into that i-oiintry, which has been specially designed to foster the woollen industry. The reason for the introduction of duties' as high as 300 to 500 per cent, on wool coatings is th...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
The Farmers' Veterinary Institute Of NEW SOUTH WALES (Registered) "Under the approval of The Yorkshire Live Stock Insurance Co., Ltd." REFLEX of AMERICA'S LATEST SUCCESS The payment of Three Guineas entitles a Farmer or Grazier to Free Vet erinary Advice and Medicine at Wholesale Prices for a period of three years. On payment of subscription each subscriber receives one of the In stitute's Veterinary Cabinets, fully stocked with First Aid Medicines, Bandages, etc., Free of Charge. The success which has attended similar estab lishments in the United States influenced the for mation of the Institute in New South Wales. The management guarantees all Drugs, etc., to to be of excellent quality, and dispensed by one of the leading chemists of tne State; while the Vet erinary advice will be supplied by a prominent member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (London). All cor respondence promptly attended to. In urgent cases advice will be sent by telegram at the expense of the appli...
SHOCKING NEGLECT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
SHOCKING NEGLECT. It is little use dairymen undertak ing pig production unless they get a,way from the foolish and ruinous idea that anything will do the swine. They seem to expect that when in troducing the animals into their yards that they are going to turn .them into lots of money because they hear that some one else is making a :success of the game. But they will .do the very opposite without some :sense is exercised in carrying out this important branch of farming. It used to be said that the pig wag the gentleman that paid the rent. There .are grave doubts about the rent-pay ing capacity of some of the herds in many of the districts, even the most .progressive. It is not the fault of the swine, either. They are just as .able to equip the banking account for the rent day now as ever they -were, if not more so. But the far mer's methods are to blame. The idea seems to be persisted in that the pig is a dirty animal, and that it should all the time be treated as a scavenger which...
Association Doings (Continued from Page 11.) SHIRES CONFERENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
Association Doings ] (Cpntimied ffibip "Page 11.) - 5 i -H (SHIRES CONFERENCE. The delegates appointed to attend the conference of the Shires Associa tion of N.S.W., to be held in Syd ney on May 18, are as follows: Windouran .. Ernest Officer , Mitchell ..... Albert Hurst Blaxland .... Clias. Moore Marthaguy .. T. Jones ' Gilgandra. .. H. W. Mitchell Jemalong ... Moses Brown Patrick. Plains John Hayes ±)uniaresq ... Alex. Glass Bogan John Frey. Erina M. Ward Murrungal .. T. B. Prosser Carrathool .. A. McArtliur ' Wallarobba . G. S. Waller Woolooma .. H. L.;itWIiite . Warringah .. A. Halston Macintyre .. JX' G. Gordon s_ Muhvaree ... P. J. O'Brien Gloucester .. W. N. Laurie Monaro ..... John Jardine Goobang ... D. T. Herbert Colo H.A.Wilson Rylstone .... T. W. Taylor Tarro ...... F. Jacobs Urana ...... A. Iv. Tretliowan Terania .... H. B. Cliisholm Gadara Dr. H. W. Mason Tweed .' W. L. Murphy Walgett .... W. H. Smith ' Apsley F. B. Fleming Bannockburn . S. W. Farrell Mandowa ... M. F...
Dairying. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
Dairying. Practical dairy farmers who have tried it, have great faitli in the use of linseed meal or crushed linseed, added to skim milk or separated milk as the best substitute for.^he abstrac ted butter fat, when tlie milk is being fed to calves. Linseed, they argue, more nearly approaches in composition the solids in milk than any ..other food. One farnfer practises the plan of feeding the calves for the first week on milk alone, and then gradually adds the linseed meal. I'he Sunlight preparations are good. Advices received in New Zealand are to the effect that it Avill not be long before the cheese manufactured in the Dominion will enjoy the same popularity in London as Canadian. A Goulburn Valley farmer has come to the opinion that it pays better to give the skim milk back to the cows than feeding it to calves and pigs. It increases the flow of milk, lie says. If this were not done he estimates that lie would be ob liged to reduce his herd of 24 cows to 20. As evidence of the r...
P. & A. Societies. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
P. & A. Societies. The following delegates have been appointed to attend the conference of the Pastoral and Agricultural So cieties' Union of N.S.W., to take place in Sydney on April 18: Campbelltown-Fred. Moore. Central New England-W. A. Cram sie, J. Wetherspoon. Corowa-John D. Fraser. Crookwell-J. Keith. Barraba-S. J. Lillis. Berrima District-F. A. Badgery. Bathurst-H. C. Suttor, W. J. McPhil lamy. Blayney-H. R. M. Pigott. Gundagai-W. Glasscock. Gunnedah-H. P. Grainger. Hawkesbury-C. Guest, E. Campbell. Mudgee-V. D. Cox. . . ., Hunter River-J. T. Kirkwood. ' Murrumbidgee-J. Jeremy. Newcastle-Hon. J. D. Beeston, C. W. Donnelly, N. B. Creer. Narrandera-H. L. Culley. Temora-W. J. Cartwriglit, T. B. Donnelly, A. D. Ness, J. Clark. Tenterfield-C. W. Smith. . , Upper Hunter-Hon. J. C. White. Walcha-James Steel. Wollongong-L. Carr. Young-J. Marbney, J. W. Bartlett
£17 PER TON FOR POTATOES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 March 1911
£17 PER TON FOR POTATOES. ' Caution is very necessary in all pur suits, and prevention is always bet ter than cure for all disease. Still, there is such a thing as being over cautious, and the Western Australian Gqivernment were this when they placed the restriction on the impor tation of potatoes, prohibiting the .landing of any tubers from any dis trict less than 35 miles from an area infected with Irish blight. . This has had ;the effect of practically cutting-' off their potato supply, and in Perth consumers have had to pay up to £17 per ton. None of the potato Heias in Victoria are, so it is said, ?35 miles distant from an affected : area,, so that this sour,ce .of. supply, a large factor in the requirements of "W.A., has been shut off. The West Australian Government now propose to import seed potatoes from the United Kingdom.