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* TABLE OP CONTENTS . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
* TABLE OP CONTENTS . A gricullure ..., , „„ .., ...... „ , _ „ „ 55 s To Bnlt Heels . 7 ™_™ . T . W The Former a Learner ... _ ... „ . 227 Strychnine Whiiky ... „ . „ .. « .... _„ ... _ .. „„„_ „ . 228 What we Want . . . . . . . . . . . . . . „ .... „ !™ 22 S Sugar Cane „„ ...., _ .... ™ ... — ... „ ,. „ 228 Choice or Occupation „ , „ — ..... .. . ™ 2 S Evergreens for Screens ... ™ ..... ™ 220 Japan Apple Wo Melon ... ~ ... ™ . ... „ .... ™* 220 New Orchilrdi „ « . « .. _ ... « ..... „ .. ™ 229 Wheat Crop—Grow Wool ... «_ ... „ ..... „ !!™ . ™™ * * 2 SO A OocdNativoCow .. ™ ... . „ . m . „ ..., ££ All about IIORS _ ..... _ . . „ .. _ .. _ , ™ 230 Cheap Postage on Seeds , 4 c ...... „„] * 2 SI A uggettion ................ „ 231 .. White Beans ........ ™ m ™ * ™™™™ Hl Errata . ™ „ „ 232 ^ State Agricultural Society - « . * J aiorriirs Land Bill ; : j , ! L ™_„ ia 2 ThBTea Plant :. ™™ : ; . ™ . ™; . ™ - ™™ . ™^ . ™ . ™ rSt $ Nansemond SweetPetotc «« . ; . ™ . _™; .. „ . „ . „„ J ... ^...
AGttI CULTURE , ST RET . F . BPBlKaBB . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
AGttI CULTURE , ST RET . F . BPBlKaBB . The earliest records of the human race are those of the Bible . In these ancient and venerable records , allusions are made to agriculture and the arts . The very firpt employment which God assigned to Adam ( Gen . 2 ; 15 , ) was to dress and keep the garden ofrEden . Whence it is evident that even before man s first disobedience he was occupied in the culture and use of agricultural products . Adam was a gardener in the days of his innocence ; and he was made such by express appointment of his Creator . Of two of the sons of Adam , it is said that Abel was a keeper of Bheep , hut Cain was a tiller of the ground . ( Gen ^ 4 ; 2 . ) Thoreican be no doubttthat the tillage of the ground engaged a large share-of tbe &gt; time ^ d / atteAtion of the people who lired before theflopl ^ rfiae ^^ fig ^ li ^ 1 matrimony , agriculture and arts must all have originated mth the . very-beginning ; of the human race ; because fJlsthesejnV ; terests h...
The Farmer a Learner . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
The Farmer a Learner . What other worker in the wide field of human industry is so fully dependent upon himself in judgment , knowledge , and practice as the Farmer . The mechanic can demonstrate by figures , illustrations and mathematical examinations and a failure can generally be remedied , by immediately repeated trials , —not so the farmer ; his labors are annual—in spring he sows , and in autumn garners the harvest . A failure generally admits of little additional experiment until another revolution of the Great Time Keeper proclaims the season of active labor again at hand . While the mechanics opportunities for improvement of hand labor are frequent much of the farmers recurs only at long intervals . A power beyond the farmers reach , is coworker with him—hence he can make no previous , calculations as to result of labor amounting to anything more than estimates , as he is frequently disappointed when he considered success the surest . The developments of every day affects t...
Strychnine Whisky . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Strychnine Whisky . EDITOR OF THE FABJIEB : Sobriety and health , are necessarv to secure the personal energy of man , whether he be a farmer , a mechanic , or belongs to other professions . When you see a man of cadaverous countenance , ashy pale , and oftentimes bloated , restless , nervous , without personal energy , and losing his moral courage and perceptions , you may be sure he is addicted , either in secret or openly , to the use of ardent spirits , and a continuance of which , sooner or later , will take him down to the grave , a ruined man . These are hard words , but they are true . The time was , when the writer was young ( and he has now seen many years ) drinking did not bring man to the end that it now does . He recollects , that when a boy , of hearing it said that such and such men , then aged , had drank all their lives , and were still hale men . It has occurred to him often since , that there must be some adequate reason whv liauor affects persons now in a differ...
What we Want ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
What we Want ! Editor of the Farmer : A great deal of the land in this State needs underdraining . If underdrained we would always make crops . But farmers are not rich enough to underdrain their lands with tile , neither would the prices of produce justify such expense . Wo want some instruments of the character of the Mole Plow , invented and used in England thirty years ago , and patented two or three years ago in this country as an original invention ; but we want that instrument so made that six , eight , or ten , yoke of oxen , can go ahead with it . The plan of working the present mole plow is expensive , slow and vexatious . If twelve or fourteen yoke of cattle were required to do the work , it would be a great improvement on the present system . So necessary is underdraining in Dlinois , and so important is it that this should be done at small expense , that I wish you would suggest to the State Agricultural Society , to offer a premium for the best Mole Plow that can be dr...
Sugar Case . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Sugar Case . Editor of the Farmer : The Chinese have made sugar and syrup from the Chinese Sugar Cane for a time beyond the memory of man . In the Islands adjacent , Loo Choo , for instance , the same cane or Sugar Millet has been used for the same purpose . Yet the making of these desirable articles is a delicate , particular business , and as Our people have had to learn all the processes by experience , it is no wonder that mistakes have often been made . In the first place , our people followed the processes used in making syrup and sugar from the juice of the maple . And they thought that eggs , milk , and blood , were necessary to success ; and when the fact was otherwise proved , they still believed that lime or soda were required to neutralize the acid in the syrup . A gentleman in Ohio who has for three years raised cane and worked the juice into syrup , has found by experience that the most simple process is the best as well as cheapest , and entirely effectual in making g...
Choice of Occupation . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Choice of Occupation . Editor of the Farmer : I beg leave to offer you a few thoughts on tne subject suggested by the line at the head of this article . In my early days . I was a farmer s boy , I plowed , hoed , mowed some , chopped wood , gathered corn , and did a little of all the various kinds of farm work . I found , however , that farm life was not a pleasant life , —that there was too much hard work , and I envied the boys that bad soft white hands and stood behind the counter . I pined for other enjoyment than farming —I was indulged by my parents—and at the close of near fifty years , I have learned much from experience . That man who seeks to make a living by trade , enters upon a perilous life . If he is smarter than his neighbors , —if he is unscrupulous in means he adopts to make money;—he may make it , but not always . Though he may be sharp , others may be sharper ; and if he hope to make a living by d-jing an entirely fair business and oblig ing men in whom he has Co...
Evergreens for Screens . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Evergreens for Screens . MB . EDITOR : —Several reeent writers have intimated in the columns of the Farmer , that if Evergreens for screens and beltings of fruit and house lots , stock yards , &amp; e ., could be had at reasonable prices , our farmers would go into it . Now , I do not know what would be claimed reasonable prices , surely Evergreens can never become in this country , as cheap as the Hedge Plants . For to acclimate on evergreen , from two to four years are required which always ought to be done , and must be done , before it can be made , in all seasons , at all reliable for such a purpose , eosts more than it would to raise a hundred ^ edge plants . But Evergreens are now t least one hundred per cent , cheaper in this State , than they could possibly be afforded for a few years ago , of the same quality—and I would now myself engage to furnish the evergreen plants , of tbe best kinds , and of good quality , thoroughly acclimted , at such rates that such scree...
Japan . Apple Pie Belon . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Japan . Apple Pie Belon . EDITOR OF THE FARMER—This melon , of which much is being said in the eastern agricultural papers is really valuable . We grew fine ones last summer from seeds procured in Georgia , where they were then selling at one dollar per dozen . It grows finely , and we have eaten pies of it , not to be distinguished from those of the GENUINE APPLE . It keeps late into the winter . We heartily indorse the following remarks of Mr . Lemuel Norris of Ohio , taken from the Country Gentleman , of February 3 , 59 . The Apple Pie Melon attains to a large size . I have grown specimens the past season of from thirty to forty pounds each . They are cylindrical in shape ; color , a golden tint ; flesh close-grained ; color of seeds blue . They prove perfectly hardy and easy of cultivation . I consider this melon a valuable acquisition . We have tested their quality for pies , and find them delicious . We are receiving letters every mail for seeds of the above , which we are wil...
New Orchards . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
New Orchards . EDITOR OH THE FARMER : —I want to plant a new orchard , and I want some advice on the subject . I see you order trees from Illinois Nurseries , and perhaps you can telt me how to plant when I obtain them . M . 1 . Selecthigh and dry ground ; plow it deep and well . If it is at all disposed to be wet , drain it . 2 d . Get your trees at an Illinois Nursery ; those trees that have low heads are the best . Avoid those that run up like a whip stock . Get few varieties and those of the best , the nurseryman will be likely to recommend such as suit best our climates and soils . 3 d . Spring is generally the best time to transplant .. 4 th . Have your trees well prepared for planting . Remove with shoots as are not wanted . for prominent limbs . Cut smoothly off all bruised or injured roots . Have _ the roots covered from winds and rain , and keep them moist . 5 th . Dig the holes large ; plant the trees no deeper than they grew in the nursery ; throw the surface soil into t...
Wheat Crop—Grow Wool . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Wheat Crop—Grow Wool . EDITOR FARMER : About a year ago you took ground in the Farmer that wheat , as a constant crop , was not a safe or profitable one in central Blinois . I was sorry to see you take that position , fox I honestly believe I could always raise wheat here with care . Pretty much all my present crop is destroyed . I put it in tolerably well . But winter wheat is not to be relied on . — New broken land , as a general thing , will produce a crop and sometimes a great crop . We must practice a good husbandry . — You recommend small farmers to make pork . 1 recommend them to grow wool . Wool is bound to keep up . The Australians are digging gold and neglecting their sheep . Our western formers are gradually lessening their flocks . The great west is the place for sheep . They do well here ; seldomsubject to disease , and the food they consume is cheap . I hope to see many of our farmers commence sheep raising the present season . There are capital stocks in the country f...
A Good Native Cow . GREENVILLE , Fed . 17 , 1859 . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
A Good Native Cow . GREENVILLE , Fed . 17 , 1859 . MY DEAR SIR : —I inclose an account of a remarkable cow , as given the Secretary of the Massachusetts Society , for the promotion oE Agriculture . This cow was bought from a drove in Vermont , without a pedigree , and of course , ignobl y born and bred . Good milkers are not common in Illinois , and our farmers are not generall y aware of the profit to bo derived from them . The most extraordinary fact in this case , is the richness of the milk . This quantity depends much upon the food g iven , yet there is no doubt but any other nutritious and suitable food mi g ht answer as well , as the kind selected by Mr . Wright . The subject is well deserving the attention of our farmers , and the fact should be understood that many of the best milkers are of the native breed . This subject of good milkers , has recently attracted the special attention of several individuals among that some bod y of enterprising and public spirited men who h...
All About Hogs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
All About Hogs . ., From the American Stock Journal . HOGS . The high price of pork , and its universal use , makes hogs a subject of interest now , in the United States . BREEDS . The best of the large breeds is thought here , to be the Berkshire . Among the small breeds , the Suffolk , the Esses , and the Spanish are the favorites . I have tried all these but the Essex , of which I have the promise of a fine pair now for an experiment . My objection to the Berkshire is that they are too large for family use . The Suffolk has too little hair for this climate , and our method of treating them . The Spanish hog which I now breed purely , is the best hog I have tried . They weigh over three hundred pounds gross , at maturity , —are covered well with long , curly , red hair , few or no bristles , very deep bodied , thrifty , and fatten well at all ages . The bacon is very juicy and superior . They are a pure breed , and prevail in Portugal , Spain and Mexico , where I have seen \ evy f...
I Cheap Postage on Settis , Scions , fee . an Element of Productive Progress . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
I Cheap Postage on Settis , Scions , fee . an Element of Productive Progress . EDITOR OP THE FARMER—One element of productive progress which seems to hare been overlooked , among the many efforts hitherto made by our nation , to facilitate the increase of our resources , and also practically to push , it forward by important measures , prominent among which is the Patent Office System , and its collection and free diffusion-of seeds , scions and small plants , which might pass through the mail from one place to another , in that manner facilitating the introduction and diffusion of plants important to the development of tbe country , and be of great benefit , while the post office department would receive no injury from the measure , but a positive benefit , as quite or almost a new department of postal matter would thereby created , which would add much to the means of that department . Horticulturists and farmers , as well as the press , have often suggested the importance of this...
A Suggestion . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
A Suggestion . The consumption of Rhubarb stalks for pies and puddings , is fast increasing . Families who rent houses and live in towns , and have even a small yard , can enjoy this luxury . Take a barrel , remove one head , put into it some wet ashes with earth , take four or five good rhubarb roots and plant in the same . Set the barrel in a warm plaee—water the plants well , ( the bottom of the barrel should not be tight , ) and you can raise good stalks , and by constantly enriching the earth , you can have them early in the season , and they will continue to grow until fall . Then put the roots into the ground to rest , and take them up next spring to renew this process . These suggestions are from the Cenlralia Press , and we have no doubt will he found good in practice . EDITORFARMER : —What kind of white beans is most profitable to raise , market and crop considered ? M . [ The small white bean , if perfect , meets with ready sale ; but it requires a favorable season to get...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
® hc lUhwis $ \ m \ m . spniN &lt; : rii : i . n . MARCH I . less . KRBAT * . —In the I tat runner is many typegiapliicil error * . Ton make mo say that I jint in l . S than one table epounfat of milk of liine borore the frost , and mole than one after the frost . The worda to the gallon , is left odt . Again—yon make tne any , I am an adedt in sogar makiajr , 1 whereas I Bald lam not an adept , be . Yon make me any that my boilers were made tif J ^ inch plank , whereas I said 1 J ^ inch p ^ ank . These mistakes are of some importance and should be corrected . Jt , KIMBALL .
State Agricultural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
State Agricultural Society . The Executive Committee o £ tliis Society met in this city on the 22 d ult ., and continued in sessiom three days . They fixed upon Freeport , for the next State Fair ; and decided to offer premiums for a steam engine , which could be used advantageously for plowing , and all other work of the farm . The premium is divided into first and second—three thousand dollars for the first , and tiro thousand for the second . The premium list will be ready for the press in a few days . The premiums offered this year amount to fifteen thousand dollars . Every effort will be made to make the fair at Freeport a great success . The fixtures will occupy thirty acres of ground , and arc designed to be made sufficiently extensively to cover all stock and all articles which may be exhibited .
uVc / "^ Morrill's land Bill , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
uVc / ^ Morrills land Bill , I This bill finally passed both Houses of Congress , but has been vetoed by the President . We deeply regret to announce this fact . We looked to the results which would be accomplished by that bill , if framed into a law , with the highest satisfaction . Every State would have had a Farmer s College . Farmers sons would enjoy the benefits of an educational institution , where they could learn just what would qualify them for their duties in life . The farmers and other industrial classes of the United States will be grievously disappointed at this act of the President . Shall they yield their claims to a portion of the public lands on account of this defeat ? THE TEA PLANT . —The Patent Office is experimenting on the cultivation of the tea plant . Was not that pretty effectually done by Julius Smith in South Carolina some years ago ? Mr . Smith found that the plants grew well , but that labor was too high to make the cultivation profitable .
"Nansemond Sweet Potatoes " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Nansemond Sweet Potatoes We ask the attention of the lovers of this most excellent vegetable , to the advertisement of Messrs . Ten Brook and Allen , under this head , in this paper . Undoubtedly the Early Nansemond Sweet Potaloe is the best variety which can be had for the north . It comes early , produces well , is fair , yellow , very sweet and hardy . Those who have tried the yellow Nansemond here , will not give it up for any other . When sweet potatoes like these , grown in the north , and of excellent quality can be had , what miserable policy to import , and plant sweet potatoes that come from New Orleans or points down the Mississippi ? This was done last year , by farmers in this section to some extent , and an article was produced by their trial which bore no comparison in value to the Early Nansemond . The gentleman interested in the sale of the Nansemond Sweet Potatoes , will promptly respond to all orders .
Currency for Taxes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1859
Currency for Taxes . A bill to authorize the collectors of this State to take the paper of our State banks for taxes bas been introduced into the House . We apprehend that it will be rejected ; and yet we do not see any sufficient reason that it should be . Our State has authorized the establishment of banks . They are furnishing the people with means to do business . The paper is readily taken every where , except in the payment of taxes . It appears to be good enough for the people , but not good enough for the tax collector . This appears to ns to be as wrong , as it certainly is inconvenient to the people . The State should be required to take its own paper , and if anybody is to lose on the transaction , it should bo the party that authorizes the issue of the paper . The theory of our government is , that it is established for the benefit of the people . We are quite willing that the theory should be carried out in regard to the money to bo paid for taxes . BSr There is a perio...