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APPEAL [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
APPEAL OJ the Mount Yenion Ladies * Association of the Union , to the people of Illinois , Toe &gt; it . Vernon Ladies Association of the Union , aak for their object ibe attention cf the generous and patriotic citizens cf Illinois . Their persuasive appeal , seconded by the gifted powers of genius and eloquence , has gone forth through all the country , and nearly every State of the Union has already sent back a cordial response . Nor is the American heart alone interested in this noble enterprise . Many a visitor from distant lands , who has made a p ilgrimage to the venerated shrine of the world s greatest hero , sends across the ocean sympathetic greetings , and asks the honor of contributing to the rescue cf that spot Irooi the sad neglect to which it has been so long exposed . No one can fail to s ° e the propriety and fitness ., under its severest conditions , of making the home and tomb of the great Father of our Country , the legitimate possession of bis only childr...
Wants a Farm . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Wants a Farm . Mr . Editor : I have always been a subscriber to your paper . Some years ago I came into into Sangamon county , and pitched my tent fifteen miles away from Springfield on a good tract of land . It was then near one of the great thoroughfares of travel . Since the era of railroads has come and I found myself off the road . This did not suit me ; but a forehanded farmer came along , who it did suit , and I sold him my farm ; and now I want another ; and I will just tell you what kind of a farm I want One hundred and sixty acres of land will be enough , and twenty of that should be timber . I would be glad to have it somewhat improved . The lay of the farm must be rolling—rolling enough to carry off the water . The soil I would like to be rather light—I mean in distinction from heavy black prairie soil . I would like the soil to contain more sand and less clay than the heavy black soil . I want livinos tock water on the farm ; and I want it with ° in one or two miles of ...
Small Farms for Rent . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Small Farms for Rent . Editor Farmer : Among many farmers , there is a strong conviction that large farms , mainly , devoted to the raising of wheat , are , and must be , unprofitable . Besides being unprofitable , they are difficult to manage , requiring much hired help , and merely furnish the means to pay this help . I have heard , lately , that there were many ltenters in the country who desire to rent farms , and that no small farm , which has on it buildings at all comfortable will fail of being taken at a fair cash rent . All these facts , tahen together , have led me to the conviction that persons who have large farms will find it for their benefit to divide their farms , put up small bouses and other fixtures on the different divisions and rent the same . A man , who has a family , and is working for himself , as a general thing , will do better for himself than if working by the day or month for another . The owner of the land can have a general eye to their management , a...
Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Potatoes . Mr . Editor : I do not fail in getting a crop of potataes every year , and in some years they are better than in others , —but I always have enough for my own family use , at least . When I have more than I want for the famil y , I find them useful for stock . My feeding ground is always dry . I select for this purpose rolling ground . This ground I reserve for my potatoes . At the usual time of p lanting I plow , and plant my potatoes in every third furrow , and cover them as I go along . The tramping of the ground in winter , and the manure left on it , seem to suit the crop ; and when the crop needs plowing , I plow it , sometimes twice and give myself no further trouble about the crop until digging time . I then plow the potatoes up with a shovel plow , gather them , and put them into my cellar . This is the way I raise my potatoes , and , as a general thing , I am satisfied wiith my crops . GrRlFFITII .
What is to be Bone ? [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
What is to be Bone ? Mr . Editor : The season has now arrived , when we must adopt plans for the cultivation of our farms the present year . The two last years have been trying on farmers . Many of us have lost our crops , and we must now save our selves if we possibly can . What is to be done ? We must so prepare our grounds , plant our seed and cultivate our . crops , * as to make crops despite of an adverse reason . — This is the true science of farming . And this to a great extent can be done ; and that farmer who does not aim to raise crops in bad seasons , and accomplish his aim , will never be a successful iiirmcr . That is a fact which will force itself on the minds of all who will give attention to the subject . We have many farmers who have made money all the time through the late adverse reasons . They know that their fllat grounds , unlss so drained that the accumulation of waters of wet seasons will run off with fait to produce crops . They know that we have five bad sp...
The Sugar tyiutlon . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
The Sugar tyiutlon . The importance of this subject , demands all the light that can be thrown upon it . — The following communication states some new facts which should be considered b y cane growers . The offer of the writer to superintend a sugar establishment , we hope will meet the eye of some man who is disposed to engage in the business . TUSCOLA , COIOS Co ., 111 ., Jan . 15 , 1859 . S . Francis , Esq . t DEAR SIB : Yours , of Dec . 22 d , was dul y received . I have mostl y forgotten the contents of my former letter , though I believe that I stated , that I intended planting some 30 acres of cane tho ensuing season . I am not a freeholder in this state . My profession is that of a practical engineer and millwright . 1 was some six years in Louisiana and Florida , erecting sugar mills , and taking off crops of sugar . The climate was was su sickly that I was obliged to come north . While there I had the best of opportunities , posted myself up well , as I think , in all that...
Statistics of tbe Stale Prison . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Statistics of tbe Stale Prison . We have already given our rea-iers a general synopsis of the report or the Warden of the Illinois Penitentiary . Accompanying the report , however , we find a number of tables , giving interesting statistics in reference to the convicts , which are worth noticing as showing by whom and from what places our prison is filled . The following is a statement giving the na * tivity of the convicts in the Penitentiary , Jan . 1 st , 1849 : Tre an-J - 138 Maryland _ „ 4 New York „ 129 North Carolina 1 Germany 60 Pmeila „ . „ 3 England , 34 Hanover „ . „ . „ 1 Pennsylvania . 39 Holland 2 Ohio _ ~ 36 Uaiigarj ... g Keutaeky . . . Id i- rauce 3 Vlritiuia 16 ( si « ol Man „ l Illinois 22 Newfoundland 1 1 Scotland 16 Nova Scotia 2 Connecticut ; _ . 8 Brltfuli Postessiona ] VermoLt _ ...... 1 Rhode Island « ..... „ 1 CftriadM .... 23 Iowa . . . . . . . . 1 Tenuesses „ 9 Arkansas 1 Indiana 10 Wal s „ .. „ _ Maim * .. 5 : Bwlgina . 1 Mdfarhasett 11 Denmark 1 MjuFOur...
Sugar Trade of the United States In 1858 . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Sugar Trade of the United States In 1858 . The editors of the New York Shipping and Commercial List have published their annual btiiteinent of the Sugar Trade of the United Staes , ( exclusively of California and Oregon . ) f ; r 1858 : The total receipiH wf Foreign Unrefined Sugar nto tbe United Suites for the year ending Dec 31 , 1858 , were 255 , 100 tons , against receiots in 1857 of 269 , 180 tons ; and in 1856 , 215 , 062 tons ; and in 1855 , 205 , 064 tons ; and the quantity of this description widen passed into consumption in 1858 was 244 , 758 tons , against a consumption in 1857 of 251 , 765 tons ; in 1856 , 255 , 292 tin *; and in 1855 , 192 , 607 tons , being an inerenfe in the consumption of Foreign m 1858 , over 1857 , of 903 tons , or \ \ &lt;| 3 cent ., whde trie total consumption ot Foreign and Domestic Cane Sugar in 1858 , was 388 . 482 tons , against a total consumption in 1857 &lt; f 280 . 735 tons ; in 1856 , 278 1 G 0 tons ; in 1855 . 377 . 752 ...
Kunenrian Grass . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Kunenrian Grass . Editor of the Illinois Farmer .-- ^ Xu the November number of the Farmer your correspondent Enquirer asks for the practical experience of those who have grown the Hungarian Grass the past season . Being one of those who received a small package of this eeed in its first distribution by the patent office . in 1854 , from your hands and having grown it more or less for the last four years I think I can speak experimental y upon its merits . It has its advantages and objections in common with other farm crops . Our crop the past season was very satistactoryl Parts of it grew on land that has been in cultivation twenty-two years and was considered the thinest soil on our farm , [ t grew rapidly attaining three feet in hightli and as thick as it could stand—was entirely exempt from rust or blight of all kinds ( something uncommon for the season ) stood up straight and nice was free from weeds and when harvested left the groundin- the very best of order there being no af...
Hungarian Grass , or German Millrt . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Hungarian Grass , or German Millrt . ftlic Illinois . favmev . SPHINGI II . LI ) , FEHKUAUV 1 , 1850 . Last season a large amount of the seed of this forage plant was sowed in this section of Illinois . In Iowa , where it had been previoasly cultivated to a considerable extent , it had a great popularity . No language seemed to be too strong to express its value . The seed could ho sowed early in June ; dry weather did not effect the growth of the plant ; it yielded sometimes six tons of forage and thirty bushels of seed to the acre ; was preferred by horses and cattle to timothy—and with this plant farmers were independent of tbe seasons . Well , as we have said , many farms in this section of tho State , last Spring , sowed Hungarian grass seed . It was a had season—rain from May first nearly to July , copious and continuous—some good crops were made ; so much we learn , and that is all . Whether as a general thing our farmers are satisfied with this forage plant , or not , they d...
Shrubbery . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Shrubbery . In every part of the country improvements are being made—new houses are being erected , and farmers ore ornamenting their yards about their dwellings . Many persons who are anxious to get a few articles of shrubbery from the nurseries for ornamenting their grounds , scarcely know what they want , and they are very apt to take advice which proves to bo of no value to them . We present a short list of cheap and common articles , but yet of decided beauty : Two Balsam Fir . Norway Fpcnco or Black pprnco tree *—wiy 50 cents each „| 1 , 00 Two Per-lan lilacks , wlitto andyurple . at 20 40 Ooe snowball , at 25 c . „ 25 One tamarix , at 26 c 25 One sweet seemed serinca , 25 e 25 Three Pptreas , PrDnifolIs , Doutfaasi aud sorbifalia , at 2 i c „ GO Weaella Roea . at 25 c 25 On . . lapan Qllinc . 3 l ) c . 30 One l !( lKian [ looi jsuckle at 25 c—running 25 Ona Chinese • 25 c - runtiini ; 25 Two hardy perpetna 1 ro . es , Dutchess of goUtherlaod and Madam LafTay , 5 (! c each ., ...
The Honey-Blade Cross . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
The Honey-Blade Cross . This is a new name given for the small Millet , known as the Hungarian Grass . Mr . Felix B . Benton , of M ssouri , has been at the trouble to send to Europe to obtain the seed— pure . He says it is the same that a poor Hungarian exile brought from Hungary to Illinois , and having delivered it there to Mr . Gleason , was never afterwards heard of ! Wonderful , indeed . And Mr . Gleason sowed the seed and raised the millet , and the next year carried his seed to Iowa , and there sowed it , and . the crop finally became so popular that the farmers there gladly gave fifteen dollars a bushel for the seed , until the cultivation reduced the price to fifty cents per bushel . Now the growth of the millet in question is perfectly dis tinct from that of the common millet—so much so that no man with half an eye can be mistaken in regard to it ; and we consider the idea of sending to Europe , perhaps to Hungary , to obtain seed , unnecessary , if not ridiculous—quite a...
Grapes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Grapes . Every farmer should Dave grape vines . Get them onee started and they will grow off without much care . They need only to be trimmed of their superfluous wood , and turned upon some sort of a trellis , ( they will ran and do tolerably well on a tree ) and you can usually have a good quantity of the most pleasant and healthful fruit . The Nurserymen will furnish vines one year and two years old at 25 and 37 cents , and a half dozen will be all you want . The Isabella and Catawba do well in this region , and most parts of Illinois . — Many persons succeed in raising plants from cuttings , and there will be plenty the present month—as the old vines must now be trimmed .
Evergreen Protection . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Evergreen Protection . Probably the Norway spruce is the best ; though there are other evergreens of nearly equal value . It grows fast , its limbs come down to the ground , its foliage is thick , and the tree beautiful . The Black spruce has a more stiff habit , grows thick , foliage dark , and is of slower growth . In quantities , two feet trees of the hardy varieties of evergreens , twice transplanted in the nursery , can be fu-ni-hed in this State at from § 15 to $ 25 per 100 , according to variety ; six ti ten inch , transplanted , &lt; $ o to § 10 per 100 ; and native varieties § 30 to § 50 per 1000 . J 5 @?* A farmer in Vanderburgh county Indiana , last fall took a silver pitcher as a premium for a large crop of corn . The award was made under oath for a crop on five acres , that averaged 171 bushels per acre .
Morrill ' s Land Kill . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Morrill s Land Kill . This bill , which passed the lower house of Congress last month , and is now before the Senate , has received , on motion of Mr . Davis , of Stephenson , the unanimous approval of the House of Representatives of this State . The bill if it should pass Congress , and be approved by the President , will amply endow Agricultural Colleges in every State . We hear that the bill will not pass the Senate this Winter ; and if it does , we have heard it intimated , tha t the President may veto it . We hope , however , for the best .
A Wrong Done . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
A Wrong Done . A few days ago a bill was before Congress in relation to preemptions on public lands . An amendment was offered , providing that no public lands should be brought into market until ten years after the same should be surveyed . The object was to secure those who designed to make farms for themselves the benefit of selections of land for that time . The measure was defeated by a few votes . Capitalists and speculators desire that lands shall be offered for sale immediately after they are surveyed , so that they can select all that are choice and sell to poor settlers at ten times tbeir cost .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Evergreens . No man in Illinois has had more experience in the culture and management of Evergreens than Samuel Edwards , of Lamoile , Bureau county . He has cultivated all the staple and fancy varieties , and gives the following list of kinds suited to and bardy in this climate : • Wbiw Pine * Vorw » y Spruce • Au- riau * Dlack Cam -rU- * « Red m . d wnlta • Norway * U &lt; -ml &lt; ck Grey R ^ d Odar • Scotch *« * BHla « m Fit American Arbor Vila f = a » in • Mb-t . au « T-jitifugntMnlock • Swedish Jnuiper * Irirti Juniper TraiJne Juniper . Ail these varieties succeed well , and are worthy a place in extensive grounds . • Varieties thus marked are TITT era amenta ! . PREMIUM CROPS . —The Connecticut State Agricultural Society awarded premiums on last year s creps 5 th January . Corn , Dwight Hine , of Middlebury , eight rowed yellow corn , 118 bushels per acre ; Wm . H . Putnam , Brooklyn , 110 bushels per acre . Winter Wheat , Street Williams , Willingford , 24 4-...
Strawberries . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Strawberries . Farmers who hare plenty of ground and do not cultivate a bed of strawberries , deprive themselves of a great luxury . They are a healthy as well as a delicious fruit . — Nor is it great labor to have them in abundance . The plan fa can be had at any of the nurseries and at very low rates . There ought to be twenty acres of strawberries in the market gardens near this city to supply our citizens with this fruit . Cincinnati gardeners make a good business of selling fine , large , delicious strawberries at 8 and 10 cents a quart , and at these prices the masses can afford to eat them .
Crops—A movement in the Right Direction . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
Crops—A movement in the Right Direction . Several of the Legislatures of the North Western States have made provision for ascertaining the amounts of the staple crops of their respective States yearly . The object of which is to prevent speculation injurious either to the dealer or purchaser . At this time , if operators derive to make the impression general that crops are ample , they find no difficulty and in purchaing low . After being able to control the market , and they choose to find that crops are small they can sell at high prices . — What is wanted is , that there should be some reliable authority in regard to the amount of crops , embracing the cereals , hogs and cattle . These statistics can be obtained every spring by assessors . They can learn the amount of crops of the previous year , of hogs , slaughtered . &amp; c . and they can also learn the amount of land sown with wheat the previous fall and of corn in the spring , oats , &amp; c . We do not supp...
From wnat we Receive our Revenue . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 February 1859
From wnat we Receive our Revenue . The Auditors Report shows that when the last assessment was made , ( 1857 ) the number of horses in the State of Illinois was 467 , 531 , and tbeir assessed value ( 25 . 434 , 171 , or an average of $ 54 40 . In the same year the number of neat cattle was 1 , 351209 , and their value $ 16 , 171 , 830 . or 11 97 a head . The number of mules and asses wa * s 28 . 8 S 2 , and their value $ 1 , 969 , 284 , making $ 68 18 the in rividual average . There weie 760 , 602 sheep , ijcloding rams , valued at $ 881 126 . or $ 16 a head . The hogs numbered 1 , 893 , 585 , and were valued at $ 4-032 , 588 . ibere were 173 , 580 carriages and wagons , at $ 5 , 806 , 415 oi $ 33 45 each . Clocks and watches to tba number of 145 , 688 , and of the value of $ 881 , 000 were enumerate ;! in that yeir—1857 . Pianos to the number of 2 . 320 responded io ten times the number of fair flying finpers . Gm &gt; dt &gt; and merchandise were valued a- 514 173 ...