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No Real Change. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
No Real Change. A well.known M.P, at a dinner-party the other day said of a Bill that he disliket d: "I object to this bill because it would accomplish nothing. It would make no real change. It would be like the case of the actor and the canal boat.captain. "There was once upon a time an actor who, after an enforced idleness o0 two months, was lucky enough to secure an engagement in a town tweo ty-flve miles away, The case was a hurry-up one. The actor had to reach the dlstant -town that night. If he failed-to arrive, then his pait would be assigned to some one else "Well, tile man patched his worn boots, put his few belongings in a par. eel, and set out in the early morning on foot along the tow-path, He had only a few coppers, hence the train was an impossibility, But after the poor fellow had covered some six or seven miles, his boots gave out, blis ters rose on his feet, fatigue over came him, and in despair he threw himself on the grass beneath a tree, "As he lay there in a bit...
PROTECTING THE EYESIGHT. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
PROTECTING THE EYESIGHT. One of thie greatest prejudices with which electric lighting has had to contend is the assertion that it is In jurious to the eyesight, and tlhe latest scare is that the ultra-violet rays of the tungston lamp are harmnful. The mere sound of the word "ultra-vlolet" seems to convey a terrifying impres sion to some people, who, perhaps, conjure up visions of mystor!ous mal adios analogous to tlhose which at tacked the early experimenters with the X-rays. All this alarm is, fortun ately, utnfounded, for the emission of ultra-violet rays by some of the latest types of metal filament lamps merely increases their resemblance to the sun as a source of Illumination. The pow. erful new lamps, however, can be in ljurlous to the eyesight, in the same way as any other illuminant, by caus ing strain owring to glare. lore than ever nowadays the science and art of Illulmilnation require to be carefully observed. In the days of tlhe candle and the early gas burners the strai...
UNPLEASANT FOR THE ENGINEER. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
UNPLEASANT FOR THE ENGINEER, A marine engineer tells of an un. pleasant piece of work he once had to do during the trial trip of a magnll cent boat that a large firmn of contrac. tore had turned out for one of the ciig ocean-going steamship companies. The engines were to run at so many knots an hour, and the big steamer left her moorings and put out to sea for her trial cruise that was to Ide. cide whpther she would be accepted by the steamship company. Ho writes:-After we had been out to sea but a :ittle time, the chief engin eer discovered that one of the piston rods had a slight defect in It-a thing niot infreqiient in a large miass of ma chinery-and that in passing to and fro the unwonted friction caused by this defect would in the course of a very little time make the piston and all around it red hot, The conse quence of hils would ,be very serious, and would mean a breakdlown in the nmachinery. To allow it to occur would be imadness; to stop tie machinery to remedy the defect ...
SMALLPOX IMPROVES THE MEMORY. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
SMALLPOX IMPROVES THE MEMORY, One of the most recent scientific discoveries is tlhat memory is largely : matter of the state of the blood. A Paris specialist has published some .esulis based on several years' study of his patients, his conclusion being that those with. the worst memories :tro people who suffer from anaemia or chronic dyspepsian, Most people suffer to some extent from one or other of these complaints, and It is declared that tile people who can never remember what they were do!ng last Tuesday evening always im prove under a course of iron or pep. sin. One disease has in some cases an amazing effect in strengthening the mIemory, though no doctor is likely to prescribe it. At least one In six of curedl smallpox patients recover with memories greatly improved. Drugs, too, were found to have dis tinct effects on the memory. Doctors have known for some years that bro ndid, which is often prescr)bed for nervolls restlessness and insomnia, is apt to enfeeble tile memory if ...
PENNY "TIMES" SUCCESS Concept of Modern Journalism. Fighting for Circulation [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
PENNY "TIMES" SUCCESS Cojcept of Modern Journalism. Fighting for Circulation All England wanted to buy thle penny "Times" oln Mlonday, March 16., The greater part of England had to go without, The "Tmhnes" printing press. es could not possibly turn out a suill cldont number of copies to supply the demand, They ran for 12 hours con tinuously, and still the newsagents were a-hungering, There Is a worlt of difference between printing a 12 page "Daily Mall" and a 24-page, "Times," It is part of the Inherit ance of the "Times" that it should be the best-printed paper in the worldl. It would have to sacrific this tradl tion if it let its giant presses run at the furious paco of the half-pelnny pa pores, In the "Maill" office the ma. chines throw out the papers so fast that in a quarter of an hour you fleo front them, fearing that you will be snowed under, The decision to reduce the price of the "Times" was made many months ago, and a date was fixed upon which the change was to be made. Th...
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES OTHERWISE A FINE HUSBAND. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES I OTHERWISE A FINE HUSBAND. A New York woman, who is bring ing an action for divorce against her husband, gives about a score of rea sons. Included are the following: Irascible disposition, Mania for smashing clocks, Struck her with a glass. Threatened to throw her out of a isecond-story window, Choked her. Kissed another woman, Throw a box of cigars at her. KepoDt everybody in the house awake at night. Tried to make her take off her shoes. Said slhe was lazy. Tried to throw her into the Hud soil Called her an idiot, an imp, and a pest. Struck her grandson with a folded newspaper, Smashed a glass of whisky on the dlining-table. Struck her in the face with a switch. Throw chairs at her, Kicked in the door. Wrenched her shoulder. 'Poked his finger in her Jye. Drank whisky and beer mixed. --"Philadelphia Record." When the Federal lobbies resound with stories of the American Meat Trust and its inscrutable (not to use a very similar word) methods, the story of how it...
Neck or Nothing! [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
Neck or Nothlngl It was evening. Mrs, Uravo was alone in the house, Enter Ilurglar Steel. "Tell me," he hissed, "where the money is hidl, or I fire" "Never!" sihe snapped, "Villlain do yollur Worst." "I will," snarled the baffled but not beaten burglar. 'Toll me where your husband's gold Is hid or I'11 drop this ton-inch worm down your neck!" And Steel won eaelly, Impudence is almost as good as brains, and a great deal more appre. elated.
FOOLS AND THEIR MONEY. Fortune and Folly. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
FOOL8 AND THEIR MONEY, Fortune and Folly. A Russian unexpectedly inherited £62,500. He began to live in the most expensive manner in St. Peters burg, keeping a yacht and racehorses. Hie gave the finest entertainments to his friends, in the course of which mirrors in the restaurants were fre. quently broken by champagne bottles and glasses being thrown about, but he invariably paid the bill cheerfully. Recently, discovering that he had come to the end of his money, he in.' v'ted all his friends to a fete on an island, whither they were taken in his yacht. They spent the day in revolry, but when the last visitor had been landed on his way home, the owner of the yacht sank her, and the next day applied to the munilcipality of St. Petersburg for a job as cross ing sweeper at 15/- a Week, and got it. A short time ago a man was arrest ed on Broadway, New York, as a va. grant and a beggar, and sent to gaol for ten days. In this way a sad story of fortune and folly came to light, The man wa...
MARY'S ANIMAL SHOW [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
MARY'S ANIMIAL SHOW Mary had a little lamb 'Twas PI'ersian-on her coat; Shelo also had a mink or two About her dainty throat; A bird of paradise, a tern, And ormine made the hat That perched at jaunty angle On her coiffure, largely "rat," Her tiny boots were sable topped, Her gloves were muskrat, too, Hier muff had heads ad tails of half The "critters" in the Zoo, And when she walked abroad, I ween, Sheo .feared no wintry wind; At keeping warm, 'twas plain to see, She had all Nature "slrakinned," -"National Humane Review,"
OBITUARY. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
OBITUARY, We regret to record the death of the Rev. R. W. Rock's second son, James W., the event taking place suddenly yesterday morning, at the early age of 26 years. This promising lad was over- taken, about three years ago, when studying his arts course at Ormond Col- lege, with obscure cerebral symptoms, which finally developed into a tumor. An operation relieved, but did not cure, the trouble, and death ensued as the consequence. The utmost sympathy is expressed for Mr. and Mrs. Rock in the heavy affliction thus placed upon them. The funeral will leave the manse this afternoon.
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 16 May 1914
Dereavemnoent Notlces Mrs. E WINDER and FAMILY desire to express thAir loop aI)pr. &nbsp; ciation of thli' maniy kindly xjxlresilon, of symlnfpthy and roseclct recceived in lettrs, telegriams, and Iloral tributes in their recent sad hurceavunent; and tdlo to acknlowlhdgc the unremitting atten tion of Dr. Riordan and the Roev, C, W, Wood,
WALLOWING TANK. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
WALLOWING TANK. The pleasure that a pig gets out of wallowing in shallow water is taken advantage of by some breeders to keep them free from vermin. A tank is made of convenient size. It is ad visable to have it under cover--a shel. ter roof of iron, enough to keep the sun off it, will do. The tank is par* tlally filled with water, and the sur. face of the water Is covered with kero sene oil, When the pigs wallow in this they get sufficient oil on them to destroy vermin. When necessary, the oil and water are replenished, and the tank, of course, requires occasion al cleaning. To prevent the formas. tion of mud.holes, the ground sur. rounding the tank should be surfaced with concrete.
THE PIGGERY. MONEY IN PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
THE PIGGERY. MONEY IN PIGS. The rearing of pigs was the sub ject of an interesting paper read by Mr. F. Gamlin recently before the members of the Otakeho (New Zea. land) branch of the Farmers' Union. Pigs have the reputation of being dirty animals (said Mr. Gamlin), but if properly housed and. looked after, are one of the most profitable, as well as the most interesting, products of the farm, and it is surprising how few farms have a really well*equlpped pig. gory. It seems where the pig is con cerned "any old thing will do." The extra profit will soon repay the small expenditure on a good comfortable house, For general requirements I consider that a building 30ft, x 7ft., with wood floor, divided into four compartments, three for breeding sows, each 6ft. x 7ft., a rail placed about 10 inches out from the wall and the same distance above the floor is necessary to prevent the sow from overlaying her young. The remain. ing space, 12ft, x 7ft., I use for a fat tening pen, each compartm...
TAINT IN CREAM. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
TAINT IN CREAM, Fied that will injure the flavor of lhe butter and which shoula not be fed to mulch cows are: 1. Turnips and turnip tops, 2. Rape or rye, 3. Decayed ensilage. 4. Ioleks, onions, or apples in large quantltles. Other causes of taint in cream are: 1. Cows' udders and teats in an un 'lean condition at milking time, 2. Milking in tlean balls. 3,. Using uncleah wooden, galvanised or rusty milking palls. 4. Separating the milk In contact with odors. 5.-Impropcrly cleaned separator, 6. Keeping the cream in cellars or ;ther places where there are roots or vegetables. 7. Keeping the cream for several. days at a temperature over 55 deg. 8, Cows drinking water from stag nant water.holes or the soakage of stock or farm yards.
DAIRYING. POINTS IN CHEESE-MAKING. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
DAIRYING. POINTS IN CHEESE-MAKING, For hard-pressed cheese, where a ripe milk is required, it is best to use night and morning's milk mixed. In the case of making cheese from sweet milk, such as some varieties of un. pressed cheese, it is often most satis factory to use one meal's milk only, The rennet must oe very carefully added to milk that Is overripe, as the acidity In the milk stimulates the ac tion of the rennet, making it work very quickly, Unless great care is exercised, the milk will be over-stir red and rendered useless for cheese making. It Is most important that the curd be of uniform consistence throughout, and this is obtained by judiciously stirring in the rennet and taking pre cautions to prevent the temperature of the renneted milk falling, Keep the vat covered, and water a little warmer than the milk in the vat Jacket. .Whey from cheese making may be set in tanks, and the cream skimmed off the next day, before using the whey for pig-feeding. Whey cream can be made...
FINISH IT. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
FINISH IT. When Samuel F, B. Morse, after. wards famous as the inventor of the electric telegraph, was a young paint. er studying in London, he made a drawing from a small cast of the Far. nose Hercules, intending to offer it to Benjamin West as an example of his work. Being anxious for the favorable opinion of the master, he spent a fort. night upon the drawing, and thought ie had made it perfect, When Mr. West saw the drawing, he examined It critically, commended it in this and that particular, then handed it back, saying: "Very well, sir, very well; go on and finish it." "But it is finished," said the young artist. "Oh, no!" said Mr. West. "Look here, and here, and here," and he put his .finger upon various unfinished places. Mr. Morse saw the defects, now that they were pointed out to him, and devoted another week to remedy ing them. Then he carried the draw. ing again to the master. Mr. West was evidently much pleased, and lay. !shed praises upon the work; but at the end le han...
FEEDING FOR FEATHER. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
FEEDING FOR FEATHER. Feeding poultry for feather is a very important malter, for on the even and fairly quick growth of fea ther depends, In most instances, the quality of plumage, its color, and its marking. Feather growth makes a great strain on a young bird's strength, and it is at this period that novices have wondered at the appar eut stoppage in the growth of their pet specimens. Good diet of a rather more fatty quality is needed now, but care must be taken that the pigmen tary quality of the food is not injur. ious to the color of the bird we are rearing. Thus maize must on no ace count be given to white fowls at this stage, and even red wheat Is not with. out its dangers. Good oats, with oc casional feeds of white peas and a little boiled linseed, the latter mixed with the soft food, are excellent. Tight feathered birds, such as game, might with advantage have a little pea-meal mixed with the soft food, and old dried peas are to be recomn mended. Color feeding is not satis f...
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
Marrlage DIGMlAN-STE'IIENSON.-On the 2nd of May, at Fitzroy, Hilda May, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Stephenson, of High St., Preston, to Robert Percie, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. James G. D)igman, of South Yarra. JUSTICE TO ALL. Published every Saturday Morning. SATURDAY, MAY 23.
VENTILATION IN FOWL HOUSES. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 23 May 1914
VENTILATION IN FOWL HOUSES, Open your bedroom windows wide, or sleep out on the verandah, and you wake up in the morning feeling like a fighting-cock. You have had ventila tion. Open your window an inch and your door an inch, and morning will find you sniffling like an old nag with the heaves. A draught is a thin stream. of cold air sneaking in through a warmer body of air without mixing. Ventilation is a body of air that, how ever cold, comes In a bunch, and has volume enough to regulate its own temperature. You might think of these things in regard to your hen house, for a fow. is more susceptible to a draught than any living thing. A fowl's body is a regular little en gine. Did you know that fowls don't sweat? You didn't! Why, they have no sweat glands. A fowl's natural temperature is away above the fever heat L all other living creatures, and that makes a draught of air their death warrant,