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Wants to go into the Country ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Wants to go into the Country ! E . litor of the Farmer : —I never wrote a piece for the newspapers in my life . It seems presumption in me to think of doing so . I never had any other chance for education than in attending a very common school ; but when 1 rend the piece in your last FARMER signed Dvbhy s Husband , Ijust thought I would try to write . So sir , correct the mistakes , if you please , and if that is too much , burn this paper . My mother taught me that neatness was one of the virtues ; that it was an index of character ; and that in families where neatness was nut found , almost everything had an unthrifty appearance about tho house , about the farm , about the children—about everything . I have myself called upon a neighbor who professed to have a contempt ibv neatness , and have been distressed to look about me . It was a good , nearly new , two story house . The owner had a good farm and made some money upon it . He had some six children and the oldest was not more ...
Contraction of tbe Feet in Horses . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Contraction of tbe Feet in Horses . Almost all horses at some period of their lives suffer from contraction of the feet . This may be attributed in a great measure to bail management . In my last , I mentioned tho present mode of shoeing as the main cause of contraction another exciting cause is standing on a plank floor , in consequence of which the t oet become dry and fevered ; the moisture of the hoof having been more or less absorbed , leaves the horn brittle , un yielding , and liable to crack ; now , this may all be prevented by poulticing or wrapping the feet in wet cloths whenever occasion requires it ; by these means the horn is kept soft and elastic . Bruised heels will sometimes influence contraction if not propeil y attended to . I trust these remarks may be sufficient to claim the careful consideration of the readers of The Ohio FARMEK , and impress their minds with the importance of attending well to the condition of their horses feet . It will not onl y save that nob...
Sugar grower's Convention in Winnebago // County . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Sugar growers Convention in Winnebago // County . ^ SThis was held in Kockford on the 8 th instant . We are indebted to the Rookford Register for the following report of its its proceedings : The meeting assembled on Wednesday afternoon , 8 th inst . H . P . Sloan was chosen President . D . T . Talbot , Superintendent of the County Poor Farm exhibited one specimen of syrup ; Joseph Miller , Kockford , two specimens of syrup—one the draining from granulated sugar , one from juice yielding one gallon to four of juice ; Peter Simpson , Rockford , three specimens syrup—one which was in proportion of 7 to 1 , two which were in the proportion of 9 to 1 ; W . P . Sloan , Winnebago , one specimen syrup , which was in proportion of 6 to 1 ; Geo . G . Cleveland , Cherry Valley , one specimen syrup—proportion 7 to 1 , Micajah Collins , Winnebago , one specimen—proportion 4 to 1 ; S ylvester Scott , Guilford , one specimen—proportion 9 to 1 ; Israel Gibbons , Winnebago , one specimen—no stateme...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
very thin—too poor to raise good corn ; plowed deep , and cultivated same aa corn , harvested October 5 th ; had 157 gallons of juice ; yielding 171-2 gallons of heavy clear syrup ; expressed the juice with wooden rollers b y band ; did not get two-thirds of tbe juice from the stalks ; boiled the juice in a copper kettle on a stove ; used nothing to clarify ; skimmed and strained through woolen cloths , and boiled to proper consistency . Other speeches and statements were made , showing that sugar cane must become one of tho most , if not THE most , important staple crop of Illinois .
Light in Stables . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Light in Stables . Stables should bo so constructed , by the insertion of windows in various parts of the building , that they should be liijla as dot / . A dark stable is Only a suitable black liolc , —prison house for such a vicious specimen of the equine race as the notorious Oruiserf it is also the very worst location for any kind of animal . Sir A . Nylic ( who was long at the head of the medical staff in tho Russian army ) states that cases of disease on the dark side of an extensive barrack at St . Petersburg , have been uniformly , for many , years , in the proportions of three to one , to those on the side exposed to a strong and uniform light . Humboldt has remarked that , among bipeds , the residents of South America who wear very litt e clothing—thus allowing the cutaneous , as well as the orbital surfaces , to receive a free ray of light—enjoyed immunity from various diseases which prevailed extensivel y among the inhabitants of dark rooms and underground locations , an...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
tthc $ \\ Um $ jfavmcv . SPBIX &lt; : l-IF . I , D . JAXUAHV 1 , 1839 . a @ uThcrc is little traveling now except by railroad . The city h nearly out of wood , quite out of butter , has little money . Whisky plenty . »&gt; IQySomc of the oldest citizens tell us that we have only about the same quanti ty of rain every year . If that he so , it is about time that rains should cease . 13 rS » There is a very large amount of Chinese Sugar Cane syrup being made in Iowa this season . In some localities it is selling for twenty-five cents a gallon . IfiyJ . T . Little , of the Dixon Nurseries , has 150 , 000 saleable apple trees , healthy and fine , of varieties which have been proved in Illinois , on sale . His nursery is also well supplied with all the articles usually in demand for the farm , the lawn , the flower and the kitchen garden . His motto is Western Trees for Western Orehards . . * Uga ^ Chinese sugar is a regular article on sale in Oregon , and is quoted there...
Pike ' s Peak Gold Pipings . The information which is constantl y [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Pike s Peak Gold Pipings . The information which is constantl y arriving from the Pike s Peak gold diggings , is such that wo apprehend a stampede of those who are not partial to the dull pursuits of common life , next spring to this new Eldorado . Some of the emigrants to that point will be likel y to make moderate wages there ; some will not , and will find their way back to their poorer than they went , some will lay their bones there , and bo soon forgotten by their companions . We shall hear of tho success of a few , but we shall hear of the poverty and distress of the many . But still people will go—men who complain of tho mud of the past month—and will among the runs and streams near Pike s Peak , stand in the icy water as it comes from the mountains , washing the dirt in their tin pans—a work which money would not tempt them to do in Illinois . We suggest that farming would bring in more gold , to some industrious individuals , than this gold washing , in the valleys and can...
Protection of Farms and Bniltlings with Ever -greens . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Protection of Farms and Bniltlings with Evergreens . The discussions at the meetings of the State Horticultural Society at Bloomington , on the subject of evergreens , were very interesting . It was shown that evergreen trees , from nurseries , taken up with care , and their roots preserved from the atmosphere and kept moist , would live , when planted out , with as much certainty as deciduous trees ; while evergreens , taken from their native woods , and planted out in a full exposure , in bad order , would scarcel y ever live . The impositions which had been practiced on the community , by tree pedlars , with such evergreens , re ceived a scathing notice . It was also stated , that the taste and demand for evergreens was rapidly increasing , and that this increased demand induced nurserymen to largely increase their stocks and sell them at greatly reduced prices . A committee was appointed at the meeting to report the best plan of cultivating evergreens , and the cost of the diffe...
Sowing Grass Seeds . W . W . Rathbone in the Ohio Farmer , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Sowing Grass Seeds . W . W . Rathbone in the Ohio Farmer , condemns the practice of sowing grass seed with wheat and oats . If with oats , he says the oats will choak the wheat . If with wheat in the fall , the grass will injure the wheat . If tho grass must be sown with wheat , it should be done in the spring , The best plan , he conceives to sou grass seed is this : prepare your ground for the purpose in the spring—prepare well and sow your seed as the only crop . Then you will be likely to find your grass well set , and you will find the plan to pay . If you dislike to lose the use of yonr ground for a season , he recommends the following practice : In July or August make the corn ground as level as possible with cultivators , and sow your seed , choosing ; a moist spell of weather if possible . Cut up the corn at the proper time ; follow immediately , while the stumps are green and cut close to the ground ; pass over with a roller , and your work is done .
Ihe Wheat Crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Ihe Wheat Crop . So far the wheat generally looks well . Some low spots in the fields the wheat is injured , and always will be so long as theyare undrained . Judging from what we hear , there must he much less ground put in wheat the last fall , than the fall previous . * . MR . EDITOR : —I have sown all the varieties of turnip seed Bent out by the Patent Office ; and have found but a single variety that is equal to our old White Flat Dutch Turnip , and that was the Rasp-Leaved Purple Top . Do you know anything of the experience of others in planting their seeds ? [ We do not , except what we see in the Patent Office Reports . The Hasp-Leaved Purple Top is an American variety . ]
Tulips . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Tulips . Nirember is said to be the best month for plantito out those bulbs , but it will answer to plant them out any time iu winter when the weathei is open and the ground IB in good , order . Briojman says : The ground for tulips should bfc li ght , part sand , and they should be plantetonbedstb . reeorfourincb . es above the surface . It would be well to throw some litter overuie beds topreservethe bulbs from injury during severe weather . A bed of tulips in flowei is a most beautiful sight . It is searcely a wcnder that even the phlegmatic Hollanders ajmire them . In their gardens they cultivate seme twelve hundred varieties . Mr . Dutelzs in his travels states , that he has known single bulbs sell there as high as § 60 . There was a tulip mania in Holland between 1634 and 16 S 7 . In that time , the bulb of the tulip called Viceroy sold for § 1 , 250 ; lhe Admiral Lieb hines for over § 2 , 000 ; and other tulips at the most fabulous prices . A father engaged in the tulip trade...
Stephenson Connty . — . — - — - ¦* [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Stephenson Connty . — . — - — - ¦* Stephenson County , has as many active , intelligent , progressive Farmers as any county in Illinois . It has a County Agricultural Society , County Farmers Club , township Farmers Club , and at least one townshi p Agricultural Society . At the meeting of the Stephenson Farmers Club , on the 4 th , the subject of paying taxes in paper money was taken up and discussed , and a petition to the Legislature was agreed upon , asking that the paper currency , author ized b y the State and secured b y deposit of bonds with the State , should be received in the payment of taxes , representing that the policy which authorizes the issue of paper currency for the ordinary purposes of money , and then refuses to receive it for Government purposes , is an excessive hardshi p upon the people . At the same meeting a petition was agreed upon , asking of tho Legislature protection b y law against theft and robbery of orchards —making such theft or robbery , larceny ...
Protection for Orchards . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Protection for Orchards . In Hon . M . L . Dunlap s address , delivered before the State Horticultural Society , at Bloomington on the 15 th ult ; after referring to the destruction of our orchards within a few of the past years , he took the ground that orchards should be protected on the West and South by skirts of timber , or natural woods . This will be a new idea to many , but we think it is undoubtedly correct . Such is the character of our falls , that trees , very often continue in a growing state till the weather becomes severe . They are then not in a state to bear tbe change in our winters . Quite often , in March , and even in Fehuary we have warm weather and hot suns which scald the unripened shoots of trees and even the bark on their south western exposures enperuse , and the result is that they are killed . He supposthat skirts of timber on the South and West would prevent these disasters to orchards . These skirts of timber on the Prairies must be grown . This can be...
State Horticultural Society . —*—j [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
State Horticultural Society . —*—j This Society held its annual meeting in Bloomington , commencing on the 14 th ( Tuesday ) and ending on the 17 th ( Friday . ) There were some fifty members in attendance , besides others who came to hear the discussions . On Tuesday , L . Ellsworth was chosen President pro tern ., and Charles Kennicott , Secretary . A committee was appointed to arrange business for the session ; the President thanked those gentlemen who had presentedjfruit for examination ; andmembers received invitatons from citizens to stop with them while remaining in tbe city , and the Society adjourned till afternoon . At the meeting in tbe afternoon , the subjects of fruits , seeds , seedlings , and insects injurious to vegetation , were taken up , and these subjects occuthe attention of the Society until the adjournment . In the evening , Arthur Bryant , of Bureau county read an interesting and inst . uctive essay on The Apple Troe and its Diseases . The remainder of tho ev...
Steam Power . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Steam Power . Steam appears to be one of the / opics of study just now , to the politico- econo . mistst Perhaps the most imp » rtant use to which we could suggest its application , would be that of fenching by means of plows , spades it other means to the depth of 18 incics or two feet—to the clay ; and sinling drains as much deeper ( performing lahor could not so readil y be accomplished by muscular power , ) if tlds could he readily and cheaply dene , it would double the ¦ value of our entire prairies , would make the raising of nearly all the hest fruits not only possible , but make ours equal to almost any other country in pomological richness . Apples , grapes , dears , hemes , peaches , &amp; c , would be almost perfectly suited , and fine fruits be the pleasure of all . Our crops of corn and wheat , grass and other crops would easily be doubled and our acres reduced and the pleasures and ease of farm labor greafl 2 increased . This certainly is a consummation greatry...
.- lectures on the Farm . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
.- lectures on the Farm . This is the season of the year when distinguished men of the country , pass from one city to another , and deliver valuable lectures on different subjects , the result of their studies and labors during the summer . These lectures contain a vast deal of useful knowledge , and it is imparted in a way that makes the strongest impression on the mind . It so haqqens , however , that few or none of these lecturers are agricultural men , and the great interest of the country seems not to be committed in the selection of topics of discussion and education . A great and acceptable good might result if practical fanners , acquainted with more facts than theories , —not mere talking men , fluent without point , wordy without knowledge , — would prepare themselves for the purdose , and visit our counties and our precincts , and lectures for the benefit of our fanners , in the winter months . One lecturer , with half a dozen well prepared lectures , could extend his la...
A Chance for Enterprise . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
A Chance for Enterprise . Mr . J . W . Griffith , residing near Mechanicsburgh , in this county , authorizes us to state , that he will grow two hundred acres of sugar cane , on good ground , and which shall be well cultivated , on his farm , to any responsible man who will engage to take the same , and work it up , at nine dollars an acre . He has a situation for a sugar mill , where plenty of water and fuel can be had , and which will be furnished without expense .
The Illinois Cane Crop , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
The Illinois Cane Crop , We are constantly receiving notices of the success of persons who have experimented with the Chinese Sugar Cane ; and we hear from many that they intend to go into its cultivation the coming year on a large scale . Our advice is , first to see whether yon can get the apparatus to work Hup . You should not neglect to do this until your crop is ripe and you have no time to make preparations . The apparatus necassary for working up five or six seres of cane , will cost § 100 , and will last several vears . * . MR . EniTon : —Have you experience in planting out hedges in the fall . [ We have not ; but we know it has been done . We have no doubt the Osage Orange plants can he put out in the fall with success . ] »» THE BEST PEAR . —At the Crystal Palace , in England , the premium for the best pear was awarded to the White Doyenne . This is also a very superior pear n this country .
The Sugar Question . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
The Sugar Question . Just at this time the question of making molasses and sugar from the African and Chinese Sugar Canes , seems to have a general interest . Many of our farmers are desirous of all the infonnation they can obtain on the subject . We have alread y g iven the experience of many of our correspondents , —and among the communications from K . Kimball , of Delavan , which are of exceeding interest . In our correspondence with Mr . Kimball , we have sought to procure all the information collected by him in his series of experiments . In addition to his general statement in our last number , and the communication in the present , we are about to take the liberty of making some extracts for publication from a letter received just at the closing up of the forms of this paper for the present month ; and to which we invite , the special attention of Sugar Growers . We asked Mr . Kimball for the reasons of his preference for African Sugar Canes ( or Imphees ) over the Chinese S...
Sugar from Chinese Sugar Cane . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1859
Sugar from Chinese Sugar Cane . S . FRANCIS , ESQ ., Chairman of Slate Committee of Sugar Growers Convention . I have delayed making any statement in regard to the Chinese Sugar Cane until I had finished my yeaT s experience . I mado the first attempt on the 10 th of September , when the tops seeds had began to turn black ; the under ones were barely out of the milk . The result of that trial was about two gallons of very thick syrup . I found crystals of sugar mixed with the syrnp when I took it out of the kettle , and in a few days a large portion of it crystalized . At tho time I felt very much gratified with the result , and supposing it was a very easy matter to make sugar , little pains was taken to preserve it . Tho sample herewith sent , marked No . 1 , is a portion of the same sugar . It was also exhibited at our county fair . The next trial with a view of making sugar was about three weeks later . Cane taken from the same lot , but much riper and on a small scale . The syr...