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Sugar, Starch, Etc. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Sugar, Starch, Etc. Sugar and starch have very nearly the same chemical composition, but in some of their physical properties they are very different. Sugar is soluble in water, while starch is only diffusible through it. Sugar undergoes the process of fermentation, starch does not; sugar has a sweet taste, starch is almost tasteless. Starch, however, is convertible into stigar, and then assumes all the characteristics of other sugar, being capable of fermentation and of thus being converted into alcohol. It is converted into sugar by the juices of the mouth and stomach, and this is the first process of digestion, with starch. Sugar, therefore, is more quickly prepared' to be absorbed into the blood, and better adapted as a heat-giver for the young, and in warm weather, when the digestive organs are enfeebled. This is indicated in children by the almost universal love which they manifest for food containing it, and Nature furnishes it in the milk ox all animals, and in the summer in...
Domestic Receipts. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Domestic Receipts. To Prevent Mould.—lt is a remarkable fact, not as generally known as it should be, that mouldiness is effectually prevented by any kind of perfume. Paste strongly impregnated with any of the essential oils ■will not become sour or mouldy. Books will not become mouldy in the presence of Russian leather. Sure Death to Bed Bugs.—Take a teaspoonful of quicksilver, beat it up with the whites of two eggs, as for frosting, till the two are thoroughly and finely united, then apply with a feather to every crack or crevice in the bedstead or wall, where a bed bug can hide. Repeat it tln-ee or four times, and your work is done for two years at least. To Make a Candle Burn Slowly.— When, as in case of sickness, a dull light is Avished, put finely-powdered salt on the candle, till it reaches the black part of the wick. In this way a mild, steady light may be kept through the night by a small piece of a candle. Icnra fob Cakes. —Take of the Lest white sugar one pound, and pour ...
Mechanical Hints. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Mechanical Hints. How to Btraiohtbm Saws. —If the saw has a "back"' take it out by placing it betwen two pieces of wood in your benchBOrew, and knocking the back with a piece of hard wood from the end that comes up to the handle. Take the the blade, and see where the buckle is in the front; it wants hammering upon the back of the blade upon a smooth flat iron or anvil, with a smooth-faced hammer, commencing from the back in a lino with the centre of buckle, in this wise: one blow outside edge, then so that the blows may fall in a triangle, then one, two, three, a little farther; and by taking particular notice of the effects of each blow you will very soon find out where to expend your labor to the greatest advantage to obtain your end. Do not hurry, bat take it quietly. It is a thing that has puzzled a great many, but nothing is easier, with a few effective blows well directed. But one in the wrong place and you may put four cross buckles where there was only one; if you lose tempe...
LIFE THOUGHTS. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
LIFE THOUGHTS. The greatest of all mistakes is to live for time, when any moment may launch us into eternity. Success rides on every hour—grapple it and you may win; but without a grapple it will never go with you. Never ridicule sacred things, or what others may esteem as such, however absurd they may appear to be. Never show levity when the people are professedly engaged in worship. Work is the weapon of honor, and he who lacks the weapon will never triumph. Always take the part of an absent person who is censured in company, so far as truth and propriety will allow. Borrowed garments seldom fit well. Haste often trips up its own heels. Men often blush to hear what they are not ashamed to do. What is not needed is dear at any price. It was a saying of Socrates that every man had need of a faithful friend and a bitter enemy; the one to advise, the other to show him his faults. A man should never put a fence of words around his ideas, because many who would otherwise give him a fair...
Men who Live Forever. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Men who Live Forever. Mr. Beecher, in a recent sermon, said: "Men who establish academies, colleges, universities, live forever, and live, too, in a way that an angel might be proud to live. They who established Harvard—who, with heavenly arithmetic, can compute what their money has done since they have gone home ? Is the name of Yale not familiar to eyery intelligent man on the continent because he endowed that college? His name will be carried down thousands of years. Cornell's name is rescued already. Vassar's, Astor 's and DreAv's names would not have sounded far down, had they not a due inspiration that taught them to found seminaries for the discovery and propagation of knowledge among the masses of men. And this is the reason, I say, that men ought not to be poor if they can be rich. There is a power in wealth when it is guarded by benevolence which should not be despised. Having such a sword as that with which to slay ignorance, no man ought to refuse to draw it from its she...
SUMMER PRUNING. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
SUMMER PRUNING. There is a groat diversity of opinion among vine-growers in this country as to what amount of summer pruning is best for the vineyard. Also as to the best time for doing this pruning. Some contend that cutting the vino back destroys the equilibrium between the vine and the roots —that it is contrary to nature and tends to weaken the vine and shorten its life. Others say that judicious pruning is indispensable to tho production of good fruit, and that it is impossible to destroy the balance of power between the roots and top, because the growth of the roots is governed by the growth of the branches. It is not strange that there should be a diversity of opinion upon most all subjects connected with the culture of the vine, since our people have learned or had their experience under so many different circumstances. Some of our vineyardists are from Germany, some from France, some from Italy, Spain, Portugal, some from the Eastern and some from the Western States. All wh...
New Books. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
New Books. Scenes or Wondbb and ( Dwosm m Cwiiousu.—lllustnit.d with over one hundred encravtiigg. A Tourlst'n Guide to the yosemlte Valley, Etc By J. M. Hutching^, New York and Ban FrancUco. "a. BomanftCo., Publluhen, IWO.Svo. pp.aw. In this handsome little volume, Mr. Hutching* has managed to give very much of interest concerning the beauties and wonders in our state, described in v pleasant laiinner and handsomely illustrated. The book is well suited for a place on the parlor laUe, and will help to give a better idea of what there is out here on the Paeilie coast to allure travelers. We could make many an extract, in order to give a clearer idea of the book, had we the space, and we open it at random for one a short one. We hit upon an illustration of how the big tree was cut down in the Calaveras grove. "This tree employed live men for twentytwo days in felling it not by chopping it down,'but by boring it off with pump augers. After the stem was fairly severed from the stump, th...
HUMOROUS. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
HUMOROUS. What have you to expect at a hotel? limattention. What is the military definition of a kiss? A report at headquarters. Mem are like potatoes—they do not know how soon they may be in hot water. Oi*d Maids arc described as "embers from which the spark has fled." On the Hudson, before the recent thaw, "stilt Bkating" on irons thirty inches high was fashionable. JUDGE HOAB says that a lawyer tries first to gel on, then to got holier, and lastly to get honest. WHEN you hear a man say "life is a dream," tread on his corns and wake him up. Life in real. Why is a baby like a Bheaf of wheat? Because it is tirst cradled, then thrashed, and finally it becomes the ftourof the family. PIiAMTWO.—Mrs. Famham, Of Wisconsin, has just buried her sixth husband, and the papers call her a successful planter.
ANOTHER AMATEUR EDITORIAL FARMER. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
ANOTHER AMATEUR EDITORIAL FARMER. 0. W. Pay, of the Trenton (N. J.) Sentinel, is after Mr. Horaoe Greeley's agricultural laurels. Here is a HUnple of what he knows about Farming: The proper time to pull hemp is on any Friday that flgood judge may select. Castor oil beans succeed beat in the bowels of the earth. They will Boon work their way out. The best preparation for hops is a toad or two in each hill. They will make the vines fairly jump. The usual time to put in rye is early iii the morning. Borne husbandmen, especially those in the city, continue to run at intervals of half an hour until bedtime. The practice is only allowable in case of a dry season. In reaping wheat, never take "it by the beard- It is found to go against the grain. Buckwheat is not healthy food. Jt is apt to cake up the stomach. Corn in the ear is apt to affect the hearing. If enten green will make the voice husky. When dealt out as army rations the kernel should always be served first, and then the men priv...
Meteorological Observations. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Meteorological Observations. AT BACBAMKHTO, Cal., BY THOS. M. LOCIAN, M. D. Permanent Secretary of State Board of Health. Lab WJl'il" N., Lonir. 121 m'W'W. Hight at Levee above mean low tide, at San Franeicoo, "I leet. llinlit o lower lUrt'aoeof mercury, W fe«t. The amount of cloudiness is dexignatert by figures, 10 i»inK entire cloudiness; .r &gt;, halt elonainess; o,entirealearnesM; and intermediate numbers in proportion. The force of the wind is also registered in the same manner; 0 being a calm, 1 a very li^iit breeze, and liia hurricane. Tlie means are derived from three daily readings at 7 A. M., '2 P. M.. and !l P. M., in uniformity with the arrangementsol the Smithsonian Institute. *Thermometograph. tHain. Rkmauks.—ln (iur obnorvatioiiH last week wo encouraged the hope* of a speedy fall of rain, in which we have not l n disappointed, m nur table shows. Although partaking of the character of iprlng or April showers, of oircum■oribed extent, still übcmt an average of a...
DOMESTIC PRODUCE AT WHOLESALE. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
DOMESTIC PRODUCE AT WHOLESALE. San FbANOIBOO, Thurs., A. m., April 13th. FLOUR —has been in only moderate demand and that for local use—very little enquiry for export has been noticed. Transactions embrace 2,000 bbls. Cal. extra and 4,000 Oregon extra at current rates. We quote local brands, superfine, $G.25@G.50; extra, $email@example.com. Oregon extra at $7®7.50. WHEAT—The market has remained very dull notwithstanding the large advance of Liverpool rates, and a corresponding improvement here. Teh market for good shipping has advanced from $2.00 to $2.85. At the close strictly choice is quoted at $2.75, which rate it is reported a distillar has paid for 300 tons. The Liverpool market has met with a most extraordinary improvement and is now telegraphed at 12s. (Id., an advance of Gd. since the sth instant. New York rates are reported as nominal. BARLEY—Prices continue to remain about as before the late rain; choice brewing being held firm at $1.75, at which figure we note a sale of 700 sks....
Leather Market Report. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Leather Market Report. [Corrected weekly by Dolliver &amp; Bro.. No. 109. Post St.] San FRANCISCO, Thursday, April la. Sole Lkathkb.— demand is still equal to the supply, and prices linn. City Tanned Leather, "p1 ft '.'(&gt;.' .11l Hants Cruz. I.Mather, « lb 'iivt 30 Country Leather, ~$ ft 25(#28 OALF and Kir SKINS.— unsettled state of affairs in Prance still keeps French stocks hitrh, with an upward tendency. Domestic Skins have not changed. Best French Calf Skins, V doz $7.&gt; 00.,.M00 00 Uommon French Calf Skins, V doz 35 UOfiit 75 (10 French Kips, &lt;£ m 1 H&gt; 5) 1 30 California Kip, * doz 60 00(.» 75 (ID Eastern Wheel Stuffed Calf. $ m Miles 1 25 Eastern Bench Stuffed Calf, $ft 1 10« 1 23 Cast, in ('nit' for Hacks, %* ft 1 15(u) 1 ii-t Sheep Roam for Topping, all colors, \\ d0z.... 8 50to&gt; 13 00 Sheep Roan* for Linings.T do/ 5 DOS 10 *0 California Ruuett Sheep Lining! I 7-Vrj&gt; 5 50 Beit Jodol Ca f Hoot Legs, %*pa...
San Francisco Retail Market Rates. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
San Francisco Retail Market Rates. Friday, April 11, 1871. MISCELLANEOUS. Butter. Oal fr. ft 35 &lt;% 40 Wool Sacks, new 40 &amp; 90 Pickled, Gal. ft @ Seoond-hnd do ti7l»&lt;9 "0 do Oregon, ft.. &lt;«) Wheat-sks, 22x3ti 13K@ 14 Honey, ft ft 25 «&gt; SO Potato G'y Bags. as"® Cheese, lift.... 20 r^ 38 Seoond-hnddo Hi @ Eggs, per do/.... 35 (r$ 40 Deer Skins, ft ft. 15 &lt;4 20 Lard, Vft in 9 25 Sheep sks, wl on 50 (Si 75 Sugar, or., 7 ft...l 00 Q Sheep iks, plain. 12',^ 25 Brown,do,ftft 10 (itk 13 Goat skins, each. 25 (8) 50 Beet, do, 7fts.l 0(1 ($ Plums, dried, ft. 15 @ 311 Sugar, Map. ft. 30 @ 35. | Peaches, dried, * 16 (a) 30 PRODUCE, ETC. Codfish, dry, ft..6 00 © VIM Barley, cwt 1 68 @1 70 Flour, ex, go 97 90 Beans, owt 200 (•':! 00 Superfine, do. ft 50 ' i; HO Potatoes, cwt...l M) r..2 00 Corn Meal.loo 1h.2 75 @4 OS Hay. ft ton.. 15 00 «18 00 Wheat, » 100 fts.2 75 @3 (10 Live Oak Wooil.lo 00 @12 00 Outs, IS* 100 ths...l 80 @1 75 F...
San Francisco Metal Market. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
San Francisco Metal Market. PRICKS FOR INVOICES lobbing prices rule from ten to fifteen per cent, higher than tht following quotation*. Friday, April 14,1871. Iron.—Duty: Pig, $7® ton: Railroad, HOc ft Ml lbs; Bur, lfri-l'-c %* Ib ; Sheet, polished, So ft Ib; common, l)£Al&amp;c ft m ; Plate, 1 '-c ft Ib ; Pipe, l^c $tb ; Galvanized, 2'^c ft Ib .Scotch and Knglish Pig Iron, ft ton $34 00 (as*3s 00 White Pig, V ton . 37 SO (a» 40 00 Refined Bar, bad assortment, ft Ib — 03 (3&gt; Refined Bar, good assortment, ft tb —04 m — — Boiler, No. 1 to 4 .. — 0l?.|l(u Plate, No. 5 to 9 to) — 04'&gt; Sheet, No. 10 to 13 — 04'-,M — 05 " Sheet, No. 14 to 20 — 05 S — 05 l£ Sheet, No. 34 to 27 —05 te» — IlliO. Copper.— Sheathing, 3!io ft Ib ; Pig and liar, 2 1 .c "H Ib. Sheathing, ft ft) @— 26 Sheathing, Yellow" — 20 (4 — 21 Sheathing, Old Yellow — 10 (w — 11 Composition Nails —21 —22 Composition Bolts — 21 — 22 Tin Plates.— Duty: 25 ft cent, ad valorem. Plates, Charcoal, IX f...
Wool Prices in New York. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Wool Prices in New York. Brown's CIBCDLAB, April, 1871. DOMESTIC FLEECES, New Yohk, Michigan. Indiana and Wisconsin. Saxony Fleece 80* M Quarter-bid Fleece 4fi®so i ami Full-bid Merino. 47'0i.t0 Common Fleece 44@47 Halt-bid Fleece 48@90lOombing Fleece .V&gt;(&amp;sß Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Choice Sct'd Saxony Fl.fiO@67 Quarter-bid Fleece VAN Saxony Fleece Common Fleece.... ...47@51l ■&gt;■ and Full-l&gt;lil Merin0.51(3)54 Combing Floece Matt Half-bid Fleece 62®SS| lowa, Vermont and Illinois % and Full-bid Merino.4&lt;&gt;'#sn[Qiiarter-bld Fleece 4A048 Halt bid Fleece 48*80 Combing Fleece 52@55 Missouri, Kkniuikv and Tennessee. Washed Fleece M9Bo|Dnwulied Combing.... (a&gt; Unwashed Fleece !15®3)l|Canada Fleeco 48@60 TUB-WASHED WOOL. Choice 60@63ilnferior and Hurry 4S@so Fair M(3)sß| PULLED WOOL. N. V. City extra Pulled..43®46Country extra Pulled.. 4R@S2 N. V. City super Pulled.44(^4* Country super Pulled. .4*'.. ■"&...
Meteorological Observations in Tulare County. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Meteorological Observations in Tulare County. [Reported expressly for the Press, by Isaac B. RumnD, of Orange Grove.] ETeb't, 1H71. Barometer. R'n We. 1 Th. 2 I'Vi. 3 Sat. 4 Sun. 5 Mun. fi I'll. 7 We. t) Th. » I'ri. Id Sat.. Ill Sun. 12 Mon. 13 I'u. 14 We. 15 Tli. 1(! I'ri. 17 Sat, 18 Sun. l!l Mori. 20 Tu. 21 We. 23 Th. 23 Kri. 24 Sat. 25 Sun. 26 Mon. 2-, Tu. 2* &lt;;■, 1 4K 57 ■VI 61 41 Kfi 4H 62 50 55 4(i 66 4&lt;i HO 40 IK 45 53 4I&gt; hi 4&lt;i S5 41 «1 42 69 4« 65 4! 55 43 SO 44 5H 41 68 4K « Si H4 47 51 44 42 35 45 43 47 3X 54 411 HI 43 '.I 46 M SI 51 ,i .] .] .21 . 7 Clear, Clear. I Variable. (Cloudy. i 'Stormy, wind east. Cloudy. Clear, ,0'leur. \'nrial)ln. Variable. Clear. Variable. Cloudy. Fair. I Clear. iClear. I Variable. .Stormy. Stormy. . : Heavy Htorm. Soil wet a foot deep. Cloudy. Fair. I Fair. Clear. .Clear.
Our Printed Mall List. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Our Printed Mall List. Subscribers will notico that their names are printed on colored paper and pasted upon each copy of tho Press. This is done by machinery, to expedite the issue of our paper, the regular edition of which has become too large to be convenient to send out by the old method of writing tho names. The figures found on the right of the pasted slips represent the date to which the subscriber has paid. For instance, '215p70 shows that our patron has paid his subscription up to the 21st of September, 1870 ; 4jy72, that he has paid to the 4th of January, 1872; 4jl(), to the 4th of July, IH7O. The inverted hitters occasionally used are marks of reference, simply for the convenience of the publishers. If errors in the names or accounts of subscribers occur at any time an early notice will secure their immediate correction.
Our Agents. [Newspaper Article] — Pacific Rural Press — 15 April 1871
Our Agents. Otm Friends can do much in aid of our paper and the cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting Agents in their labors of canvassing, by lending their influence and encouraging favors. We intend to send none but worthy men. Traveling Agents. W. H. Mttrbay—Enstern States. M. B. Starr—Pacific Coast. Thos. Poyzer -California. Wm. J. Clark—California. 8. H. Hkrrino—California. L. P. McCarty—California. E. P. Hicks—California. A. C. Knox, City Soliciting and Collecting Agent. Four Months' Subscription for $I.— Subscribers to the Press who remit direct to this office $5 coin, in advance, hereafter, will be credited four months over a year for the extra dollar received above our regular rates. This will render it both convenient and profitable to enclose a $5 piece in a registered letter, in which case we will be responsible for its safety. Subscribers should send former address, when ordering the paper Hent to a, new place. Returning a newspaper, or blank slip, with...