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The Chryaafhcmmn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
The Chryaafhcmmn . This interesting plant is a native of China . It has been greatly improved in this country by increasing the varieties and producing many of great beauty . It blossoms with us when the flowers of the garden are gone , in-the dreary months of November and December . The Chryanthemum is of the easiest culture . Cuttings of matured wood , set out in the spring in the garden , will form , beautiful plants by fall . In the spring :, too , the roots of the plant can be divided ; a small piece with a bud , set out in a flower pot , that flower pot set in the ground , and tho plants will row beautifully , if occasionally watered , and make a fine show in the last of October , November and December , —the pots being raised and placed where they can have . some heat , rain and air . So soon as they have done flowering , set the pots in a dry , cool cellar till spring , —water them but little . In the - spring commence propagating the plants . * * *
The Cherry Currant . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
The Cherry Currant . Editor of the Farmer ; The cherry currant has been introduced some five or six years , and is now somewhat extensively cultivated ; for , notwithstanding it is scarcel y so fine a fruit as the Old Red Dutch , or the Victoria , the very large size of the berries , the showy appearance ot the buuehes , and fertility of the plant , will always render it a favorite in any collection . The fruit attains a large size . We have grown them so that some of the berries measured seven-tenths of an inch in diameter . The bushes are very vigorous , making strong , stout wood , with large , thick , dark green foliage . We add a description of the fruit . Fruit very large ; five , to seven-tenths of an inch in diameter , round ; clusters medium size , usuall y containing from eleven to thirteen berries ; color , bri g ht red , semi-transparent , showing its large • seeds through the surface ; juice abundant , but rather acid ; seeds large . The currant needs some attention to ...
From the Illinois State Journal . The Culture ot the Grape—Native Wlues . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
From the Illinois State Journal . The Culture ot the Grape—Native Wlues . In the columns of the St . Louis Democrat of a recent date , we find the following article in reference to the cultivation of the grape and the manufacture of Dative wines : * GRAPB CULTURE . —Although thia cultivation has been in progress to some extent tor sixty years past , yet it may ntill be ranked OB an agricultural hobby , or clashed witn fancy fnrming . But tho time is fast approaching , when it will take a stnnd as one of the . permanent and staple crops of our country . Upon the first discovery of this continent , the grape vine attracted the particular nttention of the early adventures to its shores . The vine waB found in profuse variety and luxuriance from Florida to New England , and the great number of species discovered , induced travellers and emigrants to believe that , for the pro du ^ tton of wine ,. the , New World-would not only rival , . but surpass the Old . „ These expec tationshfive n...
ILLINOIS lAIUlEll I'd It 18 SU . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
ILLINOIS lAIUlEll Id It 18 SU . She gjlUnoij . Jjiivnm . . » , SPHINOPIE 1 D , DUCEMBEB I , 1858 . We shall avoid the common practice of sending agents into the country to introduce tho ILLINOIS FARMER among the farmers and to solicit subscriptions . The low price of subscription , if there were no other cause , would not justif y the expense . The ILLINOIS FARMER has been published for three years , and with reasonable success . We are often in the receipt of notices of approbation of its management , and of promises of enlarged support . Our aim is to publish a paper that shall bo useful to farmers . Our Eoils and our climates require different ] systems of farming from those practiced in the old States . Hence we endeavor to present to our readers all the important improvements in Western fanning . We have yet much to learn in Illinois in regard to the best modes of cultivating our soils and securing crops . The past two years has furnished a painful and instructive school to man...
State Fair Trial of Implements and Machin -ery . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
State Fair Trial of Implements and Machinery . We commend the following circular / to the attention of all manufacturers of / machinery and to the officers of all agricultural societies . We have in our humLie way protested against the system of awarding premiums at fairs for implements and machinery without subjecting them to trial . And . trials should he made with deliberation , and the jtdges on such occasions should be men who thoroughly understand their business . We often find implements and machinery presented for exhibition , whose greatest merit , apparently , is their exquisite finish . These machines may operate-well ; hut their fine finish will on trial , be of no importance to them . We do believe that such trials as are desired can he had under the auspices of our agricultural societies ; but we question whether this can be done at our usual fairs . Men there have too little time to investigate the principles of machinery . They wish to see everything on exhibition an...
THE STEAM PLOtV TRIAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
THE STEAM PLOtV TRIAL . Tho steam plow trial , under the supervision of the State Agricultural Society , was held at Decatur UB tbe 10 th instant . There was but one plow on trjal . Three-Others expected were not present . The proprietors say that . they will hereafter appear on 1 our prairies . Tbe plow exhibited belonged to J . W . Fawks , and was the same tone was at Ceotralia . On tbe morning of the 10 th , it was fired up , for trial . The ground selected was south of the Depot—abluegraBS sod . The plows were not calculated fur our soil , being eastern plows . Never * theless , the engine moved forward as rapidly as men could conveniently walk , drawing six plows , cutting a foot each , and doing t ^ e work satisfactorily . When tho engine reached the end of the field , it turoedin three-quarters of a minute , and returned , plowing , to the point from which it started . The engine seemed to be under perfect command . On the day following , it also worked very satisfactorily . ...
Tie Imphees as Sugar Plants . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Tie Imphees as Sugar Plants . It will he recollected by those who are conversant with the history of the Chinese Sugar Cane , that soon . after its introduction into France , Mr . Wray , of South Africa , discovered in that country , of which he then was resident , several varieties of Millet , which he believed , on experiment , contained saccharine properties to a large amount Mr . Wray came with the seeds into France , there made experiments , which appeared to Batisfy him , that the Imphees yielded more saccharine than the Sorgho or Chinese Sugar Cane . Mr . Wray came to the United States , on invitation , bringing his seed , which was planted and crops produced on Gov . Hammonds farm , of South Carolina , Gov . H . believes it a more profitable article for molasses than the Sorgho . He has raised it extensively this year ; but we have seen a late letter from him , in which he states , that he made nosugar . The Iuiphee seed , to some extent , was planted in this State last spri...
Sficep Raising . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Sficep Raising . . The conclusive statement in our last number , by Mr . A . B . MConnell , of this county , of the profit of raising sheep , has drawn the attention of many of our farmers to the subject ; and we doubt not will be the means of ine reasing the number of flocks in this county . Sheep raising and wool growing here—by those who know how to . manage them—has always been profitable;—while wheat raising has generally brought the farmer in debt .
The Cattle Matkct . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
The Cattle Matkct . The attentive observer of the cattle market in the . Eastern cities , must be struck . at the large amount of stock sold there from Illinois within the past six months . The pressure of the times here has forced this stock into the market , and the sales have been made close . We have not a vast amonnt of stock left which will be suitable for the market next season;—from which we infer that after next spring cattle will be hi gh in Illinois . We know the vastness . of the amount of our resources in this respect , still we believe our conclusions will prove correct .
Two crops of Isabellas . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Two crops of Isabellas . We have seen , the second crop of Isabellas grow and mature tolerably well the present season . In trimming the vines , much , was cut off so as to throw out fruit on the fruit buds designed for the coming year . The position was favorable , and the fruit would have ripened perfectly but for the cold wet weather which . continued nearl y two-thirds of October and a part of November . •** CQTWe presume that our Tennessee subscriber can obtain Orchard Grass Seed at either of the seed stores in Louisville , Ky .
Illinois Nurseries . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Illinois Nurseries . These are amply sufficient to supply all the demands for trees and p lants which can be made by the farmers of our State . These nurseries are generally situated convenient to railroads , and trees can be delivered at all leading points in the State in two or three days from the nurseries . No sensible man can believe that for our soils and climate , trees and plants raised in the State are not better adapted than trees and plants raised in other soils and climates . With all these truths plainl y exhibited our nursery men do not supply one-tenth of the trees and plants purchased by our farmers . Nurserymen of other States have their agents scattered all over Illinois , so that a farmer scarcely escapes from their drummers , and they hang on to him , tell a t ( slick story , and urge him until they get an order—and then he must take the . trees when they come , like or dislike them , and be must pay for them . There may be cases where these trees have succeeded ...
-Mr . MorrilPs Land Biiir [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
-Mr . MorrilPs Land Biiir 3 The bill granting lands to the States for the endowment of Agricultural Colleges , which passed the House of Representatives at the last session of Congress , will come up in the Senate in the regular order of unfinished business , at the coming session . We feel a deep interest in the passage of this bill through the Senate . , And why ? Because we wish , to see the profession of agriculture elevated to its true position . Mind as well as muscle should be employed in the operations of farming . These qualities cannot be had or combined without education ; and the farmerwants precisely that education that will fit him for his duties . He should be a chemist , so far as the principles which affect his business are concerned . He should understand the laws of physiology , for on their observance depend the life and health and growth of all auimal and vegetable nature . He should have some knowledge of the veterinary art , learned from competent instructors ...
Sugar Cane Seed . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Sugar Cane Seed . Col . M . Pierson , living in the vicinity of this city , raised this season something like an acre of sugar cane . It perfectly ripened its seed , and lie is firmly of the opinion , that those of his hogs , living on it , grow quite as fast and fatten quite as rapidly , as those fed on corn . His cattle are very fond of the stalk , eating it with great relish . ¦ He believes that as a crop for stock , sugar cane is fully equal to corn . Now , here is an opinion that our farmers can rely upon .
Fall Planting of Trees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Fall Planting of Trees . On account of the extraordinary amount of wet weather the present fall , it may not be expedient to plant out the trees ordered from nurseries . It will not benefit the trees to have their roots stand in ground perfectly saturated with water for five or six months . We suggest that when . the trees are received late that they shall be put into ground by the heels , and kept tillapring . ForthiBpurpose select a dry and hi gh pieceof soil , digatrench two feet deep , lay down a few trees in the trench , so as to have half of their tops come above ground , throw in the dirt carefully on the roots , so that every . portion of the roots shall be covered ; then lay in more trees , and continue on in the same manner until all are put away , and then if you cover over the trees with s slight covering of straw it will be all the better for them . We have tried this plan with great success . ,.
Upland Rice . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Upland Rice . We have successfully cultivated the Chinese Sugar Cane and have used it profitably in making a rich syrup . A few years will make us entirel y independent of other countries for sweets . We propose that our farmers shall make a trial of a Southern plant , which we are quite sure will be grown successfull y here—Upland Rice . Mr . A . Conner , of Carbonnale , had some , of very fin , e quality , on exhibition at the State Fair . John Russell , Esq ., of Greene county , Illinois , has success- ^ full y raised , this rice , the present year , on his farm . Rice , raised in this State , would be a very pleasant and healthful article of diet . Cotton was formerly produced inconsiderable amounts in the Southern part of the State , t Cannot this be started in hot beds and transplanted into the fields ? We do this successfully withsweet potatoes . • We would like some of our sriends to try it .
Sweet Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Sweet Potatoes . The Early Yellow Nansemond Sweet Pototoe , introduced into this section of the State , the last spring , proves to be a very superior article—productive , sweet , dry , and keeps well . Now , our farmers having this stock , should take measures to preserve the seed and keep it pure . We lose a great deal by neglecting proper cautions in preserving the purity of our vegetable-seeds . J 6 &amp; rAt the Little Falls Farmer s Olub , there was a few days days ago , an interesting discussion on butter making . There was one important point of consideration , not often thought of . It is the case of hard and soft water in working butter . Facts were presented * show * - ing that soft water should always be used , and that hard water injured the butter .
A hint for sugar cane growers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
A hint for sugar cane growers . A year ago the present fall , Lucius C . Francis , of Germany Prairie , about four miles from this city , by accident or design , we don t know which , scattered some ripe sugar cane seed on a patch of dry ground , which in fall and winter was trod into the ground . That seed germinated early last spring , grew well , was not injured by early frosts , and the cane was matured , if we recollect right about the middle of August . We repeat that the plants came up early in the spring and were not injured by frost . Those who are going into the business of sugar cane growing need not be informed of the advantage of having a portion of their crop mature early . If the seed can be planted in the fall , and tho plants conic up early in the spring , remain uninjured by the frost , and thus secure the maturity of the crop by the middle of August , —these facts are very importantandshould be heeded by sugarcane growers . We know that the foliage of certain plnn...
.. Hogs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
.. Hogs . Hogs arc now bringing S 5 per 100 lbs nett , in most of the Western markets . This is a fair price , and would be a great price if we had our usual stocks of corn . We allude to the fact here for the purpose of again calling the attention of small farmers to the business of hog raising . Hogs have paid well in this market for years—sometimes giving the farmer a very large profit and in no case , as we recollect , failing to give him a fair profit , when be raised tbe hogs himself . We do not speak of those , who , anticipating very largo prices for hogs , in some seasons , paid extravagant prices for hogs to fatfen . With a little attention , a farmer can soon get into a stock of hogs . He can have his pastures ; he can have his rye fields ; he can grow very early corn to feed and fatten them , and later corn , if he wishes to bring them into market late . But to do all this successfully , there must be care and system . There must be suitable shelters , yards , water , co...
Khnbaru or Pic Plant . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Khnbaru or Pic Plant . As this is the best period for setting out tbe rhubarb roots , some remarks on the subject will not be out of place . Some twenty years , or more ago , the word rhubarb had anything but a pleasant sound . Some person , however , in England , tested the plant for sauce , and found it hud , in some degree , a pleasant taste and acidity , which he thought could be improved by cultivation . In its natural state , the stalks were small , wirey and hard . Tbe seed was planted , the growth of the plants stimulated , new varieties were introduced , until but little of the character of tfie original plant remained , and until Myatt s Victoria was produced . This fine plant , in this country , was followed bv Dowmng s Collosal , and Cahoon s Mammoth . In England , again , was originated Scotch Hybrid and Linneeus . AH these varieties have their admirers . Myatt s Victoria is excellent where it succeeds . Downiug s Collosal i 3 very large and fine . Cahoon s Mammoth Seed...
Sugar Cane as a staple crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1858
Sugar Cane as a staple crop . Many farmers will grow sugar cane nest year as a staple crop . Its value as a saccharine plant is now known ; and its cultivation and the working up of its juice into syrup can be made as regular and as safe a business , as any other . If grown for stock , no more care is needed in growing it and saving it , than corn . If it is grown to work up into syrup , whoever does this , must take time by the forelock and have his apparatus ready to work as soon as his cane is ripe . He must regulate the quantity of cane he proposes to raise b y the means he basto work it up . Few realize the amount of good cane on an acre of ground . It will y ield forty tons , or eighty thousand pounds . # 3 ™ W . H . Ladd , of Ohio , recommends farmers -who wish to preserve their oats from rust , to be prepared to sow the seed without plowing next spring .