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THE CULTIVATOR. Mr. Melmoth Hall on Growing the Sugar Cane. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
THE CULTIVATOR. i Mr. Melmoth Hall on Growing the Sxigar Oana. MR. MELMOTH HALL has published a small pamphlet five pages "on tho troatmont of cano plants and i toons." Tho pamphlet is publishod foi- tho speoi instruction of tho cano growers of our northern se board, who soil, or intend to sell, their canes to tl ownors of sugar mills. Tho matters treated of in tl pamphlet aro, tho preparation of tho ground for plan ing ; tho comparativo merits of tho varieties of sug cano, commonly used on tho northern rivers ; tho bc modo of planting tho cane ; and tho treatment of tl ground, during tho period of tho canes' growth. "V Jiave ourselves devoted an articlo to those mattera ono of tho lato inunbors of tho 'Town and Count\ Journal, and wo aro happy to find that tho mode of pr ceduro recommended by us is in groat part tho same that recommended by Mr. Hall, who has had many oppc tunities.of becoming acquainted with tho subject. Tl pulverization of tho soil, so strongly insisted upon 1 us,...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
NEW FnutT DISEASE.-Persons in tho neighbour hood, of tho Uppor Tarcutta aro complaining according to tho WaygaWaijya Advertiser of a destructivo visita tion in tho shnpo of a minuto ily, having a rod body, striped with black, nud black barred wings, and fur nished with a trunk or sucker Uko amoscpdto (or an elephant) with which it porfoctly perforates tho ripe fruit (more especially tho peach, ) and extracts all its juioes, tho residue falling to tho ground a mero husk or spongo, without a partiólo of saccharine matter loft in it. Tkcso posts aro reported as making their approach in countless myriads, an oyo witness stating that tho fonoo surrounding tho orchard specially referred to, appeared absolutely scarlet with thom, and they wore piled ,on each other an inch deep ! If this plague becomes general, wo may oxpect tho oifects to be most Berious next year'
The World's Fair of Horticulture at Hamburg. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
The World's Pair of Horticulture at . Hamburg. i Hamburg, Oct. 1.-His doubtful whother anythine finer in the way of horticultural exibitions has beer oonoeivod than the ono which has boen delighting Hain burg ' andwhioh I attended on tho 15th \iltimo. It was floriculture itsolf, a world's congregation of tho blossoms and leaves, and such a wilderness of beauty as man has hevor boforo contrived for an admission fee. All thc riohost and rarest and simplest treasures of the Botanic realm were there ; hills and dales, banks and islands, and floating gardens of flowers-a lake, in which to glass all those enchantments, and a bridge, from which to view them in their manifold contrasts of colour and scene. Though the gonoral features of the exhibition have been described in a former lotter, you havo still but an imperfect idea of its magnificent value. . Tho cost of arranging the grounds alone was J8ti,250." Around the whole enclosure, and in various seotions of tho grounds were fine gravel...
CLEARANCES. —February 25. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
CLEARANCES. -February 25. Sobraou, ship, 2131 tons, Elmslio, for London. Pas sengers-Sh Valentino Fleming, Lady Fleming, Master Fleming and 2 servants, Mr. and Mrs. E. Chapman, 9 children, and servant, Miss Jago, Mrs. Beit, Misses Beit, Miss Hughes, Mr. and Mrs. J. Newman, Mrs. J. D. M'Lean, 6 children, and servant, Miss Stanffray, Mrs. Burton and 2 clnldren, Miss Jackson, Mrs. Hut chinson, Master Hutchinson, Miss Chavel, Mr. and Mrs. Paterson, Mr. and Mrs. J. Greon, Mr. and Mrs. Mooro, Mrs. M'Donald, Miss Platt, Mrs. Sheberas, and 77 intermediate. Avoca, steamer, 950 tons, Farquhar, for Calle via Mel bourne. For Southampton: Mr. Randolph "Winter, Mrs. Cross,3 children, Percy G. Mooro. For Marseilles : Mr. J. Booth, Archdeacon Lloyd, Mr. J. Jacobs, Captain Moseley, Captain Scott. For Suez : Mr. and Mas. J. Clark, Mr. John Frazer, Mr. James Evans, Mr. Archi bald Forsytho. For Hongkong : Mr. 0. E. Ridley, Captain Percival. For Bombay : Mr. E. Millett. For King George's Sound : Mrs. Br...
Colonial Farming. To the Editor of the Town and Country Journal. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
Colonial Farming. To thc Editor of thc Town and Country Journal. Sin,- The pursuit of Agriculture in Now South Wales is not of the most attractive character. Tho tomi in its proper acceptation indicates moro than mero growing grain, or erecting hero and there a rickoty slab hut covered with bark in some isolated and obscuro but, perhaps, choice favourable picco of land in tho trackless forest of this mighty 'wilderness, hewing down tho huge treos which encumber the ground, ami sub sequently disposing and arranging their ponderous buts and scraggy limbs into somo rudo temporary fence. Such laborious, toilsome, profitless, works finished, if his iron-hoofod pationco has not ore this time com pletely flagged, ho now, properly speaking, from bciiig a labourer, a hewer of wood and drawer of wator, com mences in reality tho battle for independence. His success, as a farmer now cntiroly dopends on tho way in which ho may treat tho land, and upon tho ingenuity and vigilenoo employed in ward...
Facts for Farmers. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
[Facts for Farmers. DESIRE isa treoinleaf jHopeisatreein flower; Enjoy- I meat is a tree in fruit. | GENERALLY speaking, nine pounds of milk will make a pound of pork, eleven a pound of cheese. . THE Germans havo found out that wetting yard manuro with brine or sea water greatly improves it. IT costs £250,000 a year to turn all tho filth of Paris . jnto manuro and apply it to gardens. - MANY characters are like stiff clays-thoy give poor returns till they have been undordrained by griefs and subsoiled by adversity. TENNESSEE has contracted at San Francisco to receive .20,000 Chinese for farm hands, Mississippi for 25,000. They are to be paid 20 dollars a month. ? i IT is estimated that America, when her productive power is fully developed, can feed four tunes as many i persons as there are now on the face of tho earth, i "JOHNNY," said an old farmer, as he was breathing his last, "Johnny my son don't go in debt, don't get in debt J but,Johnny if you do get in debt let it be for manu...
SUSSEX-STREET MARKET RATES. (E. LOWTHER.) [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
SUSSEX-STREET MARKET RATES. (E. LOWTHKU.) Maize (new) 2s Gd per bushel, ditto (oM) 2s 4d to 2s Gd, wheat 3s Gd to 5s, Capo barley ls Od to 2s, EngUsh ditto 2s Od, bran ls to ls ld, hay (lucerno) Ll 10 to L2 per ton, ditto (oaten) L2 to L3 10s (Hunter River), straw Ll .10s to L2, fowls 2s Gd to 3s per pair, ducks 2s Gd to 3s Gd, geoso 4a Gd to 5s Gd, turkeys Gs to 12s, eggs ls to ls 2d por dozen, bacon, Gd to 7Jd DOV lb, onions 2s Gd to 3s Gd per cwt, potatoes 2s tô 3s, store pigs 3d to 3Ad per lb, calves 8s to 20s eaoh, hides SJd per lb.
Stock and Share Market. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
Stock ançl Share Market. VEIIY little business bas beeu dono during tho week. In bank stock Citys were sold at Lil 10s and Lil 15s, New South "Wales L39 10s, and Joint Stocks L9. , Iii steam stook there has been no movomont worth mentioning, Australasian being in some request. Insurance stock has been quiot; only two small parcels have been reported at last week's prices. Pacifies at L2 7s 6d, and Sydney Marine at 7s Gd. Ño business has been dono in mining, and no further movement is reported in debentures. COMPANIES. and BANKS. Australasia Commercial City English, Scottish, Australian .. Joint Stock London Chartered Oriental .. Now South Wales New Zealand Union Mercantile STEAM. Australasian Clarence & Bich mond, Old Ditto, New Hunter Kivor Illawarra INSURANCE. General Marino .. New South Wales Marino Paciflc Siro and Marino Sydnoy Piro Sydney Marino .. Southern United MINING. Bulli Coal Ditto, proforentia Peak Downs Coppor Glanmire Gold .. Wallsend Coal .. Waratah ditto .....
The Belubula Gold-field. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
The Belubula. Gold-field, A gontloman who has recently paid a visit to tho Carcoar district has favourod ns with tho following account of tho operations .going on at tho Iiolu bula : Carcoar, 19th January. It rainod all night and in tho morning ; did not start till lato to tho Boluhula ; got to tho ongines by 3 o'clock; met Mr. Myora thoro; good onginos, ton head of stampers, put up with oconomy ; had boon at work throe weeks, brought from Spring Creek, bought with tho Wattlo Flat ono from Vickery ; was crushing most extraordinary stuff from tho Forest and from tho Junction Hill, also from the Burnt Yards. Gold in all of it, although hid hy vory old quartz, with a groat deal of iron, giving it tho appoai'anco of burnt quartz. Below this ongino, on tho river, tis another machino, with iivo boxes of stampers csntaining two each and drivon by a portablo ongino, doing its work well and saving tho gold on the tables. This belongs to a company of working men, who crush their own Btuff fro...
Perseverance Quartz Crushing Company, Wagga Wagga. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
Perseverance Quartz Crushing Com pany, Wagga Wagga. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. I TnE scene of the labours of this enterprising little com nany, whero operations' have been fairly commenced,, lies distant from tho town of Wagga Wagga about thirty-, five miles, and about twelve miles from tho township of Junee, and is situated almost upon tho boundary linoi between tho stations Grelgamboth and Wantabadgery^ tho xiropertios of A. Morris, Esq., and W. D. Windeyer;, Esq. The principal works of tho company having boon erected upon a small creek running-from the range, which is found to contain a rich and permanent reef for tho whole distanco that experiments have yet been made to provo its aurifcrousncss. Tho lease, consisting of oight acres, has been takenup by ten miners, who have given the whole of tho land a thorough test, by smlring six shafts, and, in every instanco, they have succeeded in striking a rich and permanent roof, varying in rich ness and in thickness from four feet ...
Mr. Donaldson's Floating Bridge. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
Mr. Donaldson's Floating Bridge. _. i WE had, on Saturday afternoon,' an opportunity of inspecting a very ingenious and neatly constructed model of a floating bridge, which was exhibited in a paddock near tho Victoria Bridgo, East Maitland. The principio which this model is designed to illustrato is entirely novel, and is tho result of somo eleven years' thought and study on tho part of the inventor, Mr. Donaldson. Ho starts, in tho first instance, on tho principle that tho ordinary idea of biidgo-building across a current is wong, inasmuch as wo put down piles, piers, and othor solid works, to stem and resist tho stream; whereas, according to his views, such an incessant combat with Naturo is unnecessary, and his plan of a bridgo-not in tho water, but floating upon it-provides for the smallest possiblo amount of resist ance to tho current, such resistance to be always tho samo, whether tho river bo in flood or at the ordinary lovel. In erecting a bridgo Mr. Donaldson would have con...
The Variable Star Eta Argus. (To the Editor of the Town and Country Journal.) [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
The Variable Star Eta Argus. (To the Editor of thc Town and Country Journal.) i Sh-,-In tho Royal Astronomical Society's Montlily Notices, vol. XXVIII., p. 268, I pointed ont tho fact that Prof. Wolf's period of Eta Argus, which is tho ono generally received, did not represent the variations in tho light of the star as recorded at Windsor. Prof. Loomis, of Yale College, has obtained another period, based on all tho observations available up to the year 18G8. The light-curve given by this astronomer ropresents voiy well tho isolated observations of Halloy, and Laoaille in 1677 and 1761 respectively, and also the niodorn obser vations ; but I tliink we shall not bo ablo to arrive at a really satisfactory determination of tho period till tho approaching minimum and the following maximum arc observed. I herewith send you a copy of Professor LOOHIÍB' paxier, as communicated to tho Royal Astro nomical Society, togothor with tho light-curvo laid down from tho observations. JOHN TEBBUTT, JU...
ON THE PERIOD OF ETA ARGUS. BY PROFESSOR ELIAS LOOMIS. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
ON TUB PERIOD OP ETA ARGUS. I BT I'ROFESSOB ELIAS LOOMIS. In tho Astronomische Nachirchten, vol. LX., p. Cl, Professor Wolf has endeavoured to show that the observations of Eta Arghs may bo represented by a poriod of forty-six years, with ono principal maximum and two secondary maxima in tho intensity of its light. Tho observations recently published by Tebbut (Monthly Notices, vol. XXVIII, p. 2G6) indicate that this poriod is too short. I find that all tho observa tions of the present century may bo represented by supposing tho period, to bo sixty-seven years ; and if tho ourvo representing the variations of brightness be twice repeated it will perfectly represent tho two observations of 1C77 and 1751. Futuro observations may require us to modify this conclusion ; but at present it seoms probable that Eta Argus is a periodic star, whoso changes of brightness vary from tho first to the sixth magnitude, and whoso period is about seventy years. The following table contains all the obs...
THE GRAZIER. Horses for India. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
THE GRAZIER. Horses for India. THEpublication hore nome months Binoe pf papera em anating from tho remount authorities of tho Indian Army, gave the signal to a numbor of writers on tho above aubjoot, who, in thoir ondeavours to enunciate some now proposition, have, most of them, travelled far away from tho roo! question at issue, until tho original objoot with whioh it was opened up, is almoBt entiroly lost right of. Thoro has boon a largo mass> of correspondence in tho Sydney Morning Herald during tho last three months. Some of our best known and most oxporionced horse breeders, have taken part in tho discussion ; yot, although tho names of Mr. Eossi and Mr. Campbell, of Duntroon, are among tho writers, it is astonishing how littlo elucidation the mystory has reoeived. Novelty is the only merit I can discover conneoted with the proposal to tax horses, if this can be called morit in such a orude attempt at legislation. Nothing like an argument lias been-adduced in favour of such ...
GOULBURN. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
_ GOULBURN. . -,..1oT1o Mateo 4s Od per bushel; "our (One) L13 to LK, seconus to Lisper ton ; wheat 4s Cd.-oats 2s Cd per bushol ; hay L2 10s to L3 per ton ; potatoes 4s per cwt. ; Capo barley 2 s¡Cd to Ss por bushel ; straw Ll 10s por ton ; wool Od to lld, greasy Cd to 5Jd per lb : fat cattle, primo and weighty, £0 ; good to plain, L5 to L4 ; storo cattle, 2 to 0 years, equal sexes. L2 15s .to LS; bullochs L3 53 to L3 10s; fat wothors, prime, 7s to 8s.
MAITLAND. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
HAULAND. . . ..",,. Wheat is still, according to quality of 4s 3d nor bushoí. 4s Od is reported aa having been given tor a verfsuperior sample ; and aparco! of OOO bushels B^wn «po« .Cockilghter's Creek, brought 4a ljd. This last lot was grown by onlfarmor, who has almost as much again, and it « wu io hear of suoh largo yields of wheat from a single farm .Flour continues firm, but quotations aro at pr«lent un changed. Dealers say that at tho prices charged buyers aro so particular nato quality, that it is very difllcult to.satisfy.them Tho following aro the quotations at tuo stores; t-Bost? Adolmde (still rather scarce) Lin por ton, second brands Lia! to> L14. At tho mills first flotu is sold at 14s per lOOlbs , and se « Flour from Egyptian wheat brings lisper 100lbs- .^u.snlnf s" matzo is confined to very small parcels, and anions |»° almost nominal. Tho prices may bo named as 3s tpjs oj. Till thc new maize comos in no indication will bo aftorded of tho tendency of tho market. L...
THE DAIRY. Cheese and Butter. No. II. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
_THE DAIRY._ . Cheese and Buttér. No. II. ... WE concluded our last -with tho very natural inquiry Why our dairymen, especially in tho depressed state of the butter market, have not turnod their attention moro exclusively'to tho manufacture of cheese? Wo showed, by roferenco to tho prevailing prices for tho commodity, as recorded in the commercial roports of the provincial journals, that there is a very largo homo consumption for colonial cheese to bo supplied, oven whilo our manufacturo retains its marked inferiority to tho English. . And hero tho inquiry suggests itself Cannot we hiing tho standard of colonial chcoso to a level with that of imported English? It is positively astounding that so simple an articlo as ohceso manu factured in any single country should realise three times as muoh as that manufactured in another ; yet hero our dairymen havo Buffered, without effort, tho English cheese to bring, at their own doors, double and treble tho price of colonial. It cannot bo tha...
Sydney Stock and Station Report. DAWSON AND CO. [Newspaper Article] — Australian Town and Country Journal — 5 March 1870
Sydney Stock and Station Report. [DAWSON ANO CO. FAT CATTLE.- Tho mnrkot lias receded fully 20s per neaci sluco our last roport bocnuso of tho advent of Lenton season, and a very full supply hoing fro hand. Tho cattle offered this morning nt Homebush woro passed in, no fair offorfor them could bo obtained. FAT SHEEP.-Prices of theso ospocially for inforior stock, aro lowor. but good sheep still command boiling rates. In fact all tho best sheep go to thc pots. STORE CATTLE.- Tho demand is quiet, but prices show little chango. STORE SHEEP.- Wethers continued in good demand, at fair prices ; but in most instances tho Bottlers ask moro than buyers will pay. Ewes aro not much enquired for. HOUSES.-Tho mnrkot continues very dull, and wo recom mend all our friends to koop their stock back for a few wcoks. Stations aro in- fair demand, but it is difficult to mako sales privately. Tho Station bolonglug to tho lato firm of Christie and Wentworth, and situated in tho Bligh and Wellington distr...