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The Plow Trial . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
The Plow Trial . There was some dissatisfaction at Centralia , we are told , because the plows present could not all have a thorough trial . Though there are no premiums offered for the trial at Decatur , yet awarding committees can he selected , and then * decisions can be given . There are now quite a number of gang plows in the country , and the farming community would be glad to see them in operation . If the claims made for them are jnst , they would go into general use . Mr . Derre , of Moline , has been lately manufacturing a gang plow for breaking prairie , which is said to turn over twen-ty-four inches with two plows and which can easily be drawn by two yoke of oxen . It is said that two horses have worked with it . The dynamometer shows that the draft is over 700 lbs . —a heavy draft for two horses . If the weather should he good , there will be a very interesting exhibition at Decatur . The Central Railroad Company will sell half fare tickets to the plow trial .
Tiic Springfield Sugar Mill .. [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Tiic Springfield Sugar Mill .. Our readers have read in this paper some notice of the proposed establishment , in this city , of a mill for expressing the juice from the Chinese sugar cane , and the manufacture of it into syrup and sugar . In some correspondence with Isaac A . Hedges , of ; Cincinnati , last spring , we suggested this as the only plan to determine the value of the Chinese sugar cane as a saccharine plant . Mr . Hedges replied that if we would induce our farmers to plant 200 acres of the cane , he would come or send competent persons here to put up such a mill as we had suggested . We went to work , and notwithstanding the unfavorable character of the spring , many . of our farmers viewing the matter in the same light that We did , agreed to plant cane . Two hundred acres , probably , were planted . We do not know exactly how much . Many who intended to plant were unable to do so on . account of the continued rains and the submerged state of the soil . Some fields of...
. Fall Plowing , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
. Fall Plowing , Some of our correspondents have recommended fall plowing for oats . We think the plan would work equally , well for spring wheat and barley . In the fall we are not as much . hurried , as in spring , and the ground is in much better order for plowing . We would recommend , if the , work is undertaken at all , to do it well . . Plow deep , and cover up the weeds deep ,, and bury the larvae of worms , and insects ( which are generally within two or three inches of the surface ) so deep that you will not hear from theni in time to enable them to do much harm . Plowed -ground will be advantageously affected by the freezing of winter , and in spring the soil will be light , and with a good harrowing , will be ready to receive the seed . - If this fall plowing for spring crops is something new to you—and is not recognized by old farmers—try it on a small scale , on ground drained and dry —and see if if will not pay . The best gardens are those where the earth is trenched ...
That Seed Corn ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
That Seed Corn ! Have you saved that corn for seed ? Have you selected those varieties—late , early and earliest ? If not , do it at once . ¦ Don t let us see you next spring , . when mud is knee-deep . all over the country , hunting about , as if mad ; to find seed corn ! Now s the time to select your seed , ** ± — • ¦ fi @~ The Patent Office has sent Major H . C . Williams to New Mexico and Texas , for the purpose of collecting seeds and cuttings of the grapes of . New Mexico and Texas , with the view of testing their adaptation to wine making and table use . Writing from El Paso , in the val ? ley of the Rio Grande , he speaks in high terms of the grapes in that region , which he says are mainly of two varieties , the blue and white . Of the blue grape , he says : In size of bunches , in size of berries , in exalted sweetness as well as delicacy of flavor , it is unrivalled by any in cultivation in the United States-. It tastes like the Isabella , sweetened with loaf sugar . The ...
Trial of Steam Plows . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Trial of Steam Plows . A trial of steam plows will take place , under the supervision of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , at Decatur , commencing on the 10 th of November next . It is expected that three steam plows will be upon the ground , viz : J . H . Fawke s , from Pennsylvania ; J . W . Fisher s , from Dayton , Ohio ; and Charles F . Mann s , from Troy , N . Y . Manufacturers of plows , all over the State , are invited to bring their plows for trial . Adequate arrangements will be made at Decatur to accommodate with board and lodging , the crowd expected to be present . £ S 5 ™ Plows can be sent by Railroad to the care of Dr . H . C . Johns .. The Central Railroad Company will sell half fare tickets to the plow trial .
From "Egypt . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
From Egypt . A late letter to the Editor says ; We already see the advantage of having the fair in Egypt . Many farmers are purchasing fine stock ; fine class farming implements , &amp; c , that probably would never have thought of such things had it not been for seeing such on exhibition . The fair has been , and will be , of great advantage to the farming interests in Southern Illinois . Fawk s steam plow is a great and glorious success , as all who have witnessed its work will testify . We all bid the ingenious inventor— God speed . SHEEP HUSBANDRY . —We give an article on this subject by Mr . A . B . McConnell , Vice President of the Illinois State Agricultural Society . He has placed the advantages of sheep husbandry in a light that cannot be misunderstood . We commend it to the attention of wheat growers . - ~« . fSS ^ Now is a good time to look over your young orchards for the borer . The rascals have been hard at work the last summer . You can find them by observing ...
Sheep for the West . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Sheep for the West . FINE SOUTH DOWNS . —We saw two splendid bucks in this city a day or two since , recently purchased by Hon . John Wentworth oE Samuel Thorne , of Thorndale , New York . Each o £ these bucks took the first prize in his respective class at the recent State Fair at Syracuse . The yearling was by 112 from the imported ewe No . 11 . She was a first prize ewe at the Royal Agricultural Society eE England in 1855 . The two year old was also by 112 , from a ewe , imported by Mr . Thorne , from the celebrated flock of Jonas Webb . The ram 112 was also a prize animal at the Royal Show of England . He was imported in 1853 , and was bred by Jonas Webb , from whom he was purchased for # 650 . He weighed not long since within a trifle oE 300 pounds . They can now be seen at Mr . Wentworths farm at Summit in this county . —Priarie Farmer . SYRACUSE STATE FAIR , N . Y ., October 8 th , 1858 . HON . JOHN . WENTWORTH : — Bear Sir : I forward you , by American Express , to-day , the...
From the lodlaaa Farmer . Rust—Its Cause and Remedy . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
From the lodlaaa Farmer . Rust—Its Cause and Remedy . The rusting o £ the oats crop this year has imparted new interest to the question— What is the nature and cause of rust , and what is the Temedy ? We believe that we understand it . This is our opinion : — It consists , chemically , in fermentation of the sap . It may occur when the weather is either wet or dry . When it occurs lately , before maturity of the grain , it depends on rain , fog or a very humid atmosphere , in the presence of great heat . Too rank a growth , by keeping the sap thin too long—until very hot weather ooeurs , induces rust in a dry atmosphere . Thus early sown wheat , by providing a thick sap and mature fiber , before the weather gets hot is hardly ever rusted . When it does rust it is only in the presence of very moist and very hot weather . In this case we suppose it results from the absorption of external moisture , into the bark sap , thus thinning the semi-fluid sap , and inducing fermentation . In t...
Equestrianism . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Equestrianism . BY OAPT . STEWART , LATE OP THE BRITISH , ;_ LEE GUARDS . THE ART OF RIDING . —Modern riding is of two kinds , viz : military and jockey riding , of which the formeris the most graceful , but the latter is the most practically useful . In mounting , be careful not to allowyour toe-to touch the horse s side , which would make him start , in which case you would inevitably fall . In sitting upon horseback , you must not sit stiff nor cramped , but pliable , for by sitting thus , you avoid all rough motions of the horse ; your legs should hang graceful and easily from the hip ; you should sit -upright , and your shoulders well back . When your horse is at all inclined to be restive , you should not throw , your body forward , as is usually the case on such occasions , for that motion moves you from your catch , and throws you out of your seat ; the best way to keep your seat or recover it when lost , is to advance the lower-part of-the body and beud back your shoulder s...
Work , and Faint Not . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Work , and Faint Not . There are times when a heaviness comes over the heart , and we feel as if there were no hope . Who has not felt it ? For this there is no cure but work . Plunge into it ; put all your energies into motion ; rouse up the inner man—act- ^ and this heaviness shall disappear as mist before the morning sun . 1 There arise doubts in the human mind which sink us- into lethergy , wrap us in gloom , and make us think . it were bootless to attempt , anything . Who has not experienced them ? Work ! that is the cure . Task your intellect ; stir up your feeling ; rouse the soul ; do ! and these doubts , hanging like a heavy cloud upon the mountain ,-will scatter and disappear , and . leave you in sunshine and open day . , There comes suspicion to the best men , and fears about the holiest efforts , and we stand like one chained . Who has not felt this ? Work ! therein , is freedom . By night , by day , in season and out . of season , work ! and liberty will be yours . Puti...
Stenton ' s Improved Prairie Breaker . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Stenton s Improved Prairie Breaker . At a trial of this plow , in our town , last week , twenty-four inches of prairie was broken with two horses , on a draft of 725 lbs , 6 y dynamometer . We have been invited to see the plow that has- accomplished this heretofore unheard of feat . It was manufactured by the celebrated plow maker of the West , Mr . John Deere , of Moline , for Mr . R . S . Stenton , of New York , the patentee of the plow . The plow consists of two o £ Deere s twelve inch breakers connected at the point by R . S . Stenton s Patent inter- mediate share which cuts the furrow for the second plow using the landside pressure , for this purpose , of both plows ; thus the second plow has only a sod to turn already cut for it by the patent intermediate share , and which also acts as a brace to bind the two plows together . The result has fairly astonished all concerned . The possibility of making a plow to turn twenty-four inches of prairie sod easily with two horses , was ...
Orchard Grass , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Orchard Grass , The following we clip from the Germantown Telegraph , in testimony of the value of a grass we have often taken occasion to commend . For a permanent upland meadow it is unquestionably the best grass now known to us—taking into consideration both hay and pasturage . Timothy is the popular hay grass , and -those who make hay for market must confine theniselvos chiefly to that . But for consumption on the farm and pasturage combined , it does not compare with Orchard grass . For pasturage the latter is especially valuable . It springs early and continues later j endures drouth and requires close feed- . ing to keep it in order . With seed enough to put on the ground , it makes a close turf and it never runs out . Let us give a word of caution , however : the seeding with orchard grass is costly , and it should not therefore be sown except on , well prepared ground in good condition . I have just finished the perusal of a Treatise on Grasses and Forage Plants , by Charle...
Prom the Valley Farmer . . Gardening Operations for October . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Prom the Valley Farmer . . Gardening Operations for October . BY CAREW SANDERS . THE VEGETABLE GARDEN . The late crops will be fast approaching maturity . Some of themjas the turnip , may yet be assisted in their growth by frequent hoeings . Thin out spinage &lt; and kale , to a moderate distance apart . It will enable the plants to become large and strong , and stand the winter better . Continue to earth up celery , in dry weather , as fast as it progresses in growth j and before severe frosts set in , be prepared to store it away in winter quarters , or else cover it all over with soil in the row where it grew ; round it off and pat it down to make it smooth and turn the rain , then cover the top with stable litter . Lifting and storing away the winter root crops , will require attention by the end of the month . Beets and carrots should be dug first ; they keep best in sand , in a dry cellar . If kept . in soil they will be sure to absorb moisture and the roots will be ap...
Cultivation of Cucumbers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Cultivation of Cucumbers . Last spring a friend of mine and myself were planting cucumbers at the same time . I was planting mine as usual in gardens , by mixing a small portion of stable manure with the earth , and raising the hill an inch or two above the level of the ground . Observing it , he jocosely remarked : Let me show you how to raise cucumbers . Never having had much luck in raising them , I cheerfully agreed to his proposition . He commenced by making holes in the earth at the distance intended for hills , that would hold about a peck ; he then filled them with dry leeched ashes , covering the ashes with a very small quantity of earth . The seeds were then planted on a level with the surface of the ground . I was willing to sec the experiment tried , but had no expectation of anything but a loss of seed , labor and soil . But imagine my astonishment , ( notwithstanding a dryer season never was known , and almost a universal failure of garden vegetables , ) when I beheld ...
Sroni tbo Rural Kew Yorker . Gapes in Chickens . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Sroni tbo Rural Kew Yorker . Gapes in Chickens . Messrs . Eds .: —Having noticed an inquiry as to the cause and cure of gapes in chickens , accompanied by the remarks of the editor , in a late number of the Rural , I take the liberty to present a theory as to the cause ; and also , a sure remedy . As far as my observation extended , the disease is caused by a white hair worm ( found in chip yards ) getting into the throat of the chick , thereby choking it . The remedy is as follows : Fill a pipe with tobacco , as for smoking , and after lighting , ( instead of inserting the stem into your own mouth and whiffiag the smoke into the atmosphere , thereby poisoning the air you breathe , ) insert the stem into the bill of the chick , and by placing your thumb and fore-finger on each side of the bill , so as to force as much of the smoke down the throat and wind-pipo as possible , then blow into the bowl of the pipe and continue to do so until the chick begius to wilt and lop its head ; th...
From the Cairo Gazette . Cairo and Fulton Railroad . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
From the Cairo Gazette . Cairo and Fulton Railroad . The most important public work for the ben « efitot Cairo , in contemplation , is the Cairo and Fulton Railroad . The completion of tliis road even so far as Ii loo infield , Mo . will open to our merchants a heavy trade now centered at Cape Girardeau and St . Louis . The difficulty of access to mnrket has kept south western Missouri und northern Arkansas . as it were a senled book , the aottldra being obliged to make a circuit of nearly one hundred miles to reach a shipping point . Lately , tho Iron ^ Mountain R . iilruad has been completed to Pilot Knob , thirty mile * from Bloomfield and seventy five from St . Louis ; this gives readier access to market , and already has produced a market influence upon the country . But still a more direct and accessible avenue to the great marts both , east and south is required—one that would put them in communication with New Orleans , the great depot of western products , and this want is ...
COMMERCIAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
COMMERCIAL . Springfield Market—Oct . 30 . WHEAT—70 @ SOft tra ; EGGS—5 @ c ft diz ; FLOUK— £ + 60 @ $ 5 ftbrl ; LAKD—8 @ Ukj ^&amp;; COKN—H )@ 60 bii ; scarce ; SUGAR—B @ 10 cftft ; CORN MKAL—75 ft bu ; COFFKB—13 @ 15 cft ft ; BUCKWHEAT—Jl ; MOLASSES—45 @ 60 c ft gal ; OATS—30 cft bu ; none ; SALT— $ 1 75 ftBack ; KUANS—7 i &gt;@ 100 ft bii ; SALT— £ 2 SO ft brl ; BRAN—10 c ft bu ; HONEY—15 c ft ft ; MIUKTH—15 ft ba ; OS IONS—81 ft bu ; TIMOTHY SKBD- $ 2 V £ B 1 HI ; HACKKUKL-lS @ 20 cNo . l ; UUNGAKIANUr . Seed $ 250 ; CODFISH— $ 5 75 ftlOOfbs ; MILLET— £ 1 25 ; APPLES—Green , 0 50 @ $ 1 ; CLOVKK— $ 7 ft bu ; APPLKS—Dried , 29 Ira ; NKW POTATOES—6 o @ 75 ; WOOD— $ 3 fi 0 | S ; $ lftcord ; TAY—38 ft ton ; COAL—12 c ft bu ; TALLOW—8 c ft ft ; PEACHES—Dried , none ; SOAP—bun « KC ^ B ; WHISKY—ft bl : 15 @ 80 ftgal ; CANDLES—llcft box ; VINEGAR— 12 ft gal ; PORK—34 ft luOtbs ; IJIIOOMS—ftdoa 15 O &lt; a $ 250 BACuS—Now limns , 7 @ 8 lb ; BUTTER—15 ciS 25 cft lb...
Page 14 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
ILLINOIS FARMEB FOR 1 8 5 !) . Clubs cannot be / made up too early . We appoint every subscriber we have aud every post master in the State as Agents . Remember the Terms ! ONE COPT PER YEAR . . . § 1 , 00 . FIVE COPIES ..... 3 , 75 . TEN . CoriES .... 7 , 50 . FIFTEEN COPIES , AND OVER , G 2 = } cents per copy . An extra copy will be sent to persons getting ten subscribers and over . Tho great political excitement will be ended in a few days , and farmers will find it a pleasure to return to the duties of the farm . We hope to improve on the FARMER the ensuing year , and render it of essential benefit to its subscribers . We appeal to our agricultural friends to increase our patronage . AYe have no traveling agents . October 29 , 1858 .