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UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
THE illiwfe- - ^ mmmt PUBLISHED MONTHLY , EI , ¦ IBailhaclie &amp; Baker , Journal Buildings , - - Springfield , Illinois . — - *•* - : S . FRANCIS , Editor . ••» ¦ TEttMS OF SUBSCRIPTION . : ? , One copy , oae yvax , in advance ; gVOO Five copies , .. . „ 3 75 Ten - and one to the person getting np clab 7 SO Fifteen copies and over , 62 % cents each , and one to penson getting up club . © ASH KATES OF ADVESTUHrTO : One dollar per square often lines , each insertion .
TSe TITO Wife of the Farmer . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
TSe TITO Wife of the Farmer . Ses , the farmer s true wife—for what class of wives is more worthy the appellation of true ? or what class of men more deserving the warm love and tender affections of a true-hearted companion than the faithful agriculturalist , who , by honest toil and steady application , supplies not only the wants of his own household , but places the staff of life within the reach of all classes of mankind throughout the world ? But , in speaking of true wives , we do not wish to bo understood that the farmer alone is capable of giving comfort and happiness to the better half—on the contrary , we heartily congratulate all , m whatever profession or calling they may be laboring , because of their good fortune in obtaining loving and cherishable wives . From the daily vicissitudes of farm labor , and the anxiety and fatigue of the field , there is something within the farmer s bosom that seems to demand . a cordial response from the heart of the one who has sworn to...
Physical Education . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Physical Education . We find in an exchange the following common-sense views , which we wish were move generally heeded by those upon whom devolves the solemn duty of educating the rising generation : At the present time , when intellectual activity marks our entire population , and when our children have more active brains than muscle , proper physical education should be regarded as of the very first importance . Let your boy befog his whole being , physical , mental and moral , with tobacco , and however well directed the care bestowed upon him by his teachers , the result of this unfortunate physical habit will pain your heart some time , though you may not know the cause . Let your child go from a highly seasoned dinner of gross meats , mince pie , and coffee , of oysters , sardines , and wine , to the schoolroom , and while this unnatural food is in process of digestion , attempt to study and it is like loading a race-horse with heavy weights before putting him on the course ....
The Steam Flow . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
The Steam Flow . Mr . Editor . * I was at Centralia and saw the steam plow . I admired the construction of the machine . I believed it would work . I made up my mind , that although this was not the machine that would break up our prairies , yet it was the forerunner of one that would be used for that purpose . ; A great deal has been said of steam plows , and what they would do for the country , if an entirely successful one should bo invented . I have always felt a doubt about the general use of such a machine . A steam plow can be made to work ; but can our farmers—I mean the middle and lower plasses ( not in moral worth but in the amount of their acres ) avail themselves of its advantages ? Can a farmer who has 60 acres of arable land , or even 80 , find it for his interest to own a steam plow ? I wish some one of your correspondents would enli ghten me on this subject . If a steam plow is invented , and a successful one , I want to know who it . will benefit ? If it is to benef...
Hungarian Grass . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Hungarian Grass . Mr . JSditor : A good deal of Hungarian grass seed was sown in Sangamon county last spring . I am aware that the season was unfavorable and many fields were lost from wet weather and badly cultivated grounds ; but I suppose that there was some seed sown under favorable circumstances —the ground high and dry , well broke and well cared for . I want to know how the grass yielded in such cases ; for on such ground and with such care only could there be a fair test . At the Centralia Fair , Gen . Wilson , of Iowa , stated that the seed was better for stock than oats , and that the straw was equal , if not better , than .-tiinothy , and that the present season the crop proved to he better than that of oats . Now is the time to talk over thes ,. things . If the Hungarian grass is profitable crop , now is the time to know it , so that another spring we shall know what to do about sowing the seed . ENQUIRER .
The Cane Crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
The Cane Crop . Mr . Editor : I have a small patch of cane . It is ripe . It was planted early . I have pealed some of the stalks , taken the p ith out , and found that it had a rich and pleasant sweetness , too sweet and rich to eat . In this pith there is nothing of that strong , unpleasant taste which is found in some of the syrups . This bad taste must come from the outside or rind of the stalk . The molasses is not pleasant unless this is removed . I went to your Springfield Sugar Mill on the 28 th of September . The works were not perfectly in order , but some seventy gallons of syrup had been made . It was entirely divested of that vegetable taste , which is so disagreeable ; and was as pleasant as any sugar house molasses . I was informed that ripe cane would make such molasses , if the juice was properly clarified . This is the great object . Molasses which contains acid and vegetable taste , must be refined , or it is of no value but for the distillery . I have great confi...
The One Crop System . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
The One Crop System . Editor of the Farmer : A good many of ns have been in the habit of depending on one crop , mainly , to make money . Latterly , with many of us , this crop has been wheat . For myself I have abandoned this system . Two years loss of the wheat has satisfied me that it is not a system to depend on . We can grow wheat , barley , oats , corn , potatoes , timothy—we can give more attention to the dairy—we can raise hogs with great facility , and we can raise some other stock and it never was yet known that all these different things failed or that some of them did not fetch fair prices . We have another year to pass over before wo can hope to realize enough to payup our past indebtedness and to begin the world again fairly . That is my case , and I think it is the case of a great many others . We must make up our mind to change our mode of farming —that is , a good many of us . Two and three years ago I had good crops of wheat and they sold well . The two last years ...
Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Corn . Mr . JSditor : The wet weather continued so long last spring , that many persons , despairing of the maturity of the common com of the country , procured and planted early kinds . Now the farmers would be glad to know if any of these early kinds , late planted , produced good crops . Some of them , it is well known , did not . Now if there is a variety of this early corn that matured well , and yielded a fair crop of corn , such a variety must be of great value to our farmers for early feeding . I hope some of those who have , grown the different varieties of corn , the past season , will inform the public , through the columns of the FARMER , of their success and the value of the different varieties . I have heard many farmers speak on this subject , and I know their anxiety to hear all that can be said on it . a n
Dais . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Dais . Editor of the Farmer : I have been a somewhat attentive reader of the agricultural papers for the last few years , and have been struck with the coincidence of many farmers in the fact that ground ploioed in the fall for oats , and the oats sowed earhj in the spring , in all most every , ease produced good crops . Now this is an important item to our farmers . Ground can yet bcplowed for the oat crop next spring . It will bo in good order for plowing this fall . Tho plowing will then be done . Spring work generally crowds , and if a few days plowing can be saved , it will be an object with our farmers . I think next to securing seed cam in , the fall , plowing for oats is an object . Who will try it ? I will venture to say a great many will not , and if such lose their oats , they will make a charge against Providence on account of the loss . M .
lalor the Creator of Wealth . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
lalor the Creator of Wealth . A novice in reflection would naturally consider the possession of inexhaustible money , gold and silver , as the greatest sign of wealth , national or individual . The false position money has been permitted to assume as a supplier of the necessities and luxurious tastes of society has begotten the impression that money is the chief wealth . But truly considered how far this conclusion is from fact . Gold and silver bear hut a mean relation to those wants of man upon which life depends ; intrinsically they are , as an application to his temporal necessities , less valuable than the simplest weeds by the way-side . Can a man eat , or drink , or wear gold ? But for the fictitious value allowed to it , what pleasurable impression would it produce on any of the senses more than any other shining substance ? The greatest wealth of a nation , or an individual , does not lie in temporal association or estate to both nations and individuals , but consists in th...
Pears , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Pears , The impression seems to be general that the cultivation of pears in this country , is a failure . In many locations it undoubtedly is so . In others , it is attended with great success . We arc of opinion that , when sufficient trials are made , varieties will be found that will succeed in places where , so far , all varieties yet tried , have been found to fail . At the recent meeting of the V . S . Pomological Society , in New York , President Wilder , in an able address , made the following statements : PROFIT OE PEAR CUI / TORE . But the immediate question under consideration is , Can pears be grown at a profit ? We advocate the affirmative , premising that the conditions of success to which we have already referred must be complied with . This in-quu-y has been satisfactoril y answered by nomologists , some of whom I am happy to recognize in this assembly , yet the responsive facts and arguments deserve to be embodied and published under the sanction of this National As...
Planting ont Orchards . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Planting ont Orchards . Editor . Farmer : The season has now come for planting out orchards . Can you give me advice in regard to the proper soil ? On my farm I have black loam , some a little inclined to sand , and some barrens in which there is a largo intermixture of clay . The black sod is on level prairie ; the sandy on ridges ; and the barrens on high land . I know that a great many orchards fail and I want to make a sure shot in setting out a new orchard . Will you give me your opinion on this matter ? M . Will some one of our practical orchardists answer these enquiries ? Editor Farmer : Do you know anything about fall oats , where they can no had , and whether they are superior to spring oats for cultivation and profit ? We have heard of such oats , but neither know where they can be had or whether they would be profitable for cultivation .
Catawba Wine . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Catawba Wine . Editor Farmer : After the close of our late State Fair at Centralia , I intended to write a few lines to you ; sickness , however , interfered and delayed it until now ; yet I hope that what I shall have to say , will not be considered too late , nor too personal or local , to to give it a place in your valuable paper . At that fair I was the only exhibitor of Catawba wine ; my wine was passed by as unworthy of notice by the committee appointed to pass judgment on articles belonging to that class ; and now , with the intention to vindicate the quality of my wine , I will state a few facts , which tend to show that the committee did not understand much of a good , pure , still Catawba wine . I shall not rely on my judgment , nor on that of other competent persons , connoisseurs who are ready and willing to give certificates and make affidavits , if desired . I shall be satisfied to state facts , which are generally known here , and shall at the same time give a short h...
Sheep Raising . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Sheep Raising . Editor Illinois Farmer : There is , probably , no better way to bring any subject of agriculture before the public than to give them a few facts and figures of the cost and keeping and also of the profit of the same . And in reply to an editorial in the September number of the FARMER , in which my name was mentioned in regard to wool growing , I will give you an estimate on one thousand ewes , worth three dollars per head . I am aware that several have enjgaged in the business and made a faillure of it , and , of course , have come to the conclusion that it won t pay . . But depend upon it there was a screw loose somewhere . They have either had an inferior flock or they were badly managed . There is a great difference in sheep , probably more than in any other stock . While some flocks will shear hut 2 to 3 lbs of inferior wool , I know of others that will cut from 4 to 5 lbs of fine wool . So any one can readily see that it is an important matter to start right if ...
The Great Object of Education . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
The Great Object of Education . Self-instruction is the one great object of rational education . In mind as well as body we are children at first , only that we may afterwards become men ; dependent upon others , in order that we may learn from them such lessons as may tend eventually to our edification on an independent basis of our own . The knowledge of facts , or what is generally called learning , however much we may possess of it , is useful so far only as we erect its materials into a mental framework ; but useless so long as we suffer it to lie in a heap , inert and without form . The instruction of others , compared with self-instruction , is liko law compared with faith ; a discipline of preparation , beggarly elements , a schoolmaster to lead us on to a state of greater worthiness , and there give up the charge of us . —Bulwer .
Beginning the World . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Beginning the World . Many an unwise parent labors hard and lives sparingly all his life , for the purpose of leaving enough to give his children a start in the world , as it is called . Setting a young man afloat with money left him by his relatives , is like tying bladders under the arms of one who cannot . swim : ten chances to one he will lose his bladders and go to the bottom . Teach him to swim , and he will never need the bladders . Give your child a sound education , and yon have done enough for him . See to it that his morals are pure , his mind cultivated , and his whole nature subservient to the laws which govern men , and you have given what will be of more value than the Indies . To be thrown upon his own resources , is to . be cast into the very lap of fortune , for our faculties then undergo a development , and display an energy , of which they were previously unsusceptible . TEXAN WILD GRASSES . —A correspondent writes that two snecies are most esteemed above all oth...
SOOAR FROM THE CHINESE S 08 AR [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
SOOAR FROM THE CHINESE S 08 AR CANE . —Josiah Sawyer , of . Tremontj who took the first premium of the State Agricultural Society , on Chinese Sugar Cane Syrup , entered for exhibition •¦ at the late fair in Tazewell specimens of both sugar and syrup . The committee appointed to examine the articles , say : Two specimehs . ofsugar manufactured from the Chinese sugar can , by Josiah Sawyer .. Although there was not enough presented to ensure a premium , still , we found -one specimen , marked : by , the manufacturer , No . 2 . well Worthy of the first , premium . That marked No . 1 , is a fair specimen of good sugar . A . specimen of maple sugar was examined , which -was - deemed , a good , but not a prime article . ^ Mr . Sawyer gave thefollowing specifications of the manner in which the syrup and sugar were « made : -The samples of Chinese sugar cane syrup and sugar herewith presented were made as follows : Sample No . 1 , of syrup . Immediately after the juice was expressed , it w...
State Agricultural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
State Agricultural Society . Wu piiwfe gimmt SPHINUFIEID , NOVEMBER 1 , 1858 . Circular to the Officers , and especially to the Secretaries of the County Agricultural Societies of Illinois . OFFICE Con . SEC . ILL . STATE AG . SUCIETT , SpriogSeld . Oet . 23 , 1858 . SIR : —The matter required for the 3 d volume of Transactions of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , is now being collected ; and , as an important part of these Transactions should be the reports of the proceedings of the County Agricultural Societies for the years 1857 and 1858 , the undersigned most urgently asks the officers of those Societies such reports for the two years named . The reports should embrace the names of the officers for the two years , a brief history of the fairs , the pecuniary condition of the societies , their progress , and such county statistics as it is convenient to furnish . It will be a subject of deep regret if the officers of the County Societies fail to make the returns . It is d...
TLc Sangamon Connty Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
TLc Sangamon Connty Fair . This fair was held on the 5 th , 6 th , 7 th and 8 th of October . The first day was unpleasant and there was but a slim attendance . A threatened storm on the morning of the second day kept many of our country friends away . The third and fourth days there were large numbers of people present . The entries were about . equal with those of last year . Probably in every class , save that of fruit , the stock and articles were more choice and select than at the last fair . Some of the best stock , and which took the highest premiums at the State Fair , were seen on the ring . The weather was fine for the two last days , and the grounds were beautiful . The receipts at the fair were over 1800 dollars , and the premiums paid out amounted to near 1200 dollars . The reduction of entry fees to one-tenth of the amount of premiums offered , and the entry without cost of allarticles in the ladies department , reduced the amount of receipts . The policy , however , h...
Fruit and Ornamental Trees , & e . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1858
Fruit and Ornamental Trees , &amp; e . HOME , 21 st Oct . Mr . S . Francis : Dear Sir : Are you still agent for Messrs . Lewis Ellsworth &amp; Go s . Nurseries , and can you furnish trees this fall , and would you recommend the planting them out in the fall ? Yours , — Tes , we are still agents of L . Ellsworth &amp; Co ., and can furnish you with trees from his or almost any nursery you can name m Illinois—as also shrubbery , including raspberries , gooseberries , and the like—and roots , including rhubarb , asparagras , broad leaf sorrel , &amp; c , &amp; c . —flowering plants , such as phlox , larkspurs , &amp; c , &amp; c , and tulips , narcissus , &amp; c , and would say to you that you can set out trees , shrubbery and vegetable roots this fall in good ground , properly prepared , as well and with as good success as in spring ; and would be glad to receive your orders . To PRESERVE TENDEB ROSES THROUGH WINTER . —T...