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The State Fair—Sacramento City. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
The State Fair—Sacramento City. The communication which appears in our issue of this week, from Rev. 0. C. Wheeler, Recording Secretary of tho State Society, relative to the coming Fair, should be read by every cultivator and citizen in California. The annual exhibition of the products of our State, the specimens of our manufacturers, the skill of our mechanics and our artisans, are matters of public interest, and these exhibitions should elicit a public feeling; and we arc glad there is a little jealousy of Sacramento. For while we cheerfully join with the Secretary and say "so mote it be" to every word he has said, we know if citizens of other portions of our State arc beginning to be jealous of Sacramento, it is a sure sign they love the cause for which they are jealous. We can heartily attest to the truth of the sentiments uttered in that letter, for we know that although the Society's Rooms are located at the capital, which all admit to be the best place, every friend of agricu...
Received at the Society's Rooms. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Received at the Society's Rooms. Since our last issue there have been sent to the Society's rooms many specimens of Fruits, Flowers, &amp;c. Among them we note as follows: From O. 11. Myers. Alameda, a basket of " British Queen Strawberries;" a box, with branches bearing fruit of the " Siberian Crab Apple;" currants and almonds; also two young apple trees in fruit, with sample fruits of Early Bough, Early Harvest, Early June, Red Astracan, Ac. All these specimens indicate the early fruiting habits of trees in California. The specimens were all good and it was gratifying to note the interest of nurserymen in thus sending to the rooms of the Society their several specimens. Samples of the Figs from the " Woolfskill Ranch " were sent, and they were very superior, (noticed elsewhere.) A fine Bouquet of assorted floral gems, and a large collection of tho different varieties of tho Althea (Hollyhock), some very handsome and double, were sent by Dr. B. B. Brown. A dish of the remai...
Boston Department—New Books. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Boston Department—New Books. ■ Woman in the Nineteenth Century," is the j Htlo of a volume of miscellanies from the pen of | Margaret Fuller Ossoli, and just published in beautiful form by J. P. Jewett 8c Co., Boston. It is edited by her brother, Arthur B. Fuller, with an introduction by Horace Greely. Few biographies, have made an impression greater than that published in 1852, styled the " Memoirs of Margaret Fuller." This volume contains besides her " Woman in the Nineteenth Century," which has been published, several other papers which have appeared in the Tribune, in times past, and some which have never before been published. Some private letters and papers are inserted in this volume, which are very interesting, and are illustrative of her deep feeling in the various relations of life. Those who knew Margaret Fuller, feel that no pen can describe the eloquence of her lips, and her intellectual gifts and heroism of character are too widely known to bear comment. This volume is...
Study of Flowers. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Study of Flowers. It is very common with men who think there is nothing rational that is not connected with dollars and cents, to ridicule the study of flowers. " What good can come out of it," they ask. M Will it improve a man's fortune, or advance his interest? Will it render him a shrewder calculator? Will it earn him his bread or make him a fortune ?" They arc greatly mistaken who believe that no actual utility, in the common niggardly sense of the term, can be derived from the pursuits of taste. But granting that they will accomplish none of these useful purposes, we would eucourage such studies, as tending to (ill up many hours of idleness with an interesting and agreeable employment. Every new amusement which can be participated in without danger to the health or the morals, provides an additional means for the moral improvement of society, inasmuch as it serves to divert many minds from pleasures which are liable to be accompanied with vice. Though to a mere plodder in the c...
Who are the Benefactors of Mankind ? [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Who are the Benefactors of Mankind ? Dean Swift, once remarked, that any one who should cause a blade of grass to grow where nothiug grew before, was a benefactor to mankind. The object of the author of this remark, was to state in forcible terms, his opinion of the public benefit derived from all agricultural improvements. Thisaaying was figurative: but it might be literally avered that every man who plants a tree is a public benefactor, whether the value of the tree consists in its fruit, or its flowers, its timber, or even its shade; for, with regard to trees, it may be said that we often seek the substance for the sake of the shadow. We are acquainted with a single lady who makes the rational boast, that she has always planted a fruit tree in every place in which she has resided. Whenever she takes lodgings in any new house, if there be a garden attached to it, she plants a fruit tree upon the spot. Such acts, upon her part, seem to be disinterested, as her habit of moving from ...
State Patronage of Agriculture. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
State Patronage of Agriculture. Tue following action of the Maine Legislature is connueudable. It exerts a double influence, modifying the character and arrangement of the courses of lectures on chemistry and vegetable physiology, thereby securing more attention to these departments, for the benefit of all the students, while the liberal endowment, conditionally offered, provides for the instruction of an entire class of young men. (and old ones, too, if they will,) thus far without valuable facilities of improvement in these hitherto neglected sciences* The third section, however, is entirely too gen- ' eral. The obligation to analyze all soils, manures, plants and seeds, sent by any farmer of the State, might require the constant employment of a dozen experienced chemists. Had it been confined to the " Board of Agriculture," who may be supposed to be reasonable men, no special danger of •hat sort, might be apprehended. An Act to endow the Chemical Professorships of Bowdom and Watc...
Moisture in Soils. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Moisture in Soils. Tt is known that soils which contain much humus or decayed vegetable matter, have great power in drawing moisture from the air. It might be supposed, therefore, that an application of peat —which contains much humus—would prove beneficial in a dry season on sandy soils. Has such been the case ? Clay, too, possesses this power to a great extent, but it should be well pulverized in order to allow the air to permeate through it. Pure sand does not possess the power at all; and yet sandy soils which contain a little clay or humus, often suffer less from drouth than tenaceous clays, owing doubtless to their permeability. Sir Humphiey Davy, says: " The soils which are most efficient in supplying the plant with water, by atmospheric absorption, arc those in which there is a due mixture of sand, finely divided clay, and carbonate of lime, with some animal or vegetable matter; and which are so loose and light as to be freely permeable to the atmosphere. With respect to thi...
SCATTER YE SEEDS. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
SCATTER YE SEEDS. Scatter ye seeds, and flowers will spring; Strew them at broadcast o'er hill and glen; Sow in your garden, and time will bring Bright flowers, with seeds to scatter again. .., I , • Scatter ye seeds—nor think them lost,' Though they fall amid leaves and are buried in earth ; Spring will awake them, though heedlessly tossed, And to beautiful flowers those seeds will give birth. Scatter ye seeds; tire not, but toil; 'Tis the work of life, 'tis the lab jr of man; In the head, in the heart, and on earth's own soil, Sow, gather and »ow, through Ufa's open span. Scatter ye seeds in the field of mind— aeedß of flowers,, with seeds of grain; In the spring ami mmuwr, sweet earlum!" yo'll find, And in autumn yell reap rich fruits for your pain. Scatter ye seeds in the garden of heart, Seeds of arlectiou, of truth, and of lore; Cultivate carefully each hidden part, And thy flowers will be seen by angels above. Scatter ye seeds—the seeds of Hope; Plant in yjur boHOin the Tree ...
The Paris Morgue. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
The Paris Morgue. Every one has heard of the Morgue, the place to which the bodies of unknown persons found dead are brought for recognition. I often pass it on my way to the Hotel Dieu, near which it is, and scarcely ever without seeing some corpse stretched there in the grim ghastliness of violent death, and surrounded by crowds of eager and curious observers. It is a small building, containing a room with glazed doors, through which are visible half a dozen platforms for the reception of bodies. The rows nearest the wall have each a fasset to let cold water trickle over the corpse and keep it longer from decomposition. Some of the persons brought there are the victims of suicide, others of murder, and in the case of the latter, the object of the display is to obtain a clue to the criminal. A curious instance of the care and perseverance with which the police will track the murderer, has recently transpired. A man who was found dead in the streets with marks of violence upon him, ...
Personal Experiences. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Personal Experiences. A lady writer in the Albany Country Gentleman, over the signature of " L," gives tho following amusing narration of her experience among the Shanghais, and their kindred : " It is now about four years since, when, in a most exquisite state of verdency, and blissful ignorance of it. in all its practical details, we commenced farming. Some of our early experience was very amusing, and by your leave Mr. Editor, I will detail some of it. "It was with considerable pleasure I contemplated the idea of living in the country, and the new pursuits that would open before me. The poultry department, I assumed as my charge. What a beautiful and lady-like employment, the care of chickens seemed to me, What an abundant outlet it would afford for all my spare sympathies and superfluous affections. What a grateful relief to the tedium of my leisure hours. How I meant to make them love me, and how they should thrive under my care. But I had not reckoned on the numerous causaliti...
Selfish Matthew. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Selfish Matthew. There arc a great many good children; yet once in a while we meet those who, we arc sorry to say, do not belong to the class of those we love. Such a boy was Matthew. You would not have given a fig to play with him. He had carpenters' tools, and books, and checkers, and chess, and drawing materials, and balls, and kites, and ships, and skates, and snowshovels, and sleds—oh. 1 could not tell you all he had. Well, if you went on a Saturday afternoon to play with him, he would watch all these things as closely as a cat would a mouse; and if you were within reach of them, he would sing out— "D-o-n-t; t-h-a-t's m-i-n-e." Of course, it was not much fun to go and see him. You had to play every thing he wanted, or he would pout and say lie would not play at all. Then Matthew was such a baby! I lov&lt;S a brave boy. He would go screaming to his mother if he got a scratch, as if a wild tiger were after him ; and if you said any thing to him about it, he would pout and...
Mourning of the Plants. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Mourning of the Plants. Why quivers the aspen when not a breath disturbs the summer heat 1 Whilst other trees are enjoying repose, and affording the blessings of shade, it alone knows no rest! Pride was its bane! At that dread hour when our Redeemer suffered, the sun hid its light, and all nature quailed. The wild beasts of the forest, cowered in their dens; not a bird twittered; not an insect buzzed or chirped ; the voice of the breeze was hushed in the sultry air, and men awaited in alarm the v great event. The trees, shrubs and flowers felt theawfulness of that hour, and sympathized with each other upon it in their own mysterious language. The lofty cedar of Lebanon (Pinus Cedrus) rustled forth a melancholy sound, and clothed its branches in deeper green, in sign of mourning. "Alas! all is now over!" gently murmured the Salix Babylonica, and swept the Euphrates with its mourning branches. The vine dresser in his vineyard, saw that the vine wept; hence, when its fruit was gathered...
Ladies' Department. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Ladies' Department. [Lady, phiv Pardon Us.—Would wo could step back a few yearn; we surely would take ofF our hat and make our best bow, and ask pardon for the errors that have crept into the Miss Hetty Martin " sonnets." Mrs. Partington aaya errors will happen in the best of families, for they so happened once in her own. And so with the beautiful and graceful sonnets of Miss Betty— not errors of Miss Betty, but errors of the printer; and the only atonement we can make our fair correspondent is, to republish No. 2 of Rural Lays, and at the same time correct the error in No. 1, where we converted "sprite§" into "spirits," which destroyed the beauty and rythm of the 22d line. If Miss Betty will pardon us, we will be more careiul in future, and pray she may find Among the Fanners of our golden land A noble suiior, worthy her fair hand ; Mnu Could not ask a brighter, fairer charm, Than " Betty Martin " mistress of his farm.—Ed.J
Rural Lays—No. 2. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Rural Lays—No. 2. OUR HOME IN THE COUNTRYNear where the Feather River's shores and tide The "banks and braes" on either hand divide, My uncle Robin, far from stir and strife, Enjoys the comforts of a country life j His cottage home beside a mountain stream, Embowered in beauty such as poet's dream, For air-built castles costless may provide, But seldom seen in common country-side.-The towering pine-clad hills by nature made, Alike for grandeur, shelter, and for shade, With grasty dells, and silver brooks between, Now sporting frwly. now again unseen, As through the trees, alive with love and song, They dance or dally as they puss along, Where fairies well might trip with nimble feet, And nymphs and naiads make the sceue complete; The opening vale extending all around, Where buckeyes, bays and spreading oaks abound, Where busy farmers turn the generous soil, And bounteous crops reward them for their toil, And Uncle Robin, prudent as the best, 'Tis said by some, surpasses all the rest...
Valuable Recipes. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
Valuable Recipes. I Washing Windows. —A correspondent of the American Agriculturist, gives the following improved mode of washing windows, which although not wholly new to us, may be valuable to many of our readers: "The nicest article for washing windows is deerskin, as no particles come off to adhere to the glass and make it look as if washed with feathers. There is no need of anything larger than a hand-basin for washing windows. The great splashing some people make in the exercise of their art is entirely useless, and is moreover deleterious. When the water is permitted to run down in great quantities upon the glass, it dissolves the putty and soon loosens the panes from their setting, and also stains the glass. Two pieces of nice wash leather and a bowl of suds, are all that are necessary. Wipe the glass first with the wet cloth or leather, and after it has become dry, rub it with a clean cloth, and it will look clear, and far more so than if rinsed in a dozen pails of water." ...
MARRIED. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
MARRIED. On the 24th June, at Shaw's Flat, by Rev. S. S. Harmon, Mr. Daniel H. Knndeand Miss Mary E. Caliier. On the 23d June, at Mississippi Bar, John Taylor and Miss Semautha Miliiser. On the 30th June, in San Francisco, Robt. M. Gardner, formerly of Cincinnati, and Miss Anna Kiren, formerly of N. York. On the 26th June, in Subun Valley, Marvin M. Richardson, of Vallejo, and Caroline Barton, ol the former place.
DIED. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 5 July 1855
DIED. On the 20th June, at McOurtysville, Santa Clara county, C. T&gt;. Bucknem, aged about 40 years, formerly of Mexico, Ind. On the 27th June, in this Dugan, formerly of dicago, 111., aged 40 years. On the Ist July, in San Francisco, of typhoid fever, Henry Dunn, of Halifax, N. S., aged 36 years.