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EDISON'S LETTER. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
EDISON'S LETTER. 'rhe iitatn"gtr of the ,letrih-al Expo sition ill PIhil:hhll hiita asked 4Mr ltEdlson to visi. the slhow and give a short talk on somue eletrica.l snubject. or if he found it inlolvelieitl 1to do so. to send on a. ,loonogr;liht cylinder setlling forth some of his latest ideas of electtrica;l inlterj't fir Edison co.mplidtl in his own way with the lhtter requllest. nl in tdoing so, while omnitting :uy refterencle to elec trichty. produced quite tiut electrlcal et feel upon the ulnaagemtent and the au ditors by his contrlbution: It was .as follows: My dear Mlarks,--You aisked me ti) send you a phonographtle lylinder for you.r Jecture this ev(.lliilg alld to say aL few words to the undlene'. I do not think tha:t the audience would lake ailly interest in dry sclentitie suIjc?ts, but neirhaps they might he hIterested in a little story thalIt a ian sent me froul a l hollogr:aplh cylinder tli; ot hel day fromn St.n FIranis ., iu the year 1S7?3 a mall froum Massa che*ssetts...
THE KITCHEN GARDEN. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
THE KITCHEN GARDEN. A sowing should be made of the Swiss Ch·ard or Silver Beet.- This Is one of tha r most economical crops to grow. It does well in dry situations. The mid ribs mays' be used the same as asparagus, whils.i the tops form an excellent substitute for spinach. The seeds should be sown Irh drills 2 feet apart, and the plants thinned' to 1S inches in the row. Potatoes, a.. they grow, should be kept well hoed, an?d the more advanced crops given their first earthing up. The soil should not be too~ dry when this is done. Continue to plant:' early kinds for succession. Rhubarb roots should be planted, and the seedis sown, if not already done, treating a.y previously advised. Cardoon is another. vegetable that might well be more gen erally grown. The blanched leaf stalks are largely used on the continent of: Europe for stewing and soups. To growl it successfully they must be liberallyl treated with manure and water durlng' the growing season. Trenches are man ured the same as ...
THE EAGLE AND THE LION. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
THE EAGLE AND THE LION. (Lines on the growing cordial relations. between England and the United States.) Alone on his rock nigh a hundred years . Hle has drowsed with the sun in his' eyes. Dumb watch o'er the yellow sand was his care, Far west to the far sunrise. But now he stretches his tawny length There is stir in the dusk of the hun dred years Distant the sound and great his* strength, So he dozes again with listening ears. Alone the young eagle above the rock Swings hither and thither, to and fro, Watching the smoke and the dust of the earth, Watching the fierce wind blow, Drowsed too-but now he ruffles hise crown, And the evening light In his eyes grow eth red As he mounts to mark the sun go down, A century's sun, 'neath the thunder head. . : , "Be we brothers or be we not?" To him on the rock comes down the: cry. And he answers: "Yea, we are kin andi. kin, Twain kings of the earth and sky. Thou of the lightnings of heaven hEsst ward, I of the powers of God's great deep. Gathe...
BICYCLING AND OVER EXERTION [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
~I3YOLING AND OVER EXERTION WVith the improvement in large arms of.warfare, the small arms have kept tiacir, and the present automatic revolver its a. very formidable affair. On this 10.int the "British Medical Journal" pub 3iahes.the results of some recent expaeri aner.ts with the new automatic revolver, (which is being adopted by nearly all (~uropean Governments. The experiments 'weore made on pine wood, on plates of 'irn. on a living horse, and on portions rof human corpses, at distances varying from eleven to three hundred and thirty ..ya.rds. There was little difference bc "l .ween the effects on living and on dead nalterial. The hole is from . live to -;even millimetres in size. and decreases (Witah the increase of distance, the aper Stt'e of exit being, however, slightly lar er than that of the entrance. The kiff-fst of the projectile on the long. ho! Row bones was exactly similar to that of L:e German infantry rifle at -5000 to r000 h~eo:. bohe lone was splintered in every C...
No Title [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
~1Whtever it be that keeps the finer faculties of the mind awake, the won der alive. :and the interest above mere eating :nd drinking. money-making andl money-saving, whatever it be that gives gladness or hope. is simply a D)ivine gift of holy influence for the sal vaiion of that being to whom it comes, and for the lifting him out of the mire and up on the rock.--George Macdonald.
HORTICULTURAL. THE ORCHARD. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
HCUTICULTURAL, THE OHtCHARD. Disbudding is an operation often n9;-', lected by our orchardists. The operation; consists in rubbing or breaking out the,? growth not required when they are an: inch or two long. After they have at tained to a much greater length, they, cannot be removed without cutting. This is frequently necessary in the ]ater stages of disbudding, or when the work has been left beyond the 'proper time. The tissues at the base of the shoot be come somewhat thickened, hence the importance of early attention. Disbud ding should always be gradually carried ? out, so as to occasion no check. A littleo? at a time and ftequently is the best rule to follow. The weather has sonme in fluence on the work. More shoots may be removed in active ^-rowing weather than during cold periods. With appgles and pears, disbuddi~ng is specially bene ficial where there is a large amount of growth produced among the fruit spur. Such growths occupy valuable space.'; and prevent light and air r...
THE CONSERVATORY AND POT PLANTS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
THE CONSERVATORY AND POT PLANTS. Fuschias potted, as before advised, will soon be ready for shifting on into their blooming pots. These plants should never be allowed to get dry or want pot room. If the plants were not i re-potted, liberal waterings of manure must be given. Pelargoniums ,m6aking -. good growth will soon need assistance in the shape of manure water. Give thell' plants plenty of air, and keep constantly f turned around to the light. Fumigate the house or frame as soon as aphides appear. If this is not practicable, sy ringe the plants with a weak solution of nicotine blight cure. Caleolrrias are now makn:ing a great show. Keep cool. and give plenty of air. Ferns in the shelter sheds will now be making plenty of new growth; remove the old fronds, and give plenty of water on fine days. Ferns in the greenhouse will also need more moisture, and on bright days keep? the house shaded, otherwise the young fronds will be injured by the sun. Calu diums as they develop will need...
THE FLOWER GARDEN. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
THE FLOWER G.ARDEN. The mild weather is causing shrub; and plants to start into active growth. roses especially. All superfluous shoots must be removed, or any suckers that spring from the roots. If lawns are Ia need of top dressing, this should be dont.. without delay. Chimney soot, or a little nitrate of soda will help to give the grass a rich green appearance. fBouvardias in the hardy border, may be pruned by shortening back the branches, as soon. at they show signs of starting into growth. Sowings of the more tender kinds of an nuals may be made in sheltered borders. Pansics coming into bloom are better for being mulched, liquid cow manure will increase the size :and ifeighten the color. of their bloms. Foliage bedding plants,. such as dresines, alternanthera, and me- - sembryanthemum, may be planted out now; soil of a light nature suits them" best. Clumps of cannas should be talken' up, divided, and replanted, so that they; may lecome established before the hoti weather sets in...
DAIRY CREAMERY. BARREL CHURN. This Form Is Extremely Popular In the Home Dairy. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
BARREL CHURN. This Form Is Extremely Popular In the Home Dairy. The illustration shows a favorite form of churn where the work is all done at home by hand. Nobody who is anybody now uses the old fashioned dasher churn. It is too back breaking. It explains itself. It swings and oscil lates and brings the butter. Whether one is a believer or disbeliever in wash ing butter, he will stop churning when the butter is in the granular state, the size of grains of wheat. Then the but termilk is drawn carefully off. Some good butter makers dash water cooled to 62 degrees upon the grains of butter and then turn the barrel churn over a dozen times more. Although the churns usual BAIIr.EL CHURN. ly do not provide for it, it is well to have a strainer of somewhat coarse wire beneath the buttermilk vent to catch the lumps of butter that would otherwise go out with the milk. Some good butter makers dash brine over the butter while it is in the granular state. They claim fhat this both washes the bu...
Apple Pomace For Cows. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
Apple omnace For Cows. The pomace from a cider .r::11 is ex ceedingly accoretable to rcws and h->rses as well. It is also healthful if not given to excess. One peck a day may be fed with advantage to cows in miles as well as dry ones. Indeed apples are so desir able a food for all animals that it will pay well to plant some of the sweet kinds especially for them and to keep a stock nn hand all the winter for this purpose.
Agricultural News and Notes. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
Agrlcultural News and hotes. The government crop report makes it appear that the corn crop will fall more than one-fourth below the average. The shortage in the hay crop is seri ous only in the shipping sections of the central states. High prices for Irish potatoes are in dicated for the future. All careful experiments with crimson clover go toeprove that in sections where it will thrive it is one of the greatest benefits tho farmer can have. The sweet potato crop falls 10 pei cent below the average this season. The onion yield of the country is be low the average. The total hay crop has been estimated at 60,2.50,000 tons, against 65,000,000 tons in 1893. The improved corn harvester is des tined to become a great factor in gar nering corn. The Florida crop report gives the probable yield of crops, of which these are noted: Corn, 97 per cent; cane, 100; rice, 98; tobacco, 81; oranges, 83; lem ons, 93; pineapples, 129.
Government on Feeding Whest. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
Government on Feeding Wheat. The agricultural department at Wash ington has issued a bulletin on feeding wheat to stock. The bulletin advocates the use of screenings and low grade of wheat as animal food and the placing of only the best wheat on the market. Equal parts of wheat and corn prove better for fattening animals than either of those grains alone. For growing ani mals corn is plainly not so suitable as is wheat or oats. When wheat and corn are the same price per bushel, it is pref erable to feed wheat and sell corn. Wheat should at first be fed in small qunantiites. It should, when possible, be mixed with some other grain, and care should be taken to prevent any one ani mal from getting more than the quan tity intended for it. These precautions. are especially necessary when wheat is fed to horses. The best form in which to feed wheat is to roll or grind it into a coarse meal. It may then be fed alone or mixed with cornmeal or ground oats.
Pneumatic Fountain For Poultry. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
Pneumatic Fountain For Poultry. One of the best troughs for supplying fowls with drinking water is made of an empty five gallon kerosene can. A hole 2,A inches square is cut near the bottom, as in Fig. 1. Next cut an empty CLEA-& WATER FOR FOWLS. tin can in two and abont three inches deep, as in Fig. 2, and bend the edges in at right angles. With a soldering iron solder this section of can to the five gallon tin opposite the hole at Fig. 1, so that when the section is fixed on the hole will be one-half inch lower than the top rim of Fig. 2. The two put to gether are seen at Fig. 3. The result is that chickens cannot tramp through and soil the water. Five gallons will hold enough for a large flock of fowls, and the drinking pan fills as quickly as they drink from it, and by throwing a sack over the fountain it will keep cool in hot weather, which would be a great - advantage in warm climates. It is easily moved from place to place and is far preferable to open dishes, says Th...
MISCELLANEOUS. IN THE COTTON FIELD. Pick as Fast as the Bolls Open and Market It In Good Condition. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
MISCELLANEOUS. IN THE COTTON FIELD. Plch as Fast as t??o Diots Open and Mar ket It In Good Condition. One important work is the early gath ering of the cotton, which should en gage careful attention. That cotton should be picked as fast as it opens no careful farmer will dispute. Every ex perienced farmer knows that there are several reasons for this. The first cot ton, opening near the ground, if left for any length of time, is much more lia ble to injury from rain and dirt than the bolls higher up. Again, the first pick ing weighs heavier. Another advantage is that it is much easier to get a clean sample when 'the leaves are green than after they have become dry, and still another is that when the cotton is picked in smaller lots it is much easier to manage than if it is left to accu mulate in the field, the gathering is less hurriedly and carelessly done, and the entire"picking" is not at once spirit ed off to the nearest gin without the in termediate process of spreading and dry...
THE MARKETS. LATEST QUOTATIONS. Warragul. PARKES & ROUND. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
THE MARKETS. LATEST QUOTATIONS. Warragul. PARKES & ROUND. Messrs Parkes & Round agents, Queen st., Warragul, and Neeri? South, report having held their weekly sale of pro duce by auction on Thursday last. The attendance was not so good owing to the dull weather and the cheap train to Melbourne. Prices were as follows: Eggs (hen), 7d to 8d, (duck), 9d a dozen Algerian oats, 6s a bag fButter, 9d to lid a lb Cabbages, 2s a dozen Turnips, is a doz bunches Cauliflowers, 2s doz Oranges, 7d doz Mandarins, is a doz ' Bananas, 6d a doz Rhubarb, is 6d a doz bunches Cabbage plants, 4d for 50 Potatoes (new), 2d a lb Lemons, 9d a doz. Carrots, 4 bunches 6d Celery, 3d stick Garden seeds, 2d a packet Tomato plants, is doz Pine apples, 6d each Grass seed 31d a lb Chaff, 2s 6d to 2s 9d a bag Fowls, 2s 6d, 2s 8d to 3s a pair Roosters, 3s a pair Land.-WVe report having sold 7, acres of land adjoining the Warragul township at a satisfactory price.
SKEWS & PATTERSON [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
SKEWS & PATTERSON Skews and Patterson report their fort nightly market was held on September 8th. This was an unusually large one, although some lots of stock advertised did not come forward. There was a good attendance, and prices were generally ad mitted to be satisfactory. Pigs: 52 yarded. Prices for some sorts slightly easier. Slips, 12s 6d, 13s; stores, 15s 6d, 17s, to 19s; small porkers, 20s to 22s; large do., 28s to 28s 6d; bacon pigs, 50s. Sheep: 100 crossbred wethers yarded; 25 being sold by auction at 14s, the balance being disposed of privately at slightly lower rates. Cattle: 319 yarded, of which 193 were disposed of. North Gippsland fat bul locks, to £9 2s 6d; do., cows, to £5 17s 6d; local fat cows, to £3 10s. Milkers, good sorts, to £6; springers, to £4 9s; store cows, 35s to £2 12s; 2½-year-old heifers, to £2 5s; 18 months to 2-year olds, extra quality, to £3 5s, for two nice Jersey heifers of Mr. Chas. Calvert's, Yarragon. Yearlings to 30s, according to qual...
Melbourne. FAT CATTLE. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 13 September 1898
Melbourne. FAT CATTLE. Only 1,100 yarded, comprising 300 from New South Wales 250 from North Eastern and Goulburn Valley districts, 450 from Gippsland, and the remainder from North Western and Western dis tricts. Prime pens of bullocks, from £12 to £14; extra do do, from £14 10s to £15 15s; show beasts, from £16 to £30; good pens of bulI3cks. from £10 to £11 10s ; medium and lighter do, from £8 10s to £9 10s ; second and lighter do, from £6 10s. Very few cows yarded. Show cows, from £11 to £14 15s: pens of cows, from £5 15s to £7 12s 6d; others, from £4.