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HOW TO MAKE DIAMONDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
I- «W TO. MAKEI DIAMfONDS. The making of'artificial diamonds has been the subject of immense thought and research on the part of chemists. Up to this time it has eluded all theeffortsol the experimenters, though carbon crystals closely approaching the gem have more than once been secured, and many chemists think it is only a matter of time, and not a long one at that, when this seeret will be wrenched from nature. In some recent experiments on the effects of high temperature and pressure on carbon, carbon rods were surrounded by benzine, paraffin, treacle, chloride, or bisulphide of carbon and subjected to great pressure in a hydraulic press, the rods in the meantime being heated byli -ing an electric current passed through -them: In some cases a considerable amount of gas was evolved, and a soft friable deposit of carbon produced. In no case was the density of the carbon increased. When the rod was surrounded with silica the latter fused and the rod was largely converted into graph...
Poetry. The Secret Drawer. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
IPoetry. The Secret Drawcr. Io idle mood I touched the springs That opened wide the secret drawer, To gaze on half forgotten things That waked the memories of yore; Small scraps of letters loosely tied With silken bands of faded blue, Containing words of love and pride, Wrung from my heart when life was new. A look of radiant golden hair That once adorned a glorions head Of a young angel heavenly fair And long since numbered with the dead ; A dark brown tress-the sole remains Of a brave woman lost and gone, The partner of my joys and pains, Whose smile made sunlight where it shone. I sighed,I kissed them like a fool Although perhaps the fool was wise With wisdom learned in sorrow's school Who saw the truth through all didguise tnd taking counsel with my thought. I asked myself, mid haze of teers, Why those fond relics, fancy frought, Should live beyond my span of years ? Live with their tale of tbought or deed, For merchandise in scandal's mart, To satisfy the clamorous greed Ot scr...
FIRES IN BRUNSWICK. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
FIRES IN BRUNSWICK. A fortunate escape from what might have proven an extensive conflagration occurred at the residence ,f D r. Stewart, Blyth-street, Brunswick, on Saturday afternoon last. Shortly before five o'clock it appears that Mrs. Stewart had occasion to burn a spirit lamp in one of the second storey bedrooms. Thie front window was open, and the strong breeze blowing, caused the curtains :to catch the flame and instantly the place was all ablaze. 'Mrs. Siewart, with commendable promptitude, gave the alarm by telephone to the Brunswick brigade, who were very quickly on the scene. Meantime neighbors ran in and eucceeded in beating out the flames ere any great damage had been done, the total loss being estimated at £35. In addition to the Brunswick, the. East Brunswick and Moreland brigades also put in an appearance, but, although a quantity of hose was laid in readiness, it was found unnecessary to pour on a stream of water. SAbout 11 o'clock the same night the alarm of fire w...
The Mother. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
The Mother. It has been truly said that the first being. that rushes to the recollection of a soldier or sailor, in his heart's diffliculty, is his mother. He clings to this memory and allection in the midst of all the forgetfulness anil hbrrdi hood induced by a roving life. The last message he leaves is for her; his last whisper breathes her name. The mother, as she in stils the lesson of piety and lilial obligation into the heart of her infant son, should al ways feel that her labor is not in vain. She may drop into her grave; but she has left behind her influence that will work for her. The bow is broken, but the arrow is sped, and will do its office. The True Man.-The true man is brave. He dates do all that may become a man. No fear of censure or presumption, or worldly loss can hinder him from marching straight forward in the path of duty. He is a moral hero ; and neither the ridicule nor the in juries of ',he world can make him swerve from the right. He is brave enough to dis ...
NEXT SATURDAY'S PLAY. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
NEXT SATURDAY'S PLAY. Brunswick v. Malvern, at Ma-lvern, for Boyle and Scott's Cap. The follow ing will represent Brunswick :-H. Foster, Buckley, A. Buncle, T. Buncle, G. Moore, F. Moore, Smith, Sparkes, Hutchinson, Crawford, Raeburn.
A BOY'S ESSAY ON GIRLS. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
A BOY'S ESSAY ON GIRLS. Girls is great on maki.g bleeve. 'Shei, will make bleeve a dol is a live baby. She will make bleeve she" is orfel sweet I on another girl or feller, if they nome to see. her, and .when they: are gone she will say, " Horrid old thing; Girls is :olways fooling a feller. She can'tlick yer, soshe gets the best of.yer that way. . If yer don't do what a girl tells yer, shei says yer horrid.: I dratlher. be horrid than be soft. If you .do.what a 1 girl tells yer, you will do all sorts: of foolish things. Girls can be good in school every day if they feel like it. I shud think.they would git tired and have to do sum thing worse in a while;. I kn ,w a feller; does. Girls say fellers acts orfil, but when a girl gits a going it she acts orfier than any feller durst. They don't care for nothirig., If a girl wants a fellow to carry her books home, she ain't satisfied unless she gits the same feller the other girls want, whether she likes him or not. Girls is great in havi...
Boys Wanted [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
Boys Walated Boys of spirit, boys of will, Boys of muscle, brain and power, Fit to cope with anything These are wanted every hour.. Not the weak and whininin drones, Who all troubles magnify, Not the watchword of "' I can't I' : But the noble one, "I'll try." " r. Do whate'er 3 on have to do . With a true and earnest-zeal, Bend your sinews to the t.sk, Put your shoulder to the wheel. Thogbh your duties may be hard, Look not on it as an ill; If it be an honest task Do it with an honest will. In the workshop, on the farm, At the desk, where'er you be ; From your future efforts, boy, . Comes a nation's destiny..
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE. An amusing case of assault occupied the attention of magistrates presiding at the Brunswick court on Wedues lay morning, when Catherine IHollick, an elderly dame of portly dimensions, pro ceeded against a neighbour named Brett for this effence. Plaintiff informed the court that on the evening of the 17th Junuary she was ill in bed with hot fomentations. Whether she was suffer ing from such, or simply applied them as a remedy, did not appear, but at all events, the good lady stated that shli was visitod by a congenial soul named Mrs. M'urphy. Mr. Shannon (who prosecuted): Did you have a conversation with her. - Vitness: No.- indade. Shes.had. a conversation wid me.. (Laughter). Mir. Shannon : Oh ! what's the difference; go on wito your story, please. Witness, continuing, said that after the departure of Mrs. Murphy the de fendant came in. She was in a great rage, and seized the plaintiff by the hair of her head, dragged her out of bed, and accused her of having...
Greta's Artist. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
S Greta' Artist. Two hundred and more yeais ago there was, not far from Leyden, but nearer still to Leydendorp, a little hamlet of eight or ten cottages, -ech one more beautifully, shin ingly clean and well kept thanthe others. In one of them, on a certain bright morn ing, sat Madame Teresa Herman, preparing with her own dainty, hands the dinner for her husband and herself and the only child of the house, Greta, a little maid of seven years. "Is it not time for me to take the bread and wine to. Mother Vander Hyden ?". asked Greta presently, for her small chubby fingers were tired holding the knife with which she was helping. her mother prepare, the fruit and vegetables. The mother smiled; wellr she knew tf.a little maid preferred tripping through the hamlet, meeting perhaps a neighbor's child for company, to helping awith the, house. hold d/ittes howeieer light: But she nffastened Greta's brown linen apron, tied on her small red cap, and put the basket containing dainties for the si...
THE POET'S CORNER. (Original contributions under this heading are invited.) NOW I LAY ME DOWN TO SLEEP. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
THE POET'S CORNER. [Original contributions under this - heading are invited.] NOW I LAY ME DOWN TO SLEEP. IN the quiet nursery chamber, Snowy pillows yet unpressed, See the teorms of little children Kneeling white robed for their rest. All in quiet nursery chambers, While the dusky shadows creep, Hear the voices of the children - " Now I lay me do vn to sleep." In the meadow and the mountain Calmly shine the winter sti?,R But across the glistening lowland , Blant the moonlight' .silver,iars. :: 7. Ir the siletice aid the darkness, Darkness growing still mo,re deep, Listen to the little children Praying God theiresouls to keep: "If we die"-so pray the children And the mother's head droops low (One fromt out her fold is'sleeping Deep beneath the winter's allnow). 'Take our souls," and past 'the case ment Flits a gleam of crystal light, Like the trailing of His garments Walking evermore in white. Little souls, that stand expectant, Listening at the gates of life, Hearing far away the m...
Jamic's Sermon. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
Jamie's -Sermon. The tireless rain is pouting down, This dismal Sunday morning, The distant church bells from the town Ring an unheeded warning. I pause beside the study door, Whence churchly sounds are stealing, I look within. Upon the floor I see the children kneeling. They rise and sing. Then, silent, wait While Jamie tells tlhe story Of Jacob's sons; the brothers- hate, Their crime, and Joseph's glory. '"Now let us try," I hear him any, "'To always love each other; And whether we're at work or play, Be kind to one another."
CLOTH AND PAPER OF CORN HUSKS. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
CLOTH AND PAPER OF. CORN SIIUSKS. .:Oieo'of the best utilised waste products in Austria, resulting in the nanufacture of large Squantities of paper and cloth, are corn husks. The husks are boiled with an alkali in tubular boilers,'as a result of which the fibres of the husks are found at the bottom of the boilez in a spongy condition, filled with a glutinous substance, arid which proves to be a perfect dough of corn meal, containing in a concen trated fdrm all the pabulum originally con tained in the husk. Thle glutinous matter is pressed out Ifbm thie fibres by hydraulia apliaratus, leaving the fibre in the shape of a mass or chain of longitudinal threads inter spersed with a dense mass of shorter fibre. The linen made from the long fibres furnishes a very good substitute for the coarser kinds of flax and hemp, and is superior to jute, gunny cloth, coir, and the like. The paper, for which Inostly the short fibres are used -the long fibres constituting the material for spinnirig-is ...
STRUCK BY A SWINGING BOAT. THE SHOWMEN SUMMONED. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
STRUCK BY A SWINGING BOAT. THE SHOWMEN SUMIMONED. Two young min, named William Co'e and Daniel Pennington, appeared btesore the Brurswick court on Monday mtirr. ing under somewhat peculiar circum stances. The charge against them was that they did, by negligence, cause serious bodily harm; and the facts of the case were briefly related by Sergeant Brown. It appeared that defendants were in charge of swinging boats on a strip of land near Sydney-road, and the additional attraction of Blondin indu e? a very large throng of youngsters to visit the scene of festivity on Satr 'ay night. Amongst them was a little boy named Alfred 'I'hespell, who, wLilkt playing, received a dreadful blow from a descending swinging boat. The little fellow was at once removed to the surgery of Dr. Hamilton, who fund that the tip of his scalp had tecen stripped right back, the skull I ring exposed and fractured. He cons;.hlred the injuries serious, and ordered the lad's removal to the hospital. What constitute...
Science. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
Science. Sun and Earth.-The volume of the sun is about one million three hundred that of the earth. To give some idea of this difference let us make a few comparisons of some familiar objects. For instance, let the sun be represented by a man weighing one hundred and ninety pounds. In a pound avoirdupois there are seven thousand grains and this multiplied into one hundred and ninety gives us one million three hundred and thirty thousand. Now a grain may be represented by the kernel of wheat; wlhich was, in fact, the original of the grain weight. So you have on the one hand the sun,.repro. sented by a large man, and on the other the earth by:a grain of wheat. If the sun were vain of his complexion lie might wearalittle black patch on his chin, a little larger, perhaps than the eairth. Or the earth might be a very small horse fly, sitting on his bald pate.' The earth.would not be half large enough to inake the sun a collar button. A man may gain three to five pounds a week. ' Should t...
PLATING WITH ALUMINIUM. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
PLATING.. WITH ALUMINIUM. A Paris correspondent says that the process which is intended to constitute a now. trade consists of a hew deposit of a coat of aluminium upon a metallic surface by the direct contract of a valatilised salt of alum inum with the surface. The sheets of iron or other metal are first of all cleansed from all impurities by an acid bath, and they are afterwards plunged into a solution of borate of soda, hydrated alumina, and some easily fusible flux so that the surface shall be treated in'astate of perfect clenuliness. The articles which are treated in this manner are placed within a close muffle, and the walls of the muffle are raised to a very high temperature by a surrounding furnace. In this operation of plating it has been found by the inventor that the metallic sheets are not only covered with a coating of aluminium, but that 'they become impregnated with it to such anextent that they are'practically an alloy of the two metals.
IMPROVEMENT IN ALLOYS. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
IMPROVEMJENT' TN ALLOYS. This alloy is intended to be used in the place of steel in the nmanufacture of the variouns parts of watches, such as the balance wheel and hair spring, so as to obviate the disadvantages which follow on their magneti sation or oxidation.' The compositioni of the alloy is as follows ;-Gold 10 to 40 parts, paladium 30 tob40 parts, rhodium 1-16 to 5 parts, silver 1-16 toO5 parts, and platinum 1.10 to 5 parts. 'The copper and manganese are first of all to' be melted, and the other metals afterwards added, or the whole of the constituents may be placed in the crucible at once, with the manganese at the'bottom.
AMONGST THE COUNCILS. BRUNSWICK.—MONDAY. Present : Crs. Fleming (mayor), Fraser, King, Lacey. Methven, Methven, Morgan, Phillips and Trenoweth. CORRESPONDENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
AMONGST THE COUNCILS. v BRUNSWICK.- IoNDAY. r Present: Ors. Fleming (mayor), ' Fraser, King, Lacey, Methven, Mlorgan,:Phillips and Trenoweth. CORRESPONDENCE. SFrom -:A. G. Coulson, stating that . during his absence in England, notices had been served for street making, andiC application had been made for rates which --his agent had paid, under the P misapprehension that it was for other a land owned by him. He pointed out bt that the land upon which the rates and proportion street making, had been n' claimed, had been sold;by him to Mr. T DeBona-- 18 months igo, and requested e' a refund of the amount paid. st Moved by Cr. Morgan, seconded by Cr. Phillips that the matter be referred to the Public Works Committee. Carried. From W. H. Hunt, sec. Victoria It 'Mutual' Building and Investment oa Society, complaining-that they had paid 13 £76 19s. Gd. towards construction of a Mountfield-street, but had not heard whether the work was being pr.cee led 0 with. - The society were willing to ...
NEWS AND NOTES. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
NEWS AND NOTES. " Why do you go there l" Was an ciclama tion overheard, between two Coburg ladies the other night. " Because I find that for quality and prices ?['Crory's grocerics are really the cheapest in the end I have 'tried vt other supposed cheap, grocers, but .1 have w come to the conclusion that ' quality is the ju true t'st of cheapness' Ilo:ever, if you e doubt my word, give him a trial and see for yourself ; his establishment is! at: Sydney. road, Coburg."-d vT. The police 'autholrities have received V" comnplaints from the Railway depart- ar ment that railbray officials are frequently I1 unable to obtain the services of police- bt men at .the"' suburban stations, for to example, in 'tl.e removal of dirunken ar men or defaulters, or the maintenance of to good nrder. The Chief Commissioner hi hhas made inquiry :into, the matitr,' and m the reports furnished to him go to shcw lii that this attitude on lthe part of the police is the result of railway porters m having persis...
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. CRICKET MEMS. BOYLE AND SCOTT'S CUP. [Newspaper Article] — The Coburg Leader — 11 February 1891
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. CRICKET MEMS. BOYLE AND SCOTT'S CUP. Capulets v. Hawksburn, at St. Kilda cricket ground. Resulted in a win for the Capulets by an innings and eight runs. Scores-Hawksburn, first innings, 100; Capulets, first innings, 230; Hawksburn, second innings, 122. M'Donald, 63, not out,batted splendidly, carrying hi' bat right through the innings. The fielding on both sides were excellent.i... Ormond v.' Clyde.-Ormond, 332; Clyde, 63 and 108. Grace, 35, Kelly, 20. .Ormond won by an innings and 101 runs.