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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTICES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTICES . WE have received tue Western Cultiviiior Almanac , published- at Indianapolis ( Ind . ) , b y W . Thompson Hatch . Messrs . Bratttigam &amp; K . eehhave laid bn our table Morse s New School Geography with Ccrngraphic Maps . This , to our -liainvf , is f by fur tire most perfect School G eography that has ever ; been- issued . It is got up in the most beautiful style , in , quarto-form , the . maps . and reading -matter all being contained in . one volume , and presented on- the saiiie page . It is filled with an -incredible number of beautiful cuts , -and small -maps . M . r .-Jforsc is the ; inventor of the Cerographie process . -The maps number more than fifiy . Mr . . Mqrse is the , son . of tl » e Rev . Jedadiah Morse , who was the author of the first . geograyhy . e ver-publUhed in the United Stales , and the only one iised for iiiany years . To the other excellencies of the work may be added its cheapness .. - . ¦ - . W . AV- Barlowdias-la...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted on the following terms : tor one ( quart or under , first insertion , one dollar fifty cents ; second , one dollar ; , subsequent ones , seventy live , cents , More than one seisins will bo . counted as two ; more than two , as three , and so mi . Yearly suIvcrlisMS charged eight dollars for one square , and four dollars tor each , additional square . A . square contains twelve lines . CuxUuf six lines of less inserted lbriour dollars . lor the year .. Communications upon patent implements anil machines , accompanied with cusli , inserted for $ 3 for oiie ci / Iuinn or IO JS ; : $ 2 for oacli iidditimial column or part of a column , - . . CF * Payments for advertisements to be always in advance * , V or term s of the Prairie Farmer , see last pu ^ e . wiwiw
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
—^ —w—www——E—M—ww—mmmm * » nwwwwww » OFFICE HE MOV El ) . Our friends who wish to find : us in town , arc informed that we have removed about 30 rods . . oast ,,, or toward - the lake . The office of the Prairie Farmer is at No . 65 Lake streets
THE PRAIRIE PARMER [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
THE PRAIRIE PARMER OCTOBER , 1344 OFFICERS OF THE UNION AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY . UNION IS STRENGTH . LEWIS ELLSWORTH , of DU Page Co . President . J-k-ru WASIIIIUK . V , of Lake , \ WILLIAM VAN OIISDKLL , of McIIem-y , SiiKiAUD JOHNSTON , of Kane , . IDS K I H VIAL , of Cook , ,,. -,, ., . SAW KL GOOBBJCH , of Do Pago , } VlcC 1 resldct 9 JtoueiiT STRONG , of Will , . JAMES MCCLEJ . LAN , of Kenikll , , of La Salic , J M . H . DEMMONB , of Will , Treasurer . M . L . DUSLAP , of Cook , Recording Secretary . E . W . BIUCWSTER , of Kane , Corresponding Secretary .
FRUIT AND GARDEN PRODUCTS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
FRUIT AND GARDEN PRODUCTS . It is not without some gratification that we notice the symptoms of improved fruit culture as seen in the supply of our markets . The superior quality of the apples and peaches brought to this market , this season , over that of preceding years , is very marked indeed . Apples continue to he offered here , of very fine quality , for about one dollar per bushel ; a large part of them the produce of Edgar eotinly , in this State . Of peaches the supply has been pretty constant , at about the same rates ; though there is vast room yet for improvement in the quality of this article . It was with the greatest gratification that we saw a load of peaches in market a few days since which were raised in Du Page county , about 15 miles from this city ; and we have been informed of one or two other loads from near here . They sold for from $ 1 . 25 to $ 2 per bushel—a much better business than raising wheat at CQ cents , if well attended to . But though we are toler...
THE CATTLE SHOWS . PLEASE HEARKEN ! [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
THE CATTLE SHOWS . PLEASE HEARKEN ! should be permitted—but the thing should be made to move off like clock work from the start . In order to this all the arrangements should be made beforehand , and the mimititrj of them settled upon . The committees ought to have their place or places of rendezvous , and it should be the business of some one to sec that they are on hand , as some of them will forget it , or be detained elsewhere . At a certain show , last year , we spent nearl y half a day in looking tip and bringing together several committees , among a crowd of three thousand i &gt; ersons , scarce an individual of whom we knew . This is only an instance of what needs attention , and the good sense of those having them in hand will supply the rest . But without attention to these matters , with enough of zeal , enough of getting together , enough of stir and bustle , these shows will be unsatisfactory , and every body will wonder what is the difficulty . We commend this ...
WESTERN AND EASTERN PLOWS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
WESTERN AND EASTERN PLOWS . The Maine Farmer is disposed to be a little facetious at owr mention of some of our best weslern plows , as compared Willi those in use at the East , and asks us lo describe . We believe that we mentioned the principal difference , in the article alluded to , as we understood the matter . Wc may be mistaken , but we suppose that , the best , plow in use in the eastern States is made of cast iron : Is it not ? The soil there universally almost , will scour such a plow : will it not ? Such , is not the fact with us . A cast iron plow will no more scour , or clear itself , in most of our prairie soils , than the end of a chesnut rail drawn endwise . A few are in use constructed of wrought iron ; but this is generally too soft a material , as it is easily scratched , and the least scratch on the mold-board catches the earth and clogs the implement . Our best plows , then , are made of ike best of cast steel—- ( . hat is , every part of them which touches the ...
SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . Blinders fot JTofscs . We have long thought that the use of blinders was a foolish custom , and that it ought to go out of fashion . If a hurse has a good eye it . certainly injures his appearance ; and when wc have been near having our neck broke by a horse accustomed to their use—upon which for the occasion wc had put bridle and saddle—we have had no doubt but that it made them skittish . In this opinion , we are happy to find ourself supported by the Maine Farmer , who remarks that in addition to the evils mentioned by us , it causes horses to have weak eyes . Salt for Asparagus . This is a delicious vcgelablc , and one which will not be dispensed with by a family once accustomed to its use . It costs less , too , in proportion to its production , than almost any other . The Boston Cultivator lias the following in relation lo it . Wc saw some weeks ago , at Mr . Francis E . Faxon s , West Roxbury , a very flourishing bed of asparagus . We were t...
SHEEP AND WOOL . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SHEEP AND WOOL . BV CEO . FLOWER . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : Messrs . Bowers and Mr . Eno , of Island Grove , in Sangamon co . Illinois , have entered on the wool growing business with great spirit and to a considerable extent . They are now bringing into the State for their own use about 3500 ewes ; also 80 bucks of the finest quality . Having assisted these gentlemen in the selection of the bucks and in the purchase of their ewes , I was engaged about three months in examining various flocks in Pennsylvania and Ohio , and a record of some of my observations may not be uninteresting to the farmers of Illinois . In selecting the bucks , I had occasion to inspect many fine flocks , and at last made the purchase of the bucks from the flock of Mr . Hildenbrand of Ohio , who now possesses a fine flock of 1500 sheep , originally the property of Messrs . Wells &amp; Dickinson of Steubenville—one of the finest ( if not the very finest ) flocks of sheep ever owned in th...
GRASS AND WHEAT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
GRASS AND WHEAT . IIV DAVID KEW 50 M . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : If my observations , founded on experience , should benefit any of my brother farmers in the West , I shall feel much gratified . The soil of our prairies is not very well adapted to timothy . If it be sown in very low wet land , it is subject either to too much wet , or to the influence of drouth . If it be sown on high lands , it is subject to the severe action of frosts , and lo severe drouth . But the chief difficulty is , that the soil of our prairies is too open and porous for the successful growth of timothy . This premised , it is necessary to adopt tho best means to improve the growth and quantity of timothy per acre . Prepare your ground in the fall lor a crop of wheal : or rye . Harrow ihe ground smooth and level ; then draw deep water ditches in any direction that will draw off the surplus water . In the month of February sow six quarts of timothy seed to each acre of land . Sow when the snow l...
HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS CALF S HKAD . —Boil the head two hours , together with the lidits and feet . Put in the liver when it has boiled an hour and twenty minutes . Before the head is done , tic the brains in a bag , and boil them with it ; when the brains are done , take them up , season them with salt , pepper , butter , and sweet herbs , or spices if you like—use this as a dressing for the head . Some people prefer part of the fiver and feel , for dressing—they tiro prepared like ihe brains . The liquor that a calf s head is boiled in , makes a good soup , seasoned in a plain way like any oilier veal soup , or seasoned turtle fashion . The liquor should stand until the next day after the head is boiled , in order to have the fat rise , and skimmed hff . If you wish to have your calfs head look brown , take it up when tender , rub a little butter over it , sprinkle on salt , pepper , and allspice—sprinkle flour over it , and put before the fire , with a Dutch oven over it , or in u bri...
SOWING AND CUTTING GRASS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SOWING AND CUTTING GRASS . with oats and not with wheat . Is there any thing in ihe nature of the grains to produce the effect be supposes to exist ? I have succeeded as well when sowing in the fall as ihe spring , and have failed as often . I suppose that with good grass seed and a fair proportion of rainy weather , early sowing spring or fall will certainly secure a good crop of grass the succeeding year . But experience tells me never to sow in the fall again : last . September I sowed grass seed with wheat in the manner mentioned by Mr . Cross ; in August I had n fair crop of wheat , and ; m equally fair one of grass ; the cradlcr could not throw bis scythe , hig h enough to avoid cutting the grass ; It is hard work , said he , cradling and mowing at . the same time . My crop of grass this year varied from one and a half lo two tons per acre . But . 1 . feel bound to admit that timothy alone does not succeed well on dry prairies . I . have had four crops , and they have not aver...
PEDIGREE OF MAXIMUS , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
PEDIGREE OF MAXIMUS , A thorough bred Horse , owned by J . B . Richardson , of York , Clark co . III . Maximus , a bay horse , bred in 1835 , by Maj . J . A . Lee , was got by Bertrand; his dam by imp . Eagle ; grandam , the famous Lady Chesterfield , ( dam of Sir Alfred ) by imp . Diomede ; great-grandam , Lady Bolingbroke , by imp . Pantaloon ; g . g- grandam , Cades , by Wormley' s King Herod ; g . g . g . grandam , Primrose , by imp . Dove ; g . g . g . g . grandam , Stella , by imp . Othello ; g . g . g . g . g . grandam , the imported mare Selima , by Godolphin , Arabian . There is no horse in the Union that combines better blood , his ancestry having all been famous four mile racers.
RUSH MEDICAL COLLEGE . ( Fig . 29 . ) [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
RUSH MEDICAL COLLEGE . ( Fig . 29 . ) The above engraving presents a perspective view of the edifice now being erected for the Hush Medical College in Chicago . It will be completed in readiness for use during the next Course of Lectures . The building is situated mi Dearborn street , on the north side of the river ; it is of brick , the entire length 05 feet , breadth 40 feet , is surmounted by a dome of 30 feet span ; the proportions are beautiful and it will , when completed , be an ornament to the cily . The principal entrance and stairways are in the projection in front . On the ground floor is a lecture room with seats rising one above the other , capable of containing 250 persons . In the rear of this , the chemical laboratory and a hall for a cabinet are placed . On the second floor is an octagonal amphitheatre of the same size of the lecture room , and lighted by a sky-light at tho apex of the dome . In the rear of the amphitheatre are rooms for the anatomical cabinet &...
ELLSWORTH'S REPORT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
ELLSWORTHS REPORT . Silk . Tho increased attention given to the cullnre of this article has been productive of the best results . For a few years past the increase has been greatest in the Western States—say Ohio , Indiana , and Tennessee . The eggs of the silk worm are becoming an article of traffic of no trifling amount ; several thousannd dollars worth having been exported from Maine and New Hampshire to the West Indies . In New York it was stated at the Show of the State Society last year that the silk crop of 19 persons in a single district of the country was 2 . 150 pounds ; and in Monroe county the quantity offered for the State premium was 2 , 180 pounds . At Economy , in Pennsylvania , the progress of silk culture for 5 years has been as follows : Years . No . of lbs . of Cocoons . 1838 ... 1 1 , 400 1839 .... 1 , 800 1840 2 , 400 1841 .... 4 , 400 1842 5 , 500 In 5 years 15 , 500 In Tennessee the quantity produced last year is estimated at from 20 , 000 to 25 , 000 lbs . T...
SAFETY REIN . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SAFETY REIN . We give below a cut . of this invention , copied from the Spirit , of the Times . It will be seen that the operation of it is , to choke the horse ; so as effectually lo subdue his running disposition , whether it proceeds from vice or fear . Any one who has read of the catching and taming the wild horses of South America , knows the power which is soon obtained over them by means of the all-potent lasso . Willi it , in a very little lime , the most high-spirited and ferocious of these lordly racers of the wild tire . subdued and rendered obedient as kittens . lis operation is so sudden and effectual , that it . astonishes and overwhelms ihe animal , and renders him totally powerless for evil or resistance . It will be seen that it . is wholly . simple , and little more expensive or inconvenient than the check rein . The rein , it will be seen , is fastened lo a hook on the top of the head at B , and the other end at F . The strap C crossing the throat , through the lo...
EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT . EXTRACTS FROM AN ADDRESS By REV . MR - CONA . VT , upon Common School Education , before the Sugar Grove ( Kane co . ) Farmers Institute , July 4 th , 1844 . ( Concluded from page 212 . ) School Books . Another important thing in the improvement of our common schools is care in selecting and providing the best books . Great improvements have been made in books of instruction ; but there are many in use which are but poorly fitted for the end designed . For the serious business of education , books should not be dressed up in the style of fiction and romance , to attract attention , nor made so simple that no exercise of the intellectual faculties will be afforded ; but they should be attractive , and easy to be understood . If the style of a book is dry , abstract , and obscure , it will make the subject of which it treats uninteresting to the learner . The old method in books of instruction was to begin where they should end , and end where they should begi...
SCHOOL-HOUSE ARCHITECTURE . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SCHOOL-HOUSE ARCHITECTURE . I 1 EP 0 ET OF HON . HORACE MANN . ( Continued from page 211 . J LOCATION OF SCHOOL HOUSES . —All philosophers agree that external objects affect temper and character . If their influences are imperceptible , the results will be so much the surer , because imperceptible influences are never resisted . Because children cannot analyze and state in propositions the feelings which outward circumstances breathe into their susceptible minds , it is no proof that they are not undergoing insensible changes . Every body recognizes the silent influences of external nature , if exerted only for a few days , io the case of those religious sects who use the forest for a temple . Fatal contagions enter through the skin or lungs , without sending forward any herald . Subtile influences upon such delicate tissues as the nerves and brain are not seen in the process , but only in the result . Bnt experience and reason enable us to foresee such consequences , and , foreseei...
SCHOOL HOUSES AND SCHOOLS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 October 1844
SCHOOL HOUSES AND SCHOOLS . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : I find in your paper a call for a convention to subserve the purpose of education in our Suite ; and when I tell you that I am a teacher , I suppose that will be a sufficient apology for this communication . I am much gratified to see this call , and that there is an interest felt in this subject by a few at least ; and I am pleased to find that this proposition for an educational convention has the advocacy of some noble spirits and true . I could hope there mig ht be a response from every town in the Stale , in the form of a delegate to attend the meeting ; but I fear there is too much apathy upon this subject to have it meet with general success ; and were it not that I belong to that sex of whom St . Paul says let them keep silence , I am sure there would he one attendant ; and if I could suggest nothing as an improvement upon the present statc * of things , I could , as the Washinglonians say , tell my experienc...