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SWINE BREEDING FROM THE FARMER'S STANDPOINT. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
SWINE BREEDING FROM THE FARMER'S STANDPOINT. There arc two essential factors to bo considered by every farmer wliu raises pigs. First, the breeding of u typo that has the power of applying food to the laying 011 of muscle and far, and will provide a maximum amount of choice meat at a minimum cost. Second, the feeding of the proper kinds and amount of food to obtain the desired results. It may be said that one of these factors is as essential as the other. Great care should be taken in select ing the foundation for the breeding stock. Whatever breed a man selects it should in all cases be bred pure. It is indeed a poor practice to cross this year with one breed, next year with another and the next with something else. Is it not a fact that a nice bunch of black pigs as even as possible in size pro sent a more pleasing picture than ai: equal number of ring streaked .and speckled o'nes. Some say that a cross bred animal is a better feeder than a pure bred. This is surely a mistake. I b...
DENES THOMAS OBRIEN. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
DENES THOMAS 0T>R1T&lt;-N. J.U\ ' Me.-ijjher, iintru-:tt(l by Vlr. l\ H po;Y.uiL, ttppcurcJ for .applhtut,' who, Ire saijl, 'wiis just wiivalesqfig from aa attack . 01 tfphoid'fever. It was a handicap that kg Wiio unable to be pnseut. | Mr Cohen, P.M., said that lh3 police report as to character was that he was a suitable man to conduct a hotel, and a good business mm. Mr Shelton said thsre was nothing against Mr O'Brien's personal charac ter. . Mr Meager said he had a photo of the applicant, but the Bench said it was not necessary that they should see it. Mr W. K. Brunt appeared for peti tioners to object that the site was in the immediate vicinity of the State school. It had been agreecf that evidence as to distance, etc., in this regard, given in the case of Carl Johnson would apply to this application, which was on the opposite corner to Johnson's. Mr Meagher said that Mr O'Brien had successfully conducted a produce business, he had been brought up in an hotel, and Mt...
SEAWEED FOR MANURE. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
SEAWEED FOR MANURE. Seaweed, which is plentiful 011 some coasts, forms a eheaj) and valuable manure. The composition varies with the vari ety, but the following may be taken as the approximate analysis: Water ..... 80 per cent. Organic matter . 10-20 per cent. | Nitrogen 3-.73 per cent. | Potash 3-1.9 per cent. ?j Phosphoric acid .1- .5 per cent, ij Prom the above analysis it / will be ' seen that seaweed is comparable as a manure with farmyard' manure, being, however, slightly deficient in phos phates. It has the advantage of being free from, weed seeds.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
Stone Jars Straw Color from Age. , . _ p '-ia J n WOME MID V&WY WHOLESOME. DISTILLERY ESTABLISHED ©YE! 335 YEARS. \n r\A POT© French Grape ** ? ib) .£3 Cognac CI The Original House of STEWART, Edinburgh Founded 1779. A STRAIGHT TIP " DRINK STEWARTS ! " ? 'FIVE RULES POK FORTUNE 1. Cultivate and perfect your ideas. Experiment. The world is eager for something new, which, however simple it may be, will save labor, or expense, or do things better. Let it be more convenient. or promote pleasure-reduce waste. People who handle things in every day use are the natural inventors of better things, and the natural capitalists of to-morrow. Read the splendid advice that Edison gives. Learn the procedure as to pa tenting in the cliief countries,-then secure your own legal monopoly for your rights by becoming a patentee. 2. If that workman or foreman, or your ingenious yriend has produced a clever invention ;-ut him on the track of famous and wealthy inventors. Mr. F. Townsend, an editor...
EGGS FOR WINTER USE. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
EGGS FOR WINTER USE. Eggs preserved in a water-glass solu tion will lceep almost perfectly for sev eral mouths. They will poach -nearly as well as fresh eggs, although the taste is a- trille more flat after long storage. These arc .the conclusions of the Missouri, College of "Agriculture after a careful investigation of various methods of storing eggs for winter use. Water-glass is purchased in liquor form. One quart is enough to preserve twenty dozens of eggs. For this num ber a. five-galiou stone or earthenware crock is the most satisfactory recep tacle. Heat ten quarts of water to the boiling point and allow it to cool. Then pour the water into the crock, add one quart of water-glass and mix the two. The solution is then ready for the eggs. Place the eggs in the water-glass solu tion each day as soon as they are laid. Use only naturally clean, not washed, fresh eggs, When the crock is filled to within two inches of the top of the solution, cover and store in a cool dry place unti...
MARY HAINES. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
MARY HAINES. Instructed by Mr.^McComas, Mr. J. S. Meager appeared ror applicant. The site was at tho comer of McBride Avenue and Graham street, 33 feet by 132 feet. Mr. Meager said that the business circulated in the centre of the town and not at ends. ; Mary Haines, at present licensee of Loch Hotel, sai l sin proposed to erect a brick buiiiing at a cost oi! £2750. She produced an option for which £25 was paid ti Dr. Looney, owner of the land. Dr. Looney said he owned the land; the site was a good one ; he had posted the notice on tho door. A. R. Edwards, Kongwnk, and Percy Whitburn stated applicant conducted a superior hotel at Loch in an excellent manner. William Rain, architect, also gave evidence regarding plans.
RESULTS OF BAD HANDLING. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
| RESULTS OF BAD HANDLING. Mechanical injury to eggs, due to rough handling, causes a groat loss to the egg industry each year, as well as a food Joss to the consumers, Eggs that are completely wrecked (termed '' mash ed" in commerce) are not only worth less themselves but they soil a num ber of eggs, otherwise good. When the shell is so broken that the contents are escaping the egg is termed a "leak er." Another elass of eggs which have a technical term applied to them be cause of mechanical injury, aro the "cheeks." "Checks" are eggs the membranes of which are intact but with cracked shells. The egg industry has to contend with an enormous number of these. If the .crack or defect is vis ible only whcyi the egg is-held before n candle or when it is gently tapped against another sound egg it is called a j '' blind check.'' This tapping of one egg against another is called "click ing ;' by the egg men. '' Leakers'' are thrown out at every stage of haudling. The country mer chant usua...
Wontnaggi Licensing Court THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1914. (Before Messrs P. Cohen, J. W. W. Beaven, and C. J. Grey, P.M's) THE WONTHAGGI APPLICATIONS. E. SHEEHAN. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
Wontnaggi Licensing Court THURSDAY, DEC'15M.,HHI't IT, 11)14. (Qt f'jre Messrs P. Golicn, J. W. W. itiid 0. J. Grey. P.M's) T1IK WoXTHACCI AI'I'i.lCATlO.XS. Application u-a'i made for a site in McBrkie Avenue. Mr. W. IJ. Flint appeared for applicant who he said owned the pioneer accommodation house in Wonthaggi. It was P. marquee which, one' night in a gsio, was blown away, but ni:s client later put up a house which he filled with beds. He had previous experience as a licensee and owned a hotel, now leased -in Pen guni, Tasmania. Hopton Guts'uk-Z Nolan, architect, provided the plan;: which provided for a two story brjck building, estimated .cost £4000, it could be completed by September 1st. Edward Sheenan said he resided five years in Wonlhaffgi, he owned the Allotments : or.o title was produced the other was in tVj bank : his property at J'enguni was v.o; ;,h £8000 or .£7030; 3ie had a lii.lle o.cj., not much, and had sufficent m.-i: wi:-, ;o i:nuns« tha building. To Mr. cheknn : ...
ELECTROCUTING MILK. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
ELECTROCUTING MILK. Dr Hope, the medical officer of lieaiti) tor .Liverpool, reports the re sults of some experiments on the in fluence of electricity on milk. It seems that Prof. Beattio has been working at this for some time with a rapidly alternating current. A regu lar flow of milk has been passea through insulated copper vessels, so that the milk is strongly and evenly electrified, so to speak. The result of this is that the bacteria in the milk have been killed . It appears that tho milk has not been wholly sterilised, but that the principal bacteria, more particularly those which are not pro pagated by spores, are almost com pletely exterminated, and as science is progressive, the methods and results are likely to be .still further improved. It is rather strange that we have noC had this sort of thing investigated long ago, for tho present writer remembers it being discussed just forty years ago in one of the scientific journals, ana some of the information then was that the ...
HENRY JOLLY. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
HENRY JOLLY. Henry Jolly, m.mager' Won':haggi Theatre, appeared for .3 Theatre bar license. Mr. Meager, instructed by Mr. - Conant, appeared for applicant, Mr. Brunt appeared for petitioners, on tne grounds (.1) That the license was not required and (2) That young people frequenting the Theatre would be tempted to drink. The bench fixed tin neighbourhood as bounded by Marry, Watt, Billion and McKenzie streets (the business area). Mr. Brunt submitted that this was too restricted, patrons of the Theatre came from a larger area. After some argument the neighbour hood was fixed at a radius off otamile. Mr. Shelton said the police only objected on the general ground that the license was not required, the same as in other cases. Mr. Meager said that the Wonthaggi Theatre was the principal place of amusement, at which picture shows and other entertainments were held. In bleak winter weather it was incon venient for patrons to go to a hotel. In Melbourne, most of the theatres had bars. The ...
CARROTS FOR HORSES. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
CARROTS FOR HORSES. '' The field carrot, " a contributor writes, 'is sadly neglected as a field crop, especially in liorse feeding. It is certainly a little more expensive to grow than turnips or maiigolds, but is far more valuable. The best kind is AVhite Belgian, which is a heavy, crop per and will produce 16 tons per acre; it is a splendid root for dairy Cows in winter, especially, where "butter is made, to which it imparts both color and fine flavor, besides increasing the yield, be well manured with farmyard man ure, preferably in the autumn, and The ground intended for them shasiM ploughed to a fair depth, the drills should "be about 1-1 inches apart, and the plants thinned to 6 inches between them in the rows. "A little superphosphate should be drilled with the seed, and it is a good, plan to add a little barley, which quick ly indicates the rows and enables hoe ing to be done much sooner. ' "Wo rub the seed well in before sowing to make it run more freely and evenly froin th...
SAMUEL ABRAHAM. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
SAMUEL ABRAHAM. Mr. Brunt app?a-.;e:l for applicant. The site was in Graham street on comer or righ -o f - way, centrally situated in the main hu-iosss area. He had ore block fronting Graham street and part of a block at the rear which could ba used for stabling. The notices were admitted and the advertisements IiacI been inserted in the "Wonthaggi Sentinel" of Dec. 4. Samuel Abraham, manager of the Melbourne Furalahing Go-.npaiy, said he had managed a financial office in Ballarat; a brick building was on the site, which he promised to alter to make it an up-to-date hotel, according to plans provided, at a cost of .-S2003 in addition to cost of present building, £1000. William Rain, architect, Sydney !?n):thi fruiterer, Charles I-Iumffray, draper, John Gartian, head teacher Wonthaggi S.S. and Licensing In spector Costelow also gave evidence.
San Remo. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
San Remo, The following is the rainfall re gistered at San Remo during the two years ended 31st December last : An unusually large number of tourists visited San Remo during the Xmas. and New Year holiday season. The rain of Xinas. day interfered with outdoor amuse ments, but on tlie whole the. wea ther was enjoyable, being for the most part tine and cool. The New Year was ushered in at midnight on-the 31st December with the customary manifestations of bois terous hilarity, - which always gather strength in proportion to the size of the concourse of people. At a meeting held in the San Remo Hotel on the 7th inst., Mr T. H. Bergin in the chair, it was resolved that a race club be formed and a race meeting held early in February. Mr A. Potter was appointed treasure]' and Mr E. H. Smith, secretary. The pro gramme of events was drawn up at a meeting held on Wednesday, January 13. I J January February March April May June July August September October November Eecember 1913 1914. Pts. Pt...
Bass. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
Bass. Th.; sport,;-- and races on New Year's Day were most successful. The course had been passed as .satisfactory l>v the CJliief Commis sioner of Police, .Mr. G. Sains bury. The attendance was large, £'2.'-> being taken at the g.it-e. An acci dent befel Geo. Garrj" in the third race. His saddle was not tightly girthed, and it came off, the' rider falling heavily. Dr. Baird im mediately attended hi:n and lie is now convalescent. He is a first class horseman,' anil ' had ridden two winners.' ' As well as the horse events tiiere were a number of boys and girls' races. The'l}all at night W3j most successful.
Wonthaggi Court of Petty Sessions. YESTERDAY, (Before Messrs M. D. Cock and W. P. Ferguson, J's P.) [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
V/onthaggj Court of Pett^ £>ecsiorts, £ rrsr YESTERDAY, (Before Messrs; M. D. Cock unci \V. P. Ferguson, J's P.) Evan Jones who created a- dis turbance at a dance at Inverloch on January 8, pleaded guilty to three charges of assault against Ceo. Fin lay and V C. Brown, visitors from Windsor, and to resisting Constable Hehir. Senior Constable Tennant prosecuted ; the evidence showed that feroci ous and savage assaults had been made, Constable Hehir having his fingers bitten and face scrarehed so badly that Dr Looney had to attend him. He was fined £2 on each charge with £2 5s (3d costs and 10s for damage to' uni form, a total of i'S 15s'6d. rj:he fjne iyas paid and defendant expressed his sorrow for what hail taken jdace. He had taken whisky which ho was not used to George Bainbridge was fined 5s for blasting a slump in his yard on .Jmuary 1, at 12 15 a.m, without permission of the council- The bcnch said it was a serious offence. A fine of 5s was inflicted on C. Woodard, North Wo...
Penalizing Country Industries. PROTEST AGATNST INCREASE IN RAILWAY FRETGHTS [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
Penalizing Country j Indus tries. PROTEST AGATNST INCREASE IN RAILWAY FRETGHT-S The proposal to increise railway freights is an ill timed one and has rouse 1 resentment throughout the country. In this district there aro numerous tiains with long strings of empty trucks returning to the State coal mine, hauled from Melbourne to Won thaggi. The added cost of haulage of thrpe of four trucks of goods would bs infiniti imal, when it is considered "that the trucks must return empty for coal, but freight charges for goods are now 30s to 4-Os per ton, and there i- a move for an increase. If tho Government is sincere in its desire for the country to develop, cheap r-ilway freights and rapid transit are the most essential factors. Circulars have been received ly Vi-.iious municipalities from the Bal larat Eust town council, protesting against proposal to increase railway frjights which would c uise tin evils of centralisation to be accentuated. Th6 metropolis should bear a fair share of wha'o...
THE CURLY COATED BREED OF PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
THE CURLY COATED BREED OF PIGS. .This breed of pigs is reported as hav ing recently come greatly into favour in the United Kingdom. They are de scribed as iu favour with baeon-curers,' and are good doers, while they are also a healthy breed, producing large litters of vigorous young pigs, which fatten well, and reach the marketing state very quickly. Prompted by the ncreased price of raw material, millers are again advanc ing the values of their products. The appreciation in oats and barley since 2nd November amounts to about 6d. per bushel, and consequently a similar movement has taken place in the manu factured articles. Oatmeal has been advanced' £i), pearl barley £8/10/, and split jjeas £1 per ton.
NEW INVENTIONS. COMMON WEALTH PATENTS. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
NEW INVENTiOPJS. UUAIAIUJN WiSAJUTH i'ATiflWXB. Applications fox* grant of letters pat ent, which . have been lodged in the following names, have been accepted by the Commissioner : - Messrs G. G. Turri and (Jo., pat cut attorneys Mo. 1, of Australia, or tiie liialtO; 499 Collins Street, Mel bourne, have prepared this report from the official records: Joints for lJiles.-How sxmple it is to make money by in veil tons is ehowr by the loll owing successful notion. To join two timbers ther is driven 'over the bottom a sleeve which has a central diaphragm. A dowel pin is driven through this cen tre. The upper pile is now driven down on the pin, and the sleeve se cured by bolts. Mr. W. A. McDear mid, Florida, U.S.A. Water Cooled bate.-A safe has sides with liessian kept moist, and through which air passes to cool the food. The invention is a successful one, anu is due to the ingenuty of Mr. A. S. ltawling, of N.S.W. Curing Concrete Pipes.-A simple idea is in this case effective. A shield ...
ANIMALS THAT KNOW WHAT THEY NEED. [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
ANIMALS THAT KNOW WHAT THEY NEED. The instinct which animals possess generally serves their purpose just as well as the reasoning faculty in man. Especially is this so when the animals become afflicted, for they frequently, and with unerring instinct, prcscriba for themselves, searching out that par ticular herb or plant or kind of soil which will quickly make them well. We have been told how the mongoose cuVcs himself, when bitten by a cobra, by eating a certain plant, and many of us have seen a sick dog bury himself in the dirt, thereby to overcome some af fection. Animals get rid of' their para sites by using dust, mud, day, etc. Those suffering from fever restrict their diet, keep quiet, seek darkness, and airy places, drink water, and some times even plunge into it. When a dog has lost its appetite he eats that* spe cies of grass known as dog-grass. Cats also cat grass, catnip, etc., when they feel the need of a tonic. Sheep and cows, when ill, seek out certain herbs. An animal...
CLAY SOILS. HOROUGH WORKING NECESSARY [Newspaper Article] — Powlett Express and Victorian State Coalfields Advertiser — 15 January 1915
CLAY SOILS. J _: I HOR.OUGH WORKING NECESSARY Oil Heavy clayey soils it is almost a mud uution to plaee seeds and plants therein (saj-s an exchange) until thor ough working has taken place. The chief object of this is to give scope to the roots of plants, and more especially vegetables, for, without plenty of roots, no plant will become vigorous, no matter how rich the soil it be growing in. The more the soil. is worked to a tilth the more fibrous roots are increas ed, therefore the more extract is. ab sorbed and the more vigorous does the plant beeoiirca Not only is it beneficial previous to-planting or sowing, but also during the process of, vegetation. Ap plied between the rows of plants in'this manner, it also operates in the way of pruning, by cutting extending fibres, causing them to branch out, thereby in creasing the pores of the plants; and such food as is in the soil is more sought after and taken up by them. Cultivation also increases the capil lary- attraction of soils, ...