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Brine for Pickling Meat . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Brine for Pickling Meat . The best recipe for making brine for curing pork or beef is to add enough salt to boiling water until the brine is strong enough to float a medium-sized potato ; or pork may be packed in a barrel with three inches of salt in the bottom and two inches of salt between each layer of meat , and three inches on top of salt , and all the space *) between also filled with salt , and hard water poured in until it shows itself above the meat . There is no danger in having too much salt in packing pork . For hams and shoulders use six pounds of salt , two ounces of saltpeter , aud two quarts of molasses , or flve pounds * of sugar for one hundred pounds of meat . The meat may either be packed in this mixture / sprinkling some of it on the bottom of the cask and between the meat , and adding water until the mass is covered , or it may be rubbed on the flesh side and the meat piled snugly together . The mixture should be divided up into three quantities , and rubbed in...
Smoking Heats . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Smoking Heats . In order to smoke a smaU quantity of meat , where the party has no smoke-house , a cheap but good arrangement for smoking hams or shoulders , according to the Farmers Review , can be made by the use simply of a box and barrel . The box should be about eighteen inches high and wide enough for a barrel to set on it when it ls turned bottom Bide Up on the ground . Cut a hole six inches square in . the bottom near one end—cut a door place a foot wide and six inches deep in the upper edge of the other end of the box . Then place lt in position on the ground and Bet the barrel , from which both heads have been removed , over the . hole cut in the bottom—but which is now the top—of the box , suspend the meat from sticks laid across the top of the barrel , and cover with a blanket or canvas to retain the smoke . The smoke can be made in an iron vessel just inside the doorway cut in the end . This opening should be closed with a board to prevent a draft , which would cause th...
Young Stock and Their Food . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Young Stock and Their Food . The experiments of Lawes , Sanborn , Miles , Armsby , Boussingault , and others no less prominent authorities , have shown beyond dispute or question that the older the animal becomes the more food it takes to fatten or keep-it fat . It is generally conceded by experienced feeders that it requires from 18 to 19 pounds of good upland hay per day to keep alive and from shrinking a beef of 1 , 000 pounds , and that an animal of 2 , 000 pounds will consume from 38 to 40 pounds per day to supply the heat and waste of animal tissues constantly going on . The fact is potent , then , that the longer the animal is kept and fed , the greater the amount of food consumed to simply supply the waste in the system . For the same reasons we cannot make pork as cheaply from hogs 20 months old as from those at 10 months . A hog that can be fattened on 2 * 3 pounds of corn meat per day for 10 months , should weigh at least 300 pounds , but if kept ten months longer the rat...
Weights of Holstein Heifers . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Weights of Holstein Heifers . Messrs . Geo . E . Brown &amp; Co ., Aurora , 111 ., writes us as follows in regard to the weights resulting from experiments made by them . On the 31 st of December lajjt . we weighed 44 yearling heifers , all of one lot of that age imported from Holland last fall , which averaged 1 , 024 pounds each . One , the oldest and largest , that will be two years old about the flrst of April , pulled the scales down ft 1 , 235 pounds . There was but one that weighed as little as 900 pounds , and only flve that weighed as low as 950 pounds or less . We also weighed a heifer , that will be three years old tne 10 th of March next , that tipped the beam at 1 , 440 pounds . These heifers underwent the hardships of an ocean voyage , spent in quarantine 90 days of the best season of the year for making growth , and have run out all fall and winter with only an open shed for shelter in which they were tied twice per day for about an l-jour , and each fed two q...
Sheep and Their Shelter . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Sheep and Their Shelter . While sheep should be well sheltered , yet unless proper shelter is constructed loss sometimes occurs , especially to young lambs . Some very valuable suggestions on this point are derived by noticing the methods adopted in other countries . In Norway , it is said , as well as in Holland , which has a much colder climate than France or England , sheep live out of doors the year round without inconvenience ; but where Merino or other sheep of delicate constitution are kept , they should be provided with a cover 1 to protect them from the heat of the sun in summer , and in winter from rain and wet snow , which soak their fleeces , and often chill them fatally . The sheds for this purpose may with advantage be closed with a wall on the north side , but left entirely open , or sheltered with louvre boards , on the south . If built thus , they can be kept dry and wholesome throughout the year . The doors of such buildings , especially , should be very wide , and...
The Cheapest Mode . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
The Cheapest Mode . It is not necessary to begin improvement with the purchase of a whole herd or flock . The cheapest is to buy a bull , a boar , or a ram , either alone or by clubbing in with a few neighbors . Once the animal is secured it may be sold when no longer serviceable and a second one bought with the assistance of the money secured by that derived from the sale of the flrst . Suppose a boar be bought for $ 20 , though they may be purchased for less , and he become the sire of a dozen pigs . At only flve cents a pound for pork the increase of weight of fifty pounds to each hog will more than pay the cost of the boar . That is , if only twelve pigs be procured from the boar ( and there is no reason why there should not be 100 ) and each pig be fifty pounds heavier only , than a scrub , the gain will be 600 pounds , which , at only five cents a pound is $ 30 . Thus it may be claimed that it really costs nothing at all to improve , and more especially so when the boar can be...
No More Plenro-Pneumonia . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
No More Plenro-Pneumonia . According to the -following this disease has ceased , in one of the herds to which it was confined , and no doubt has been cured in , other quarters . Dr . H . A . Woodroffe , veterinary . In * spector . Bureau of Animal Industry , United States Department of Agriculture , states : I hereby certify that I this day inspected the herd of Jersey cattle belonging to C . B . 0 . Dye , Esq ., Spring-dale Farm , Troy , Ohio , and after a careful examination found them ln perfect health and free from &lt; uiy appearance of Pleuropneumonia or other contagious diseases .
Pickled Beef . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Pickled Beef . Cut the beef into suitable pieces , rub well with salt , and let it stand for twenty-four hours . Then immerse it in very strong brine , care being taken that no portion of the beef becomes uncovered . Beef may be oured and hung up , if placed in a close box with burning sulphur for half an hour and then taken out . Eggs and fruit may be preserved in the same manner . Place the eggs in a close box , burn some sulphur in the box and shut it up tight . Let it remain closed half an hour , then put the eggs away dry . They will keep for six or eight months . This is the celebrated ozone process . To preserve fruits or vegetables , put a jar of water in the box with the fruit . Burn sulphur , close tightly , let remain closed for half an hour , then put the fruit in the jar of water , cover with a piece of paper and stowaway . To preserve meat , omit water . Take it out of box and hang up dry . It will keep months . So will fish ., No taste of sulphur affects it , as cooki...
Stock Notes . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Stock Notes . THE value of the sheep in Colorado is estimated at $ 20 , 000 , 000 . IT IS expected that 500 , 000 sheep will be shipped to England from New Zealand the coming year . TEN-FOUND washed fleeces and 125-pound mutton carcasses should be the average for Merino flocks , says the Sheep Breeder , and the value of each sheep should be from $ 4 to $ 5 per head . THE Farmers Gazette ( Ireland , claims that the operation of dishorning cattle made the animals much more valuable , and that it made the dishorned animals more tractable , gentle and less dangerous to man and each other . AN Indiana farmer states tbat he cured heaves in horses by withholding hay from them and substituting green food in its place . He also gives a ball as large as a walnut , composed of equal parts of balsam of fir and balsam of copalba . CATTLEMEN and stock owners of the Yellowstone Valley are waging a war of extermination against the numberless bears , prairie wolves and coyotes that are committing ra...
Death of a Valuable Berkshire . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Death of a Valuable Berkshire . The well known Berkshire hog . Lord Liverpool ( 221 ) , died at Sedalia , Mo ., on the 26 th of December . He was eleven years and three months old and was the sire of 173 animals from 83 different litters recorded in the American Berkshire Becord . He was bred in England , imported in August , 1874 , by John Snell s Sons , of Canada , and sold in November , 1875 , to N . H . Gentry , of Sedalia , Mo ., for $ 700 .
Buttermilk For Pigs . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Buttermilk For Pigs . Among the numerous experiments made by those who have tested the feeding value of buttermilk and skim milk , it was fed to young pigs ln the proportion of two ounces of meal to one quart of milk , subsequently increased to three ounces of meal . Corn meal cost $ 1 . 40 per 100 pounds and skim milk was valued at two cents per gallon . Buttermilk cost at the creamery 1 . 37 cents per gallon . Without giving the weekly table of feed and gain , we find the following results : Three pigs were fed in each lot , one lot with corn meal and skim milk and the other with meal and buttermilk , the same quantity of meal in each case and in the same proportion . With this feed in four months the gain was 187 pounds , average 1 . 56 pounds per day in one pig and nearly the same in others . One pig gained 244 pounds , or an average of over two pounds per day live weight . The cost of dressed pork in the lot fed meal and skim milk was 5 . 8 cents per pound , and the lot fed but...
Animal Force From Food . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Animal Force From Food . The force exerted by an animal comes from the actual burning up of the body , is very great , and in a paper on this subject Prof . Antrim states that it was formerly thought that portions ot the muscles themselves were burned when they contracted , and as the muscles consist chiefly of protein it was thought that working animals needed a large upply of protein in their food to make good the loss of muscle-substance caused by the work . Later experiments showed , however , that no more protein was burned up in the body during work than during rest , while very muoh more starchy and fatty matter was burned , and certain authors earnestly maintained that working animals needed chiefly starchy matter and fat in their food . Still more recent experiments have led to modifications of these views . With our present knowledge upon this subject , the truth appears to be that either protein , carbhydrates or fat may serve as fuel in the body for the production of pow...
Cure For Hog Cholera . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Cure For Hog Cholera . Among the hundreds of remedies for hog cholera is one offered by a writer to the Farming World , the method for which we give as stated : Get a long neck bottle ; put one gill of milk and a half teaspoonful of pure carbolic aoid in it . Let one man catch the hog by the ears and set him up between his legs , holding his head up , another man with bottle in one hand and a short stiok in the other as thick as a mans wrist , put the stick in the animal s mouth crosswise so that he cannot break the bottle while pouring the contents down . It they are not well in a week repeat the dose . I never had to repeat it . I never seperate them , but if confined in a pen I turn them out . We believe in the efficacy of carbolic acid for all contagious diseases . as it has been found useful in many cases where other remedies have failed . It ie not Only well to give it as medicine but it should be used freely as a disinfectant about the pens . The object should be to destroy t...
Utilizing Dead Carcasses . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Utilizing Dead Carcasses . CALIFORNIA LINNET . I have been looking over your paper , and read your answer to the inquiry How to Utilize Dead Carcasses , especiaUy hogs having died of hog cholera . Now , as I am a woman , I am not supposed to know much about swine , nor do I , but there is one idea I have in regard to using such carcasses as fertilizers , which might be well to ventilate before anyone has used them . I have read that arsenic dissolved in water and put upon the roots of growing vegetables will be absorbed by them , and anyone eating them would die and chemical analysis would fail to detect it in the stomach . Now , that being the case wilh arsenic , might it not be the same with the cholera poison , which is even more virulent ? I wish you would try and ascertain from some scientific chemist or other person , the truth or falsity of my proposition . It might be the acids you combine with the carcass would neutralize the poison of disease . Your article Clover for lien...
Transfers of Thoroughbred Stoc . - [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Transfers of Thoroughbred Stoc . - ¦ ) AMERICAN BERKSHIRE RECORD . Prospeot Lad VIH ( 12 , 691 ) , Springer Bros ., Springfield , III , to W . B . Wills &lt; fe Bro ., Pittsfield , 111 . Miami Granite ( 12 , 705 ) , Springef Bros , to 1 John Burruss , Miami , Mo . Daniel Boone ( 12 , 707 ) , Clifford &lt; fc White , Wellington , Ohio , to J . S . Goo , Brownsville , Pa . Dick Turpin ( 10 , 933 ) , C . F . Alkire , Pandora , Ohio , to Alkire Bros .. Pandora , Ohio . Maggie May ( 10 , 934 ) , C . F . Alkire to Alkire Bros . Putnam Lad ( 10 , 935 ) , C . F . Alkire to Alkire Bros . Elmwood Lass XXVII ( 12 , 720 ) , Chas . F . Mills , Springfield , 111 ., to L . A . Tomlinson , Seipe Springs , Tex . Elmwood DuBe XVI ( 12 , 721 ) , Chas . F . Mills to J . E . Mann , Woodbine , Iowa . Elmwood Duke XVII ( 12 , 735 ) , Chas . F . Mills to L . Foster , Sergeants Bluff , Iowa . PHIL . M . SPRINGER , Sec . Springfield , 111 .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
stalks , 175 pounds of raw potatoes , 504 pounds of turnips , 800 pounds of oarrots , 54 pounds of rye , 46 pounds of wheat , SB pounds of oats , 45 pounds of mixed peas and beans , 64 pounds of buckwheat , 57 pounds of Indian corn , 68 pounds of acorns , 105 pounds of wheat bran , 167 pounds of wheat , pea and oat ohaff , 179 pounds of mixed rye and barley , 54 , pounds of linseed , or 338 pounds of mangel-wurzel . MB . GEORGE SIMPSON , an English dairyman , says he has found that the ordinary practice of drying continuous milkers , giving from twelve to sixteen quarts daily , does not answer at all . Instead of attempting to dry cows giving large quantities of milk he now finds it better to turn them in a loose box and teed on oat straw . By this means the flow ot milk is reduced , and gradually they dry themselves off without any evil effects following . The practice of suddenly checking the flow of milk of good milkers by the ordinary method has resulted , in his ease , in three...
THE ORCHARD . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
THE ORCHARD . Trimming Grape Vines . As the vines can be trimmed during the cold months , there are several methods ot so doing . There are three tribes of vines , among them being those whose ihternodii are at short distances from each other , those at middle distances , and those at long distances . The flrst tribe of vines requires the short out ; the second , the middling long out ; and the third should be pruned long . Vines of different node distances should not be planted together , for the wider noded ones , which indicate a potent organism of the species , will Impoverish the less vigorous , nearer noded species . It follows that attention should be paid to the size of cuttings to plant , according as the separation of nodes indicates a weak or a robust nature of the varieties . Old Columella taught : Short-noded vines , long cuttings ; long-noded ones , shorter . The reason for short-pruning short-noded vines -is that from the flrst two or three nodes the fructifying branc...
Does Poultry Pay ? [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Does Poultry Pay ? This question is so often propounded , and by so many different kinds of people , that to answer it intelligently requires considerable explanation , even when you can ascertain what ls meant by your questioner , not always an easy matter by any means . As facts speak with great eloquence and forcible logic , we quote the following from the American Poultry Yard . Bear in mind , dear readers , that these figures are not made up for an occasion , but are the result of two years of careful Btudy and observation . As to location all is in your favor . More money can be made by poultry raising in Colorado than in any of the States east of us . From reliable experimental records before us at present writing ( gathered in the past two years from various credible sources ) , we note down the following results in brief . In ten selected instances the profits given below are real—where ¦ correct accounts have been kept , in each case , for a twelvemonth , viz .: With 120 f...
Raising the Dust . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Raising the Dust . A new broom sweeps clean . The broom has long been dubbed a woman s weapon , and certainly this innocent looking article of household use , when pressed into active service by a Btrong , energetic sweeper , is . exceedingly efficacious in driving from the fireside both friend and foe . Eyes , throat , lungs ,, ln vain protest against the quintessence of dust ; thoroughness is everything . Various patents , more or less successful , have been taken out on carpet-BweeperB , but the old-fashioned indispensable holds its own against all ohanges and improvements . In purchasing this necessary article of discomfort , there should be oareful selection if you desire the best . Choose green stuff , and see that the handle is not shaky . The stalk of the corn should not go below the sewing as it is brittle and liable to break off . In sweeping , handle the broom lightly and skillfully , the handle Inclining forward , that the dust may thus be partially prevented from rising...
Fitted Jackets . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 15 January 1885
Fitted Jackets . Jerseys have been superseded by jackets made of an elastio woven material , known as stockinet , which are found . quite as useful , and more available ,, Thesejaokets are not so long lu the skirt —in fact , are shaped and diversified more like basques , some having a pleated postilion back , others a plaited gore inserted , and still others a hollow plait , whioh just serves to give space to the fullness ¦ of the skirt . Some of the finer jackets are only made in black , some in all the simple , dark , cloth colors , particularly navy blue , brown , green , and gull gray . Some are finished with braiding , some with only an interior facing and buttons , some with standing band , others with turn-down collar . They are not expensive , and they are most useful and durable for wear with dark , plaided skirtB , the tunio fashionably made on the cross and draped to one side , or made of a plain material and striped in front with velvet or a color .