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War with Great Britain . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
War with Great Britain . War with Great Britain is talked of . It is needless to say that war between two such countries is fratricidal , unless waged for deeper rights than are at present invaded . But we may speculate on the consequences , economic pr otherwise , that may ensue to the respective nations . The United States to the . American , idea , is too strong to . be , whipped by . all Europe combined ; but the more reflecting among us . perceive that there . are blows to receive , as well , as blows to give . Manufactures wouW be nourished into being ,. and this would be the strong indelible mark-that war would leave behind it . Pennsylvania , in her iron interests , would not thereafter have to complain that she had not been sufficiently protected . Our foreign commerce being destroyed , or laid up in port ,-we would live more within ourselves , and domestic trade would assumemore importance;—we should be a more united people . The - Canadas , having been loyal to the Britis...
The Flower Garden , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
The Flower Garden , The ladies will not neglect the flower garden . Besides the gratification of taste , there is pleasure and health to be found in it . Many a man would do much to secure the health of the female part of his family , especially in towns , by some small attention to this matter . Out-door exercise , in some degree , is all important to the health of females . Why is it that American women , are less robust and less healthy than English women ? Why is there so much complaint of delicate health among them , so that health is scarcely a rule , but an exception ? It is to some extent for the want of proper ont-door exercise . Confined in houses , heated by stoves , rooms so tight as to be wholly unventilated except when a door is occasionally opened , is it a wonder that females grow up like tender hot house plants ? —Not exactly like hot house plants , for these can scarcely exist in a vitiated atmosphere . Give them pure-air or they will die ! Is the human subject , w...
HOUGHTON ' S SEEDLING GOOSEBERRY . — [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
HOUGHTON S SEEDLING GOOSEBERRY . — The public hear much of this gooseberry . It is about the only gooseberry that will succeed every where . It is an American variety , and was originated by Mr . Abel Houghton , of Lynn , Mass . It is supposed to be a cross between a native and English sort . It never mildews . The plant is of vigorous growth , and a great bearer . The fruit is of a pale red color , rather below medium size ; of good , rich flavor . The berries grow in clusters , and may be gathered by handfuls . The bushes can be thinned and trained to a trellis with advantage . They pay well for good cultivation and deep mulching about them . They are probably the best gooseberry for this section of conntry .
Premiums for Hedges . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Premiums for Hedges . At a meeting of the executive committee of the State Agricultural Society in January last , premiums were authorized for the two best hedges in this State . The committee of examination are to be appointed at the adjoarnj ^^^^^^ te $ he ^ Bbafd m April . The subje ^^^^^^ rtarit pne &lt; -T The extensive pralnprsf * oup State . ciriript be fenced unless by hedging . We believe that a plant , possessing all the qualities necessary , has been discovered , and which , by proper treatment , will make an impassaable hedge—the Osage Orange plant . We wish that opinion to be impressed on the public mind ; and also a knowledge of the means by which the Osage Orange ; can be made to answer all the purposes desired . In our opinion there is not a more unquestionable truth , than that an impassable hedge can be made of the Osage Orange .
The Colt [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
The Colt A few days since there was brought in front of the Farmer s Store ; &amp; beautiful colt , to be sold at auction , by Maxcy &amp; Pheasant , who do a large business in the way of selling stock . It was a beautiful colt , a fine bay , with an eye like a gazelle s , lofty carriage ; and apparently as gentle as a lamb . He was about two years old ; but bad the appearance of having been worked . He seemed to be sad . WaVit fancy?—It was , we suppose ; but we thought of the hard service that he was immediately to be put to ; that before he had the strength of the mature animal , he would he compelled to do the work of one ; that he would be broken down in spirit arid in . strength , and instead of being the proud , spirited , yet gentle horse , he would become a mere drudge , to be whipped and kicked about like a slave . To us it appeared like the putting of a man s work upon a boy of thirteen , which was sure to break his spirits , to injure his physical constit...
A Word . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
A Word . Morality is not in a true sense religion , as understood , by most people ; yet religion cannot exist without morality , Faith without works is dead . Men or women cannot possess religion withont exhibiting a feeling of kindness , of bearing and forbearing , of aiming to make those happy around them ; as the opposite of querulousness , crossness , disregard for the feelings of others , rough language , rough manners , which are sure to cause strife , hatred , quarrels and the like . A rough word is likely to be followed by a rough word in return ; and a kind word turns away wrath , produces kindness in return . A wrathful , querulous , fault-finding man , or woman , can have no credit for piety . Can piety exist in the heart always under excitement , always aiming to bend others to its wishes , always aiming to control , always desirous of saying the hardest things , always seeking to have the last word ? Can any one be deceived in regard to the professions of such persons ...
The Cow . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
The Cow . The good , gentle cow—the faithful cow—the useful cow , which lives and moves and has her being just to gratify our taste and gives healthful sustenance to the family . — There is no other animal or thing that can take her place . Mark the wry faces as the coffee is handed abont the table where there is no cream ; where the place for the plate of butter is vacant ; and . when it is known there is no milk for the children , none for the pudding , none for the custard . Ah , how essential to the comfort of the civilized man is the cow ? See ! she comes with her udder full of milk , contented . — She seems to understand her importance in domestic economy ; and she cheerfully performs her part . No wonder the family have ah affection for the good cow . And if they should give her all the attention she needs ; if she is fed well and lodged well , if she has food suited to her taste , she will repay all the care given her . Now is the time , not only to see to the cow , but to s...
Plows [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Plows We sometimes , though rarely , meet with a farmer who tnrnks , . that in farming , there is nothing new under the sun . The belief of such men must be strong , indeed , if it is not shaken by the great improvements made in plows within the - last few years . At any rate , we do not see in such any dispositionto go back to the use of the plows of 1831 and 32 . For many years after the first settlement of this section of Illinois , our farmers had no plow which would scour in working . Eastern plows were of no account in our soil . The great barshear plow , some two yards long , was the best instrument of the kind to be had , The Gary Plow was invented , and a good many made and sold in this place . They were an improved plow ; the mouldboard was so arranged as to spring , and thus clear itself . Mr . Jewett improved on this plow So as to make the best plow then known in the country . Other plows are now in market , among them the Uhler , the Diamond , the Moline , the Peoria an...
cqirolciTttiNs /^ - r [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
cqirolciTttiNs /^ - r Where will tliSMtc Fair he held ? We have received a business letter from a distinguished citizen of southern Illinois , which contains the following paragraphs in relation to the State Fair . We can see no objection to their publ ioation . We would be glad to see the whole of southern Illinois aroused on this subject . I do not know what offer may be made to your society by our friends in Vandalia for the next State Fair . But whatever it maybe , or ^ whether anything at all ,, the permanent interests of the society , and the progress of agricultural improvement in Illinois , require that the Fair -should be held at that place . Southern Illinois is generally known by the name of Egypt , and It has been so termed because supposed to be inhabited by a race of people , upon whose benighted vision thelight of science has rarely shone . I have a right to say this , belonging as I do to this region , where I have been domesticated for nearly forty years . We need l...
Morgan Horses . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Morgan Horses . For the Illinois Firmer . The improvement of our breeds of horses is an object which deserves attention . Of the whole number of horses reared in our country , the proportion of good ones is very small . The origin of our most valuable horses is not only a subject of interest to the curious , but it is also one of great importance , and a course which has produced improvement may be safely relied on for the continuance of similar results . The stock of Morgan horses is so generally known and admired throughout New England , that it is hardly necessary to repeat their merits . For a seller of horses it is only necessary to establish the fact that his horses are of Morgan blood , and he meets with a ready sale at good prices , and the purchasers are more than satisfied . — They excel in great endurance , carrying weight a long distance ;—and as roadsters they excel all horses in this or any other country;—are full of noble and generous spirit , with such docility that ...
From Southern Illinois , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
From Southern Illinois , JONESBORO , UNION Co ., ) March 1 , 1856 . \ The weather is still cold and disagreeable , and this morning was ushered in by quite a snow storm . Our farmers have done but littlo as yet , towards the next crop . But we have three horticultural gardens close to Jonesboro ; where the plants in the hot beds are in a handsome state of forwardness , and Union county will again supply the -Chicago market with the earliest vegetables the coming season , as she did the last . I think we shall have a considerable crop of peaches , in spite of the late cold weather , and a plenty of apples . This place would be a capital location for a Fruit Nursery , inasmuch as there is nothing of the kind nearer than St . Louis , and the climate and soil are both adapted to the development of all kinds of fruit , and a great amount of young trees would be required by our farmers , who are beginning to turn their attention to the improvement of their orchards . .
Wyandot Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Wyandot Corn . EDITOR ILLINOIS FARMER : —I send you some ears of the Wyandot corn , raised last year by myself . I planted two kernels of the corn with some tomato seed in a box in the house , about the I 5 th March last . I set the plants out in my garden , in May , and protected them from frosts . One kernel produced THIR - TEEN stalks and THIRTEEN ears ; the other eleven stalks and eleven ears . I planted some of the same kind of corn in the open ground about the middle of April , but that failed to mature a single ear . This is my experience with the Wyandot corn . A SANGAMON FABMEE .
Iowa State Agricultural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Iowa State Agricultural Society . The officers of this society for the ensuing year are : President , Thos . W . Clagett ; Vice President , Legrand Byington ; Kecording Secretary , J . H . Wallace ; Corresponding Secretary , Wra . Duane Wilson ; Treasurer , T . Gordon . The next State Fair , by a vote of the Board , is to be held at Muscatine , commencing on the second Wednesday of October , 1856 .
The Garden [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
The Garden We give a list of the best vegetables for the Garden , and the . mode of their cultivation . There are many varieties in these classes , the seed of which can be had at the seed stores . ASPARAGUS . —Soak the seed 24 hours in warm water , and sow very early in spring , thinly , in rows 1 foot apart , and keep , clean by frequent weeding and hoeing . At 1 or 2 . years old , transplant to permanent beds . The ground should be trenched or dug over 2 feet deep , burying plenty of manure , and mixing it thoroughly with the soil . Lay out beds 4 | feet wide , and draw 3 drills , 6 inches deep and 14 inches apart , lengthwise of each pedj place the roots in them , 1 foot apart , in their natural position , and cover 4 inches deep . A rich sandy loam is most suitable . Every autumn , after clearing off the stalks , spread on a covering of manure , to be forked in , with a . good dressing of fine salt , very early in the spring . ENGLISH BEANS . —Plant as earl y in the spring as t...
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS FRENCH SHEEP DOGS . —An English traveler speaKs of the dogs which are used in Normandy , in the management of sheep , as being uncommonly valuable . He thus describes one : The animal was some cross of the breed commonly known in England as lurchers ; and the quick sparkle of the eye , and the ready and eager intelligence of his face as ha watched his master , and flew round the flock at the slightest gesfurej or merely mumbled word of direction , were really beautiful to see . Tfao shepherd told me he was a most valuable dog ; he would not sell him 200 francs . EARTH ALMOND . —We learn that numerous reports have been received jsn the successful growth and prolific yield of the chufa in variuus parts of the United States . One gentleman in Maryland estimates that an acre of this plant , both grass and tubers , would support a hundred hogs during the season ; also , thai the tops are greedily devoured by horses , sheep and cows . Another gentleman reports that he ...
VALUABLE RECIPES [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
VALUABLE RECIPES How TO MAKE GOOD C REAM CUSTARD . —Take one cup of sweet cream , or ^ e egg , beaten well , one table spoonful of sugar , two table spoonsful of flour , and nutmeg to the taste . MOLASSES CAKE . —Take one cup of molasses , one cup of cream , two eggs , and a tea spoonful of saleratus ; mix i : i flour till Tl is thick , and then bake in a quick oven . RECIPEFOR BAKING CAKES . —Take two cups of sugar , three cups of flour , one cup of cre-ira , and butter the size of a hickory nui ; take four eggs , beat the white to a froth , add a tea spoonful of soda ; bake in small pans in a quick oven . MOUNTAIN CAKE . —Stir to a-cream one cup of butter , and two of white sugar ; add the while of six eggs , beaten to a stiff fi olti , one and a third cups of m Ik , three and a third cups of niflea flour , half a tea spoonful of soda , a ted spoonful of cream-tartar , flavor with lemon , bake in a modnrate oven ; it looks well cut in dlices . - VALLEY CAKE . —Mix flne cup of butt...
Crops in MadispiiCounty ,.. [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Crops in MadispiiCounty ,.. EDWARDSVILLE , March 4 th , 1855 .. The undersigned- citizens of-Madison county , Illinois , regarding the dissemination of information in respect to the agricultural productions of -the country , both profitable and interesting , would submit the following facts in regard to this county , as having been derived from information in their judgment , entirely reliable . Jesse Renfro , of Silver Creek , - in this county ; had 28 acres in wheat in the year 1855 , from which he gathered and sold 1068 bushels clean wheat , averaging 38 bushels per acre . Mr . Renfro , who is a a very reliable man , states that the land received only ordinary cultivation , without manure . Wheat sown by the drill . Joseph Shaffer , of this county , raised on 11 acres of land , 500 bushels of wheat , in 1855 , ordinary culture , no manure . John J . Scott , of Madiso » county , 111 ., raised in 1855 , on 6 acres of ground , 43 bushels of wheat per acre ; ^ cultivation ordinary , ...
Meeting of . the Association of * Farmers aild Me -. chanics o £ -Sangamon County ! * [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Meeting of . the Association of * Farmers aild Me- . chanics o £ -Sangamon County ! * The regular annual meeting . ofthe . r . above . Association was held in the city of- Springfield ^ March . 1 , 1856 . Tho President ,. JAjiE . s MCONNELL , in the chair . The Treasurer presented his report , showing accounts due the- Society of . 8253 32 , and accounts against the Society , unpaid , of $ 506 48 . The report was received and accepted . J . C . Growder presented an ttccount of $ 10 ; for a pump— -allowed ! ^ - . ; : ; . -. ¦¦ ¦ ¦ The , claims of the Association : against H , Growder and M . M . MCoy ^ werer assigned to John Williams , Treasurer , in part paymentof his claim against the Society . . : . ^ - / The Secretary was requested to . niakc out andreport at the next meeting the amount of shares of stock of the Association sold . The Association then proceeded to elect officers for tho ensuing ye &gt; r .- . The following persons 1 -were elected by unanimous , vote to th...
Mason * County Agricultural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Mason * County Agricultural Society . Below are the proceedings at the annual meeting of the Mason County Agricultural Society , held at the Court House in Havana , on the twelfth of January , with the result of the election of its officers . Article first was amended so to read one dollar for members fee , instead of fifty cents as heretofore . Also the annual election shall take place on the last day of the fair . The secretaries shall keep an accout of the time actually employed in transacting the business of the society , and they shall receive a fair compensation for the same . OFFICERS ELECTED . President , J . D . W . Bowman , Havana precinct ; Vice Presidents , Col . A . S . West , Bath precinct , John Bowser , Quiver precinct , Win . Hibbard , Allen s Grove precinct ; Recording Secretary , John Covington , Havana precinct ; Corresponding Secretary , H . C . Mclntire , Havana precinct ; Treasurer , A . D . Hopping , Havana precint . Our society has purchased fair grounds . I...
Contents March Number of the Illinois Farmer . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 March 1856
Contents March Number of the Illinois Farmer . PAGE Farm Houses , 50 Progress of Illinois , 51 The Yellow Locust for our Prairies , 52 Books for Premiums , 53 Improved Farming :... 53 Seeding Meadow and Pasture Lands , 54 Poultry , 54 The Peach Trees , 55 The Wool Trade , 58 The Hollyhock , 57 The Ox Team , 57 Wind Mills , 67 War with Great Britain , 58 Houghton s Seedling Gooseberry , 59 The Flower Garden , .-. 59 Premiums for Hedges , 60 Tha Colt 60 A Word 61 The Cow 61 The Virgilia Lutea , . . 61 Plows 62 The new Underdraining Machine , .... . 62 COMMUNICATIONS—Where will the Stato Fair be held ? 62 Morgan Horses , 63 From Southern Illinois , 63 Wyandot Corn , t . 63 The Garden , 64 Miscellaneous Items , 66 Valuable Receipts , 68 EDITORIAL NOTICES—County Fairs—Fine Stock—Canada Club Spring Wheat—Stock sales — Hedge Growers Wanted—Will Chess turn to Wheat—Farms and Stock for sale—^ Ladies Bonnets—Colds , &amp; c , State Fair .. 69 News , . 70 Wyandot Corn , 71 Birds , 71 J...