ELEPHIND.COM search the world's historical newspaper archives
From:  To: 
click here to view elephind tips
Elephind Tips
To find items containing all the words:
John Quincy Adams
Simply type the words:
John Quincy Adams
To find items containing the exact phrase:
John Quincy Adams
Put the phrase in quotes:
"John Quincy Adams"
To find either of the words:
president, congressman
Type OR between the words:
president OR congressman
For more tips take a look at the search tips page.
bubble pointer to elephind tips
click here to subscribe our mailing list
Search limited to
Clear all
Title: Brisbane Courier, The Delete search filter
Elephind.com contains 2,985,843 items from Brisbane Courier, The, samples of which are listed below. All items from this newspaper title are freely available and can be searched from the search box above. You may also search the entire collection of 2,949 newspaper titles in Elephind.com.
2,985,843 results
THE GAZETTE. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

THE GAZETTE. THE following appeared in the Government Gazelle of Saturday last .. APPOINTMENTS.- William Carr Boyd, Es quire, to be a Commissioner of' Crown Lands ; Thomas Pringle Caldwell, and not Robert Caldwell, as stated in the Government Gazelle of the 12th March, 1864, to be on the Commis- sion of the Peace.

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
ROCKHAMPTON. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

KÜCK.IAA.IPTON. by i eveí Bl tho A\ilham« windi aimed on Satin day evening wi lino leiciied oin usual liles of papu« Hie follónmg is 1 ii cn fiom the Pul kin of Arn 21th - Iii« Sttitt ni of the Ccntinl and Noi thorn Queensland V socution has ueenid fiom Iho AIoi\boiouBh let0tiL the h«t« of signnluies to iho pttition to Hu House of V«« tnbly for th est UuVhmcnl of on equitabli sy tun of Pin ha mentar! Rcpre«tnt ihon Hie si0noluics bcinL, too ltti loi m oipotation with thosi of tin othet Noithirn Dirrill« Mill be ti insiiutltd to Pallium ni tilt i liel to an c\ ict Lounttiput of the petition di patched fiom Ro khumpton Tiom «ono uiiexpliincl dilai Ali Shan di I not lecciu tin .?i.niluris fiom Almiboto t_,h lill oftti Hit di pot tin i of tho Qucoiiidind ni thouDh Hu p i 1 a_c ni i ii ed bl that i L v>i 1 li om oui îepoit of Piiliimentoii piouelm_,s it will be seen that th petitions fot Imitase I Repu ècnlifion ond lighthouses mid limbo u Im ploiement« ti in«nuttid by tho Roikhomplon...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

DEATH. ADDENBROOKE.-On Thursday, May 26th, Emma, the beloved daughter of Thomas and Emma Addenbrooke, of Spring Hill, aged 6 years and 10 months.

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
COMMERCIAL. COURIER Office, Saturday Evening. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

COM ¡NI li IlC 1 AL. mu G;i -"."- -- . 0I COURIER OíTice, Saturday Evening. ftfn TUE following general abstract ot the average amount of the liabilities and assets of the' un- dermentioned bank during the quarter ending the 31st March, lSGt, nppeorsin this morning's Government Gazelle : AUSTRALIAN JOINT STOCK BANK:.-Liabilities : Notes in circulation, not bearing Interest, .C3'-,527 ; bills in circulation, not bearing in- terest, £830 13s 2d ; balances duo to henil ollico and branches, £168,151 Gs ; deposits, not bearing interest, £89,467 19s 7d ;. ditto, bearing interest, ,C3S,112 12s 8d ; total deposits, £127,5_0 12s 3.1 ; total liabilities, £335,092 11s 5il. Assets : Coined gold and-silver, and other coined metals, £45,16S Os 2d ; landed property, £18,157 11s 5d ; notes and bills of other banks, £2202 lGs 4d ; balances due from other banks, £32S 17s 7d ; amount of all debts due to the bank, including notes, bills of exchange, and all stock and funded debt of every description, ex...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
MARYBOROUGH. (From the Chronicle May 26.) [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

MARYBOROUGH. (From the Chronicle May 2G.) A coMjtUMCUTON boa been iccuied fiom the Dtpoitmcnl of Lands and A\oiks, addros«id to the Bench of Magittia.cs intunnhng that it is tho dcsue of the goiiiiiment that they, when issuing timbti Ilienses, should execpt rio tiV Island fiom then operations so Hint the naincs Of that fslond moy not bo 111(01 lind with A shocking actidinl winch teitnmaled fatally, oiiuricd on lucsdoy last, when a little boy named At Gonn was unshed by the falling of a tree upon linn, «0 Hitit ho died 11 fin boms afterwords It appeals the fathci of tho boy was foiling tho tree at d hod not obsoricdthe proximity of his child until too late to saleit iroin dangci The bo> w is pioinptly attended by Di Wind, who from tho fit st pionouncod the caso hopeless, the head bung seicrch in jured Aftti lmguiug foi 0 fin houis HIL little Biiflirei oxpned AVe rcpoitid 0 fiw weol s back the di owning of a Girmon named Hint wlnlo cio«-mgthi Moiy at Tiaio Iho following kiln tioin ...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
Classified Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

Auction Sales. THIS DAY. ROYAL HORSE BAZAAR. 6 DRAUGHT AND SADDLE HORSES. Ex City of Brisbane. Without the Slightest Reserve. EOBERT CRAWFORD has been instructed by Mr. John Murray, to sell by auction, on MONDAY, May 30, at 11 o'clock, The above. Amongst them are some excellent Draught Horses, Cobs, and Light Harness Horses. No Reserve. Terms at sale. 5145 THIS DAY. HORSES. HORSES. ROYAL HORSE BAZAAR. T> OBERT CRAAVFORD has been instructed _K) to sell by auction, on MONDAY, May 30, at 11 o'dock, 40 to 50 Draught, Saddle, and Light Harness Horses, most of which are for unre- served sale Drays Spring Carts Gigs Dog Carts Harness, and Saddlery, Sx. 514G SATURDAY, JUNE 4. A MOST VALUABLE OPPORTUNITY. EXTENSIVE SALE, ÍG0 ALLOTMENTS. KENILWORTH ESTATE. IPSWICH AND CLEVELAND ROADS. FRASER & BUCKLAND are instructed by the proprietor to offer for public competi- tion, at the Commercial Sole Rooms, on SATURDAY, June 11, at 12 o'clock, The really valuable Estate of KENILWORTH, Conta...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. ((FROM OUR TELEGRAPIC CORRESPONDENTS.) SYDNEY May 28. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. w Desn (rBOM OUB TELEGBAP-lIO COBBESrOHDENTS.) publi - trodu SYDNEY* Moy 28. »V GAUDI-TEH, tho bushranger, has been re moudod until Tuesday. The funeral of Arch-priest Therry took place to-doy. It was followed by a large numbor of persons, including tho highest dlgnitnrlcs of tho Catholic church, inombers of tho ministry, aud of various Catholic societies. News has boen received from Auckland to tho 13th instant. General Cameron hod advanced to AVairoa. Tho poll thero was found deserted, and o now Moori position had been discovered near To puna. Au immediato attack is intended. MELBOURNE. Tho revenue for the past four months shows an increnso of £0000 over that estimated. Tun cricketers from Sydney met willi a hearty reception upon their arrival on Saturday ovon ing. The steamer Premier left Iho A. S. Ii. Company's AVharf at about fivo o'clock, with about thirty gentlemen on boord. On arriving in tho Bay it was found that, the Telegraph had dropt anchor at about th...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
NEW SOUTH WALES. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

' groß NEAV SOUTH WALES. St t -?- Tho Bl Iho Tclegiaph ive leccivcd flic« fiom Sydney to the 20th instant, from which wo take tho following - Tur Qirrx's Binnum 4TTitrBr>noLr\T Asrrtnr, Limtrooi-An miiiato of this Asi lum wiitcs tolnfotm u« that the nnmicrsory of her Majesty's bath was ctltbiatod there with many rejoti tugs A substantial dinnei of baked beef and plum pudding was jnoi tiled and cadi of tho inmotos had half a pint of the best LnglHi ale m which to dunk the health of our giaeloijs .oveuign and the royal family 'H|is was done with "groat enthusiasm, and was fol- lowed by o suitable addross from the master of tho institution. In tho evening an illuminated transparency with tho letters V. R. was placed over tho frout entrance to the asylum.-5. M. Herald. SEAMAN Dnoiv.VED-At half-past ono on Monday, whilst all hands nero al dinner on board the barque Dudbrook, then lying between Kilibilli Point and Fort Denison, the soilmoker entered tho cuddy mid reported Hint Edwin Co...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
PEAK DOWNS. (From the Special Reporter of thE Rockhampton Bulletin.) [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

PEAK DOWNS.     (From the Special Reporter of the Rockhampton Bulletin.) SINCE the date of my last communication affairs have been assuming gradually a less un- natural and topsy-turvy appearance. Tho in llux of now arrivais has very considerably diminished, râlions hove been coming in with tolerable rapidity, ond ono no longer sees around lum such o number of half-starved hun- gry-looking mortals. Rockhampton speculators have at lost awoko to tho conviction that some- thing moy be done ot the Peak Downs, and oro dispatching drays and buying Clermont allot- ments with on avidity at once startling mid praiseworthy. Doctors ond druggists, too, seem to bo turning thoir attention this woy, and o story Is current Hint ii "largo dray," (!) laden nilli unknown quantities of medicinal treasure, " is on its woy up, oiid will shortly appear." AATo moy then reasonably hopo for food mid phi sie in modornto proportions for some little time to come.. Ration prices (alter...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
The Courier. PUBLISHED DAILY. MONDAY, MAY 30, 1864. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

SDfte Courier* PUBLISHED DAILY. MONDAY, MAY 30, 1861. THE Royal Agricultural Society of Queensland comes before the public under new auspices. Mr. GROOM, the honorable member for Drayton and Toowoomba, has tabled a motion in the Assembly for a grant of one hundred pounds' out of the general revenue to aid the Society " in "offering premiums for the best samples of " wheat, barley, oats, tobacco, and other " agricultural produce grown ia any part " of the Darling Downs, and exhibited at "the annual exhibition at. Toowoomba." In all sincerity, we wish he may get it ; and we think it a. pity that there are not half-a-dozeu similar associations to that on behalf of wliich he conies for- ward to claim a small measure of assistance from the Government. It is certain that as we have not yet successfully developed the agricultural capabilities of the colony, neither have \yo shown that we understand the machinery of organisation and co- operation so necessary for the effectual establishment...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
SYDNEY SHIPPING. [BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH.] ARRIVAL. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

SYDNEY SHIPPING. BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH     ARRIVAL. the May 27.-Yarra Yarra, steamer, from Bris- bane. DEPARTURES. May 27.-Briton's Queen, schooner, for Ho bart Town ; Montrose, for Hong Kong ; Isa- bella, for Otago.

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
CENTRAL POLICE COURT. SATURDAY, MAY 28. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

CENTRAL POLICE COURT. SATURDAY, MAY 28. BEFORE the Police Magistrate. DRUNKENNESS.—William Rosevere, for     drunkenness, was fined 10s. Catherine O'Brien, a damsel whose drinking propensities have rendered her appearence before the court neces- sary on several previous occasions, was sent to gaol for two months for drunkenness and dis- orderly conduct. VAGRANCY.—William Martin was sent to gaol for two months for vagrancy. ASSAULT.—Bush v.Maskell.—Plaintiff charged defendant with having assaulted him on Satur- day, the 21st instant. Mr. Garrick appeared for defendant, who pleaded not guilty, Plaintiff deposed that on the night referred to he waited on defendant's father, and asked for some money that was due to him ; he did not get the money, but some words ensued, when the assault com- plained of took place, he being beaten by de- fendant and his father, who hammered him with stones. Three witnesses were examined for the plaintiff, one of whom, his sister-...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
SHIPPING. ARRIVALS. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

SHIPPING. T via ARRIVALS. . HAY 28.-AVilliams, steamer, 3U0 tons, i_»p ' tain M'Diarmid, from Rockhampton, Gladstone, and Maryborough. Passengers: Mrs. Innes and family, Miss Innes, Mrs. Johns and family, Mrs, Ford, fnmilv, and three servants, Miss Curtiss ¡ Messrs. G. H. Buzacott, J. ".AVil- liams, Nolan, Tingle, S. Yeates, M'Lean, Fatcr -! son, Meiklejohn, Jones, AVillmitt, Smith ; and j 60 in tho steorogo. Moy 28.-Telegraph, steamer, 700 tons, Cap- tain Audley Coote, from Sydney 26th instant. Passengors : Mrs. Noms, Miss Thomas, Mrs. Smith ond family; Messrs. AV. Tunks, R. Driver, M.L.A., J. R. Clayton, C. Lawrence, N. Thompson, E. Gregory, T. Moore, Fowlis, Rea ditt, Crampton, J. ÍI. Neale, Cowlishaw, J. Clorko, S. Curtis, F. Mortyn, S. Fuller, J. T. Neale, A. Joski, AV. Henny, Do Little, Cleave land, M'Dermott, Sullivan, AV. B. Roberts, Mitchell, F. G. Connelly, Allerton, J. Power, Smith, Dargen, M. Herbert, Power, Captain Dumaresq, II. II. Nicol j Masters F. and V. Power, and ...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
Classified Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

STEAM TO IPSWICH. >'J «auk rriHE AMy w-i11 loftcl Carg°ior ips JÜIfcX weh THIS DAY, at Orr & Honeyman's Wharf._j_5105 FOR IPSWICH. mHB Steamer SETTLER, on ___j; X TUESDAY Next, tho 31st in- stant, at 5'30 n.w., from Raff's Wharf. P. W. JACKSON, 5118 Master. AUSTRALASIAN STEAM NAVI- GATION COMPANY. STEAM TO SYDNEY.-The TELEGRAPH, WEDNESDAY, Juno 1, at -1-30 a.m. For MARYBOROUGH, GLADSTONE, and ROCKHAMPTON.-Tlio WILLIAMS, TUESDAY, May 31, at -1 p.m. No ad vnnco in rates. Cargo received not later than 3 p.m. TO IPSWICH Tho IPSWICH, This Day, MONDAY, May 30, at 5-30 a.m. Tho BRISBANE, on TUESDAY, May 31, at C a.m. Tho IPSWICH, on WEDNESDAY, June 1, nt G-30 n.m. Tho BRISBANE, on THURSDAY, Juno 2, at 6-30 n.m. Tho IPSWICH on FRIDAY, Juno 3, at 7 a.m. Tho BRISBANE, on SATURDAY, Juno 4, at 7-30 n.m. HENRY O'REILLY, Agent. A.S.N. Company'« Oflices, Brisbane._ AUSTRALASIAN STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY. Reduction in tim Freight of WOOL per A.S.N. Co.'a Steamers. tffok T71ROM mid nfter t...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
SUPREME COURT.—CIVIL SITTINGS. SATURDAY, MAY 28. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 30 May 1864

SUPREME COURT.—CIVIL SITTINGS. SATURDAY, MAY 28. BEFORE Chief Justice Cockle. HARVEY v. HARRIS AND OTHERS. The Attorney-General and Mr. Lilley ap- peared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Gore Jones for the defendant. This was an action brought to recover da- mages against the defendants (the trustees of the assigned estate of Nehemiah Bartley) for illegally seizing certain goods, consisting of household furniture, trade fittings, wines, spirits, &c., the property of the plaintiff, the landlord of the Castle Hotel, Fortitude Valley, under an   alleged power of sale, dated 12th September, 1860. The first witness called was George O'Brien, who, on being examined by Mr. LILLEY, proved that he seized the goods in question on the 25th August last, under a written authority from the trustees (put in and read) ; he seized for over £400 ; he was instructed to enforce bill of sale ; on making the demand for over £400, Mrs. Harvey said that they did not owe any money ; the plain...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
PUBLICANS ACT AMENDMENT BILL. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 31 May 1864

PUBLICANS' ACT AMENDMENT BILL. Inis Act, tho Second Reading of which is placed on the not ico papei for AVcchiisdav, is an amendment on that passed last )eai Hie fourth clauso is tho fiist of any impôt tance, thoso piecedmg it bomg merely mtei pi etation clauses ^o 4 states-It shall not be lawful foi any «holesalo spirit dcalci foi mi) wholosalo dcalei m w mes 01 beei or foi an) gi ow oi or makci of liquor made from sugar enno the pioduco ot tho colon to sell oi othei wiso dispose of oi to «cm el any hquot (although lu quantities ex wedmg two gallons at ono tune) oxcopt in such town« or places as shall fiom tuno to tuno be Protlaunod by tho Governor in Council and notified b) proclamation in tho Goiei miment Y" Me as ton ns and placos wheio hquois may be disposed of by wholesale Clause 5 No person shall maintain an) action for recovery m any eouit any debt oi demand for au) sum exceeding twenty shillings foi any liquoi sold or disposed of ni any less quantity at one and tho samo tim...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
COMMERCIAL. COURIER Office, Monday Evening. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 31 May 1864

COMMERCIAL. COURIER Office, Monday Evening. £150 9 n 29 11 7 1 7 G 20 8 11 GI 15 0 0 5 3 13 2 0 2 1 8 1 19 2 49 0 Ö 12 0 0 22 10 0 1 G 8 20 11 0 1 10 0 4 19 7 THE following return, received at tho Custom Houso this morning, shows the amount of Cus- toms revenue collected at Poit Denison during tho month ending the 30th April, 18G3 : Brandy, 300 gallons . - Gin, 59 gallons . Liqueurs, Cordials, or Strong AVaters, 2} gallons. Whisky, 75 gallons . Rum, 185 gallons . Perfumed Spirits, Î gallou Wine, 131 gallons . Alo, Porter, and Beer (in wood), 500 gallons. Ale, Porter, and Beor (in bottles), 235 gallons. Tobacco, 490 lbs. . Cigars, 83 lbs. Ten, 1802 lbs. Coffee and Chicory, 1G0 lbs. Sugar, unrefined, 100 c«t. 3 qrs. Pilotage. Kent . Total .£409 12 1 i ' . The following is from Iho Aye oí tho 18th Instant : Tuesday, 17th.-A modérale amount of busi- ness bus been done in the import market to-day. BreadBtull's continue depressed and inactive ; a gale ol' 2400 bushels Port Macdonnell whea...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
SUBDIVISION OF LAND BILL. BILL to Regulate Subdivision of Land, and to prevent the Improper Crowding together of Buildings. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 31 May 1864

SUBDIVISION OF LAND BILL. i. BlW to Rcgidatotho Subdivision of Land, i and to prevent the Improper Crowding to- gether of Buddings. WHBBBAS it IS expedient to provide against the cxccssivo subdividing of land foi budding purposes 01 otherwise and to pi event the ira propoi crowding togother of buildings Bo it therefore enacted by tho Queen's Most Excellent Maje ty by and with the advico and consent of tito Legislativo Councd and Legislativo Assembly oí Queensland in parliament assembled and by the aiithontj of the same as follows 1 Whonevet nny land shall be subdiuded for building pulposos 01 foi sale lease 01 othei wise and it becomes necessary to i eservo i oads of access 01 lights of way to any of the subdixi «ions of such land tho saul loads 01 lights of wai shall in no case be of a less width (bau one iliam tliioughout 2 Jo deed of giaut convoinnco tiansfei lea e niortgugo ot othei nish ument pin pot ling to deal with any land subdiuded contiaiy to tht piousions of this act sha...

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. MONDAY, MAY 30. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 31 May 1864

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. MOSBAÏ, MAY 30. BRISBANE.-9 a.m.: Barometer (corroded), 30'352; thermometer (shade), 58-0 ; ditto (dry bulb), 5S'0 ; ditto (wet bidb), 53'2 ; foveo of wind, 1 ; direction, S.S.AV. ; extent of cloud, 6 ; weather fine ; nimbus clouds to tho westwun!. 3 p.m.: Barometer (corrected), 30'128 ; ther- mometer (shade) G3'5 ; ditto (dry bulb), G5'5 ; ditto (wet bulb), 5S0; forco of wind, 1; direc- tion, E. ; extent of cloud, S ; weather, cloudy, like rain. (J?cr Electric Telegraph) A\riXD AND AVEATHEK.-9 a.m.: Lytton, S.AV., and cloudy ; Ipswich, S.E., and cloudy ; Laidley, S.E., and cloudy ; Toowoomba, calm and fine ; Drayton, E., and lino ; AVurvvick, S.E., and cloudy ; Dalby, S.E., ntl fine.a SrnNEv.- 9 a. in. : Barometer (corrected), 30-159; thermometer (shade), 54; ditto (dry bulb). 43; ditto (wet bulb), 58'5 ; force of wind, 1; direction, AV. ; cxtont of cloud, 6; «.eather, line and cloudy.

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
DIARY. $Word$ TILL NEXT PUBLICATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Brisbane Courier — 31 May 1864

UEyilllAMIl TILL NEXT rOIlLlCATION. Al iy, ¡SU 11 lböl. Ithcs j sots | Mum lugtdaj. G -17 j 5 7 I Ú ti Moos.-Kew, June 4, Oh. S2ui. pi

Publication Title: Brisbane Courier, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Qld, Australia
x
Loading...
x
x