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Elephind.com contains 185,322 items from Prairie Farmer, samples of which are listed below. All items from this newspaper title are freely available and can be searched from the search box above. You may also search the entire collection of 2,949 newspaper titles in Elephind.com.
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SALMAGUNDI . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

SALMAGUNDI . ( For the Prairie Farmer . ) iiy 1 ) . c . UNDKHIIII . L . When correspondents wrile articles for a particular season of tho year , they should be at least a month in advance of the time for their advice lo be put in practice ; to give distant subscribers time to getthe paper , with some allowance for irregularities in the mail . For example—in No . 4 of this volume are several articles on sowing spring wheat , & c . That number I did not get until about three weeks after I had sown my wheat ; so that I must wait a year to derive any profit from their good advice . * Thick Seeding . I am of the opinion of Prairie Breaker , that spring wheat should be sown thick ; and oats , likewise—from two to three bushels of the latter per acre . Fall Plotting , if in stubble , should be done as soon alter the crop is taken off as is convenient . As a good implement for this purpose I would recommend the Elgin Plow . I purchased one at the Fair last fall , and think it wo...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT . ¦ SCHOOL-HOUSE ARCHITECTURE . 11 ,-rORT 01 HON . -IIORACK MANN . DKSKS , SEATS , & C . ( Continued from page 192 . J In regard to the height of seats , it is common to give exact measurements . But inflexible rules will never fit varying circumstances . Some school rooms are for females ; others for boys only . • In factory villages , usually , a great proportion of the scholars are young ; while , in one county in the State , great numbers of the males attending school during the winter term , are more than sixteen years of age . To follow unvarying rules , therefore , would aggrieve as many as it would accommodate . But the principles to be observed , are few , and capable of a definite exposition . A live child cannot be expected to sit still , unless he has a support to his back , and a firm resting place for his feet . As a scholar sits upright in his seat , the knee joint forming a rig ht , ang le , and the feet being planted horizontally o...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
SCHOOL CELEBRATION AT SUGAR . GROVE . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

SCHOOL CELEBRATION AT SUGAR . GROVE . BY THOMAS JUDD . To the editors of the Prairie Farmer— «| devoted to western agriculture , mechanics , and Education —the . Sugar GroVe Farmer s Institute send greeting : A brief sketch of the doings got up by our Institute for celebrating the Fourth of July . But as our object was one which merely interests the laboring classes , and got up by a society of farmers and contrary to their hereditary notions of propriety , it will not probably interest all your readers . Besides , the object was one which our wise legislators , who from stumps declare they are wholly devoted to the people s interests , have not , with all their intelligence , sagacity , and honesty , discovered to have jury connection with the general welfare of the country . At a late meeting of our Institute we resolved that as we could not celebrate the completion of any of the grand works of Internal ( or rather Invisible ) Improvement , in which the School Fund has been so saf...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
EXTRACTS FROM AN ADDRESS [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

EXTRACTS FROM AN ADDRESS 15 ?/ REV . MR . C ONANT , upon Common School Education , before the Sugar Grove ( Kane co . ) Farmers Institute , July 4 th , 1844 . . . • ¦ [ The space appropriated to education is so limited that we must exclude every thing not of the most practical kind and of very general interest . In a Fourth-of-July Oration there would of course be parts that , however interesting they mig ht be to the hearer or to the reader , would not bo very practical , and we have therefore taken the liberty to cut off many beautiful passages . We regret it is out of our power to publish the address entire . ] After alluding to the appropriateness of celebrating oiir nation s . birth day by devising moans to educate the people , by which alone our liberty is to be perpetuated—to tho rapidity with which this region has improved , beyond tho expectations of the most visionary , he says : We did hope , were we permitted to live to old age , to see the institutions of our old home e...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
AN APPEAL IN BEHALF [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

AN APPEAL IN BEHALF OF THE COMMON SCHOOL CONVENTION To be held at Peoria , commencing on Wednesday evening , October 9 , 1844 . We again draw attention to the Common School Convention that is to be held at Peoria , commencing on Wednesday evening , the 9 th October . Perhaps some correctly appreciate the importance of this present effort , who do not realize the necessity of their cooperation ; and there are multitudes of others who acknowledge the necessity of improvement upon our present school system , who are almost wholly indifferent as to the success of this convention . To such we have a few words to say , and desire they will regard the appeal as made lo them individually . Necessity of legislative action . You will concede that it is as rig ht and necessary for the legislature to direct in the organization of a common school system , as in the laying out of roads , or in any other matter necessary to the public weal , and yet which might not be well managed or bo made effec...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
. ANALYSIS OF SOILS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

. ANALYSIS OF SOILS . It will be recollected by the readers of the Prairie Farmer that nearly three years since several specimens of prairie soil were forwarded through the agency of Dr . Meacham of this city to Dr . Jackson of Massachusetts , for analysis . Two of these specimens were forwarded to us by Mr . Gifford of Elgin , viz ., one from bottom and the other from upland ; and the other four by Mr . James Long , from near Monroe in this county . Of these , one was from bottom land , one from the first ridge above , another of black muck , and the other of sub-soil . It will be seen that the very first care and the highest skill have been bestowed upon their analysis by one whose qualifications are above our prairie . The analysis was extended through six months of time , that nothing might be wanting to render it more perfect than any on record . LAKE ERIE , On board the > Steamboat Missouri , July 22 , 1844 . $ DR . SILAS MEACHAM : Dear Sir—I am afraid you have thou...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
WASHING WOOL . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

WASHING WOOL . Geo . F . Wright Esq . of Osh Kosh , W . T ., writes us a recipe for washing wool . In the August No . will be found the same method , communicated by Mr . -Darlington . We publish , however , a part of his letter , explaining a little more fully on some points . Heat your liquor as warm as you can bear yourhand in it for one or two seconds without scalding ; then put in wool as above , loosely , and keep it turning round lor ten minutes . You can ascertain when it has been in long enough by often squeezing it with your hand ; ifthe grease starts , and the wool appears loose and clear , it has been in a sufficient time . The wool is then , to be taken out upon a board , which must be placed on the edge ofthe kettle , for the purpose of saving the liquor . As soon as it is sufficiently drained , rinse the wool in cold water until it runs off quite clear . If . you have wool to continue the second ; day , or longer , in the morning skim off the greasy substance that ris...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
ELLSWOltTH'S REPORT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

ELLSWOltTHS REPORT . The Polaloe Disease . The last season was remarkable for a disease which appeared among potatoes . It prevailed extensively through the eastern and middle States . One who is esteemed high authority on this subject , speaking of the crop , says that through nearly the entire extent of the State of * New . York , ( and it is said , also , in portions of Connecticut , New Jersey , and Pennsylvania , ) it is rendered almost valueless by a disease new to farmers here , which in most cases attacked the potatoes before they were dug . Many crops were worthless when dug from the ground ; and almost all crops began to decay immediately after drying , and rapidly decayed till they were an extremely offensive putrid mass . The diseased potatoes are said to be poisonous , and to have caused the death of hogs fed upon them . It is also said that in the vicinity of Philadelphia , where farmers planted from 1 j > r 2 to 10 or 15 acres , they lost them almost bodily...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
STAKE AND BLOCK FENCE . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

STAKE AND BLOCK FENCE . BY JAMBS WEED . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : I hav c j ust completed three fourths of a mile of fence , constructed after the following manner : Blocks not less than five or six inches in diameter and five or six feet long , arc laid transversely to the line of the fence and ten feet apart , if tho rails are of that length . Near the middle of the blocks two holes arc bored wilh a two and a half inch auger , quite through , sufficiently asunder to admit of a rail lying between them . Into these holes , stakes five and a half feet long , properly sharpened at the foot are driven , on which , the tops being fitted by long sharpening , caps , bored with the same sized auger , arc placed , which support the top rail . The bottom rails rest upon the blocks or sills , and of course a space is left underneath them which requires after-slopping , corresponding to the thickness of the blocks , unless they arc spotted down to a proper thickness , which is nec...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
BOIS D'ARC , OR OSAGE ORANGE . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

BOIS DARC , OR OSAGE ORANGE . BY CHARLES II . T . A . HIUBEE . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : I send you somo seed of the Bois DArc , a singular fruit which is found in some parts of Arkansas and Mississippi . The name , as you see , was given by tho French , and was so given because of the excellence of the wood for bows—being generally used by the southern Indians for that purpose . The fruit is about eight inches in diameter , shaped like a pippin , marked on the outside as is the pine apple , very fragrant when ripe , of a beautiful lemon color—but unfortunatel y unfit for eating . Indeed no animal save the horse will touch it . The apple , or orange as it is sometimes called 1 , is filled with seed , and the trees are generally full bearers ; they grow m a state of nature some 20 feet hi gh . The wood is remarkably fine grained , and tougher than tho firmest hickory ; receiving a polish equal to the finest mahogany . It is when green of a bright orange color ; but gradu...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
CORNSTALK SUGAR [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

CORNSTALK SUGAR This subject has excited much interest the past year in various parts of the country , and numerous experiments have been tried ; and although the point of easy granulation does not seem to have been reached , yet the result of ihe different trials tends to show that the great facts respecting it , before announced , are confirmed . Good molasses and syrup have been obtained , and a variety of accounts will be found in the appendix , Nos . 8 and 9 . We will briefly allude to some of these . Mr . Beal of New Harmony , after giving an account of his crop and mill , and mode of manufacture , says : From information which I have obtained of those acquainted with the boiling of cane juice , the syrup begins to grain immediately after being taken from the kettles . I endeavored to heat mine in the same way , as near as circumstances would permit , but the graining did not commence in less than from 12 to 48 hours ; perhaps something depends on the quantity . He also says ,...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
ORCHARD AND GARDEN . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

ORCHARD AND GARDEN . ( From the Western Farmer and Gardener . ) CULTIVATION OE THE VlNE . . It seems there is a great interest beginning to be excited in this neighborhood about planting grape vines ; and , thinking that the proper mode of cultivation is very little understood , I will describe the . way I conceive to be tho best . I generally prepare the ground to plant new vineyards by plowing very deep—say from 15 to 20 inches ; or , if the situation is too sideling , ( by trenching and well turning up the ground , two feet deep or more , according to the depth of the soil . Take the rocks or stones , all off , andwall it to prevent washing . I proceed then to plant Irish potatoes , which will leave the ground in good order to receive the vines . I then , the following spring , prepare my ground by plowing and harrowing , so as to make it perfectly level ; I then stretch a line and proceed to plant my vines with rodts . _ I have holes made eighteen or twenty inches deep , by eigh...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT . ATMOSPHERIC RAILWAY . We find in the American Railroad Journal a full description of this new mode of conveyance , together with some extracts from the examination made by Messrs . Cubit , Brunei , and Stephenson , engineers of reputation , before a committee of the House of Commons , in relation to its advantages as compared with the present system of propelling railroad carriages . We should have been glad to give their description , but so large a number of cuts are necessary that we are compelled to pass it by . Wc give however a few extracts in relation to the system . ¦ From the foregoing remarks it will appear that the evils of . the present system are entirely attributable to the use of locomotive power , and the remedy must be sought for in the employment of stationary power in its stead . The means by which this can be effected , without diminishing the accommodation and advantages at present given to the public , are next to be considered ; and it ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
A £ REAT THOROUGHFARE FROM CHICAGO TO GALENA , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

A £ REAT THOROUGHFARE FROM CHICAGO TO GALENA , Upper Lakes to the mart of the mining regions of the Upper Mississipp i . Of the vast importance of so great a desideratum I believe there is at this time no controversy . f shall assume that a canal lo connect Chicago with Galena must be so extremely circuitous as to lose much of its importance as a thoroughfare between those cities ; and that consequently the desideratum must be some sort of a KOAD . One other thing I shall assume—that a railroad connecting those cities will be any thing but advantageous to the country through which it may pass . Perhaps it may be in timo to prove these positions when they are controverted ; as doubiless they may be—for I am fully awnrc that many suppose that it would be proof that our prosperity was consummated to behold the Iron Horse moving his train with a velocity that would distance our fleetest coursers . In a future number I propose so show from actual observation that the facilities for makin...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
METEOROLOGICAL RECORD [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

METEOROLOGICAL RECORD From July 27 to Aug . 23 , 1844 , kept at Chicago , Illinois , N . Lai . 41 ° 45 , W . Lon . 87 Q 35 , for the Mechanics Institute , by SILAS MEACHAM . Heig ht of Barometer Thermometer , in inches and hun ths . external . Day . . 2 <\ < P BS X ? P of the Sun-9 o cl ] 3 o cl 9 o cl S J s » ¦ ¦« S month , rise . A . M . P . M . P . M . cc 2 « 5 i R S ¦¦ ; - ——- July 27 28 . 54 28 . 6028 . 64 28 . 68 80 75 75 71 75 . 50 28 1 28 . 6028 . 03 28 . 04 28 . 64 71 80 76 72 74 . 50 29 28 . 64 28 . 48 28 . 40 28 . 43 70 81 82 79 78 . 00 30 28 . 47 28 . 27 28 . 3028 . 37 74 71 78 75 77 . 50 31 28 . 3 C 28 . 2128 . 20 28 . 20 72 82 79 72 78 . 25 Aug . 1 28 . 6028 . 44 28 . 66 28 . 59 72 77 74 79 75 . 75 . ; , o , 28 . 74 28 . 58 28 . 70 28 . 6 ( 3 70 78 71 71 72 . 00 ., ;• ¦ -3 28 . 57 28 . 46 28 . 34 28 . 39 70 74 80 76 75 . 00 4 -28 . 6028 . 58 28 . 54 28 . 56 73 ¦ 76 76 72 74 . 25 ¦ 5 28 . 5628 . 50 28 . 30 28 . 38 68 74 1 78 74 74 . 2 . 5 6 28 . 56...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
HINTS TO MAKE HOME HAPPY , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

HINTS TO MAKE HOME HAPPY , . , ¦ TO HUSBANDS . Keep ilp , the practice of reading the paper during the whole of breakfast time ; of-allowing yourself to be spoken to half a dozen times before you answer , and then , asking your wife what it was she said * . Upon her telling , you , 1 make some reply which is nothing to the purpose , as if you were thinking of something else . Having been out over night at an evening party , which your wife was prevented -from going toby indisposition , entertain her the next morning by a minute description of the young lady you danced with ,, descanting on every 1 point . as enthusiastically . S j g [ possible .. .. . ... , Take frequent pppprluhitjes of praising features and por-r : sonal peculiarities which are as different as possible from your wifes . For instance , if she . has blue eyes , say how you like black ; if dark hair , how much you admire light ; if she is tall , remark that you prefer a moderate height ; and if short , be constantly ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
CHICAGO PRICES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

CHICAGO PRICES . Corrected , Aug . 26 , 1344 . PROVISIONS . $ cts . % cts . Beef . IjnoO 2 25 . ® . 2 50 do . Mess i ^ bbl 5 .... © . 5 50 ¦ do . Prime do 3 75 . ® . 4 00 Pork ilpiOO ® -3 00 in demand do . Moss Fbbl ® -9 50 Lard F »> G . ® .... 7 Butter .... do 10 . ® ... 124 Chccso do 44 ® .... 0 BREAD STUFFS . Flour , superfine . < FbM 3 37 . ® . 3 G 2 £ do . fine .-do 3 00 . ® . 3 12 | do . buckwheat F 100 1 50 . ® . 1 75 Com meal ..... Fbush 44 . ® .-. 50 GRAIN . Wheat , winter , in specie , Finish .... 55 . ® ... 58 ¦ do . spring , Fbush 40 . ® ... 50 ¦ Oats .-. * .. v .. . do 20 . ® ... 25 Barley do 25 . ® ... 30 • Com , shelled ¦ do 40 . ® .-. 15 GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS . Timothy ..... Fbush ... 1 25 Blue Grass do none Red Top do .... 1 50 Red Clover do ...... G 00 . ® . 7 00 Whitedo FH > 75 none in niaiket Flaxseed Finish 30 . ® ... 90 Tobacco seed Fpa P ei 12 Hemp ..... Fbush 55 . ® ... 75 Millet do nono Gorman Panic Grass do 75 SUNDRIES . Cid...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
ilARKETSv , ' [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

ilARKETSv , of observation . The corn crop in much of the western country will be light . The rains continued so long that the ground in many cases became as hard as in the spring before plowing , and the weeds obtained the entire mastery ; and at the time when the state of the ground would admit of working among it , the wheat harvest came on . Tho number of swine to be fed wc think too is somewhat increased . Nor should the effect of the summer immigration on our surplus produce be overlooked . Besides , we anticipate from our wet summer a much colder winter than tho last . From the influence of these combined causes , we are prepared to see some advance in wheat before spring , though we do not think that advance can be large . : From the New York Express of Aug . 16 we quote as follows : Flour . The market has continued very much depressed , and prices range from $ 4 , 124 to 4 . 25 for Genesee , Michigan and Ohio . Indeed , some of the latter-description has been sold from stor...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
THE PRAIRIE FARMER , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

THE PRAIRIE FARMER , Devoted to Western Agriculture , Mechanics , and Education . Published monthly at Chicago , Illinois , at % \ per annum . John S . Wright and J . Ambrose Wight , Editors . Vol . iv . 18-14 . One of the ; largest and cheapest agricultural papers published , Printed on good paper , with new type , and embellished with engravings . Its character has become established as being an eminently practical paper , owing chiefly to the large proportion of matter supplied by its ablo correspondents , most of whom are themselves fanners , nearly throo hundred in number , and residing in all parts of tho West . Almost tho entire western press pronounce it , for a farmer in the West , tho host agricultural paper published . The contents in general as follows : Original correspondence ; Editorial articles ; Reviews of leading agricultural papers , presenting their more important parts ; Mechanical department of two pages ; Educational department of about two pages ; departments...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
l—" - —¦»» mil ¦« CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844

l— - —¦»» mil ¦« CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER , Acknowledgments and notices , To correspondents , 201 Sowing grass seed , Crops in middle Illinois , 202 Mr . Churchills inquiries , 202 Spirit of tho agricultural press , 203 Union Agricultural Society show , Sheep immigration , 204 Currant bushes , Wheat and chess , Rust , 204 When , where , and how , to get a drove of sheep , 205 Mr . Crockers inquiries , Box pump , 206 Crawford county lair , Timothy on prairies , Wheat after wheat , 207 A word to correspondents , A new comer , Unburnt brick houses , 208 Specimens of wool , Smut in wheat , 209 To retain the ammonia of urine , Salmagundi , 209 School-bouse architecture—desks , seats , & c . 210 School celebration at Sugar Grove , 211 EKtracts from Mr . Conants address at do . 211 Extract from Mr . Arnold s address ,. : ¦ 212 Appeal in behalf of the common school convention , 212 Dr . Jackson s analysis of Illinois soils , 214 Washing wool , 215 Extracts from Ellsworths ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
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