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T . »» MFJ % « aonsus . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
T . »» MFJ % « aonsus . [ FremUtti N . Y . Tribune July SOth . j TOE AMERICAN ART CP Originally ZpstematUul ami vraetisrd by JOUX S . SAIihY . A Complete Compendium of all that Is now KIIOM n of tlte System . It lins been left to the last ten year ? , nnd to Mr . Jelm S . Rarey , t ) dcvel-pe a system that is really pmctitwd and of universal aopHcsition . Mr . Rarey i ^ one of four brothers , and a citizen of Grt &gt; vepoit , Ohio . Although it is evident that he ia not tiic original discoverer of the prnciple upon which he operates , piill we must trace \\ v &gt; . present u ^ eiVii and grenlly improved practice dircerly to him , aud consequently we win only view with di-gasi . lie many attempts of innovators to dejuive Mr . Karey f hif justlj de -ei-vr-d anil hard earned hu : ids . Snnc t ^ oic since , llr liaviy priisted , for the use nf Ids pupils in thi * c . nniry , si small pamphlet , descriptive of certain educational features peculiar to his &amp; y...
Prom tho Knickerbocker SJagariiie . . - Conversation on Vegetable Physiology . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Prom tho Knickerbocker SJagariiie . . - Conversation on Vegetable Physiology . My eyes ! 6 aXd the Potato to the Lemon , • bow billious you look to-day ! Your skin is as yellow as safron . What can be the matter ? LEMON . —Acidity of stomach—a family complaint of ours . POTATO . —Why don t you take advice ? LEMON . —Advice ! You know my poor dear brother dropped off the other day ; and without being allowed to rest on his mother earth , his bod y was snatched up by a member of the Bar , who , instead of aeting-legally , dissected him—absolutely cut him up . All for the public good / said the rascal , as he squeezed out poor Lem s gastric juices . Take advice , quotha ! If he wai not allowed to enter a plea in Bar , what may I expect from Doctors Commons ? . POTATO . —That s true . I onl y hope poor Lem ; tlw-ghhe was in liquor at the timoj had strength enough to give him a punch under the ribs ; he was a rum customer to the last , oo doubt—but I must say I wish his skin had beeu ful...
- Value of Sheep to the Farmer- [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
- Value of Sheep to the Farmer- Sheep are profitable to the farmer , not only from the product of the wool and mutton , but from the tendency which their keeping has to improve and enrich his land for all agricultural purposes . They do this : 1 . By the consumption of food refused by , other animals in sunnier ) turning waste vegetation to use , and giving rough and bush y pastures a smoother appearance , and in time eradicating wild plant- so that good graces and white ebver may take their place . Iu In this respect , sheep are of especial valine to pastures en soil- too rtecp or stonry for the plow . In winter , the coarser parts uf the hay , refused b y horses and cows , are readily eaten by sheep , while other stock will -icnerftlJ y eat most nfthat left by these animals . Tor these reasons , aiming others , no grazing f-irm sliould be without . it least a tmall flock of sheep—fnr it ha .- ; been found that as many cattle and lior .-v 1 ? can be kept with as without them , and ...
MAY DACRE . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
MAY DACRE . !; AI * 7 , I &gt; BY J . N . BTto ; v &gt;* , BLXILLS , ILLIXOIS . MAY I ) ACRE in a li g ht roan ; calved April , ISoOj get by Crowder , ( 3 SG . ) 1 st dam , . Milkmaid , by Accident . ( 191 ;) 2 d dam , Lady MAllistcr , by Pontiae , 134 , ( 4 , 734 ;) 4 th dam , the imported Durham cow .
bliml Hitches , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
bliml Hitches , i J // . Editor : —I have seen notices in the [ papers relative to ditches made with what was called the Mole Plow . These dn $ hes are three feet under the surface , and the work is done by fastening the plow to a cutter , aud forcing it through the ground at that depth . What I want to know is , whether these ditches have stood the singular wet season just passed , and whether they are , answering the purpose they were designed for . I am satisfied that the ground must break away near the mouths of the ditches , but this evil can be remedied . I hope some one of your readers familiar with these ditches will give his experience to the public . We cannot yet afford tile drains . If the mole ditch answers the purpose , it is what we want ; fori think these ditches can be made without great expense . J . W .
Onr Staples—What mast they be ? [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Onr Staples—What mast they be ? Edior Farmer : —I see that you are down on the cultivation of wheat as a staple crop in Centra ! Illinois . I own that the past history of that crop here , is enough to discourage us in growing it . We have had many failures within my experience . Sometimes ifc has been attributed to dry winters and freezing out ; sometimes to dry falls , when the seed would not germinate ; aud sometimes to wet springs , which would drown it out , or otherwise followed by hot weather , which would scald it out . All these things are true . And more , —that our farmers , when they happened to get a good crop and good prices , went to work , bought up wild prairie , aud sowed almost an ocean of land ( forgive the expression ) in wheat . A dry fall and an open winter followed , and the whole crop was lost . They went to work the nest summer and again sowed wheat over their broad prairie farms , and the wet spring came and half of their crop is not worth cutting—and the p...
The Farm loconioliYe . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
The Farm loconioliYe . Editor of the- Furmcr : —I have heard it said and seen it stated in papers that there were machines being made iu Albany , Dayton , Galcsburg-and Molino , designed to compete for the premium offered- by the State Agricultural Society for . a farm . locomotive . . The machine wanted , I suppose , is one that will do the duty of horses , umlesoroxen , in hauling upon the farm , whether it be the plow , drawing wagon loads of wheat , corn , wood , rails , Jogs , —whether it be to draw pioiva or other instruments for ditching , — furnish power for thrashing , for cutting wheat , oats , -gr ;; S-- and the like . If such a machine ean be invented and made to perform a given quantifcyTof work at less expense than brute ^ ppwer , it will be a great achievement—aridrvill scarcely rank behind the steamboat or the telegraph . Ifc will make our Illinois lands a garden from one end of the State to another . Can it be done ? Can such a locomotive , to accomplish these objec...
"DON'T GIVE UP THE SHIP . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
DONT GIVE UP THE SHIP . CARLVJ - E , Aug . 12 , 1858 , Editor of die Farmer : —Wc commenced onr wheat harvest on the 20 th of June , ( about one month sooner than last year . ) and we have more than an average crop ,, and more No . I wheat than we had last year . Oats very-. light , hot more than half a crop and light at that . Oats and late sown , wheal rusted . We were . as a general thing very late in getting in our eom , the season beingvery wet from the last of April to the-15 th of June . The prospects are that we shall have plenty for home . consumption , and in tho western part of the county ( Looking Glass Prairie } a large surplus . Potatoes as gpod or better than common , aud all well cultivated gardens have produced an abundance of vegetables of the best and largest kind , ( u » ft -ot the second crop in my . garden bids fair for an average yield . ) I can raise acrop . of onions and follow it . with a crop of boots the same year , and . a crop of peas and follow with tu...
The State Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
The State Fair . This fair , the present year , is be held at Centralis , in Southern Illinois , commencing on the 14 tli and ending on the 17 th of the present month . So . much has been published in regard to it that we need say but little here . The fair was located at Centralia , because Southern Illinois , which had contributed much to its former successes , desired it , and because it was believed that it would be of much benefit to that portion of our State . It is not necessary at this day to arguo in favor of ihe advantages of public displays of this character . So important and necessary are they deemed , that there is scarcel y at this time a county in this State where they are not seen . Their effects are the introduction of valuable stock , fruits , grains , vegetables , agricultural implements , articles of domestic economy , —they produce emulation among farmers and mechanics for good;—they stimulate the industry and taste of our wives and daughters;—and more than all...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Site § tKwte ! UMm \ SPRINGFIELD , SEPTEMBER I , less . JKff * Thc Morgan County Fair will be on tho 28 th , 20 th and 80 th of September and October 1 st , —at Jacksonville . HJSuMacon County Fair , Tth . Stli , iJthand 10 th of September nest . The society has issued a very handsome list of premiums for the occusion . ** J 8 @ -Thc Logan County Fair will come off at Lincoln on the 8 th , 0 th , 10 th ami llih . if September . The premium list is a liberal one . Win . 11 . Young , Secretary , t ® , The Tazewell County Fair will tale place at Tremonr , ou the Gth and 7 th days of October . Josiah Sanger , President : D . Talbott , Jr ., Secretary . Hgjjunch ground has alread y been sown with wheat . Is that ground sufficiently drained to prevent water standing upon it after heavy rains ? * . I © It will soon he time to dig potatoes . The crop is short in Central Illinois . Farmers should dig potatoes early , and preserve them well . They will be wanted . J @ The Champaign County Agr...
The Sugar Cane Crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
The Sugar Cane Crop . The editor of this paper last spring made an effort to induce our farmers to enter into tho cultivation of a crop of sugar cane , with the view of seeming the establishment in this city of a sugar mill and refinery . The feeling was decidedly in favor of the measure with many of our farmers , but the deluges of rain for some six . weeks of the usual planting time , operated much against carrying out the enterprise . It is supposed , however , that some 200 acres of land were planted with cane in this viciuity . Some of that planted , failed from wet weather and other causes ; hut , we have reason to believe that there will be a large crop where the cane . stood well ; and that there are other patches about the county , of which we have no record , sufficient to make up all that is necessary to keep the mill at work during the sugar makmgseasoo . Some of the cane at this time must he perfectly mature andready forthe mill . A portion will be much later , but if f...
This fireat Even of ' the Age . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
This fireat Even of the Age . Our readers are aware of the great enterprise , attempted last year but which failed , of . connecting the Sastern and Western continents by telegraphic wire . In the last and -previous month , the attempt was repeated and success was complete . The wire which lies on the bottom of the deep abyss of the ocean , is some 2 , 00 () miles long . The electric current passes through it perfectly , and messages now pass as quick as thought from one continent to the other . Wonderful achievement ! . All the . great events transpiring in Europe , and the lesser but not less important changes in state of the markets , which are immediately felt throughout our whole country —affecting the interests of our farmers and commercial men—can be read , if need be ; . by our hearth-stones in Illinois , on the same day that they are in Europe ! Astounding results of the genius and enterprise of our countrymen ! An awe coines oyer us while we . contemplate these truths , Wh...
Wool towing . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Wool towing . We should not he at all suprised that many of our farmers were looking about them with , the desire of engaging in some more profitable description of agriculture than wheat raising . . A good many must be becoming tired of raising wheat as a staple crop . In seeking for some more profitable business to engage in , perhaps they will be inclined to look favorably on sheep husbandry . Sure we are , that under all the vicissitudes which have attended crops of late years , wool growers have been steadil y going ahead , and even at this time when barley , wheat and other articles of produce are at low . prices , wool is grown and sold at a fair profit . We should like a practical article on this subject from some one of our experienced wool growers , and we do not know an individual more competent to the task of giving one , than AN - DREW B . MCOKNEM , , one of the Vice Presidents of the State Agricultural . Society , who has for many . years been one of the large wool gro...
About the Fact ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
About the Fact ! Last year a farmer in this county prepared his ground well for wheat and put the seed in with great care . After the work was done , the field regularly plowed , well harrowed , no trash to be seen on the surface , —looked well , wo might well say beautiful . A neighbor had a field right along side . Both fields had been broken np one year . Now , said the neighbor , You arc too particular . I will get as good a ciop as you , and will put the seed in at half the expense . Well see , said the first . Both fields were cut at the same time and threshed by the same machine . The first field yielded ten bushels of wheat more to the acre than than the other;—a fact which pioves the benefit of thorough cultivation .
Farm of lewis D . Thomas . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Farm of lewis D . Thomas . This farm is in Macoupin county , six and a half miles west of Virden . It has been entered for competition and premium with the State Agricultural Society as a grazing farm . We had the pleasure of examining it a few days ago . The tract consists of a section and a half of land . We think it was entered about 50 or 51 . It was then in the middle of a large prairie , where there was good water , a branch leading into one of tho affluents of the Sangamon passing through it . The old road from Springfield to Carlinvilh ? passed over the tract . Mr . Thomas had the lands surveyed out in 52 , and formed his plans for the future improvements . The land is divided into several lots—some of them containing 160 , and others 80 acres . He went to work in the fall of 52 , and broke up the land an ample width for planting hedge round the whole tract and for keeping the fine from it—then in the same manner for his cross , hedges—and in the spring of 53 commenced plant...
Hedging—A Sew Idea . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Hedging—A Sew Idea . II . J . Chase , Esq ., of Peoria county , has now upon his farms twenty-two miles of Osage Orange hedge . Ho was among the first who planted Osage Orange hedges in the State . He tried almost every plan proposed for making quick and good hedges ; and he has now come to the conclusion and practices on this system : He plants the hedge plants near together and lets them grow up without clipping . If they get too high , he cuts off the tops with an axe . He has hedges cultivated in this manner and they are perfectly impassable for man or beast . He will clip no more hedges .
SINGCLAII PALLIATIVE FOR TOOTHACHE [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
SINGCLAII PALLIATIVE FOR TOOTHACHE —A little horseradish scraped , and laid on the wrist or the side affected , wiii , in many cases , give speedy relief . A bet ter way is to place a little scraped horseradish in the mouth , or the tooth , or just around the gum . It relieves rheumatic pains in the gum and face also . Tho mouth may afterwards ha rinsed with a . little camphorated water , lukewarm . RECEIPT TOE MAKisa IUE-OREAM . — Two quarts good rich milk , four fresh eggs ; three-quarters pound of white sugar ; six teaspoons of Bermuda arrow root . Kub the arrow-root smooth in a cold milk ; beat the eggs and sugar together ; bring the milk to the boiling point ; then stir in the arrow-root : remove it then from the fire and immediatel y add the eggs and sagar , stirring briskly to keep the eggs from cooking , then set aside to cool . If flavored with extracts , let it be done just before putting it in the freezer . If the vanilla bean is used , it must be boiled in the milk .
^ The State Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
^ The State Fair . We loam that the buildings and other fixtures on the Fair grounds . at Centralia are in a fine state of forwardness , and will be all per- * fectly completed in time . The buildings , are large and convenient , nod all the other fixtures and arrangements will bafolly . equal to those of any previous Fair . Oar editorial brethren will have a commodious room for their especial benefit . Extensive eating and sleeping arrange - meats will be made about the grounds . Extra cars will run to tho uifferent towns up and down the Tonus , aud even in Centralia accommodations for lodgings will be found for 8 , 000 people .- The hotels and private houses will be reserved principally for the Indies . Among other great attractions . for tbe farmer will bo seen certainly one , and possibly three , steam plows . The frinl of plows . will be more thos rough and interesting than , at any previous Fair . &gt; ___ .
iMIicrs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
iMIicrs . Whatever man s -position may be in this Western country , woman s is a hard one . And all this in an age of great industrial , social , and . intellbctual . advancement . Help , which is the . name given for servants in our republican country , is still scarce , and mothers have to toil hard to make up the deficiency . The daughters , in a fairly , prosperous family , admitting that they have left school , do less in this generation than they did in former one . There is more required of them intellectually . The general status of societyjis more elevated , and with what conventional usage demands , however absurd , there is certainly less work expected of them than formerly . The mother , under these circumstances , has to assume the responsibility of the house- ? hold , to perform its onerous duties , to be up betimes in the morning , to be the latest . to bed at night . If we tak « less prosperous conditions of life , we shall find that toil has less alleviation in the ...
Seed Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1858
Seed Corn . Last year at this time , we commenced giving hints to onr farmers in regard to saving their seed corn . Some few paid attention to our suggestions , went into their fields at the proper season , selected their corn , dried it aud put it away for safe-keeping . Last spring they found the seed thus saved invaluable . Wc deem it safe to say that some farmers have lost thousands of bushels of corn by neglecting vo scccu 1-- their seed in tho in the fall . We have a few more suggestions k make . The spring season , in regard to YteathcY , is very uncor aii . lic-re . Wc oftcner have bad springs than fa curable ones for planting and sowing . L ;; st spring was the worst we have known . Wo will make a few remarks on another point , and then close our article with what we deem important hints to our farmers on the subject of seed corn . Our railroads furnish means to send off our fat hogs to Eastern markets at every season . Ko farmer need be at a loss at any time for want of a ...