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TO OUR READERS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
TO OUR READERS In committing to public attention an enterprise like that on which we now embark , it is proper to lay distinctly before our patrons and readers the motives which have induced us to undertake it , the ends we seek to attain , and the policy which will guide us in their pursuit . We do not regard the commencement of the ILLINOIS FARiiER . asa doubtful experiment , to be continued or not , according to the precarious and iiiiceftain promptings of personal inclination or caprice , and to be regulated by a policy easily disturbed by accident . On the contrary , we regard it as an undertaking strongly demanded by the voice of public sentiment , and one to which we are as much pressed by public necessity , as by any inclinations of our own . The fact that the capital and agricultural centre of a State , whose interests and pursuits are so pre-eminently agricultural , has remained , to this day , without a periodical devoted to the advancement of that absorbing interest , is...
Thc Wvandot Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Thc Wvandot Corn . The Sallowing article is going the ronnds of the newspapers : AonicuLTcnAt DIVISIOS OP THE PATEKT OFFICE . — THB WT ANDOT COEN . —This truly singular production was first introduced to the notice of the public in 1853 by Mr . J . B . Thomas , of Waverly , Illinois , -who received t nine grains from the Wyandot Indians throng ! 1 a California emigrant , which he planted in a sandy noil , and the product was fifty-eight fuU grown oars . In 1854 there were raised from twenty-five grains , planted on the 20 th of May , one hundred and twent . y-two oars , and from one-fourth of an aoro thir- &lt; y-tw o bushels and three pecks of shelled corn . It only received the common cultivation giren to other kindl s of corn . TI jis corn is represented to possess the following peon . liarities . We copy as follows from the circular of 3 ir . Thomas : First , it requires hut ono grain to be planted in eao h hill ; more than one is useless . Second , each gra jn yields fr...
Pcaeh Orchards . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Peach Orchards . When settlements were first made in the Sangamon country , peach stones of the best varieties were brought here , and planted , and the result was the production of seedling trees which produced most excellent fruit . They retained their high value , as a general thing , until tho year after the great snow ( 1830 -31 ) , which , with one or two subsequent unfavorable seasons , was fatal , generally , to peach trees . Our country friends then mainly relied on suckers , which sprang from the stumps of the killed trees , for their new orchards . These trees , from injured stocks , and which were more or less injured by subsequent severe winters and wet and cold springs , produced poor and degenerated fruit . Trees which were grown from the stones of this fruit also produced poor peaches , until at last but few peaches were found in the country that would compare in beauty and excellence with the same fruit grown here previous to the year 1831 . Many loads of this degen...
The good work Progressing . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
The good work Progressing . We have a communication from Dr . S . S . CONDON , of Jonesborough , Union county , announcing that on Saturday , the 22 d of December , there was a meeting of the Farmers at Jonesborough , at which was framed an Agricultural Society for Union county . The following officers were elected for the current , year , viz : George Hunsucker , President ; William Green , Jacob Hileman , Moses A . Goodman , Vice Presidents ; Samuel Hunsucker , Treasurer ; S . S . Condon , Recording Secretary ; H . Watson Webb , Corresponding Secretary . On motion of S . S . Condon , a committee of three , viz : S . S . Condon , Charles Croul and Walter M . Willard , was appointed by the Chair to wait upon the citizens of the county at large , aud solicit them to become members of the Society . We learn that the Society already numbers more than one hundred and fifty members , who have complied with the requisitions of the constitution , with a fair prospect of 200 or 300 more . A...
U . S . Agricultural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
U . S . Agricultural Society . The late exhibition of . this Society at Boston , was most successful . The money received for entries and visitors amounted to between $ 30 , 000 and $ 40 , 000 , enough to pay the premiums and all other expenses . — Tho banquet on the occasion was most interesting . The speeches from different individuals were excellent , —all having relation to agriculture . Hon . H . C . JOHNS , Presi dent of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , and Wir . P . M . ARNV , Esq ., of McLean county , represented the agricultural society of this State on the occasion . Mr : ARNV delivered a short address . setting forth the benefits which would be derived from educating men for their professions—especially the advantages that would result to agriculturists by the establishment of institutions for the education of young men , who design to be farmers . .
Hedging . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Hedging . We had designed to give in this number an article upon Hed ging ; but a few remarks must answer for the present . We are thoroughly impressed with the conviction that the Osage Orange will make , with , proper cultivation , a perfect Hedge . But this cannot be done without perfect cultivation . 3 S T o farmer should put out the plants with an idea that they will take cave of themselves and without proper cultivation grow into a hed ge . If he has that opinion , and rid of . : ; , - ¦ • ¦ ¦ . ¦ ¦ : ¦ ¦ ; \ V V ¦ It happens that the Osage Orange re- : quires the most care when some of the . leading crops of the- farmer need all his = atteh--tion to cut and secure them .: When either are to be neglected , he will neglect his . hed ge .. Hence it is , as we believe , a matter of policy and profit on the part of the far- : mer . to employ persons to make his hed ge who understand the business , who will attendto it , and who will agree not to receive their pay until the hedge i...
Under-Draining . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Under-Draining . A new and novel instrument for under draining has been in use in some parts of Macon and Piatt counties , m this State , for the last two years . We learn that it is now about to be introduced into more general use . A tolerabl y good idea can be had of this instrument by supposing that it is a wedge of iron ; this is attached to a sharp coulter , some three or four feet longthis again is fastened to a frame , so as to work above the surface of the ground . In lands inclining to be wet—in swales or ravines where , at times , water runs—this instrument is plunged into-the ground the desired depth , and with two yoke of cattle attached to [ a windlass , it can be forced readily through the earth at the rate of one-half a mile a day .. The cut made by the coulter will close immediatel y , but the opening made below b y what is termed the mole plow , and which is made by compressing the earth being below the action of the frost , will hot close soon . Several of these d...
Farmers' Clubs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Farmers Clubs . We respectfully suggest to our agricultural friends , whether associations of farmers in the different precincts for gathering at least two evenings in a month , in some convenient place , during winter , for the purpose of discussing subjects connected with farming , would not be attended with great advantages . Here would be collected the young as well ns the more experienced farmers , and their different processes by which they have made good crops , or failed in obtaining such , could be stated , examined , and much valuable information be eliciten . Here could be learned the experience of others in regard to the raising of stock ; the difference in value of the different kinds of stock , —horses , cattle , sheep and hogs ; and the most successful modes of making the rearing of them profitable . Here could also be discussed the value of fruit , the best varieties of fruit , and the best manner of growing fruit trees . The interest of such gatherings would be incr...
Growing Forest Trees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Growing Forest Trees . The Legislature of Massachusetts has made it a condition ^ on which the county agricultural societies may receive its boun . ty , that they shall offer annually such premiums and encouragement for the raising and preserving of oaks and other forest tress , as to them shall seem proper and best adapted to perpetuate in this state an adequate supply of ship timber . We are informed that although premiums are offered in accordance with this requirement , they are rarely claimed . It is true , however , that an effort has been made in some portions of the state to grow new forests ; and in Barnstable some success has been achieved in the covering , with a thrifty growth of white pitch pine , a large district of worn out sandy land . This success has stimulated the inhabitants of other sandy districts to further enterprises of the same character . In the prairie portion of our owa state , forests can be grown to great advantage . There is no difficulty in making th...
"Get a Home . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Get a Home . These three words are fall of meaning . No man can fill his proper place in society , or secure to himself the greatest blessings of life , without a home . It is there where virtue is nursed ; where morals are protected ; where nearly all the good left us of the fall , can be best enjoyed . The man who is without a home ; who is tossed up and down on the excitements and follies of society , without the sympathies of friends in his welfare , interested in the thousand little incidents and circumstances which make up the history of human life , —must be a stranger to the sweetest comforts and purest enjoyments which are placed within our reach . Especially in this country , where man has almost a world where to choose a place of rest , with health , industry , economy and perseverance , this object can be obtained . Let young men start right , and the end in view will cheer and encourage them in all their toil . The first step is the important one ; The millionaire tells...
Take care of your Stock . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Take care of your Stock . The wet weather last summer caused grasses to grow with great luxuriance ; but this growth lessened their nutritious qualities , and the result was , that as a general thing , cattle were not in as good a plight for winter as usual . We have this from many farmers . It is therefore , necessary , at this season .. toypa ^ a ^ gfflMpcare , see that they ^^^^^ pt ^ nd as well protected from the inclemency of the season , as possible . It is a vast advantage to stock to go to the prairies in the spring in good order .
Raspberries . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Raspberries . A few years ago there was cultivated here a variety of the Raspberry , called the Antwerp , ( not however the true Antwerp , ) which produced fair crops . Latterly , it has not been so productive . Whether this may be charged to the seasons or to other causes , we are not able to say . Oar opinion is , that all the fine raspberries are tender in this latitude , and that they cannot be depended upon to produce good crops , unless they are protected from the extreme severity of winter . This can be done , but it is troublesome . The canes should be laid down and covered with straw , or some material answering the same purpose . If this be done , the plants are likely to produce satisfactory crops . We have seen the Bromley Hill , the Franeonia , the Fastolf , the True Antwerp , the common Antwerp , fail here from the severity of winter . It is not unlikely , in order to secure a full supply of this valuable fruit , that wo must have recourse to the native varieties . We ...
Health . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Health . Health is of vast importance to farmers . In new countries we have a class of diseases which are particularly vexatious and troublesome . These , in a good measure , can be avoided by prudence and care . At this time , when large farms are being opened in every direction , we are more exposed to sickness than under a different state of circumstances . The rotting of the prairie sv / ard generates malaria , and the evils of this state of things are increased by a wet season . In the day , it is supposed that the heat causes this malaria to rise and diffuse itself in the atmosphere ;—at night , dampness condenses it , and it again falls to the earth . Hence the exposure to the night air is attended with danger ;—but how difficult it is to avoid it in our beautiful summer evenings ? The erection of suitable farm houses can be made useful in securing health . Usually farm houses are placed near the ground—with loose floors—are of one-story—and when closed their sleeping apartme...
Illinois . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Illinois . The census of Illinois for . 1855 , is completed . The population of this State on . the 1 st of Jul y ¦ . last ,. was 1 , 292 &gt; 17- Thepopulation of the State in 1850 , according to the U . S . Census ; was 851 , 470 .. This gives an increase of population : in our State ; , in five years , of 441 , 447 . Accustomed ; as we are to the great changes now , progressing in the valley of the . Mississippi , this result is wonderful , scarcely to be appreciated . Within . five years the population of Illinois ; has increased more than the whole popular tion of Connecticut!—more than the whole population of Delaware , Rhode Islandj Florida , District , of Columbia , and New Mexico ( 61 , 740 ) . added together , ! . and , within 74 , 100 of the whole population , of the city of New York , which numbered , in 1850 , 515 , 547 souls . It is thus that Illinois is marching on to greatness 1 Can it be a wonder , that intelligent citizens , looking to the future , should r...
Illinois Nurseries . ' '¦ : ¦¦ ' - ' [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Illinois Nurseries . ¦ : ¦¦ - * . In the matter of famishing our farmers and others with fruit trees ; it would be well to rely oh our western nurseries . Trees grown in Illinois suit our climate n and soil better than if grown anywhere else . There may be more extensive-nurseries at the , east than are found , here , but . they are pot managed better than . nurseries in our . own State . We have already such of high character , conducted by mep , who regard their reputation , as nurserymen beyond price . Why , then , should farmers and others listen to men who claim , rightly or not , as the case may be , to be agents of eastern ^ .. nurseries , who travel over our railroads , and bring to their name , andtie faice of Iwarra . ntihg , maj oegiyeK but what ^ bf th ^ tl after tfiv e years time ; when they may bVfoimcf to bV worthless , or other fruit than that desired ? We know that person s in tuisxounty nave * been deceived in the 1 purctiase of trees , as als 6 5 by men wlio-tfomi...
Breadstuffs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Breadstuffs . The prices are still high . Will they continue to be so ? This is an important question for farmers . Much will depend on the war in Europe . Will that continue ? We venture to say that all parties in that war would be very glad to make peace , provided each could secure for itself all it desires . — Russia has met with some disasters , and it is an axiom with the Russian government never to make peace under defeat . Prance has had about enough of the war ; but England is indisposed to make peace until Russia is humbled . Can that be done ? , The prospect seems to be against peace . But should peace take place , it will require two years time , and more , to produce the usual grain crops in Europe , so as to reduce prices to the old standard . On the whole , we think farmers would do well to raise all the wheat possible . The crop in the ground is said to look tolerably well now . White spring wheat is nearly as valuable as winter wheat . Would not the raising of it pa...
Purchasing Stock . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Purchasing Stock . The belief is becoming general among our farmers that there is a decided advantage in raising improved stock . Hence there is a disposition in almost every quarter among farmers to enhance the value of their stock by the purchase of improved breeds . And here we would speak a word of caution . While we have the best stock in our State —raised by men we know and have known for years ; who can be relied upon for pedigrees of their stock ; while we have this stock here for sale , our farmers inexperienced in such matters , had better purchase of them , than of drovers who drive stock from other States , to ours , for sale . We have iu Illinois as good cattle as can be found in the United States . If experienced breeders wish to change or improve their stock it is well and safe for them to do it ; but it is something of a risk for the inexperienced to make selections from droves of stock where the owner has no greater object than to secure their sale .
County Fair Grounds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
County Fair Grounds . A considerable number of County Agricultural Societies of our State have purchased lands for Fair Groiinds . ThesS grounds are selected near the . county towns , aud are in progress 5 of improvement—and the result will be , that in a few years they will become a feature in our country , that all will regard with pride . We believe Sangamon farmers were the first in the State to secure grounds for their fairs , ^ is has been followed by ethers ;—Morgan ^ Adams , MLean , Tazewell , Marion , and we do hot know how many more . Now is as good a time as our farmers in the different counties will ever have to strike for this object . -- Lands are now cheaper than they will be again , and suitable sites for the purposes required , should at once be . selected . It tells well for the farmers of the county , that they have grounds of their own where they can hold their fairs ; where they can inect , with stock , bring specimens of theif produce , farming implements ; whe...
The Peach Crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
The Peach Crop . We seriously fear that the intense severity of the present winter has destroyed the anticipated peach crop . This is said to bet-he-fact at Alton ^ and we have heard the same statement from farmers in our vicinity . In examining a few peach trees in our garden last week , we found much of the wood killed , and no flowering buds alive . Small peach trees are killed nearly to the ground . The cold has also killed many other plants . Most of the wood of roses is killed ; the roets may be safe ; , The weather the last month was unprecedently coldin , this section , and this cold weather was long continued . Here the mercury sunk to 25 deg . ; at Quincy to 29 deg . j ^ aiid on the Lake shore to 30 deg . We are apprehensive , that if Southern Illinois cannot furnish us with peaches tfie coming season , we shall have to dispense for one season . with that delicious . fruit .
Railroads . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1856
Railroads . There is not s a more selfevident truth , tliau that the farmers of Illinois ; are indebted to the facilities furnished by railroads for reaching markets , for the great prosperity they now enjoy . Strike the rail roads of Illinois from existence , coihpel us again to drag our produce to market over muddy and mirey roads , and we should find ourselves again subjected to low prices for produce , and our farms , instead of being worth from twenty-five dollars to fifty dollars per acre , would fall to less than half of their present value . When work on the railroad between Springfield and Alton was first commenced , lands on the route were worth , in favored places , ten dollars per acre , and from that down to less than than three dollars per acre . Now farms are sold on the route between Springfield and Alton , which were wild prairie lands two years ago , attd worth then less than five dollars an acre , at forty dollars per acre . Sales of farms have been made near Vird...